Class 10 History Elective Chapter 4 The Second World War

Class 10 History Elective Chapter 4 The Second World War Question answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board HS Class 10 History Elective Chapter 4 The Second World War and select needs one.

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Class 10 History Elective Chapter 4 The Second World War

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 10 History Elective Chapter 4 The Second World War Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

The Second World War

Chapter : 4


Very Short Answer Type Questions

A. [Mention the dates of the following events]

(a) German attack of Soviet Russia

(b) Operation Torch 

(c) Destruction of the ‘Prince of Wales’

(d) Surrendered of Singapore to the Japanese 

(e) Dropping of atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

(f) Surrender of Japan to Douglas MacArthur

(g) Independence of philippines

Ans : (a) German attack of Soviet Russia : 22 June 1941

(b) Operation Torch : November, 1942

(c) Destruction of the ‘prince of Wales :10 December 1941

(d) Surrendered of Singapore to the Japanese : 14 February 1942

(e) Dropping of atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki : 6 and 9th August 1945

(f) Surrendered of Japan to Douglas MacArthur : 2 September 1945

(g) Independence of philippines : 1945

B. Give the Answer of the following : 

(a) How many fighter planes were utilized by Hitler in the attack of Norway?

Ans : Hitler utilized 800 fighter planes in the attack of Norway.

(b)Who was Vidkun Quisling ? 

Ans Vidkun Quisling was the ki leader of the Fascist group that supported Hitler in his conquest of Norway.

(c) who organized the’ Free  France’ Movement ? 

Ans : A Freance patriot named Colonel Charles de Gaulle organized the’Free France’ Movement.

(d) which country did Hitler attack under the cod name’Opreration sea – Lion’?

Ans: Hitler attacked England Under the code name’ Operation sea-Lion’.

(e) Which country did destroy the British warships the ‘prince of Wales’and the’repulse’ off Singapore? 

Ans : japan destroyed the British warships the’prince of Wales’and the ‘ Repulse’ off Singapore.

(f) Who was known as ‘ Desert fox’ ?

Ans: Erwin Rommel, one of the most capable German Generals came to be known as the ‘Desert Fox’.

(g) What is the new name of Formosa ?

Ans : The New name of Formosa is Taiwan.

(h) Who was the prisedent of the UsA when the atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

Ans : Harry S. Truman waa the prisedent of the USA when the atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

(i) Who dropped the atom bombs on Hiroshima? 

Ans : Enola gay of the USA Air force dropped atom bomb on Nagasaki.

(j) Who dropped the atom bomb on the Nagasaki?

Ans : Charles W. Sweeney of the USA dropped the atom on Nagasaki.

(k) What was the name of Hitler’s wife?

Ans: The name of Hitler’s wife was Eva Braun.

(l)Who was the supreme commander of the Alied Froces after August 1943 ?

Ans : The supreme commander of the Alied Froces after August 1943 was Admiral lord Louis Mountbatten.

(m) Where did japan General Douglas MacArthur of the USA ?

Ans : japan Surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur of the USA on board the battleship ‘Missouri.’

(n) What was the cod name of German attack on Russia ?

Ans : The code name of German attack on Russia was ‘Opreation Barbarossa’.

(o) Which countries did attack the Nazis under the cod name of’Opreation Overiord’ ?

Ans : The combined armies of Amarica and England attacked the Nazis under the cod name of ‘Opreation Overlord’.

C. Short Answer Type Questions : 

Q 1. What are the different phases of the second world War ?

Ans : The different phases of the Second World war were:

(i) phases I : from 1939 to 1940

(ii) Phase II : from 1940 to 1941

(iii) phase III : from 1941 to 1942

(iv)  phase IV : from 1942 to 1944

(v) Phase V : from 1944 to 2945

Q 2. What circumstances lead to the entry of the USA in the second world war ?

