AJB Class 8 English Chapter 9 The Endangered Species, Assam Jatiya Bidyalay | অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয় English Class 8 Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of SEBA so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Assam Jatiya Bidyalay | AJB Chapter 9 The Endangered Species Class 8 English Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.
Jatiya Vidyalaya Class 8 English Notes covers all the exercise questions in Assam Jatiya Bidyalay SEBA Textbooks. The AJB Class 8 English Chapter 9 The Endangered Species provided here ensures a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every chapter and score well in the board exams. All the Jatiya Bidyalay English Class 8 Solutions provided here are provided by subject experts as per the Latest NCERT Guidelines. You can click on the Chapterwise AJB Class 8 English Chapter 9 The Endangered Species.
The Endangered Species
Chapter – 9
অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয়
EXERCISE QUESTION ANSWER
1. Answer the following questions ( তলৰ প্ৰশ্নসমূহৰ উত্তৰ দিয়া )
(a) Write the names of birds and animals which have become already extinct. ( ইতিমধ্যে বিলুপ্ত প্রায় চৰাই আৰু জন্তুৰ নাম লিখা।)
Ans: The rare birds and animals like dodo, Tasminian Wolf, Passenger pigeon, Caspian tiger and blue duck have already become extinct.
(b) Which state has the highest concentration of rhinos. (কোন ৰাজ্যত সকলোতকৈ বেছি গঁড় পোৱা যায়।)
Ans: Kaziranga National Park in Assam state has the highest concentration of rhinos.
(c) What is the most attraction of tourists to Assam ? (আসমলৈ অহা পৰ্যটকৰ মূখ্য আকর্ষণ কি ?)
Ans: One horned rhinoceros are the point of attraction of tourists to Assam.
(d) Where are the golden langur found ? (সোণালী বান্দৰ ক’ত পোৱা যায় ?)
Ans: The golden langur is found in South-Central Bhutan and North western Assam.
(e) Away from kaziranga National Park where rhinos are found ? (কাজিৰঙা ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় উদ্যানৰ বাহিৰে ক’ত গড় গোৱা যায় ?)
Ans: Away from Kaziranga National Park rhinos are found in Orang and Pobitora wild life sanctuaries and in Manas National Park also.
(f) In which kind of forests are the white winged wood duck found ? (বগা পাখীৰ বনৰীয়া হাঁহ কেনেকুৱা হাবিত পোৱা যায় ?)
Ans: The white winged wood ducks are found in the swamp forests of Assam.
(g) What does the 1993 census say about dolphins ? (১৯৯৩ চনৰ জৰিয়তে শিহুৰ সম্পর্কে কি তথ্য পোৱা গ’ল ?)
Ans: According to the Census conducted in 1993, around four hundred river dolphins were counted in the Brahmaputra from Sadia to Dhubri, but now it is suspected that the number is not more than two hundred sixty.
(h) Why river dolphins are killed ? (শিহুবোৰ কিয় মৰা হয়)
Ans: The oil of river dolphins are used as medicine so these are killed by the poachers.
(i) What is the positive side regarding the survival of greater adjutant stork (বৰটোকোলা চৰাইৰ জীৱন ধাৰণৰ লগত জড়িত লক্ষনীয় দিশটো কি ?)
Ans: The positive side regarding the survival of greater adjutant stork is that some non-government organizations have already initiated moves to protect this rare bird.
(j) According to author how can students lead a green revolution. (লেখকৰ মতে ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীৰ দ্বাৰা কি দৰে সেউজ-বিপ্লৱ সূচনা হ’ব পাৰে।)
Ans: According to author if every student plants a free on his or her birthday, this can lead a green revolution.
2. Write brief answers to the following questions. (তলত দিয়া প্ৰশ্নসমূহৰ চমু উত্তৰ দিয়া)
(a) Write the names of national parks and sanctuaries where you can find rhinos ? (গড় পোৱা ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় উদ্যান আৰু অভয়াণ্যৰ নাম লিখা)
Ans: Rhinos are found in Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, and in Orang and Pobitora wild life sanctuaries.
(b) Why are the river dolphins decreasing day by day ? (শিশু দিনক দিনে কমি যোৱাৰ কাৰণ কি)
Ans: The oil of river dolphins are used as medicine, that is why they are falling a prey to poachers and decreasing day by day.
(c) How does a golden langur look like ? (সোণালী বান্দৰ দেখিবলৈ কেনেকুৱা ?)
Ans: The golden langur’s back side is cream colour which looks golden in good light and its sides are dark. Its face is black without any hair on it. And it has a long tail with a tassel at the end.
(d) What is the present condition of white winged wood duck ? (বগা পাখীৰ বনহাঁহৰ বৰ্তমান অৱস্থিতি কি ?)
