Class 12 Political Science Chapter 17 Regional Aspirations The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 17 Regional Aspirations and select needs one.
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 17 Regional Aspirations
Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 17 Regional Aspirations Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here…
PART – 2
VERY SHORT ANSWER
Q. 1. Which issue is always seems a major issue between India and Pakistan ?
Ans : Kashmir issue is always a major issue between India and Pakistan.
Q. 2. Who was Hari Singh ?
Ans : Hari Singh was the princely ruler of Jammu and Kashmir.
Q. 3. Which Article of the Indian Constitution gives greater autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir ?
Ans : Article 370 of the Indian Constitution gives greater autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir
Q. 4. Who was Tara Singh ?
Ans : Master Tara Singh was a prominent Sikh religious and political leader.
Q. 5. In which year was the Akali Dal in Punjab formed ?
Ans : In 1920 Akali Dal was formed in Punjab.
Q. 6. Write the full form of MNF.
Ans : The full form of MNF is Mizo National Front.
Q. 7. Who was Laldenga ?
Ans : Laldenga was the founder and leader of the Mizo National Front.
Q. 8. When was the Assam agitation on foreigner’s issue started ?
Ans : In 1979 the Assam agitation was started on foreigner’s issue.
Q. 9. To which state does the AGP belong ?
Ans : AGP belong to Assam.
Q. 10. In which year did Goa become a state of the Indian Union ?
Ans : In 1987 Goa become a state of the Indian Union.
Q. 11. When Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated ?
Ans : Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated on 31st October 1984.
Q. 12. Who was the leader of the Naga National Council ?
Ans : The leader of the Naga National Council was Angami Tapo Phizo.
Q. 13. When Anandpur Sahib Resolution was passed ?
Ans : In 1973 Anandpur Sahib Resolution was passed.
Q. 14. When government of India carried out Operation Blue Star ?
Ans : In June 1984 Govt. of India carried out operation Blue Star.
Q. 15. When was first Assembly Election held in Sikkim ?
Ans : In 1974, the first Assembly Election was held in Sikkim.
Q. 16. Write the full form of MGP.
Ans : The full form of MGP is Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party.
17. When was Sikkim merged with India ?
Ans : In 1975, Sikkim was merged with India.
Q. 18. State the full form of AASU.
Ans : The full form of AASU is All Assam Students Union. ”
Q.19. Say “True” or “False” :
(a) Before 1947 Jammu and Kashmir was a Princely State.
Ans : True.
(b) Dravidian Movement was one of the first regional movements in Indian politics.
Ans : True.
(c). Many of the Kashmir is believed that the autonomy conferred by Article 370 is enough.
Ans : False,
(d) The “Operation Blue Star” was carried out by the Government of India in 1984.
Ans : True.
(e) In 1966 the MNF started an armed campaign for independence.
Ans : True.
(f) After the reorganisation of Punjab, the Akalis came to power in 1978.
Ans : False.
(g) Mohammad Ali Abdullah of the National conference led the popular movement.
Ans : False.
(h) Nagaland State was created in 1962.
Ans : False
(i) Assam Assembly elections were held in December, 1986.
Ans : False.
Q. 20. When was National Conference established ?
Ans : 1948.
Q. 21. In which state Assam Gana Parishad is active ?
Ans : Assam.
Q.22. Who was the founder president of Telugu Desam ?
Ans : N.T. Rama Rao
Q. 23. Under which Article of the Constitution Jammu and Kashmir is given greater autonomy ?
Ans : 370.
Q. 24. When Sikkim was merged with India ?
Ans : 1974.
Q. 25. In which year Nagaland State was created ?
Ans : 1963. 26.
Q. 26. When Govt. of India carried out operation Blue Star ?
Ans : 1984.
Q. 27. What do you mean by Seven Sister ?
Ans : Seven states of North East-Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.
Q. 28. Mention any one factor that leads to regionalism ?
Ans : Economic backwardness.
29. Fill in the blanks :
(a) Sikkim became the state of the Indian Union.
Ans : 22nd.
(b) The reorganisation of the North-East was completed by___.
Ans : 1987.
30. Fill in the gaps :
(a) In___ the Govt. of India sent the army which liberated____.
Ans : 1972, Bangladesh.
(b) After independence, area was made an autonomous the district within___.
Ans : Delhi, India.
Q. 1. In 1972 which two union territories were given the status of statehood ?
Ans : In 1972 Manipur and Tripura were given the status of statehood.
Q. 2. When was Sikkim merged with India.
Ans : Sikkim was merged with India in April 1975. The Sikkim Assembly first sought the status of associate state and then in April 1975 pass a resolution asking for full integration with India.
Q. 3. What do you understand by ‘Regionalism’.
Ans : Regionalism is a significant type of sub territorial loyalty administrative divisions or provinces at times generate a degree of loyalty separate from identification with the national territory. In a vast and diversified polity like India, Regionalism is a legitimate phenomena.
