NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 12 Radio Programme Production, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 12 Radio Programme Production and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 12 Radio Programme Production Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Mass Communication Notes Paper 335.
NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 12 Radio Programme Production
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Mass Communication Chapter 12 Radio Programme Production, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Mass Communication Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
Radio Programme Production
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.1
1. List out any three qualities or skills required to be a good producer of radio programmes.
Ans. (a) Ability to see what is happening around you.
(b) Ability to conceptualise ideas.
2. How does a radio producer generate ideas?
Ans. A radio programme may give number of ideas, but you need to turn them into concepts and than into radio scripts.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.2
1. Name the different types of microphones used for recording sound.
Ans. Uni,-by-and omni-directional microphone and lapel, gun and cordless microphone.
2. Answer the following in one word:
(i) What type of microphone is the lapel microphone?
(ii) What is the other name for filter effect?
(iii) What type of studio is required for producing a radio programme?
Ans. Sound proof studio.
(iv) What type of sound effects are created as we speak?
Ans. Spot effects.
(v) Give one example of a technical input used in radio programme.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.3
1. Name the different stages of radio production. List one activity in each of the stages.
Ans. (a) Pre-production.
(b) Production. and
2. The spoken word in radio has certain characteristics. List at least three of them.
Ans. (i) It is written for the ear not the eye.
(ii) It is heard only once.
(iii) Though it is written, it is spoken.
1. Describe the qualities or skills required to be a radio producer?
Ans. a. Ability to see and hear what is happening around you. This would mean a keen desire to know more about things. We may call this inquisitiveness. Unless a person is inquisitive, he or she cannot be a good radio producer. This is because you need ideas to produce interesting programmes.
So you can get ideas by
(i) Observing thing as discussed above.
(ii) Learning experiences.
(iii) You have just read about the experiences of other. Well, you need to talk to other to find out and understand their experiences.
(b) Ability conceptualise ideas: You may get any number of ideas, but you need to turn them into concepts and then into radio scripts.
(c) Creativity: This is a quality which is found in almost everyone. But you need to be creative in putting together an idea in a manner which can attract people. Creativity would mean, doing something new or different.
(d) A good user of words: You need the ability to use the right word at the right time in the right manner. Radio programmes depend on a good script and that depends on your ability to write well.
2. Write short notes on the following.
(ii) sound effects.
Ans. (i) Microphones: For our voice to be recorded in a studio, we use a microphone. They amplify or in other words, increase the volume of your voice. When you speak before a microphone, you don’t have to shout. You speak normally and it will be made louder if you use a loudspeaker to listen to. When we think of radio, the microphone is the most important element using which you present your programme.
But in most cases, you use sound effects which are already recoded. Sound effects can be used in two ways
(a) spot effects or effects that are created as we speak. and
(b) recorded sound effects.
(ii) Sound effects: Sound in a radio programme give meaning and sense of location. It adds realism to a programme and helps a listener to use imagination.
(iii) Music: Music is the soul of radio. It is used in different ways on radio as already discussed in the earlier lesson.
The benefits of music
(a) Music adds colour and life to any spoken word programme.
(b) Music can break monotony.
(c) Music is used to give the desired effect of happy or unhappy situations fear or joy.
(d) Music can suggest scenes and locations.
3. Explain the different stages of radio production.
Ans. The different stages production are:
(a) Pre-production b. Production and
(a) Pre-production: As the title suggests, this is the first stage before the actual production.
(i) An idea is born: This phase includes how a programme is born as an idea and its conceptualization.
(ii) Plan of action: After the topic is decided, a plan of action is worked out.
(iii) The script: Is examined to make it suitable for broadcast.
(iv) Paper work: If people who are not working in the radio station are involved for writing or providing voice for the programmes, they have to be invited with an agreement to accept the job or assignment.
(b) Production: This is the actual process of recording and editing a radio programme.
(c) Post production: Writing to inform people involved in the production is a major activity during this phase.
4. Illustrate the different characteristics of the spoken word.
Ans. Let us list out the main characteristics of the spoken word.
(a) Though it is written, it is spoken.
(b) It is written for the ear not the eye.
(c) It is heard only once. The listener normally does not get a second chance to listen.
(d) It is conversational and should therefore sound like one and have the following qualities.
