Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations

Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations, Class 11 Education Question Answer, HS 1st year Education Books Answer and select need one.

Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations

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Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 3 School and its Organizations Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

School and its Organizations

Chapter: 3



1. What is meant by school plant? 

Ans: School plant is a very broad term which includes the school building, ground, school furniture, other equipment, apparatus, the human resources the students; teachers and other employees. It is an integral part of a learning environment. A good school plant helps in effective teaching learning. 

2. Mention three physical resources required for setting up a school plant? 

Ans: (1) School building 

(2) Classrooms

(3) Library 

3. Mention three human resources required for setting up a school plant? 

Ans: (1) Teacher. 

(2) Students 

(3) Employees. 

4. Mention five conditions required for selecting site or land for setting a school plant. 

Ans: (1) The site should not be very close to the main road nor far from The surroundings should be healthy. 

(2) It should have a good communication facility. 

(3) The shapes of the land should be preferably rectangular. 

(4) There should be scope for further expansion in future. 

(5) It should not be near public places like bus stands, markets etc. 

5. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a school building. 

Ans: (1) The design of the building should be simple but artistic. 

(2) There should be a good provision of sanitation and supply of water. 

(3) The school building should be planned and constructed in such a way so that it is able to serve the various academic needs and interests of the students. 

(4) As far as possible, the building must be a ‘pucca’ house. 

(5) The school building school should be economical in construction and maintenance. 

6. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a classroom? 

Ans: (1) The classroom should be spacious and scientifically built. 

(2) The teacher should sit on a chair which should be placed on an elevated platform. 

(3) Every class-room should contain a waste paper basket. 

(4) A classroom should be square in size and should accommodate at least 50 students. 

(5) The benches and desk should be made in accordance with the age and height of students. 

7. Mention five conditions to be kept in mind while constructing a scientific laboratory. 

Ans: (1) The laboratory should be accommodated in a room which is of the school. 

(2) The size of the laboratory should be equal to the size of a classroom. 

(3) Almirahs, shelves and cupboards should be provided for keeping various scientific materials. 

(4) Sufficient provision should be made for supply of electricity, water, Gas etc for various scientific experiments. 

(5) For conducting experiments in Botany and Zoology every school should make provision for a garden and animal farm. 

8. Mention five functions of a teacher as a facilitator. 

Ans: (1) The teacher should have everything ready to start class work and ensure that every child pays attention. 

(2) He should ask questions unevenly, should not repeat them and allow the students to take their time in answering them. 

(3) He should use various methods of teaching and learning. 

(4) He should provide a problem situation to the students by putting thought provoking question. 

(5) He should explain the errors of the students individually rather than before class. 

9. Mention five functions of a teacher as a motivator. 

Ans: The five functions of a teacher as a motivator are :

(1) He should be able to give a clear and vivid knowledge of the subject. 

(2) He should use a variety of teaching aids to make his teaching effective and interesting. 

(3) The teacher should make use of instances or examples while teaching. 

(4) The teacher should always keep on adopting new methods of teaching which will remove the dullness of classroom teaching. 

(5) From time to time specialist teachers should interact with the students which will broaden their outlook. 

10. Mention five functions of a teacher as a counselor. 

Ans: The five functions of a teacher as a counselor are: 

(1) He should be able to help the students to solve their personal as well as academic problems. 

(2) He should be acquainted with the home conditions of the child. 

(3) Study the health records, test scores, anecdotal records etc. of each student. 

(4) He should be able to recognise individual difference among the students. 

(5) He should maintain up-to-date cumulative records of his students. 

11. Mention five conditions of a good Library. 

Ans: The five condition of a good Library are:

(1) A good library must have books for every one – for young children, older children, teachers and adults. 

(2) The library should be equipped with comfortable furniture, shelves, charming pictures, hanging etc. 

(3) It should have a well qualified librarian. 

(4) Cataloguing should be done of all the books. 

(5) As far as possible an open shelf system should be introduced so that the students may have free access to bosses. 

12. Mention five personal qualities of a teacher? 

Ans: The five personal qualities of teacher are:

(1) He should be dressed neatly. 

(2) He should be healthy both physically and mentally. 

(3) A teacher should have an attractive face. 

(4) He should be very punctual. 

(5) He should have a loud and clear voice. 

13. Mention five professional qualities of a teacher. 

Ans: The five professional qualities of a teacher are :

(1) Skill in questioning. 

(2) Mastery of the subject matter. 

