Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations

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Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations, Class 11 Education Question Answer, HS 1st year Education Books Answer and select need one.

Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

School and its Organizations

Chapter: 3



1. What is meant by school plant? 

Ans: School plant is a very broad term which includes the school building, ground, school furniture, other equipment, apparatus, the human resources the students; teachers and other employees. It is an integral part of a learning environment. A good school plant helps in effective teaching learning. 

2. Mention three physical resources required for setting up a school plant? 

Ans: (1) School building 

(2) Classrooms

(3) Library 

3. Mention three human resources required for setting up a school plant? 

Ans: (1) Teacher. 

(2) Students 

(3) Employees. 

4. Mention five conditions required for selecting site or land for setting a school plant. 

Ans: (1) The site should not be very close to the main road nor far from The surroundings should be healthy. 

(2) It should have a good communication facility. 

(3) The shapes of the land should be preferably rectangular. 

(4) There should be scope for further expansion in future. 

(5) It should not be near public places like bus stands, markets etc. 

5. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a school building. 

Ans: (1) The design of the building should be simple but artistic. 

(2) There should be a good provision of sanitation and supply of water. 

(3) The school building should be planned and constructed in such a way so that it is able to serve the various academic needs and interests of the students. 

(4) As far as possible, the building must be a ‘pucca’ house. 

(5) The school building school should be economical in construction and maintenance. 

6. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a classroom? 

Ans: (1) The classroom should be spacious and scientifically built. 

(2) The teacher should sit on a chair which should be placed on an elevated platform. 

(3) Every class-room should contain a waste paper basket. 

(4) A classroom should be square in size and should accommodate at least 50 students. 

(5) The benches and desk should be made in accordance with the age and height of students. 

7. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a scientific laboratory. 

Ans: (1) The laboratory should be accommodated in a room which is of the school. 

(2) The size of the laboratory should be equal to the size of a classroom. 

(3) Almirahs, shelves and cupboards should be provided for keeping various scientific materials. 

(4) Sufficient provision should be made for supply of electricity, water, Gas etc for various scientific experiments. 

(5) For conducting experiments in Botany and Zoology every school should make provision for a garden and animal farm. 

8. Mention five functions of a teacher as a facilitator. 

Ans: (1) The teacher should have everything ready to start class work and ensure that every child pays attention. 

(2) He should ask questions unevenly, should not repeat them and allow the students to take their time in answering them. 

(3) He should use various methods of teaching and learning. 

(4) He should provide a problem situation to the students by putting thought provoking question. 

(5) He should explain the errors of the students individually rather than before class. 

9. Mention five functions of a teacher as a motivator. 

Ans: The five functions of a teacher as a motivator are :

(1) He should be able to give a clear and vivid knowledge of the subject. 

(2) He should use a variety of teaching aids to make his teaching effective and interesting. 

(3) The teacher should make use of instances or examples while teaching. 

(4) The teacher should always keep on adopting new methods of teaching which will remove the dullness of classroom teaching. 

(5) From time to time specialist teachers should interact with the students which will broaden their outlook. 

10. Mention five functions of a teacher as a counselor. 

Ans: The five functions of a teacher as a counselor are: 

(1) He should be able to help the students to solve their personal as well as academic problems. 

(2) He should be acquainted with the home conditions of the child. 

(3) Study the health records, test scores, anecdotal records etc. of each student. 

(4) He should be able to recognise individual difference among the students. 

(5) He should maintain up-to-date cumulative records of his students. 

11. Mention five conditions of a good Library. 

Ans: The five condition of a good Library are:

(1) A good library must have books for every one – for young children, older children, teachers and adults. 

(2) The library should be equipped with comfortable furniture, shelves, charming pictures, hanging etc. 

(3) It should have a well qualified librarian. 

(4) Cataloguing should be done of all the books. 

(5) As far as possible an open shelf system should be introduced so that the students may have free access to bosses. 

12. Mention five personal qualities of a teacher? 

Ans: The five personal qualities of teacher are:

(1) He should be dressed neatly. 

(2) He should be healthy both physically and mentally. 

(3) A teacher should have an attractive face. 

(4) He should be very punctual. 

(5) He should have a loud and clear voice. 

13. Mention five professional qualities of a teacher. 

Ans: The five professional qualities of a teacher are :

(1) Skill in questioning. 

(2) Mastery of the subject matter. 

(3) Planning and preparation. 

(4) Knowledge of child psychology. 

(5) Interest in Co-curricular activities. 

14. Mention five challenges that a teacher has to face while imparting education to the children in the present day world? 

Ans: (1) A teacher deals with students from all the sections of the society and they have to be treated on an equal footing and given due case. 

(2) The teacher has to adopt a democratic, secular and socialist attitude towards life. 

(3) He has to acquaint himself with the always new concepts like individualised instructions, microteaching, programmed learning, deschooling etc. 

(4) Explosion of knowledge in taking place in all the spheres of life and in all disciplines. This makes the task of the teachers more challenging. 

(5) The present day teacher has to deal with the delinquent children. Which has become a serious problem with the adolescents children of today. 

15. Name five different types of curriculum. 

Ans: The five different types of curriculum are :

(1) The Children – centred curriculum. 

(2) The knowledge – centred curriculum. 

(3) The society – centred curriculum. 

(4) Rigid and flexible curriculum. 

(5) Subject – centred curriculum. 

