NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 2 Nation And State

NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 2 Nation And State, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 2 Nation And State and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 2 Nation And State Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Political Science Notes Paper 317.

NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 2 Nation And State

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Political Science Chapter 2 Nation And State, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Political Science Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Nation And State

Chapter: 2




Q.Fill in the blanks:

1.In its derivative term nationality means belonging to the ……….. racial stock. 

Ans. Same. 

2. It is very difficult to find ………… because of increased fusion of blood due to immigrations, inter-caste and inter-racial marriages.

Ans. Racial purity.

3.The development of nationality is definitely a .………… and …………  phenomenon.

Ans. Spiritual, Psychological.

4.Nationality is derived from the Latin word ………….

Ans. Natus.


Q.Fill in the blanks:

1.People living in a common territory are likely to develop a common …………

Ans. Culture .

 2. Purity of race is ………. a wrong idea.

Ans. Scientifically. 

3.Most of the European nations developed out of a common ………….

Ans. Language. 

4. The common order fosters the sense of ………….

Ans. Unity. 

5. Historically, nationality emerged as a result of ………… the various tribes and clans.

Ans. Fusion. 

6. In India, a common Indian nationality arose due to the common …………

Ans. Colonial exploitation.


Q. Fill in the blanks:

1. The State exists for the sake of ………… life.

Ans. Good.

2. The essence of State is in its monopoly of ………….

Ans. Coercive power.

3.The State has a right to demand ………… from the people.

Ans. Obedience.

4. According to the Marxists, State is a …………

Ans. Class organisation.

5. In a classless society, there is no …………

Ans. State.


Q. Fill in the blanks:

1.The four elements of State are ………., ………. and ………..

Ans. Territory, Population, Government and sovereignty.

2. Plato fixed the number of persons of the State at …………. and Rousseau at …………

Ans. 50,40,10,000.

3. Love for the country inculcates the spirit of …………

Ans. Patriotism.

4. ……….., ………… and ………… comprises the territory of the State.

Ans. Land, water and airspace.

5. A unitary form of government is good for a small State and a ………… is ideal for big States.

Ans. Federal system.

6. The agency created to enforce rules conduct is called …………..

Ans. Government.

7. Sovereignty has two aspects ………… and ………….

Ans. Internal,external.


Q. 1. Define the following terms: 

(a) Nation.

(b) State.

(c) Government.

Ans. (a) Nation: By nation we mean the state plus nationality. Barker has defined nation as “a body of men who cherish a common will accordingly form or tend to form a separate state for the expression and realisation of that will.

(b) State: According to Garner, “State is a community of persons more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite position of territory, independent to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.” A state have four elements, population, territory, government and sovereignty.

(c) Government: Government is an expression of state, it is an agency through which the common policies of state are determined. According to Gettel, “Government may be defined as the sum total of those that exercise or may exercise sovereign power of the state.”

Q. 2. Name the elements which help the formation of nationality and explain any two of them? 


Examine any five elements which lead to the formation by nationality.

Ans. Name and explanation of the elements which help the formation of nationality: It is so difficult to say with certainty about the particular element which makes for a separate nationality. Yet the following factors or elements have been enumerated by thinkers.

1. Purity of Race: Racial purity is an important element of nationality. A certain degree of racial homogeneity binds the people in a group. But nowadays it is much difficult to find out the purity of race due to immigration and intermarriage.

    2. Community of Language: A common language enables the people to write in a separate nationality.

    3. Geographical contiguity: A fixed territory exerts natural influence on the people’s mind and they feel joy for their own motherland.

    4. Community of religion: Religion plays an important role in national unity.

    5. Common Political Aspirations: The will to be a nation is regarded by some as the principle of “self-determination”.

    6. Other Factors: Unity of economic interest is another factor in the formation of nationality.

    All factors which are mentioned above help in the growth of a nationality. None of them is absolutely indispensable.

    Q. 3. What is the state ?Briefly explain the elements of the state.

    Ans. I.Meaning: The term state means an assemblage of people, occupying a definite territory, under an organized government and subject to no outside control.

    II. Elements of the State: The state is made-up of four essential elements.

    1. Population: Population is the starting point of any study of making state. Antarctica is not a state as it is without any human population. There can be no standard size of population. The quality of population is important. A state requires healthy, intelligent and disciplined citizens. They should be responsible and full of vitality.

    2. Territory: There is no state without a fixed territory, large or small. Similarly there is no territory that is not a part of a state. Living on a common land binds people together. Land, water and airspace comprise the territory of the state. Love for territory inculcates the spirit of patriotism.

    3. Government: The agency created to enforce rules of conduct and ensure obedience is called government. The state cannot and does not exist without a government. Government is a must though it may take any form.

    4. Sovereignty: Sovereignty is the fourth essential element of the state. A state must be internally experienced and free from external control. Due to this element the state is independent and no other authority can dictate it. It means that the state is legally independent of foreign domination. Every state must have its population, a fixed territory, a duly established government and its sovereignty. In the absence of any of these elements, it fails to claim the status of statehood.

    Q. 4. Are the following States? Give reasons for your answer in a single line.

    (a) India.

    (b) United Nations.

    (c) Bihar.

    (d) United States of America.

    Ans. (a) Yes, because it has all the four elements of a State.

    (b) No, because United Nations lacks two elements of a State territory and sovereignty.

    (c) No, because it does not have sovereignty. 

    (d) Yes, because it has all the elements of a State.


    1. Choose the correct answer: 

    Q.1. Word natus comes from the language: 

    (a) Latin.

    (b) Greek.

    (c) French.

    (d) English. 

    Ans. (a) Latin. 

    Q. 2. Meaning of the word natus is: 

    (a) to be expelled.

    (b) to be born.

    (c) to be played.

    (d) to be cheated. 

    Ans. (b) to be born. 

    Q. 3. Which statement is correct about the understanding of nationality of modern state?

    (a) Every nation has people of mixed background.

    (b) All modern western states singly have the people belonging any to the same racial stock.

    (c) The development of nationality is not definitely conscious of unity.

    (d) No one out of the above statement is right.

    Ans. (a) Every nation has people of mixed background.

    Q. 4. Which one element is not necessary for a state?

    (a) Pressure group.

    (b) Population.

    (c) Tertiary.

    (d) Government.

    Ans. (a) Pressure group.

    Q. 5. Which element is not related with the nationality?

    (a) Common perception of single political ideology of all people of a nation.

    (b) Common geography.

    (c) Common race.

    (d) Common political framework.

    Ans. (a) Common perception of single political ideology of all people of a nation.

    II. Fill in the blanks: 

    (a) Sovereignty has two aspects ………. And ………..

    Ans. Internal, external.

    (b) In India, a common Indian nationality arose due to the common ………….

    Ans. Colonial exploitation.

    (c) In its derivative term nationality means life belonging to the ………… racial stock.

    Ans. Same.

    (d) The state exists for the sake of …………

    Ans. Good. 

    (e) The four elements of state are ……….., ……….., …………. And ……………

    Ans.Territory, population, government, sovereignty.

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