Class 11 Logic And Philosophy Chapter 5 Distribution of a term is a logical Proposition The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 11 Logic And Philosophy Chapter 5 Distribution of a term is a logical Proposition and select need one.
Class 11 Logic And Philosophy Chapter 5 Distribution of a term is a logical Proposition
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Distribution of a term is a logical Proposition
Chapter – 5
LOGIC & PHILOSOPHY
VERY SHORT TYPES QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1. Reduce the following sentences underline into propositions and the distributed terms in each.
(a) The rich people are not generally gentle.
Ans : Logical proposition- Some rich people are not gentle. (I)
(b) All members except few are present in the meeting.
Ans : Logical proposition-Some members are not present in meeting. (0)
(c) All citizens are not patriots.
Ans : Logical proposition-Some citizens are not patriots.(O)
(d) No lions are biped.
Ans : Logical proposition-No lions are biped. (E)
(e) Only the stern minded can face danger.
Ans : Logical proposition- All who face danger are stern minded. (A)
(f) A few men are selfish.
Ans : Logical proposition-Some men are selfish. (I)
(g) Seldom are repent.
Ans : Logical proposition-Some men are not those who repent. (O)
(h) Everybody wants peace.
Ans : Logical proposition- All persons are those who want peace.(A)
(i) All monk artists from Satra are bachelors.
Ans : Logical proposition- All monk artists from Satra are bachelors.
(j) Most students treat mathematics as tough.
Ans : Logical proposition- Some students are persons who treat mathematics as tough. (I)
(k) Who likes dependency?
Ans : Logical proposition-No persons are those who like dependency.
(l) Honest men are reliable.
Ans : Logical proposition-All honest man are reliable. (A)
2. Give answers to the following questions :
(a) What is the subject matter of distribution fo term?
Ans : Universal proposition distribute their subjects and Negative propositions distribute their predicates.
(b) What do you mean by distribution of term?
Ans : A term is said to be distributed when it is taken in its entire denotation.
(c) Which term is distributed in an I proposition?
Ans : In an I proposition neither subject nor predicate term is distributed.
(d) Which term is distributed in a Negative proposition?
Ans : In a negative proposition predicate term is distributed.
(e) ‘No plants are omnivorous’- Are both the terms distributed in this proposition?
Ans : Yes, both the subject and the predicate terms are distributed in this proportion.
(f) Give an example of a proposition where subject is distributed.
Ans : “All mothers are kind hearted.”
(g)The subject of a universal proposition is concerned with the total denotation/connotation of the term.
Ans : Denotation.
(h) A universal proposition distributes only the subject. Is this statement true? If not discuss with example.
Ans : Yes, the above statement is true. Because the subject term of universal affirmative proposition takes its entire denotation negatively.
|Unit – 1||Logic|
|Unit – 2||Proposition|
|Transformation of Ordinary Sentences to Logical Proposition|
|Distribution of a term is a logical Proposition|
|Modern Classification of Proposition|
|Unit – 3||Inference, Categorical Syllogism|
|Unit – 4||Symbolic Logic|
|Unit – 5||Philosophy|
|Unit – 6||Indian Philosophy|
|Unit – 7||Theory of Knowledge|
|Rationalism & Empiricism|
|Pramāna: Pratyaksa and Anumana|
|Unit – 8||Realism and Idealism|
(i) Is only the subject distributed in a proposition containing co-extensive singular term?
Ans : In co-extensive singular term both the subject and the predicate are taken as distributed because they have the same extension.
(j) The subject is distributed in universal/particular proposition
Ans: Universal proposition.
3. Negative proposition distributes both terms. Discuss with example.
Ans : Universal negative proposition distribute both subject and predicate. Because both the terms are taken in their entire extent and the proposition means that the classes denoted by the subject and the predicate respectively are mutually exclusive.
But Particular negative proposition distribute only the predicate Because the subject term is partially denoted, but the predicate term is distributed because the predicate denies the subject.
4. Discuss with example :
(a) Universal proposition distributes its subject.
Ans : In Universal affirmative proposition, the subject term is taken in its entire extent i.e. distributed, while there is no explicit reference to the full denotation of the predicate. For example- All men are mortal. Here the subject is distributed but undistributed. In Universal negative proposition, both the subject and predicate are taken in their entire extent and the proposition means that the classes denoted by the subject and the predicate respectively are mutually exclusive. In the example-No men are perfect, the subject term men and the predicate term perfect absolutely exclude each other and both are taken distributively. So in Universal negative proposition both the subject and the predicate are distributed.
(b) ‘O’ Proposition distributes only the predicate.
Ans : ‘O’ proposition particular negative proposition does not distribute its subject. But the predicate is denied fo the subject. Thus in ‘O’ proposition, the subject is undistributed but the predicate is distributed. For example- some men are not wise.
(e) In an ‘I’ proposition, no terms are distributed.
Ans: ‘I’ proposition or a particular affirmative proposition, e.g. some men are honest. The subject is clearly understood in its partial extent and so far is the concerned, we find its quantity is not explicitly stated. So, ‘I’ proposition neither distributes subject nor distributes predicate.
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