Ans: The white winged wood duck was believed to be extinct but by the effort of an assistant manager of a tea garden in Doomdooma in 1960 it has been protected and now it is seen in Na Duar and chariduar forests and in parts of Arunachal Pradesh. But this bird is in the danger list because of habitat destruction.
3. “The rare animal is facing a serious threat….” (এই দুষ্প্রাপ্য জন্তুবিধে এক ভয়ংকৰ ভাবুকিৰ সন্মুখীন হৈছে)
(a) Which animal is referred to here ? (ইয়াত কোনবিধ জন্তুৰ বিষয়ে কোৱা হৈছে)
Ans: The national animal of Assam, one horned rhinoceros is referred to here.
(b) What kind of threat are they facing and why ? (সিহতে কিয় আৰু কেনেকুৱা ধৰণৰ ভাবুকিৰ সন্মুখীন হৈছে)
Ans: This rare animal is facing a serious threat from the poachers. Rhinos are killed by the poachers because their horns are considered to be very valuable in many countries of the world.
4. Write a short/note on the nature of golden langur ? (সোণালী বান্দৰৰ প্ৰকৃতি/স্বভাৱ বর্ণনা কৰা)
Ans: Golden langur is a shy animal and stays mostly in groups. In a group there are around forty numbers and their movements are controlled by a dominant male who moves first. They stay mostly on trees and jump from tree to tree at the approach of men. Generally, they come to the ground only during the early hours of the morning or late in the evening to drink from a river or a stream. So to say golden langur is unique in nature.
5. Write briefly about the greater adjutant stork. (চমুকৈ বৰটোকোলাৰ সম্পৰ্কে লিখা)
Ans: The greater adjutant stork is a rare bird found in Assam. The number of this bird also rapidly coming down, due to the unabated falling of trees and improvement of sanitation. But positive side regarding the survival of this rare bird is that some non-governmental organizations have already initiated moves to protect this rare bird.
6. What are the measures that the students can take for the protection of the rare birds and animals ? (এই দুষ্প্রাপ্য চৰাই আৰু জন্তুবোৰৰ সুৰক্ষাৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীয়ে লব পৰা পদক্ষেপবোৰ উল্লেখ কৰা ?)
Ans: To protect the rare birds and animals students can play a major role by creating awareness among the people. They can launch a massive awareness campaign all over the state for protecting these endangered species, and develop a thought that these birds and animals are the pride of Assam.
The author also suggests that if all the students promise to plant trees on special days like birthday, that will increase forest cover in Assam and protect the habitats of animals and birds, as well as this will lead to a green revolution.
Grammar and Usage (ব্যাকৰণ আৰু ব্যৱহাৰ)
7. Fill in the blanks with appropriate form of verbs given in brackets. (বন্ধনিৰ ভিতৰত থকা Verb বোৰৰ Appropriate from লিখা)
(a) Yesterday was (be) 30 November. Our winter vacation has been started (start) form 28 November. My parents and I went (go) to our uncle’s house. My cousin Rup is (be) twelve years old I always enjoy (enjoy) his company. But before we reached (reach) my grandparents had arrived (arrive) there. I was playing (play) the whole day with my cousin. But my mother gave (give) me a pleasant surprise. She has told (tell) me just now that we are going (go) to shimla next week. According to our plan we shall go (go) to Delhi by Rajdhani Express, on 10 December. From Delhi we shall fly (fly) to Shimla by Indian Airlines aircraft. We shall reach (reach) there by the evening of 12 December. On 13 December at this time I shall be playing (play) with my cousin. As my aunt is (be) a professional singer she will entertain (entertain) us with her songs in the evenings. I hope it will be (be) a nice trip.
8. Read the following passage carefully. This passage is written in simple present tense. Now rewrite the passage two times in simple past tense and simple future tense. (তলত দিয়া Sentence বোৰ সাবধানেৰে পঢ়ি পুনৰ Simple past আৰু Simple future tense ত লিখা)
Ms Snigdha Saikia is a very rich industrialist. She has her business establishments in different parts of India. Ms Saikia’s house is on the top of a hill overlooking the river. She enjoys the natural beauty everyday from the balcony of her house. As she is very busy she hasn’t much time for relaxation. Ms Saikia encourages the young generation in her own field.
Ans: 1. Simple past tense: Ms. Snigdha Saikia was a very rich industrialist. She had her business establishments in different parts of India. Ms Saikia’s house was on the top of a hill overlooking the river .She used to enjoy the natural beauty everyday from the balcony of her house. As she was very busy she hadn’t much time for relaxation. Ms Saikia encouraged the young generation in her own field.