(3) Planning and preparation. 

(4) Knowledge of child psychology. 

(5) Interest in Co-curricular activities. 

14. Mention five challenges that a teacher has to face while imparting education to the children in the present day world? 

Ans: (1) A teacher deals with students from all the sections of the society and they have to be treated on an equal footing and given due case. 

(2) The teacher has to adopt a democratic, secular and socialist attitude towards life. 

(3) He has to acquaint himself with the always new concepts like individualised instructions, microteaching, programmed learning, deschooling etc. 

(4) Explosion of knowledge in taking place in all the spheres of life and in all disciplines. This makes the task of the teachers more challenging. 

(5) The present day teacher has to deal with the delinquent children. Which has become a serious problem with the adolescents children of today. 

15. Name five different types of curriculum. 

Ans: The five different types of curriculum are :

(1) The Children – centred curriculum. 

(2) The knowledge – centred curriculum. 

(3) The society – centred curriculum. 

(4) Rigid and flexible curriculum. 

(5) Subject – centred curriculum. 

16. Mention five defects of the present day curriculum. 

Ans: The five defects of the present day curriculum are :

(1) The curriculum is narrowly conceived. 

(2) It is overcrowded without providing rich, significant contents. 

(3) It is bookish and theoretical. 

(4) It does not cater to the various needs and capacities of adolescents. 

(5) It is too much dominated by examinations. 

17. Mention five principles that should be adopted while constructing the curriculum? 

Ans: (1) The principle of discipline. 

(2) The principle of unity. 

(3) The principle of flexibility. 

(4) The principle of correlation. 

(5) The principle of character formation. 

18. Mention five advantages of the co-curricular activities. 

Ans: The five advantage of the co-curricular activities are:

(1) They help in removing dullness and monotony created by the traditional curriculum and can motivate the students to study better. 

(2) They help in developing the psycho-physical health and hygiene of children and develop their manual and motor skills. 

(3) They help in the development of mental alertness, intellectual keenness and problems solving ability of the students. 

(4) They provide freedom and spontaneity of self-expression and self-realisation essential for good education. 

(5) A child develops control over his emotion and attains emotional maturity through them. 

19. Write briefly about. 

(a)  The traditional or subject centred curriculum. 

Ans: Traditional curriculum means subject centred curriculum. Here more emphasis is laid on the subject rather than the child. It gives importance only to the intellectual development of a child and totally ignores the social and personal development of the child. 

(b)  Activity curriculum. 

Ans: The curriculum which follows the principle of activity in education is known as activity curriculum. In this curriculum, the subject matter is taught with the help of some activities. Comenius suggested, “Whatever has to be learnt, must be learnt by doing. ” This curriculum leads to the developments of the constructive and creative urges of children and leads to the all round growth of their personality. It also helps in the social development of children. They do not depend upon the guidance of the teacher in every difficulty and try to solve their problem through mutual help. 

(c)  Experience curriculum. 

Ans: Experience curriculum is one which gives rich and varied experience of knowledge, skills, attitude and appreciation. The importance of this curriculum is less in the fact that teaching is a bi-polar process therefore, constant interaction must take place between the teacher and the taught and they must share their education experiences. 

(d)  Undifferentiated curriculum. 

Ans: Undifferentiated curriculum, means a curriculum which does not aim at the specialised study of various subjects. Development of a fuller and all around personality of a child is possible only through integrated experience and to bring this integration unification of subject and activities is very important. 

(e)  Basic education curriculum. 

Ans: The basic education curriculum is based on Gandhi’s idea of education which implies; “an all round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind and spirit. ” The principle of correlation is the main point of this curriculum. The farmers of this curriculum believed that knowledge imparted through purposeful activity, practical experience and personal observation is real knowledge. Thus this curriculum lays emphasis on the practical aspects of education. It also aims at developing a feeling of patriotism in the minds of the pupils. 

(f)  Life centred curriculum. 

Ans: The type of curriculum in which all the important principles of curriculum construction are kept in mind and then activities and subjects selected for various grades of pupil, is known as a balanced curriculum. Such curriculum includes all the aspects of human activity and development and thus, caters to the needs of the individual and the society. It transmits the cultural heritage, explains the present and helps in planning the future. In this way, it enables the child to adjust himself properly to the complex and fast changing modern world. 

20. From which Latin word has the word curriculum been derived? 

Ans: The word “curriculum” is derived from the Latin word “currere”.

