Class 10 History Elective Chapter 1 Growth of Imperialism and Colonialism Notes to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board HS Class 10 History Elective Chapter 1 Growth of Imperialism and Colonialism and select needs one.
Class 10 History Elective Chapter 1 Growth of Imperialism and Colonialism
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Growth of Imperialism and Colonialism
Chapter : 1
TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Very Short Answer Type Questions
(I) Mention the dates of the following events:
(a) War of American Independence,
(b) Fall of Constantinople,
(c) protuguese conquest of Ceuta,
(d) Occupation of the philippines by spain,
(e) Occupation of peru by Pizarro,
( f) Defeat of the Spanish Armada,
(g) Formation of the Ducth East india company,
(h) Formation of the French East India company,
(i) Formation of the English East india company,
(j) Occupation of Musalipattanam by the English East India company,
(k) Occupations of virginia by the English East India company,
(l) Occupations of canada by English East India company
(m) Opening of the suez canal,
(n) Opening of the panama canal,
(o) Occupation of korea by japan,
(p) Battle of plassey,
(q) Battle of Wandiwash,
Ans.(a) War of American Independence :177_1783
(b) Fall of Constantinople : 1453
(c) protuguese of the Ceuta :1415
(d) Occupation of the philippines by spain :1563
(e) Occupation of peru and Pizarro : 1530
(f) Defeat of the Spanish Armada : 1558
(g) Formation of Dutch EAST India company : 1602
(h) Formation of the France EAST India company : 1664
(i) Fromation of the English East India Company : 31st December 1600
(j) Occupation of Musalipattanam by the English East India Company : 1611
(k) Occupation of virginia by the English East India company : 1607
(I) Occupation of by the English East India company : 1763
(m) Opening of the Suez canal : 1869
(n) Opening of the panama canal : 1914
(o) Occupation of Korea by japan : 1894 – 95
(p) Battle of Plassey: 1757
(q) Battle of Wandiwash: 1760
Short Answer Type Questions :
1. What is Colonialism ?
Ans : Colonialism implies the Occupation of week country by a powerful country and the establishment of a government under foreign rule for tapping and exploiting the wealth and resources, both human and Natural, for the benefit of the people of the occupation country. It is the process by which the occupat country rules over the occupied country.
Q 2. What is imperialism?
Ans : Imperialism implies the process of conquest of a country by another country with the help of the latter’s military power and thereafter exploiting the former’s wealth, riches and resources for the enrichment of the dominanting country.
Q 3. What is capitalism?
Ans : The economic system in which a country’s business and industry is controlled and run for profit by establishing business relationship with other countries or by establishing colonies in those countries is called capitalism . It encourages economic conquest of other countries with a view to sell their finished product as well as serve as a source of supply of essential raw materials for the home Industries of the imperialist countries.
Q 4. What was the immediate result of the fall of Constantinople?
Ans : The fall of Constantinople in 1453, resulted in new geographical discoveries by navigation. It also resulted in the emergence of colonies and empires via newly discovered sea routes.
Q 5. What is Cape of Good Hope ? What was its earlier name ?
Ans : The southernmost tip of African continent came to be known as the ‘ Cape of Good Hope.’
Its former name was ‘Cape of stroms’ as the sea near the tip was a dangerous zone for ships to cross. Latter, this cape came to be known as the through this route that Vasco do Gama came to India in 1498.
Q 6. What do you understand by the expression ‘New world ‘ ?
Ans : By the ‘New World ‘ we mean the newly discovered countries of the A my American continent. Amerigo Vespucci of Italy discovered Patagonia ( Argentina ) in the far south of south America and renamed it as the ‘ New World ‘. This ‘ New World’ later came to be known as ‘ America’, after its founder’s name.
Q 7. Which country was called the ‘ Workshop of the world’ and why ?
Ans : England was called the ‘workshop of the world’ because England fulfilled all the demands of both its home markerts and the colonies set by England in other countries.
Q 8. By What name the six colonies of Britain in Australia were known?
Ans : Australia was discovered by captain Cook during the period 1768-79. Soon after the discovery of this continent, Australia came to be occupied by the British who established six colonies or states. These were New south Wales, Queensland , Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. Later , these colonies were organise into a union of six states under the banner of new federal government of Australia.
(II) Name the persons involved in the following events:
(a)Discovery of sea route from Europe to India ,
(b) Discovery of sea route to the west Indies ,
(c) Invention of motion picture,
(d) Invention of telephone ,
( e) Founder of the Stander oil company,
(f) Leader of the Cuban Revolution ,
(g) Discovery of Australia ,
(h) Navigator of the Globe,
(i) Discovery of Tasmania,
Ans: (a) Discovery of sea route from Europe to india – vasco da Gama.
(b) Discovery of sea route to the west Indies – Christopher Columbus.
(c) Invention of motion picture – Thomas Edison and George Eastman.
(d) Invention of telephone – Alexander Graham Bell.
(e) Founder of the standard oil Company – William Rockefeller.
(f) Leader of Cuban Revolution – Fidel Castro
(g) Discover of Australia – Captain Cook.
(h) Navigator of the Globe – Ferdinand Magellan.
(i) Discover of Tasmania – Abel Tasman.
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