Class 12 Education Chapter 5 (A) Memory and Forgetting

Join Telegram channel

Class 12 Education Chapter 5 (A) Memory and Forgetting The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Education Chapter 5 (A) Memory and Forgetting and select need one.

Class 12 Education Chapter 5 (A) Memory and Forgetting

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Education Chapter 5 (A) Memory and Forgetting Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

(A) Memory and Forgetting

Chapter: 5


Part -A

A. Questions for 1 Mark Each : 

(a) Write whether the following statements are true or false : 

Q.1. Forgetting helps in the act of remembering. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.2. We cannot attend more than one thing at a time. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.3. We forget more in the day time than at night. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.4. Memory cannot be improved by practice. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.5. Forgetting may be temporary as well as permanent. 

Ans : True.

Q.6. Memory School of psychology considers memory as a mental process. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.7. Repetition is essential for learning. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.8. Health is a prerequisite for good memory. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.9. Memory is a mechanical process. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.10. Memory is present knowledge of past experience.

Ans :- True. 

Q.11. When older memories interfere in retrieval of newer memory it is called repression. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.12. Mass learning is more helpful than spaced learning in memorization. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.13. Whole method of learning is more effective than part learning in memorization. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.14. Closure is a cause of forgetting. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.15. It is easier to remember meaningless words. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.15. Recognition is possible in the presence of past experience. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.17. Recognition is not possible in absence of sensory experiences. 

Ans :- False. 

Q.18. Forgetting is essential for memory. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.19. Memory iş a remarkable mental power. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.20. Memory is an active process of our mind. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.21. Memory can not take place without sensory experiences. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.22. Capacity of retention is native. 

Ans :- True. 

Q.23. Recognition is comparatively a passive process than recall. 

Ans :- False.

Q.24. We remember the multiplication table because of habit memory.

Ans :- True. 

Q.25. Good memory is always serviceable. 

Ans :- True. 

( b ) Fill in the gaps: 

Q.26. The process of reproduction of past experience in conscious mind is known as ………………

Ans :- Recall or remembering. 

Q.27. Identification of past experience in its presence is known as ………….. 

Ans :- Memory. 

Q.28. Presence of an object of reproduction is …………. essential in the process. 

Ans :- Memory. 

Q.29. Time gap is a cause of …………….

Ans :- Forgetting. 

Q.30. According to Burgson there are two types of memory – one is true memory and the other type ……… Memory. 

Ans :- Habit. 

Q.31. Forgetting due to physical causes is called……………

Ans :- Fading. 

Q.32. …………… possible only in the presence of a past stimulus. 

Ans :- Memory. 

Q.33. Retro-active-inhibition may be one of the causes of ……………

Ans :- Forgetting. 

Q.34. Memory consists of three separate and interrelated components – learning retention and ……………

Ans :- Recall or remembering. 

Q.35. Memory traces are known as ……………

Ans :- engram. 

Q.36. When newer memories interfere in retrieval of older memory it is called 

Ans :- Retro-active-inhibition. 

Q.37. Learning something given intervals is known as……………

Ans :- Spaced learning. 

Q.38. …………..believed that memory can be improved through practice. 

Ans :- William Mc Dougall. 

Q.39. Forgetting is a defense mechanism of the conscious mind. The statement was made by……… 

Ans :- Freud.

Q.40. A man identifies a friend whom he has not met for a long time. He did it with the help of……………… 

Ans :- Recall or remembering. 

Q.41. A teacher while teaching about a poem recited from memory a poem of the same poet which she learnt in her childhood The type of memory activated was…………….

Ans :-  Memory (Image). 

Q.42. ………… the first step in memory. 

Ans :- Experience acquisition-or learning. 

Q.43. …………… is the second stage in memory. 

Ans :- Retention. 

Q.44. ………….is the mental revival of image. 

Ans :- Memory. 

Q.45. Memory formed through a motor mechanism is known as …………….. 

Ans :- Habit memory. 

Q.46. When the time gap between learning and remembering is long then it is known as ………. memory. 

Ans :- Long term. 

Q.47. …………..memory is based on logical thinking. 

Ans :- Logical. 

Q.48. According to ………………memory can be improved. by practice. 

Ans :- M.C. Dougall.

Q.49. According to …………..retentiveness is innate. 

Ans :- Stout. 

Q.50. Inability to remember is commonly known as……………

Ans :- Inability to remember is commonly known as forgetting. 

Q.61. Remembering with deliberate attempts is known as …………… memory. 

Ans :- active. 

Q.62. ………….memory is a mechanical type of memory. 

Ans :- Rote memóry.

Q.63. Remembering our name is an example of…………… Memory. 

Ans :- prolonged .

Q.64. Swimming is possible because of …………. memory. 

Ans :- habit 

(c) Give Short Answer (preferably in one sentence) : 

Q.65. What is recognition? 

Ans :- Recognition is the act of mentally verifying the correctness or otherwise of the remembered facts. 

Q.66. What is the first factor of memorization? 

Ans :- Learning or acquisition of experience. 