Ans : The Second World war began with the German attack on poland on 1 September , 1939. America did not join the war with the other Allies as the she was least concerned about European politics. However, the Japanese attack on pearl Harbour, a naval Port of America in the Hawaii Islands on 7 December 1941, compelled USA to join the wae in 1941 along with Allies.

Q 3. Dropping of the Atoms Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Ans : The president of the USA, Harry S. Truman was apprehensive of the role of Soviet Russia in the war in the far East so, to took control of the war in the Far East, Truman ordered to attack japan by the Dropping two Atom Bombs consecutively on 6 and 9 August,1945 on Hiroshima and Nagasaki respectively. This devastated the two cities and killed millions of people.

Q 4 . Resistance Movement of in Poland.

Ans :  Soon after the invasion of Poland by the German force in September 1939, the people of Poland organized their Residence Movement against the invading army under the leadership of the exiled polish General Sikoroski. In 1942, the polish Communists also started their Resistance Movement. But , the Nazis crushed these movements with a heavy hand killing hundreds of people who opposed the German authority. The Resistance Movement became quite strong From the month of August 1944 and the thousands of poles joined the war of liberation against the Nazis. In the Fascist counter offensive, nearly 2,50,000 people lost their lives in Poland.

Q 6. Resistance Movement in Yugoslavia.

Ans : Yugoslavia had been conquered by Hitler before the outbreak of the Second World War. Soon the people of Yugoslavia started their Resistance Movement against the invading Nazis. Marshal Josip Broz Tito, the Communists leader took the lead in the Resistance Movement of Yugoslavia. The Yugoslavian Resistance Movement was Both against the invading Nazis and the supporters of the Nazis within the country. Josip Tito raised an army named a ‘People’s Liberation Army’ and freed Yugoslavia from the Nazis in 1944. After the expulsion of the Nazis, Tito was able to From a government and ruled the country for several years.

Q 5. Resistance Movement in Frence.

Ans : soon after the invasion of France in june 1940, many patriotic men including many military generals left Freance and settled in England and in other movement was led by the exiled Colonel Charles de Gaulle who organised a Franch  government in exile. In France, the Communists also organized a separate movement in 1942. These anti- Nazi and anti- Fascist organizations arranged a ‘ National Defence Force ‘ of 5,00,000 people who made the lives The Nazis difficult in France. The National Defence Force along with the Allied Powers rebelled against the Nazis and the Fascists rule in France and gained their independence.

Q 7. Resistance Movement in Greece.

Ans : In April 1941, Hitler captured Greece and established the Nazi rule. In the wake of Hitler’s attack, the government fell and the patriotc elements including the king fled to Cairo and there they fromed a government under in exile. Soon the Communists started the Residence Movement against the Nazis within the country . They started two organisation named the’ National Liberation Front’ (NLF) and the ‘National popular Liberation Army’ ( ELAS). These organisations freed Greece from the Nazi ruke in  1944. Soon after the liberation of Greece, the members of the government in exile tried to from a government in Greece and this resulted in a civil war between the Communists and the members of the government in exile . The civil war of Greece lasted from 1946 to 1949. This weekend the internal condition of Greece to a great extent.

Q 8. Resistance Movement in Vietnam.

Ans The Resistance Movement by the people of Vietnam was not only against France but also against japan and America. The Communists party took the leadership of the movement under the leadership of Ho chi Minh. The Communists party was organized in 1941. The Communists party declared Vietnam as the ‘ Demoratic republic of Vietnam’ in September 1941. It fought against France and against japanese aggression. The Communists freed their country first from the Japanese, then from France and at last from America. Vietnam attained her independence in 1973.

Q 9. Extent of damages caused by the second world war .

Ans : The Second World war caused immense loss of life and property. The estimated war expenditure of the USA stood at 350 billion dollars while that of the other countries stood at 1,000 billion dollars. The value of the property destoryed came to another 1,000 billion dollars. In terms of human resources, the number of people killed stood at 22 million and people were injured about 34 million . The number of civilians killed in the war over 20 million. At the beshest of Hitler, Aikman seemed to have killed more than 6 Million jhamaila jews.

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