21. What is the meaning of the word “currere”?

Ans: It means ‘run’.

22. Mention five objectives of co curricular activities? 

Ans: The five objectives of co curricular activities are:

(1) To make proper use of the leisure time of the students. 

(2) To give the younger generation training for citizenship 

(3) To remove the dullness of school life and make it interesting. 

(4) To prepare the students for social life. 

(5) To provide scope for the outlet of special aptitudes. 

23. Mention five physical cocurricular activities. 

Ans: The five physical cocurricular activities are :

(1) Athletes

(2) Boating

(3) Swimming 

(4) Outdoor games. 

(5) Yoga

24. Mention five academic co-curricular activities. 

Ans: The five academic co-curricular activities are :

(1) recitation 

(2) essay writing 

(3) debates

(4) extempore speech 

(5) educational tours. 

25. Mention five social cocurricular activities. 

Ans: (1) NCC

(2) Red cross

(3) School cleanliness 

(4) NSS programmes 

(5) Social education. 

26. Mention five emotional cocurricular activities. 

Ans: (1) Singing. 

(2) Dancing 

(3) Music. 

(4) Dramatisations 

(5) Art painting 

27. Who are the visually handicapped children? 

Ans: Those students are completely blind or possess a poor eyesight they are called visually handicapped children. 

28. Who are the aurally handicapped children? 

Ans: Such children may be totally or partially deaf. They are called aurally handicapped children. 

29. Who are the speech handicapped children? 

Ans: Such children may have disorder in voice, stammer, delay, speech problem etc. They are identified as speech handicapped children. 

30. Who are the orthopedically handicapped children? 

Ans: Some children are physically crippled, deformed and disable children who are incapable of leading a normal life. They are the orthopedically handicapped children. 

31. Mention five types of employed needed for the proper functioning of a school. 

Ans: The five types of employed needed for the proper functioning of a school are:

(1) The principal or Head master. 

(2) The office staff. 

(3) Library assistant 

(4) Canteen staff

(5) Cooks for hostels if they have one.

32. Mention five functions of each of the following. 

(a) UGC 

(b) NCERT 

(c)  SCERT 

(d)  DIFT 


(a) UGC

Following are the main function of UGC are :

(1) Inquire into the financial needs of the universities. 

(2) Allocate and dispute the fund of the commission, grants to the universities. 

(3) Recommended to any university the measures necessary for the improvement of university education and advise the University upon the action to be taken for the purpose of implementing such recommendations. 

(4) Advise any authority on the establishment of a new university or on proposals connected with the expansion of the activities of the University. 

(5) Collect information on all matters relating to university education in India and other countries as it thinks fit and makes the same available to any university. 

(b)  NCERT

Ans: Following are the main function of NCERT :

(1) To undertake aid, promote and coordinate research in all branches of education. 

(2) To organise pre-service and in-service training for teachers. 

(3) To organise various extension services. 

(4) To disseminate the knowledge of improved techniques. 

(5) To act as a clearing house for all ideas and information on all matters related to school education controlled and managed by the central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). 

Sl. No.Contents
Chapter 1Concept and Aims of Education
Chapter 2Stages of Human Development
Chapter 3School and its Organizations
Chapter 4 (A)Psychology and Education
Chapter 4 (B)Education Psychology and its Significance
Chapter 5Physical Basis of Mental Life
Chapter 6Bases and Direction of Human Behaviour
Chapter 7Primary Education in India and Assam

(c)  SCERT

Ans: The main functions of the SCERT are:

(1) To conduct surveys and educational research at the state level. 

(2) Publish textbooks. 

(3) Impart training to the teacher of different schools. 

(4) It organises short time training programmes for school teachers on the new issues. 

(5) It takes special measures to reward the teachers of special reputations. 

(d)  DIET

Ans: The DIETs would Dane 3 main functions such as:

(1) Training (both of induction level as well as continuing varieties) 

(2) Resources support. 

(3) Action research. 

33. Mention three uses of technology in education. 

Ans: Three uses of technology in education are : 

(1) Computer 

(2) Internet 

(3) E-mail. 

34. Mention three advantages technology in education. 

Ans: Three advantages technology in education are:

(1) The main role of technology in education is to facilitate and improve the quality of human learning. 

(2) It helps in maintaining internet disciplines and adapting to one’s environment. 

(3) Both quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of education can be facilitated only with the help of educational technology. 

