Class 12 Political Science Chapter 18 Recent Developments in India Politics The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 18 Recent Developments in India Politics and select needs one.
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 18 Recent Developments in India Politics
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Recent Developments in India Politics
PART – 2
VERY SHORT ANSWER
Q. 1. What do you mean by ‘Congress System’ ?
Ans :’Congress System’ means the dominant position of congress during the period of 1947-1967 as a political party of India despite the existence of several other political parties.
Q. 2. What is “Karseva” ?
Ans : Karseva is that groups of people who gave voluntary service for construction of Ram Mandir.
Q. 3. Who was the head of the coalition government of 1989 ?
Ans : V.P. Singh supported by Left parties and BJP was the head of the coalition government of 1989.
Q. 4. In 1989 who formed the Government ?
Ans : In 1989 Janata Dal formed the government.
Q. 5. What is meant by Hindutva ?
Ans : Hindutva literally means Hinduism. It was vary well defined by its originator V.D. Savarkar as the basis of Indian nationhood,
Q. 6. After the death of Rajiv Gandhi who became the Prime Minister of India ?
Ans : After the death of Rajiv Gandhi P.V. Narasimha Rao became the Prime Minister India.
Q. 7.Which party led the National Democratic Alliance.
Ans : Bharatiya Janata Party led the National Democratic Alliance
Q. 8. After Advani who became the president of BJP ?
Ans : Sushma Swaraj became the President of BJP after Advani.
Q. 9. How many parties formed the NDA ?
Ans : 24 parties formed the NDA.
Q. 10. Which political party emerged as the single largest party in 1996 Parliamentary Elections ?
Ans : Indian National Congress emerged as the single largest party in 1996 Parliamentary Elections.
Q. 11. Write any one recommendation of Mandal Commission.
Ans : One recommendation of Mandal Commission was that other Backward castes should be given 27% reservation in government services.
Q. 12. What is Mandal Commission ?
Ans : The commission which was set up by Janata Party for upliftment of backward castes in north India is called Mandal Commission.
Q. 13. What do you mean by UPA ?
Ans : UPA means United Progressive Alliance.
Q 14. Who provided the leadership to NDA government ?
Ans : Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee provided the leadership to NDA. government.
Q. 15. Who was Kanshi Ram?
Ans : Kanshi Ram was the proponent of Bahujan empowerment and founder of Bahujan Samaj Party (B.S.P.)
Q. 16. Write one cause responsible for the growth of regional parties.
Ans : One cause responsible for the growth of regional parties is the inability of the Central Government to meet the demands of the different regions.
Q. 17. In which year Janata Dal was formed ?
Ans : 1988.
Q. 18. In which year Bharatiya Janata Party was established ?
Ans : 1980.
Q. 19. Who was the head of the Coalition Govt from 1999 to 2004 ?
Ans : Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Q. 20. Which leader of B.J.P. called Mahammad Ali Jinnah as a secular leader.
Ans : LK. Advani.
Q. 21. After Advani who became the President of B.J.P. ?
Ans : Pramod Mohajan.
Q. 22. What is meant by Hinduism or Hindutva ?
Ans : Giving importance to Hindu religion.
Q. 23. Who became the Prime Minister of India after 2004 election.
Ans : Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Q. 24. Fill in the blanks :
(a) The Govt of India appointed Mandal Commission in ___.
Ans : 1990.
(b) Prime Minister___ was assassinated on 31st October,1984.
Ans : Indira Gandhi.
(c) Is the present Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
Ans : Omar Abdullah.
Q. 1. Are regional parties necessary ? Give any two arguments in support of your answer.
Ans : Yes, Regional Parties are indeed very necessary in a heterogeneous country like India because of the following two reasons-
(i) Regional parties work in a narrow region which helps in solving the various problems of that region without great difficulty.
(ii) The people of a region gets wider representation with greater number of regional parties.
Q. 2. What do you know about NDA ?
Ans : The BJP led alliance is known as NDA or National Democratic Alliance. It first came to power in 1998 with its 24 coalition partners got majority in Lok Sabha with TDP being the second major partner with 29 MP’s. The NDP government passed the Prevention of Terrorists Act (POTA) in 2002 to counter against terrorists.
Q. 3. How many seats were secured by BJP and Congress in 2004 elections ?
Ans : In 2004 general elections BJP secure 138 seats and Congress secured 145 seats.
