NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 31 Photojournalism, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 31 Photojournalism and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 31 Photojournalism Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Mass Communication Notes Paper 335.
NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 31 Photojournalism
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 31 Photojournalism, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Mass Communication Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
INTEXT QUESTIONS 31.1
1. State whether the following statements are true of false.
(i) Covering events that make day to day news is known as glamour photo journalism.
(ii) War photographers are not photojournalists.
(iii) Photo journalism is limited to newspapers.
(iv) Web based journalism used photojournalism as one of its components.
(v) Spot news photojournalism is one of the most common types of photo journalism.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 31.2
1. Name a basic rule of framing.
Ans. Rule of thirds.
2. What is composition?
Ans. The placement of the subject or subjects within the picture frame is called composition.
3. Identify a factor which affects composition.
Ans. Camera angle.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 31.3
1. What is a photo feature?
Ans. Photo feature is a story or an essay on a subject told mainly by photographs.
2. Who is a photo editor?
Ans. A photojournalist is the person who is the overall in charge of the photo section in a newspaper.
3. What is the other name for a photo essay?
Ans. Photo Feature.
1. What is photojournalism. Explain with examples from newspapers.
Ans. With the coming of photography news could be conveyed with greater authority and emphasis with photographs. Photographs started supporting the written news in newspapers and magazines and thus photojournalism was born.
Every morning we wake up and read the newspaper. There is always a picture on the first page which shows the important news of the day. Such a picture is a result of what we know as photojournalism.
Once photography grew popular and became easy to do, it started getting specialised in its use. By this you must understand that soon after the discovery of photography people were very excited and busy getting their photos taken. Soon they started travelling with the camera, gethering pictures of far off places and showed them to people who could not get there.
2. What is the use of composition in photojournalism.
Ans. Composition has a special meaning when it has to convey news to the public as is the case in photojournalism. It is the placement of the subject being photographed that leaves an impact on the viewer.
Composition also deals with making the picture look more appealing to the eye. Action photographs or war or sports show a kind of energy that should make the viewer feel that he is in the midst of those actions.
Composition also demands balance, that is to say photograph must be taken in such a manner that it should not seem to make our eye wander to a corner. The various subjects should be so organised that the has a effect. There are some basic rules of framing, of which the rule of thirds is the most common. It. states that elements in a frame must be so placed that they roughly fall on the intersection of the lines that divide the frame in three rows and three columns. This is no hard and fast rule, yet it helps in leaving a positive impact on the viewer.
Camera angle is another factor that has an impact on composition. If the person in a picture is an important person like a leader or a film personality, one composes the picture by keeping the camera below the person’s eye level. When this is done the person shall appear much larger. Similarly taking a picture from above a person’s height also causes top angle makes the person appear small. All such methods of composition are employed to make the picture more effective in terms of what it is trying to say, so that the viewer can immediately understand its meaning.
3. Explain the role of a photo editor in a photo feature.
Ans. A photo editor is the overall in charge of the photo section in a newspaper or magazine. He chooses the photographer and discusses the topic. He may also choose a reporter who will write the story around the photo essay. It is also the job of the photo editor to decide and select on the best pictures that convey the whole story.
Very Short Type Questions Answer
1. What is half tone technology?
Ans. After the invention of half tone technology in 1880s, it became possible to print photograph on newspaper.
2. Name the earliest form of photojournalism.
Ans. War photojournalism.
3. Who are paparazzi?
Ans. These are photojournalists who follows celebrities, to take their photographs.
4. Which is the most common type of photojournalism?
Ans. Spot news photojournalism.
5. What is travel photojournalism?
Ans. This type of photojournalism involves the documentation of an area’s landscape, people, culture etc.
6. What is required by a wildlife photojournalism?
Ans. Advanced photographic equipment as well a good knowledge of the animal’s behaviour and the terrain.
7. What is composition?
Ans. The placement of the subject or subjects within the picture frame is called composition.
8. What is photoessay?
Ans. It is a story or an essay on a subject told using photographs.
Short Type Questions Answer
1. Write in brief about war photojournalism.
Ans. This is the earliest form of photojournalism, where photojournalists have covered wars and sent photos from the centre of action. In India we see a lot of photographs in newspapers, of conflicts within the country such a terrorist activity or a riot where the photographer is in a dangerous situation and yet he manages to send us pictures, risking his life.
2. What is glamour photojournalism?
Ans. Film stars and other famous personalities have become a major part of news coverage as most people want to peep into the lives of the rich and famous. There are photojournalists who specialise in this kind of photography only are also called paparazzi, which is an Italian word.
3. What is wildlife photojournalism?
Ans. This is regarded as one of the more challenging forms of photojournalism. Advanced photographic equipment as well as a good knowledge of the animal’s behaviour as well as the terrain is needed to take wildlife photographs.
4. What are two kinds of photojournalists?
Ans. Photojournalists can be of two kinds, those who are employed by the newspaper and the others who work as freelancers i.e. those who work independently and sell the pictures that they take to newspapers and other news agencies.
5. What is role of photojournalism in new media?
Ans. Photojournalism is now no longer limited to newspapers. With the emergence of the internet as a major source of news, the scope of photojournalism has extended itself into what is known as web based photo journalism. Anybody who uses the internet would have seen websites that are like newspapers. These sites also employ journalists as well as photojournalists to gather news for their organisations.
6. How are common people now being involved in photojournalism?
Ans. Now with so many people carrying the camera in their phones, it may be of interest to know that newspapers and websites use photos sent by people like us, because we as ordinary people may be present with our mobile phone cameras at places where an incident of interest to the newspaper may take place.
Long Type Questions Answer
1. What are various types of photojournalism?
Ans. Different types of photojournalism.
Sports photojournalism: as sports events are a big part of news, there are photojournalism who specialise in photographing sports. This is also because sports photography requires a specialised skill as well as equipment. Nowadays there are photojournalists who specialise in photographing individual sports. For example in India, there are photojournalists who are dedicated to cricket photography as it is the most popular sport and is now played throughout the year irrespective or it being day or night.
War photojournalism: This is the earliest form of photojournalism, where photojournalists have covered wars and sent photos from the centre of action. In India we see a lot of photographs in newspapers, of conflicts within the country such a terrorist activity or a riot where the photographer is in a dangerous situation and yet he manages send us pictures, risking his life.
Glamour photojournalism: Film stars and other famous personalities have become a major part of news coverage as most people want to peep into the lives of the rich and famous. There are photojournalists who specialise in this kind of photography only are also called paparazzi, which is an Italian word.
Spot news photojournalism: This means covering events that make day to day news, like political events, crime, accidents etc. This is in fact the most common type of photojournalism and is most demanding for a photojournalist
Travel photojournalism: This type of photojournalism involves the documentation of an area’s landscape, people, cultures, customs and history.
Wildlife photojournalism: This is regarded as one of the more challenging forms of photojournalism. Advanced photographic equipment as well as a good knowledge of the animal’s behaviour as well as the terrain is needed to take wildlife photographs.