35. What is the meaning of the word ‘computers’? 

Ans: The word ‘Computer’ is closely related to the word ‘Compute’ which means to determine by calculation and ‘computing which means ‘determining by calculation ‘.

36. Who invented computers? 

Ans: Charles Babbage invented computers. 

37. What is a laptop computer? 

Ans: Laptop computer is a mobile or portable electronic device to compute any kind of calculation, printing, connecting internet etc. activities done by normal desktop. 

38. What are palmtop computers? 

Ans: Palmtop computer is an electronic device which is very handy and can be carried over easily like a cell phone. 

39. Mention any three basic parts of a computer. 

Ans: (1) Input equipment. 

(2) Output equipment. 

(3) A memory store. 

40. Mention the five parts of a complete computer unit? 

Ans: (1) Monitor .

(2) Key board .

(3) System unit .

(4) Mouse .

(5) Printer uses computer. 

41. Mention any three uses of computers? 

Ans: (1) Trade and industries as well as financial and administrative accounting have been using computers and achieved great success. 

(2) Scientists and research worker process  their data in computer’s to achieve accuracy, proficiency and speed in their work. 

(3) Computers help people to interact in a changed way. 

42. Mention three characteristics of a computer. 

Ans: (1) Computers are very fast. 

(2) A computer can store large amounts of information in its memory. 

(3) Computers work in the same manner all the time. 

43. Mention any three advantages of computer aided instructions? 

Ans: (1) It can assist teachers in the development in instructional materials. 

(2) It is capable of doing research on teaching under controlled conditions and on various modes of teaching. 

(3) It is capable of individualising the means and ends of instruction. 

44. Mention any five basic educational advantages of a computer? 

Ans: (1) It helps to test students progress. 

(2) It enables the exceptional children to learn at their own pace. 

(3) They are helpful in administering aptitude and achievements tests. 

(4) It is useful for the students when they  themselves are interested with the machine and where instruction is presented. 

(5) It helps children to participate more actively in the educational process. 

45. Mention any five limitations of using computers in education. 

Ans: (1) Computers are very expensive. 

(2) Software used presently may possess some defects. 

(3) Specially trained teachers will be required to provide such instruction.

(4) The screens being small may not be visible to the whole class. 

(5) Our schools have a lack of sufficient equipment, adequate software, furnished rooms, trained staff. 

46. Mention any five advantages of using the internet. 

Ans: (1) Playing games .

(2) Listening to music .

(3) Reading latest news .

(4) Shopping on the internet .

(5) Accessing information on the internet. 

47. Mention any three characteristics of E-mail. 

Ans: (1) Through E-mail interaction can be made with outside world. 

(2) It takes a very less amount of time to send and receive messages. 

(3) Acknowledgement can be saved in the message box. 

48. Mention any three characteristics of CD-ROM. 

Ans: (1) Compact disc is an optical is storage device that has a huge storage capacity. 

(2) It is removable and is a read only memory. 

(3) It can help the students to store their important information in it. 

49. Mention any three characteristics of a website? 

Ans: (1) Website is used for getting information about varied topics. 

(2) Website comprises of e-mail facility, 

(3) It can be used for receiving voice mail facilities also. 

50. What is the first page of a website known as? 

Ans: The first page of a website is known as a home page. 

51.What is the full form of URL? 

Ans: The full form of URL is Uniform Resources Locator. 

52. Name any three types of Teleconferencing. 

Ans: (1) Audio teleconferencing.

(2) Video teleconferencing.

(3) Computer teleconferencing. 

53. Write short notes on:

(a) Internet. 

Ans: The Internet was started as ARPANET,  Advanced Research Projects Administration Network by the department of defence of the USA in 1969. Later in 1984,the National Science Foundation allowed schools to join the network. More and more networks joined giving birth to the internet. It has lots of advantages. 

These are :

(1) Accessing information on the internet. 

(2) Reading the latest news. 

(3) Listening to music 

(4) Sending and receiving e-mail. 

(5) Shopping on the internet. 

(6) Advertising on the internet. 

The Internet has a great educational advantage also. (1) The students can collect information on any topic they want to through the various websites. 

(2) It helps them to get the latest information on any subject they want to know about. 

(3) The information can be assessed from any corner of the world. 

(b)  Website. 

Ans: Website  is a special part of the internet. The internet is just like the net of a spider. To form the net of the internet a powerful computer, a modern, a telephone, a service provider, and an internet software i. e., a CD-ROM or floppy disks have the special necessity. The spider from the own net naturally. But the net of the internet is formed technically by the electronic tools. Generally when the computer of a person or an institution is not already connected to a server on the Net, then the person or the institution need a company which is called an Internet Service Provider (ISP). The company changes a special amount for the provision of the ISP. 

