Class 12 Political Science Chapter 10 Era of One-Party Dominance The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 10 Era of One-Party Dominance and select needs one.
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 10 Era of One-Party Dominance
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Era of One-Party Dominance
PART – 2
VERY SHORT ANSWER
Q. 1. When was the Indian Constitution enforced ?
Ans : The Indian constitution was legally enforced on 26 january, 1950.
Q. 2. Why did the leaders of many other countries decide that India could not afford to have democracy ?
Ans : The leaders of many other countries decided that India could not afford to have democracy because it got independence in some difficult circumstances. They say that National Unity was first priority and that democracy will introduce differences and conflicts.
Q. 3. When was the election commission formed in India ?
Ans : In India, the election commission was formed in January 1950.
Q. 4. Who was the first chief election commissioner ?
Ans : Mr Sukumar Sen was the first chief election commissioner.
Q. 5. Why did Election Commission cancel the first voter list ?
Ans : Election Commission cancel the first voter list because nearly 40 lakhs women were not recorded in the list.
Q. 6. Name the full form of E.V.M.
Ans : The full form of E.V.M. is Electronic Voting Machine.
Q. 7. In which year was the first general election held ?
Ans : In 1952, the first general election was held.
Q. 8. How many terms did the Congress get majority to form government ?
Ans : The Congress get majority to form government for three consecutive terms.
Q. 9. What percentage of votes did the Congress obtained in 1952 Lok Sabha Election ?
Ans : In 1952 Lok Sabha Election Congress obtain 45% of votes.
Q. 10. When was the Congress socialist party formed ?
Ans : The Congress socialist party was formed in 1934.
Q. 11. Who was the founder of P.R.I.
Ans : Plutarco Elias Calles was the founder of P.R.I.
Q. 12. Mention two countries in which their Constitution have permitted only a single party ?
Ans : In countries like China and Cuba, their Constitution have permitted only a single party.
Q. 13. Who was the chairman of drafting committee of constituent assembly ?
Ans : Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of the constituent assembly.
Q. 14. In which country did the bolshevik revolution take place ?
Ans : Bolshevik revolution took place in Russia.
Q. 15. When was Bhartiya Jana Sangh formed ?
Ans : Bharatiya Jana Sangh was formed in 1951.
Q. 16. Who was the founder President of Bharatiya Jana Sangh ?
Ans : The Founder President of Bharatiya Jana Sangh was Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.
Q. 17. When was Swatantra party formed ?
Ans : Swatantra party was formed in August 1959.
Q. 18. What did the Swatantra party want from the government ?
Ans : The Swatantra party wanted from the government to be less and less involvement in controlling the economy.
Q. 19. What will happen to the grass when two buffaloes fight ?
Ans : when two buffaloes fight, the grass under them get crushed.
Q. 20. Choose the correct option to fill in the blanks :
(a) The first general election in 1952 involved simultaneous elections to Lok Sabha and___.(The President Of India/ State Assemblies/ Rajya Sabha/ The Prime Minister)
Ans : State Assemblies.
(b) Towards the end of___ (1985/1990/1995/ 2004) the election commission started using the Electronic Voting Machine.
Ans : 1990.
(c) The Congress socialist party was formed within the Congress in___(1934/1948/1952) by a group of young leaders who wanted a more radical and egalitarian Congress.
Ans : 1948.
Q. 21. Under what conditions did the Indian party system originate ?
Ans : Indian party system originated during the freedom struggle.
Q. 22. When was the Congress Party founded in India and by whom ?
Ans : The Congress party was founded in 1885, it was founded by A.O. Hume.
Q. 23. Who led the Indian National Congress in the first general election ?
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru letter Indian National Congress in the first general election.
Q. 24. Mention on characteristic of the party system in India ?
Ans : Indian party system is characterized by absence of strong opposition party.
Q. 25. When was Indian constitution enforced ?
Ans : Indian Constitution was enforced in 26th January, 1950.
Q. 26. In 1957 which party form the government in Kerala ?
Ans : The Communist Party formed government in Kerala in 1957.
Q. 27. In which year socialist party was formed ?
Ans : In 1934 socialist party was formed.
Q. 28. In which party lies the roots of Bharatiya Janata Party ?
Ans : The roots of Bharatiya Janata Party lies n Bhartiya Janata Sangha.