(i) It should be simply worded without any difficult or unfamiliar words.
(ii) The sentences should be short and simple and not complex.
(iii) There should be only one idea in a sentence and not many ideas.
(iv) Though there are thousand of listeners, what is written should be meant for just one listener. At the listening end, there are generally only one or two persons and not a crowd. So it should be speaking to one person.
(v) The words chosen should denote the exact meaning and not be vague or abstract.
(vi) The words should make pictures in the minds of the listeners.
(vii) Abbreviatins or short forms should be avoided. If an abbreviation is used, then its full form should be given. If an abbreviation is used, then its full form should be given.
(viii) If the script consists of big number it can be rounded of to the nearest whole number.
(ix) While referring to more than one person, avoid using ‘he’ or ‘she’. It can confuse the listeners.
Very Short Type Questions Answer
1. What are unidirectional microphone?
Ans. This microphone picks up sound from one direction.
2. What is use of omnidirectional microphone?
Ans. It is used when a number of voices are used in a single programme like a radio discussion or a radio drama.
3. What is filter or distort?
Ans. If you listen to someone speaking to you on phone, the voice would not sound normal.
Long Type Questions Answer
1. What are the main elements of radio production?
Ans. The main elements or radio production are:
(a) Studio: For producing a radio are: programme, you need a ‘sound proof’ studio where human voice can be recorded or broadcast in the best manner.
(b) Microphones: For our voice to be recorded in a studio, we use a microphone. They amplify or in other words, increase the volume of your voice. When you speak before a microphone, you don’t have to shout. You speak normally and it will be made louder if you use a loudspeaker to listen to.
There are basically three types of microphones and they are known by their directivity.
(i) Uni-directional microphone: As the name suggests, this microphone picks up sound from one direction. As you speak in front of it, your voice is picked up.
(ii) Bi-directional microphone: Here again as the name (bi) suggests, the voice or sound is picked up from two directions. If you are recording an interview in a radio studio, you may use this type of a microphone.
(iii) Omni-directional microphone: In the case of an omni-directional microphone, it picks up sound from all directions. This type of microphone is used when a number of voices are used in a single programme like a radio discussion or a radio drama.
(c) Sound effects: Sound effects in a radio programme give meaning and sense of location.
(d) Music: Music is the soul of radio. It is used in different ways on radio as already discussed in the earlier lesson.
The benefits of music
(i) Music adds colour and life to any spoken word programme.
(ii) Music can break monotony.
(iii) Music is used to give the desired effect of happy or unhappy situations fear or joy.
(iv) Music can suggest scenes and locations.
(e) Artificial echo: If you enter an empty building or fort and shout, your voice will come back to you. This is called on echo. An echo is used in radio programmes. This is a technical input.
(f) Filter or distort: If you listen to someone speaking to you on phone, the voice would not sound normal.
(g) Human voice: The main stay in any radio programme is the human voice. Think of the voice of an announcer or newsreader on radio.
2. How is writing for radio is different from writing for print?
Ans. In the print media, everything is written down or printed and they exist in the pages of the newspaper or magazine. You can keep them for as long as you want. You can take your own time to read them. If you do not understand them in one reading, you can read them again and understand. If you do not know the meaning of any word, you can refer to a dictionary to understand the meaning.
Now think of radio. You hear programmes as they are broadcast. You hear them only once. Of course, you may say that you can record them and listen to them, record it and listen to it later. Well, that generally does not happen. In our day to day conversations, we speak, someone else listens, or someone speaks and we listen. It is a momentary experience. You may or may not remember what you said or heard.
Similarly, what you hear on radio is heard only once and then forgotten in a majority of cases. Do you remember all that you had spoken yesterday? Do you remember all that you heard from others yesterday?
In our day to day conversation, we do not use the words and expressions found in a newspaper editorial or a feature article. It is because those words and expressions are neither friendly nor easy to understand. Now compare that with your daily conversation. You use simple words, sentences and familiar expressions. You also take into account the person to whom you are speaking. Your gestures and movements add to what you speak.
Now let us go back to your favourite. announcer. You don’t see the person. But yet you feel that the person is speaking to you. You may not say anything but you may feel that there is some familiarity with that person. Interestingly, in most cases, what you hear on radio is written down or scripted. It is spoken and is heard only once.