Q.67. Write the name of the process which sends the unfavourable experience from conscious mind to unconscious mind to unconscious mind.

Ans :- Repression. 

Q.68. What is a memory trace? 

Ans :- The five sense organs of a human being helps us to get the picture of many scenes or objects which setose image or perlive in mind process as memory trace. 

(d) Give Short Answer (preferably in one sentence) : 

Q.69. What is true memory? 

Ans :- True memory is that which gives importance upon retention of Image. It involves mental activity and it never depends on bodily mechanisms. 

Q.70. Why is recognition easier than recall? 

Ans :- Recognition simply means consciousness that we have experienced, he recalled the event before. Therefore recognition is easier than recall. 

Q.71. Mention which process seems to operate in answering multiple choice items. 

Ans :- Recognition process. 

Q.72. Give an example of immediate memory. 

Ans :- Dictation writing is an example of immediate memory. 

Q.73. “Black reminds us white”-. Why 

Ans :- Due to the associative memory black reminds us while. 

Q.74. “The daughters’ face reminds us about her mother”- Why 

Ans :- Due to the similarity of associative memory the daughters face reminds us about her mother. 

Q.75. Why is property more easily memorized? 

Ans :- We get to remember poems when we hear it by recitation Rhythmic recitation of poems help our memory. So poetry is more easily memorized. 

Q.76. What is habit memory? 

Ans :-  Memory that is formed due to the repetitions of habitual acts known as habit memory. 

Q.77. Write the name of the psychologist, who believed that memory, can be improved through practice? 

Ans :- The name of the psychologist, who believed that memory, can be improved through practice are William MC, Dougall.


Q.1. Mention two factors that help retention of past experience. 

Ans :- Two factors that help retention of past experiences are:- repetition and continuous practice.  

Q.2. Write the name of two processes through which we can remember something. 

Ans :- (a) Recognition (b) Recall.

Q.3. What is repression? 

Ans :- Repression means keeping down something by force. It is a  psychological phenomenon whereby unfulfilled desires of mind, unpleasant experiences of life are forcefully or voluntarily pushed back into the unconscious level of mind.

Q.4. What is blocking?

Ans :-  Forgetting due to mental causes is called blocking. 

Q.5. What is fading? 

Ans :- Forgetting due to physical causes is termed as fading. 

Q.6. How does the law of dissimilarity help in memorization? 

Ans :- If three is differences between two subjects it helps us in memorization. eg sorrow things can be maintained by remembering good things. Darkness can be removed by brightness. 

Q.7. What is the span of memory? 

Ans :- People cannot remember everything. There is a limitation of memory of an individual. If a person is shown several things or given some numbers, words or letters and asked to reproduce what he has seen or remembered he cannot remember all these at a time. In the beginning if only a few numbers are given, he can reproduce them quickly. This number is gradually increased and a state will be reached when he cannot reproduce more than some limited numbers, words or letters. This limitation of memory of a person is known as the span of memory. 

Q.8. “Repetition is an essential condition of memory.”-Explain. 

Ans :- Repetition strengthens the bond in learning to keep its impression for a long period of time. It makes our learning more active.It is valuable lor learning all types of material for both immediate and delayed recall. 

Q.9. “Recognition facilitates recall.”-explain with an example. 

And :- Whenever an event or an experience is recalled, it must be recognised to be our own, that is, we have ourselves experienced the ecalled event before. F/E when we perceive a picture and say, we 

remember having seen it before. We are said to have recognition, Whenever we recognise something, it seems familiar to us. So it is called recognition facilitates recall. 

Q.10. Give an example of sensory memory. 

Ans :- A person can be an efficient artist in drawing who has strong sensory  memory in notice. 

Q.11. What is long term memory? 

Ans :- Long term memory is the memory which retains sensory impressions for endless duration, sometimes even for the whole span of lifetime memory. 

Q.12. Will to learn helps in remembering – explain. 

Ans :- Retention of learning or experience depends on will power. Due to take of will learning appears to be a fruitful exercise. will to learn and concentration gives longer retention and better recall. 

Q.13. ‘Will to learn helps in remembering’ – Explain .

Ans :- Intention to learn and concentrate gives longer retention and better recall. Materials learned without intention are difficult to be remembered for longer times. So it is said that the will to learn is winning half the battle. 

Q.14. What is a spaced method of learning? 

Ans :- In the ‘spaced’ method of memorisation a part of material is learnt. This method is very useful to learn a long and difficult material. In the unspaced method a material is learnt without any rest. Researches have shown that out of these methods, the spaced method has been found to be more effective as the rest between learning refreshes the body and mind while the unspaced method tends to create fatigue. 

Q.15. “Organisation of material is a favourable condition of learning” –Discuss.

Ans :- In general, the importance of the problem or the meaningfulness of objects is also as important to secure attention. Because, we pay attention to that which is of concern to us. 

Q.16. Mention two conditions which can improve retention.

 Ans : There may be two types of retention : 

(i) short term memory .

(ii) Long term memory .

See Next Page No Below…

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top