Q. 29. In which year the era of one party dominance began ?
Ans : In 1952 the era of one party dominance began.
Q. 30. Which Indian party is the oldest party in Asia ?
Ans : Indian national party is the oldest party in Asia.
Q. 31. Who was Deen Dayal Upadhyaya ?
Ans : Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was the founder member of Bharatiya Jana Sangha.
Q. 32. Who was the founder of independent labour party in India ?
Ans : B.R. Ambedkar was the founder of independent labour party in India.
Q. 33. In which year was the Nagpur session held ?
Ans : 1920 Nagpur session was held.
Q. 34. Fill in the blanks :
(a) One of the guiding principle of the ideology of the Swatantra party was___.
Ans : Individual Freedom.
(b) The party that won the second largest number of Lok Sabha seats in the first election was the___.
Ans : Communist Party.
Q. 1. On which date was the draft of the Indian Constitution signed and when it came into force ?
Ans : The draft of Indian constitution was signed on 26th November 1949 and it came into force on 26th January 1950.
Q. 2. Why did socialists criticise the Congress ?
Ans : the socialist criticised the Congress favouring capitalists and landlords and for ignoring the workers and peasants.
Q. 3. What is the full form of RSS ? What is the name of the Founder president ?
Ans : the full form of RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The Founder president of RSS is K.B. Hedgewar.
Q. 4. When was CPI party formed ? Name one personality who let this party ?
Ans : The CPI party was formed in the early 1920’s taking inspiration from the Bolshevik revolution in Russia.One famous personality who led this party was A.K. Gopalan.
Q. 5. When was the election commission of India formed? Who was the first Election Commissioner ?
Ans : The election commission was formed in January 1950. Sukumar Sen was the first Election Commissioner.
Q. 6. The two things of a candidate where carried in the ballot paper, what were these two things ?
Ans : The two things of a candidate carried in a ballot paper were the name of the candidate and a party to which they belong.
Q. 7. When did the control government dismiss the communist government in Kerala and under which article of the constitution ?
Ans : In 1959 the Congress government at the centre dismiss the communist government in Kerala under article 356 of the constitution.
Q. 8. Name the two countries which have experienced of the dominance of one party ?
Ans : Countries like Syria and Cuba experience of the dominance of one party.
Q. 9. In which year first general election was held in India ?
Ans : in India the first general election was held in the year 1952.
Q. 10. Which period of election had been described as the Congress system ?
Ans : The period 1952-1962 of election at been described as the Congress system.
Q. 11. When was the Bharatiya Jana Sangh formed and who was the founder president of the party ?
Ans : Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded in 1951. Deen Dayal Upadhyay was the founder president of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
Q. 12. When was Congress Party founded in India and by whom ?
Ans : Congress party was formed in 1885 and A.O. Hume was the founder of the party.
Q. 13. Write names of two leaders of socialist party ?
Ans : Jay Prakash Narayan and Ashoka Mehta.
Q. 14. Mention the era of one party dominance in India ?
Ans : From 1952-1967.
Q. 15. Mention any two ideologies of Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
Ans : Two ideologies of Bharatiya Jana Sangh :
(i) One country and one nation.
(ii) Integrated and Modern India.
Q. 16. Give the names and symbols of any two national parties in India ?
|(i) Indian National Congress.||Hand.|
|(ii) Bharatiya Jana Sangh.||Lotus.|
Q. 17. List the basic requirements to hold free and fair election in a country like India?
Ans : Two basic requirements for free and fair election :
(a) To prevent the corrupt and criminals from contesting elections.
(b) To aware the voters about their political rights and duties.
Q. 18. Who were the Main leaders of CPI ?
Ans : A.K. Gopalan, S.A. Dange, P.C. Joshi Ajoy Ghosh.
Q. 19. Under what conditions did the Indian party system originate ?
Ans : Indian party system was originated in the conditions of national movement.
Q. 20. List two States where Congress was not in power at some point of time during 1952-1967 election.
Ans : Tamilnadu and Kerala.
Q. 21. Fill in the blanks :
(a) The first general elections in___ involved simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and___.
Ans : 1952, Assembly election.
(b) In___ the Congress government at the centre dismiss the communist government in___.
Ans : 1957,Kerala.
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