Q. 4. How Regionalism has effected Indian Politics ?
Ans : Regionalism has effected the Indian politics a lot. In the course of democratic politics, regional aspirations get strengthened. Sometimes, the concern for national unity may overshadow the regional needs and aspiration. At other times a concern for region alone may blind us to the larger needs of the nation.
Q. 5. Write two causes of the origin of regionalism.
Ans : Two causes of the origin of Regionalism are like :
(i) When religious and linguistic groups of a multicultural country feels continuously ignored and neglected then the feeling of regionalism may out burst.
(ii) When the economic benefits of a country are unevenly distributed then too the negative feeling of Regionalism may arise.
Q. 6. Write few lines about Laldenga.
Ans : Laldenga (1937-1990) was the founder and leader of the Mizo National Front. He turned into a rebel after the experience of the famine in 1959. He led an armed struggle against India for two decades and reached a settlement and signed an agreement with Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. He became the Chief Minister of the newly created state of Mizoram.
Q. 7. What do you understand by MNF ?
Ans : In 1966 the Mizo National Front started an armed campaign for independence of Mizoram. Thus started a two decade long battle between Mizo insurgents and the Indian army. The MNF fought a guerilla war, got support from Pakistani government and the Indian army, The MNF fought a guerilla war, got support from Pakistani government and secured shelter in then Pakistan.
Q. 8. Mention any two provisions which reflect special status to Jammu and Kashmir.
Ans : The two provision which reflect special status to Jammu and Kashmir are :
(i) Article 370 gives greater autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir compared to other states of India. The state has its own constitution.
(ii) All Provisions of the Indian Constitution are not applicable to the state. Laws passed by the Parliament apply to Jammu and Kashmir only if the state agrees.
Q. 9. Give the significance of Article 370 of our constitution.
Ans : Article 370 of Indian Constitution gives special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Under Article 370 Jammu and Kashmir is given greater autonomy compared to other states of India. The special status has provoked two opposite reactions. There is a section of people outside of Jammu and Kashmir that believes that the special status of the state conferred by Article 370 does not allow full integration of the state with India. This section feels that Article 370 should therefore be revoked and Jammu and Kashmir should be like any other state in India.
Q. 10. What is the basic nature of Kashmir issue ?
Ans : The issue of Jammu and Kashmir is also of regional aspiration. The Kashmir issue is always seen as a major issue between India and Pakistan. But the political situation in the state has many dimensions, like external and internal. It involves the issue of Kashmiri identity knows as Kashmiriyat and the aspiration of the people of Jammu and Kashmir for political autonomy.
Q.11. What is the basic principle of the Indian approach to diversity ?
Ans : India adopted a democratic approach to the question of diversity. Democracy allows the political expressions of regional aspirations and does not look upon them as anti national. Besides democratic politics allows parties and groups to address the people on the basis of their regional identity, aspiration and specific regional problems. Thus in the course of democratic politics, regional aspiration get strengthened.
Q.12. What issues do regional movements involve?
Ans : Regional Movements based on regional aspirations involved :
(i) Armed assertion by the people.
(ii)Their repression by the government.
(iii) A collapse of the political and electoral process.
Q. 13. What do you mean by Seven Sisters ?
Ans : The seven states of north-eastern India namely Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura are collectively known as seven sisters. Amongst them, Assam is known as the gateway of North East.
Q. 14. Write few lines on ‘Instrument of Accession’.
Ans : Instrument of Accession was signed by the princely rulers as a documental evidence to accede to India. With the signing of this legal instrument, the princely states external affairs, communication and defence was looked after by India and rest all other departments were under the control of the princely state. It is to be noted that except few problematic states like Junagarh, Manipur, Travancare, Hyderabad and Jammu and Kashmir, most of the princely ruler inked Instrument of Accession.
Q. 15. Why “Opinion Poll” was held in Goa in 1969 ?
Ans : Led by the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (MGP) one section of people of Goa, desired that Goa, as a Marathi speaking area should merge with Maharashtra. However many Goans were keen to retain a separate Goan identity and culture, particularly the Konkani language. They were led by the union Goan Party (UGP) In January 1967, the central government held a special ‘opinion poll’ in Goa asking people to decide if they wanted to be part of Maharashtra or remain separate. It was for the first time in free India that peoples wishes or referendum was held on a subject.
Q. 16. What was the problem of Goa ?
Ans : Same as Ans of Q. No. 15. (Long Answer
Q. 17. How the problem of regionalism can be solved ?
Ans : The problem of regionalism can be solved by : fi Ensuring equal development of all the regions of the country.
(1) Protecting the separate socio-cultural identity of various groups.
Q. 18. In which year first Assembly Election was held in Sikkim ?
Ans : In 1975 the first assembly election was held.
Q. 19. Mention any two provisions, which reflect special status to Jammu and Kashmir ?
Ans : Same as Short Q. No. 8. (Short Answer)
Q. 20. Who led the Popular Movement in Jammu and Kashmir to get rid of maharaja?
Ans : Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah led the Popular Movement in Jammu and Kashmir to get rid of Maharaja.
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