16. Mention five defects of the present day curriculum. 

Ans: The five defects of the present day curriculum are :

(1) The curriculum is narrowly conceived. 

(2) It is overcrowded without providing rich, significant contents. 

(3) It is bookish and theoretical. 

(4) It does not cater to the various needs and capacities of adolescents. 

(5) It is too much dominated by examinations. 

17. Mention five principles that should be adopted while constructing the curriculum? 

Ans: (1) The principle of discipline. 

(2) The principle of unity. 

(3) The principle of flexibility. 

(4) The principle of correlation. 

(5) The principle of character formation. 

18. Mention five advantages of the co-curricular activities. 

Ans: The five advantage of the co-curricular activities are:

(1) They help in removing dullness and monotony created by the traditional curriculum and can motivate the students to study better. 

(2) They help in developing the psycho-physical health and hygiene of children and develop their manual and motor skills. 

(3) They help in the development of mental alertness, intellectual keenness and problems solving ability of the students. 

(4) They provide freedom and spontaneity of self-expression and self-realisation essential for good education. 

(5) A child develops control over his emotion and attains emotional maturity through them. 

19. Write briefly about. 

(a)  The traditional or subject centred curriculum. 

Ans: Traditional curriculum means subject centred curriculum. Here more emphasis is laid on the subject rather than the child. It gives importance only to the intellectual development of a child and totally ignores the social and personal development of the child. 

(b)  Activity curriculum. 

Ans: The curriculum which follows the principle of activity in education is known as activity curriculum. In this curriculum, the subject matter is taught with the help of some activities. Comenius suggested, “Whatever has to be learnt, must be learnt by doing. ” This curriculum leads to the developments of the constructive and creative urges of children and leads to the all round growth of their personality. It also helps in the social development of children. They do not depend upon the guidance of the teacher in every difficulty and try to solve their problem through mutual help. 

(c)  Experience curriculum. 

Ans: Experience curriculum is one which gives rich and varied experience of knowledge, skills, attitude and appreciation. The importance of this curriculum is less in the fact that teaching is a bi-polar process therefore, constant interaction must take place between the teacher and the taught and they must share their education experiences. 

(d)  Undifferentiated curriculum. 

Ans: Undifferentiated curriculum, means a curriculum which does not aim at the specialised study of various subjects. Development of a fuller and all around personality of a child is possible only through integrated experience and to bring this integration unification of subject and activities is very important. 

(e)  Basic education curriculum. 

Ans: The basic education curriculum is based on Gandhi’s idea of education which implies; “an all round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind and spirit. ” The principle of correlation is the main point of this curriculum. The farmers of this curriculum believed that knowledge imparted through purposeful activity, practical experience and personal observation is real knowledge. Thus this curriculum lays emphasis on the practical aspects of education. It also aims at developing a feeling of patriotism in the minds of the pupils. 

(f)  Life centred curriculum. 

Ans: The type of curriculum in which all the important principles of curriculum construction are kept in mind and then activities and subjects selected for various grades of pupil, is known as a balanced curriculum. Such curriculum includes all the aspects of human activity and development and thus, caters to the needs of the individual and the society. It transmits the cultural heritage, explains the present and helps in planning the future. In this way, it enables the child to adjust himself properly to the complex and fast changing modern world. 

20. From which Latin word has the word curriculum been derived? 

Ans: The word “curriculum” is derived from the Latin word “currere”.

21. What is the meaning of the word “currere”?

Ans: It means ‘run’.

22. Mention five objectives of co curricular activities? 

Ans: The five objectives of co curricular activities are:

(1) To make proper use of the leisure time of the students. 

(2) To give the younger generation training for citizenship 

(3) To remove the dullness of school life and make it interesting. 

(4) To prepare the students for social life. 

(5) To provide scope for the outlet of special aptitudes. 

23. Mention five physical cocurricular activities. 

Ans: The five physical cocurricular activities are :

(1) Athletes

(2) Boating

(3) Swimming 

(4) Outdoor games. 

(5) Yoga

24. Mention five academic co-curricular activities. 

Ans: The five academic co-curricular activities are :

(1) recitation 

(2) essay writing 

(3) debates

(4) extempore speech 

(5) educational tours. 

25. Mention five social cocurricular activities. 

Ans: (1) NCC

(2) Red cross

(3) School cleanliness 

(4) NSS programmes 

(5) Social education. 

26. Mention five emotional cocurricular activities. 

Ans: (1) Singing. 

(2) Dancing 

(3) Music. 

(4) Dramatisations 

(5) Art painting 

27. Who are the visually handicapped children? 

Ans: Those students are completely blind or possess a poor eyesight they are called visually handicapped children. 

28. Who are the aurally handicapped children? 

Ans: Such children may be totally or partially deaf. They are called aurally handicapped children. 

29. Who are the speech handicapped children? 

Ans: Such children may have disorder in voice, stammer, delay, speech problem etc. They are identified as speech handicapped children. 

30. Who are the orthopedically handicapped children? 

Ans: Some children are physically crippled, deformed and disable children who are incapable of leading a normal life. They are the orthopedically handicapped children. 

31. Mention five types of employed needed for the proper functioning of a school. 

Ans: The five types of employed needed for the proper functioning of a school are:

(1) The principal or Head master. 

(2) The office staff. 

(3) Library assistant 

(4) Canteen staff

(5) Cooks for hostels if they have one.

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