NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 34 Administrative Machinery At The Centre, States And District Levels, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 34 Administrative Machinery At The Centre, States And District Levels and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 34 Administrative Machinery At The Centre, States And District Levels Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Political Science Notes Paper 317.
NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 34 Administrative Machinery At The Centre, States And District Levels
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Administrative Machinery At The Centre, States And District Levels
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS AND THEIR ANSWERS
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.1
Q. Fill in the blanks:
(a) In a federal form there is a clear division of subjects between the …………. and the ………….
Ans. Central Government, State Government.
(b) Today India is composed of …………. state and …………… union territories.
Ans. 28, 7.
(c) Indian administrative system is to be studied mainly at ……….. , …………… , ……….. and ……….. levels.
Ans. Central, State, District, Local.
(d) The district and local administration has assumed more importance after …………. and ………… constitutional amendments.
Ans. 73rd and 74th.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.2
Q. Give the following answers:
(a) Central Secretariat is composed of all ……….. and …………
Ans. Ministers, Departments.
(b) What are the main functions of the Secretariat?
(i) to assist in policy-making.
(ii) To implement the policies.
Ans. To assist in policy-making.
(c) Who is the administrative head of the secretariat?
Ans. The Secretary.
(d) The Secretariat works as a …………… unit with ………….. responsibility.
Ans. Single, Collective.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.3
Q.1. Answer the following is not a wing of cabinet or secretariat:
(a) Civil Wing.
(b) Military Wing.
(c) Administrative Wing.
(d) Intelligence Wing.
Ans. (c) Administrative Wing.
Q.2. Describe the organisation of the Cabinet Secretariat.
Ans. It is composed of three wings-Civil, Military and Intelligence and the Directorate of Public grievances.
Q.3. In which year the Cabinet Secretariat was established:
Ans. (a) 1947.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.4
Q. Fill in the blanks:
1. The chief function of the Cabinet Secretary is to provide the assistance to the …………….
Ans. Council of Ministers.
2. The office of …………… was created in 1950.
Ans. Cabinet Secretary.
3. Cabinet Secretary has to maintain complete ……… about these matters.
4. He advises the ……….. matter on whatever his advice is sought.
Ans. Prime Minister.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.5
Q. Fill in the blanks:
1. Prime Minister’s office provides and …………. advice to the Prime Minister.
Ans. Secretarial assistance, crucial.
2. In 1977 Prime Minister Secretariat name was changed and not it is known as ………………
Ans. Prime Ministers Office.
3. The ……….. to the Prime Minister plays and important role.
Ans. Principal Secretary.
4. At present, the Prime Minister’s Office has over …………. people under its roof.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.6
Give Answers following questions:
1. What is the correct ascending order of the following officers in the Secretariat?
(a) Joint Secretary.
(b) Deputy Secretary.
(c) Additional Secretary.
(e) Under Secretary.
(f) Section Officer.
Ans. 1. Correct ascending order:
(a) Section Officer.
(b) Under Secretary.
(c) Deputy Secretary.
(d) Joint Secretary.
(e) Additional Secretary.
2. Secretariat is the nerve centre of ……………
Ans. State administration.
3. The two main functions of State secretariat ….…….. And …………
Ans. to prepare the state budget, to serve as “Think Tank’ of state government.
4. Chief Secretary stands at the the……..of the state administrative machinery.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.7
Answers the following questions:
Q.1.Which of the following statements is true ?
(a) It is the district level that the common man comes into direct contact with the administration. (True/False)
(b) The District Collector acts as the eyes, nose and arms of the State Government.(True/False)
Ans. The District Collector acts as the eyes, nose and arms of the State Government.
Q.2. Which of the following statement is false?
(a) District has been the basic territorial unit of administration in India. (True/False)
(b) A district is defined as a sufficiently large territory with an overall unity, having common historical, geographical, social and economic (True/False) conditions.
Ans. A district is defined as a sufficiently large territory with an overall unity, having common historical, geographical, social and economic conditions.
Q.3. District administration is the total functioning of the…………
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.8
Give answer of the following questions:
1. The office of the District Collector was created in:
2. The District Collector is the head of:
(a) Police Department.
(b) Revenue Department.
(c) Judicial Department.
Ans. Revenue Department.
3. Who acts as the Returning Officer for Parliamentary and Assembly Elections?
(a) Superintendent of Police.
(b) District Judge.
(c) District Collector.
Ans. District Collector.
4. The Revenue functions of the District Collector are to collect ………… and to maintain ………….
Ans. Collect land revenue, Maintain land records.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 34.9
Fill in the Blanks:
1. B.D.O’s main functions are …………. And …………
Ans. Development Management, Management of Panchayat Samiti.
2. B.D.O’s prepares the budget at the ………..
Ans. block level.
Q.1. Discuss the organisation of the Central Secretariat.
Ans. Central Secretariat: The work of the govt.of India is divided into ministries and departments which together constitute the Central Secretariat. Administrative Machinery at the Central Level: Central Secretariat may be defined as a common name for all the ministries and departments of the Central Government. The political head of the ministry is the minister and administrative head is the Secretary. The department consists of two or more wings. A wings consists of two or more division and a division consists of two or more branches. At the lowest level is the office which may consist of a number of secretariates. A ministry may be composed of one department or more than one department. The main function of the secretariat is to advise the minister concerned in matters of policy and administration. Each minister is aided by the secretariat staff. The hierarchical position of the staff members is given in following chart:
Organisation Chart of the Secretariat
— Head Minister (Political)
— Addl./If Secretary
— Dy. Secretary
— Under Secretary
— Secretary(Administrative Head)
The three essential components of the govt. at the centre are: the minister who decides upon policy, the secretary, who provides material and advice with which to reach such decisions and to oversee the implementation of decisions, and the executive head, who carries the decisions into effect. The secretaries are the secretaries to the Union Govt. as a whole but not to any particular minister. The secretariat, is a policy – framing, coordinating and supervising agency of the Government. The secretariat’s primary responsibility is to assist and advise the ministers in respect to the several matters.
Q.2. What are the main functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?
Ans. Main functions of Cabinet Secretariat:
(i) Cases involving legislation including the issuing of ordinances.
Addresses and messages of the President to the Parliament.
(ii) Cases involving negotiation with foreign countries on treaties and agreements, etc.
(iii) Proposals for sending delegations of persons abroad in any capacity.
(iv) Proposals to appoint public committees of enquiry and consideration of reports of such enquiries.
(v) Cases involving financial implications.
(vi) Cases which a minister puts to the cabinet for decision and directions.
Cases of disagreements among ministries.
(vii) Proposals to vary or reverse decisions.
(viii) Cases which the President or the Prime Minister may require to be put before the cabinet.
(ix) Proposals to withdraw prosecutions instituted by the government.
OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS
Q.(A) Choose the correct answer:
1. Generally in democratic set up most of the countries are having governing arrangements:
(a) two tier.
(b) one tier.
(c) three tier.
(d) none of them.
Ans. (a) two tier.
2. Indian federation is having governing arrangement of:
(a) Three tier arrangement since 1992.
(b) Three tier system since 1955.
(c) Three tier system since 2007.
(d) None of them.
Ans. (a) Three tier arrangement since 1992.
Q.(B) Fill in the blanks:
1. In India Cabinet Secretariat was created in ………….
2. In ………….. the Directorate of Public Grievances was set up as an oran of the Cabinet Secretariat.
3. The Cabinet Secretariat has subject related adviser to ……………
Ans. The Prime Minister
4. The office of Cabinet Secretary was created in ………..