2. Simple future tense: Ms Snigdha will be a very rich industrialist. She will have her business establishments in different parts of India. Ms Saikia’s house will be on the top of a hill overlooking the river. She will enjoy the natural beauty everyday from the balcony of her house. As she will be very busy she will not have much time for relaxation. Ms Saikia will encourage the young generation in her own field.
9. Match the words on the right with the description on the left. (সোঁফালৰ শব্দৰ লগত বাওঁফালৰ বৰ্ণনা মিলোৱা)
|Creatures that eat flesh,greens and vegetables||insectivorous.|
|Creatures that eat insects||herbivorous.|
|Creatures that only eat flesh||omnivorous.|
|Creatures that only eat vegetation||carnivorous.|
|Creatures that eat flesh,greens and vegetables||Omnivorous.|
|Creatures that eat insects||insectivorous.|
|Creatures that only eat flesh||Carnivorous.|
|Creatures that only eat vegetation||herbivorous.|
10. Write down the past and past participle form of the words given (তলত দিয়া শব্দবোৰৰ past আৰু past-participle লিখা।)
11. Here are a few words that sound more or less same. They are spelt differently and have different meanings. Match the words with their correct meanings.(তলত উল্লেখিত শব্দবোৰৰ উচ্চাৰণ একে কিন্তু বানান আৰু অৰ্থ বেলেগ, অৰ্থৰ সৈতে মিলোৱা)
Ans: Accept : willingly take something that is offered.
Except : not to include somebody or something.
Eligible : able to have on do something because they have the qualification
Illegible : difficult or impossible to read.
Complement : that which makes something complete.
Compliment : admiration or approval.
12. Look at the picture, use your imagination and write a short story based on the picture using different tense forms. (বিভিন্ন tense from ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি পাঠ্যপুথিৰ ছবিখন চাই, এটা চমু গল্প লিখা)
Ans: There was a fox in a jungle. one day he decided to celebrate his birthday so he invited all the birds and beast to the party. As it was an unique celebration in the jungle, all the invitees came in time with gifts.
The fox ordered a big cake and enlighted candles according to his age. The tiger sang the birthday song and others followed him. They had a grand party that day. All promised to be friendly to each other. They danced all together. By that sacred effort of the fox they have created a different environment there. Now also all the animals and birds in that jungle live friendly. Nobody disturbs none. If you visit that jungle you will see a different world of animals and birds, staying happily full of fun and merriment.
13. Now a days one of the burning issues regarding environment is the man elephant conflict. The elephants are destroying houses, damaging crops and even killing people. This is the result of deforestation in our country. Write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper on this issue.
The Assam Tribune
Vill & P.O. Silapathar
For the last 5 years. we the villagers of entire Silapathar area have been facing a great threat from the elephant. Its becoming a burning issue. The elephants are destroying our houses, damaging crops and even killing people also. In elephant and men conflict more than 7 (seven) people have already lost their life. We have already submit application in D.C office and D.F.O office to provide protection but authority is not paying attention for your kind information. I would like to mention that it is nothing but the result of deforestation that elephants came out of forest in search of food. If forest authority pay attention to stop cutting trees and start planting than only the problem will be solved.
As mentioned earlier I made a petition to the highest authority with a request to provide protection but still no result come out. In utter disgust, I want to ventilate through your esteemed column the unbearable condition of the people of this locality.
Spoken activity :
14. Here a topic has been given for group discussion, ‘Birds and animals are our friends,’ Make a group of three students and discuss among yourselves on this topic. You can share your own experience and be creative with words.(‘চৰাই আৰু জন্তুবোৰ আমাৰ বন্ধু’ এটা কথোপকথন প্রস্তুত কৰা)
Mrinal : Just imagine! the world without birds and animals.
Arup : Impossible! That will disturb ecosystem Nature will loose its balance.
Rimjim : My grand father told, God Brahma created the world, along with he created four types of living beings. Uran (birds) Buran (Fishes) Gajan (trees) Bhraman (animals and men). From this point of view animals and men are of same category that means we are friend.
Mrinal : yes, only different between animals and man is our intellect, “We are rational or intellectual animal.”
পাঠটিৰ শেষত tense-ৰ সম্পৰ্কে সংক্ষেপে শিকো আহা :
মূলত tense তিনিপ্ৰকাৰৰ
প্ৰতিটো tense অকে পুনৰ গঠন ৰীতি অনুসৰি তলত দিয়া ধৰণৰে ভাগ কৰা হৈছে।
(i) Simple present past/ future
(ii) Present/ pást/ future continuous.
(iii) Present / past / future perfect
(iv) Present/ Past / Future perfect continuous
|Simple||I eat||I ate||I shall eat|
|Continuous||I am eating||I was eating||I shall be eating|
|Perfect||I have eaten||I had eaten||I shall have eaten|
|Perfect continuous||I have been eating||I had been eating||I shall have been eating|
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