Q. 4. What were the new economic reforms and when were the new economic reforms announced ?
Ans : The new economic reform is called Structural Adjustment Programme or the new economic reforms initiated by Rajiv Gandhi followed by the various governments took a radically different turn. These changes first became very visible in 1991 and radically changed the direction than the Indian economy had persuade since independence. Though these policies have been widely criticised by various movements and organisations, but the various governments that came to power in this period have continued to follow these. The new economic reforms were announced in 1991.
Q. 5. Trace the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
Ans : Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in 1991, May when he was on an election campaign in place called Sri Perumbudur. The assassinators were Sri Lankan Tamil linked to the LTTE militants, who came to India as suicide bombers. The death of Rajiv Gandhi led to the appointment of Narasimha Rao as the Prime Minister.
Q. 6. When did the phase of coalition politics begin ?
Ans : The new era of “coalition politics” begin in the year 1989 when no political party get majority of seats. The National Front formed a coalition government for first time with Congress as opposition party.
Q. 7. Trace the status of BSP.
Ans : In 14 April, 1984 the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) was emerged under the leadership of proponent of Bahujan empowerment leader Kanshi Ram. The BSP began as a small party supported by largely Dalit voters in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. But in 1989 and the 1991 elections, it achieved a breakthrough in Uttar Pradesh. This was first time in independent India that a political party supported mainly by Dalit voters had achieved this kind of political success.
Q. 8. What do you mean by coalition government? When was the coalition govt. formed for the first time at the centre ?
Ans : A broad arrangement between two or more political parties to run a government is called coalition government. Formation of such a government takes place when no political party gets a clear majority. Thus many political parties national or regional join hands for powersharing It must be noted that general coalition governments are not stable.
The first coalition government was formed in India on 24th March 1977.
Q. 9. Which election led to the era of coalitions and why ?
Ans : The 1989 election led to the era of coalitions because in 1989 Lok Sabha election no one got the required majority. Though the congress was the largest party in the Lok Sabha, it did not have a clear majority and therefore it decided to sit in the opposition. So Janata Dal led by V.P. Singh was to form the government. After he was assured of support by BJP and Left Parties along with some regional parties, the National Front formed a coalition government.
Q. 10. When Mandal issue was raised in Indian Politics ?
Ans : In Indian politics the Mandal issue was raised in the year 1978.
Q. 11. Which political party pursued the politics of Hindutva ?
Ans : Bharatiya Janata Party pursued the politics of Hindutva which literally means Hinduism.
Q. 12. What is BAMCEF? In which year it was formed ?
Ans : The full form of BAMCEF is the Backward and Minority classes Employees Federation. In the year 1978 Kanshi Ram was founded the BAMCEF his organisation was not an ordinary trade union of government employees, but it took a strong position in favour of political power to the Bahujan – the SC. ST. OBC and other minorities
Q. 13. Write the full form of AIADMK.
Ans : The full form of AIADMK is All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhaguam.
Q. 14.Write the two features of coalition government in India.
Ans : The two features of Coalition Government in India are-
(i)The coalition Government is subjected to lot of adjustments. It must take note of that all allied are contended. Any would lead to break down of the alliance and also of the government.
(ii) Regional political parties have started playing a major role in formation of the coalition Government. This was clearly sun in the NDA alliance and also the present UPA alliance.
Q. 15. Write few lines about economic globalisation.
Ans : Economic Globalisation normally deals with great economic flows between different countries of the world. This process is influenced by voluntary cooperation among nations while some of it is forced by international institutions and powerful nations. The flow takes place through exchange of commodities, capital, people and ideas. Restrictions imposed by different states on each other’s imports have been removed.
Q.16. What were the main manifesto of BJP ?
Ans :The Bharatiya Janata Party was formally launched as an independent political organisation in February, 1980. At this historical occasion, it declared it manifesto to furthering of national integration, democracy, positive secularism and value based politics, besides the decentralisation of economic and political power,
Q. 17. Since 1989 until the election of 2004 which party has been gaining strength in Lok Sabha ?
Ans : Bharatiya Janata Party is gaining strength in Loksabha since 1989 until the elections of 2004.
Q. 18. In which year, which political party emerged as the single largest party in parliamentary elections ?
Ans : Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the single largest political party in the parliamentary elections of India in 1998.
Q.19. How many parties formed the NDA ?
Ans : 24 parties formed NDA.
Q. 20. Briefly trace the issue of Karseva ?
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 11. (Long Answer)
Q. 21. Trace the status of BSP ?
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 7. (Short Answer)
Q. 22. Write a note on U.F. (United Front) ?
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 12. (Short Answer)
Q. 23. When and why the Backward and Minority classes Employees Federation formed ?
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 12. (Short Answer)
Q.24. Write the rise of OBCs in North Indian Politics.
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 1. (Long Answer)
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