NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 2 Mass Communication, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 2 Mass Communication and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 2 Mass Communication Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Mass Communication Notes Paper 335.
NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 2 Mass Communication
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 2 Mass Communication, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Mass Communication Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.1
1. List at least five forms of mass media.
Ans. (i) Newspapers.
(vi) Any other
2. Name any one function of media with an example.
Ans. To inform. We get information through news from radio, television or a newspaper.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.2
1. Match the following:
|(i) Paper||Palm leaves|
|(ii) Early writing||Developed printing|
|(iii) Johannes Guntenberg||Papyrus|
|(iv) Print media||India Today|
|(ii) Early writing||Palm leaves|
|(iii) Johannes Guntenberg||Printing|
|(iv) Print media||Newspapers|
|(v) Weekly||India Today|
INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.3
1. List any three forms of traditional media found in India.
Ans. Songs, dances and fairs.
2. What is meant by the term ‘convergence’.
Ans. Convergence means coming together of many forms of media and other formats like printed text, photographs, films, recorded music or radio, television etc.
1. Define the term ‘mass communication’ with examples.
Ans. The simplest definition of mass communication is “Public communication transmitted electronically or mechanically. In this way messages are transmitted or sent to large, perhaps millions or billions of people spread across the world.
2. Describe the functions and origin of mass communication.
Ans. The functions of mass communication is to inform, educate and entertain. The term ‘mass communication’ may be considered as a 20th century development.
3. Explain briefly the different forms of mass media.
Ans. In course of time messages could be sent without using any wires or cables. The cell phone that we use today is a fine example of wireless communication.
By the end of the 20th century photographers began using the digital technology, making photography easier and the cameras user friendly.
The pictures of photographs taken using a camera may be called ‘still photographs’ because they are permanent and do not move. The logical development from still photography was what we call ‘motion pictures’ or ‘movies’.
From mere courisity and technical experiments radio became a truly powerful and popular medium of mass communication.
One of the technological marvels of the 20th century was television invented in 1920 by Baird.
Development and widespread use of computers and information technology have resulted in the emergence of what is called ‘new media’.
Very Short Type Questions Answer
1. What is mass communication?
Ans. The simplest definition of mass communication is “public communication transmitted electronically or mechanically”.
2. What is media?
Ans. Media is the plural for the world medium or ‘mass of communication”.
3. What is other name of means of communication?
Ans. Means of communication is also called channel of communication.
4. What are functions of mass communication?
Ans. Inform, educate and entertain.
5. What is ‘effect’ of mass media?
Ans. Mass media have tremendous impact on their listeners and viewers. That is the effect.
6. Which bird was used to deliver message in ancient time?
7. Which was the first medium of communicating with large number of people?
8. Who invented telegraph.
Ans. Samuel Morse in 1835.
9. Who invented radio.
10. Who invented television?
Ans. John Baird in 1920.
11. Who invented printing press?
Ans. Johannes Gutenberg of Germany in 1439.
12. What is journalism?
Ans. Journalism involved the collection of information and communicating it.
13. Who developed photography?
Ans. Photography was developed in the 19th century by two people from France, Nicephore Niepce and Louis Jacques- Mande Daguerre.
14. What are ‘still photographs’?
Ans. The pictures of photographs taken using a camera may be called ‘still photographs’.
15. What do you understand by the ‘new media’?
Ans. Development and widespread use of computers and information technology have resulted in the emergence of what is called ‘new media’.
Short Type Questions Answer
1. How are messages sent?
Ans. Messages are sent through different forms of mass media such as newspapers, magazines, films, radio, television and internet.
2. If means of communication is channel of communication, how can we define it?
Ans. Channel of communication is defined as ‘who’, ‘says what’, ‘in which channel’, ‘to whom’, ‘with what effect’.
3. Write a short note on history of paper?
Ans. Before the invention of paper, writing was done on rocks, leather, palm leaves etc. We can see some old writings on rocks or, say, some ‘stupas’ of Ashoka or some old Sanskrit or other Indian language documents written on palm leaves. Though the Chinese are credited with the use of some sort of paper in 105 AD, the word ‘paper’ is derived from the name of a plant Papyrus, that grows on the banks or river Nile in Egypt.
4. What happened to printing with the passage of time?
Ans. The printing process that Gutenberg developed later underwent much changes and mechanization. Today printing has become highly sophisticated and the print media, namely newspapers, weeklies and monthlies use these modern printing presses which are capable of printing very fast. Computers have further improved printing operations.
Long Type Questions Answer
1. What do you understand by the traditional media.
Ans. Traditional media are a part of our country’s rich heritage. They have as a base our strong oral tradition. They belong to our own land and are strongly rooted in our culture. They are as varied and diverse as our culture itself.
Life in India is deeply influenced by agriculture and religion. So also are the seasons. From very ancient days we have been having fairs and festivals celebrated with spontaneous songs and dances. These songs and dances are traditional forms of media which inform, educate and entertain people.
The advent of more faster forms of media has affected traditional media. The performers or communicators and the audience in traditional media are known to each other unlike in radio or television.
Let us consider the example of the Ram Lila celebrated and performed all over north India. The story of Ramayana is known to every one and so are the performers. They repeat the same story every year, yet people come in large numbers to see them.
There are several forms of traditional media in our country. The are known by different names in different regions.
Some forms of traditional media like traditional songs and mythological stories are written down as proper text. But different forms of folk media are generally spontaneous or are made on the spot.