This ISP includes email programmes. Thus the computer gets ready for an email programme for the person or the institution concerned. The Wed or the world wide web is a special provision by the help of which email may be sent without having an email programme. The e-mail can be used on a part of the internet. 

Thus the part of the internet by which email provision can be availed of is called the world wide web or the web. There is a big advantage of the use of the web. By the help of the web it is possible to send and receive messages from any computer on the net. 

The web is made up of millions of various documents. The documents of the Web are simply called the web pages. The web pages generally include different documents, viz, text, still and moving pictures and sounds. “A collection  of web pages that is created by a single organisation or person is called a website. 

(c)  CD-ROM. 

Ans: Within the last few years CD-ROM has emerged as the most cost effective media for multimedia projects. The full form of CD-ROM is compact disc-read only memory. Rom is called the permanent memory of the computer because memory which is preserved in Rom cannot be changed easily. Materials which are huge in size like Encyclopedia instructional programmes containing various pictures and animations are generally stored in CD-ROM. 

A C-D ROM disc can be produced in large numbers easily and cheaply. It is capable of containing upto 84 minutes of full screen video or sound. “Even it can contain unique mixes of images, sound, text video and animations controlled by an authority system to provide unlimited user ‘instruction’. 

Most of the personal computers have a C-D-ROM drive and the software that drives these computers is commonly available on a C-D ROM disc. 

The chief advantage C-D ROM are:

(1) It is portable. 

(2) It is a simple object convenient for maintenance. 

(3) Highly useful for Engineers, Architects for preserving the designs etc. 

(d)  E-mail. 

Ans: Electronic mail or E-mail allows computer users to exchange messengers locally and worldwide. It helps to communicate with the people who are scattered all over the globe. Each user of Email must possess a mailBox address to which messages are sent. One of the benefits which computers derive is the opportunity to communicate via email. It is a very cheap mode of communication which computers process within a matter of seconds. For sending email it is necessary to have 

(1) a computer.

(2) modern.

(3) Telephone line.

(4) Service provider. 

The computer is called e-mail server. Many organisations and companies provide facilities to user to send email free of cost. But for this the user’s name must be registered in a page in web-site. In this web page 

(1) Name

(2) Title,

(3) Language

(4) Country

(5) State

(6) Sex.

(7) Date of birth (year, month, day) 

(8) Telephone No.

(9) Password must be recorded. 

The password is very confidential and important as it is required for future correspondences. 

(e)  Teleconferencing. 

Ans: Teleconferencing is the best method of distance education. This method has become very popular all over the world. In this system two or more people living at different places can engage themselves in discussion. It is basically of three types. 

They are :

(1) Audio teleconferencing. 

(2) Video teleconferencing. 

(3) Computer teleconferencing. 

Teleconferencing also has got great educative value :(1) In the distance education system there are a large number of students spread all over the country. 

(2) Teleconferencing can be of great help to such students. 

(3) It is also less expensive compared to other mediums of education. 

(4) It is a flexible medium. 

(5) It can be adjusted according to the number of students. 

(6) As this method is based on discussion, it creates interest in the minds of the students. 

(7) It helps the students to ask questions to the instructor and get immediate answers. 

(8) Its standard of education is also very high. 

(9) If used effectively this medium can prove to be one of the most efficient agencies of education. 

54. Write the full form of the following :

(a)  NCERT. 

Ans: National Council of Education Research and Training. 

(b) UGC. 

Ans: University Grants Commission. 

(c) SCERT. 

Ans: The State Council of Education Research and Training. 

(d)  DIET

Ans: The District Institutes of Education and training. 

55. What is a web-site? 

Ans: Web-Site is a special part of the internet. 

56. What is a web-page? 

Ans: The web is made up of millions of various documents. These documents of the web are simply called the web pages. 

57. In which year was the UGC established? 

Ans: November, 1953.

58. In which year was the NCERT established? 

Ans: September, 1961.

59. Where is the Headquarter of NCERT? 

Ans: New Delhi. 

60. Mention the three board function of NCERT? 

Ans: The three board function of NCERT are : (1) To organise pre-services and in service training for teachers. 

(2) To organise various extension services. 

(3) To disseminate the knowledge of improved techniques.

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