Class 12 Political Science Chapter 11 Challenges of Nation Building The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 11 Challenges of Nation Building and select needs one.
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 11 Challenges of Nation Building
Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board HS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 11 Challenges of Nation Building Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here…
Challenges of Nation Building
PART – 2
VERY SHORT ANSWER
Q. 1. Who was the first Prime Minister of India ?
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Q. 2. How many kinds of challenges that independent India faced ?
Ans : Independent India Phase 3 kinds of challenges.
Q. 3. On 14-15 August 1947 two nation-states came into existence one is India, what is the other ?
Ans : The other country get independent in 14-15 August was Pakistan.
Q. 4. Name the two cities which became divided into
communal zones at the time of partition.
Ans : The two cities which became divided into communal zones at the time of partition are Amritsar and Lahore.
Q. 5. What is princely state ?
Ans : The state under the rule of Princes are known as princely state.
Q. 6. Who was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ?
Ans : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first home minister and Deputy Premier of India.
Q. 7. Who was the Maharaja of Manipur in the time of independence ?
Ans : Bodha Chandra Singh was the Maharaja of Manipur at the time of independence.
Q. 8. In which year was the Nagpur session held ?
Ans : The Nagpur session was held in 1932.
Q. 9. Name two states that were affected by the partition.
Ans : The two states that affected by the partition where Punjab and Bengal.
Q. 10. Say True or False :
(a) Broadly independent India first three kinds of challenges.
Ans : True.
(b) The year 1947 was the year of one of the largest most abrupt and unplanned and tragic incidents.
Ans : True.
(c) The process of nation building came to an end with creation of Pakistan and integration of princely states.
Ans : True.
(d) Struggle for survival first published in 1951/1953/1955)
Ans : 1953.
Q. 11. When India got independence ?
And : India got independence in 1947.
Q. 12. What do you mean by British paramountcy ?
Ans : British paramountcy means degrees of autonomy enjoyed by princes and British power protected them from their own people.
Q. 13. Give the concept of ‘Two Nations Theory’ ?
Ans : Two Nation Theory is the main basis for partition, introduced by M.A. Jinnah in January, 1940.
Q. 14. What were the goals of Pt Nehru ?
Ans : To establish a secular, social and democratic India.
Q. 15. When was the Indian Constitution enforced ?
Ans : Indian Constitution was enforced in 1950, 26th January.
Q. 16. Why the people of Hyderabad were against the Nazim’s rule ?
Ans : Due to the Muslim fanatics of Hyderabad.
Q. 17. Who was the victim of oppressive rule of Nazim ?
Ans : Muslim Brothers.
Q. 18. Which princely state was the first state to hold election on the basis of Universal adult franchise ?
Ans : Manipur
Q. 19. Which princely states created some problems in becoming a part of India ?
Ans : Jammu and Kashmir.
Q. 20. What was the main provision of agreement ‘the instrument of accession’ ?
Ans : The instrument of accession means that the state agreed to become a part of the Union of India.
Q. 21. Fill in the blanks :
(a) Meghalaya was carved out of ___ in 1972.
Ans : Assam.
Q. 22. On which date Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir signed the instrument of accession to India ?
Ans : 24th October, 1947.
Q. 1. Mention the first challenge that India has to accept.
Ans : The first and the immediate challenge that India had to accept was to shape a nation that was united, yet accommodative of the diversity in our society. Being a land of continental size and diversity with multifarious language, culture and religions, it was believed that the country could not remain together for long. The partition of the country appeared to prove everyone’s worst fears.
Q. 2.”We have a Muslim minority who was so large in numbers that they cannot even if they want, go any where else ” -who said it and when ?
Ans : This statement had quated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, in his letter to Chief Minister on 15 October, 1947. That is a basic fact about which there can be no agreement.
Q. 3. Before independence, there was a two nation theory advanced by the Muslim League. What are the two nations included in this theory ?
Ans : The two nations included in the two nation theory are India and Pakistan. India will include Hindu people and it will be known as Hindustan while Pakistan will include Muslim people.
Q. 4. When was Mahatma Gandhi killed by whom ?
Ans : Mahatma Gandhi was killed on 30th January 1948 by a extremist namely Nathuram Vinayak Godse in a prayer meeting held in Delhi.
Q. 5. British India was divided into two areas. What were these two ?
Ans : The British India was divided into two areas namely – British Indian provinces and princely states.
Q. 6. What is meant by ‘Niram’ ?
Ans : Niram means the ruler of the princely state and one of the richest man in the world over.
Q. 7. In which part of India, was first election held on the basis of Universal Adult Franchise ?
Ans : In Manipur, of India, was first election held on the basis of Universal Adult Franchise.
Q. 8. Name two states that were affected by the partition of the country.
Ans : Punjab and Bengal were the Two States affected by the partition of the country.
Q. 9. Name the two state of today that were once a union territory.
Ans : Goa and Manipur were the Two States of today which were once a union territory.
Q. 10. When was the states reorganisation act passed? Name any one state created under this act.
Ans : The States Reorganization Act was passed in 1955. According to this act the states was created on the basis of language. Madhya Pradesh was one of such State created under this act.
Q. 11. What were the three challenges that independent India faced ?
Ans : The three challenges are :
(i) Strengthening the unity of the country.
(ii)Building up a democratic polity and Society.
(iii)Development and progress of the country.
Q. 12. What was the immediate outcome of ‘Two Nation Theory’ ?
Ans : The immediate outcome of the two nation theory was partition of the country.
Q. 13. What was announced by the British Governor General Mountbatten on June 3 1947 ?
Ans : India will be divided on the basis of religion.
Q. 14. Mention any two provision, which reflect special status to Jammu and Kashmir ?
Ans : (i) The state of Jammu and Kashmir has its own constitution.
(ii)The state of Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special autonomy.
Q. 15. How many states and union territories were created under the States Reorganisation Act ?
Ans : 14 states and 6 union territories where created under the States Reorganisation Act.
Q. 16. Why did the leaders of the national movement cherish the ideal of a secular Nation ? Give reason ?
Ans : The leaders of the national movement is the ideal of secular Nation because India is a multi region country.
Q. 17. What was the most important Recommendation of the State Reorganisation Commission ?
Ans : The important Recommendation of State Reorganisation Commission was to reorganize the state on the basis of language.
Q. 18. ‘Goa was not merged with Maharashtra as the Central Government did not want it’ ?
Ans : Goa was not merged with Maharashtra as the control government did not want it.
Q. 19. Write two negative traits in Nehruvian policy.
Ans : The following negative traits in Nehruvian policy can readily be identified as :
(i) A basic element of continuity with the British style of governance.
(ii) The strengthening of the right in the congress.
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