Class 10 History Elective Chapter 7 The Non-Aligned Movement Notes to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board HS Class 10 History Elective Chapter 7 The Non-Aligned Movement and select needs one.
Class 10 History Elective Chapter 7 The Non-Aligned Movement
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The Non-Aligned Movement
Chapter : 7
TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q 1. In which year did the Bolshevik Revolution break out ?
Ans : The Bolshevik Revolution broke out in the year 1917.
Q 2. In which year was the Bandung conference held ?
And : the Bandung conference was held in 1955.
Q 3. In which year did the north Atlantic Treaty Organization originated ?
Ans : The north Atlantic Treaty Organization originated on 4 April 1949.
Q 4.In which year did the Warsaw pact originated.
Ans : The Warsaw pact originated on 4 may 1955.
Q 5.In which year did the Soviet Russia develop and test the nuclear bomb?
Ans : The sovita Russia develop and tested the nuclear bomb in 1949.
Q 6. In which year did Communists regime came into being in china ?
Ans : The Communists regime came into being in china in 1949.
Q 7. In which year did Communists regime come into being in cuba ?
Ans : The Communists regime came into being in Cuba in 1959.
Q 8. In which year did the United States of America develop the hydrogen bomb ?
Ans : The United States of America development the hydrogen bomb in 1952.
Q 9. How many states of Asia and Africa meet at the Bandung conference.
Ans : 23 Asian countries and 6 African National met at the Bandung conference.
Q 10. What was the name of the Indian prime Ministers of present in the Bandung conference ?
Ans : The Indian prime Ministers present in the Bandung conference was Pt Jawaharlal Nehru.
Q 11. In which year was held a summit meeting of the Non-Aligned movement in movement in India?
Ans : The summit meeting of the Non-Aligned movement was held in India in 1983.
Q 12. In which place of India was held the summit meeting of the Non-Aligned movement.
Ans : In India, the summit meeting of the Non-Aligned movement was held in New Delhi.
Q 13. In which year was held the first meeting of the Non-Aligned movement.
Ans : The first meeting of the Non-Aligned was held in 1961.
Q 14. In which year country was held held the first summit meeting of the Non – Aligned Movement?
Ans The sumit meeting of the non – movement was held in Belgrade , the capital of erstwhile Yugoslavia.
Write short Notes On :
Q 1. Beginning of the cold war,
Q 2. Super powers,
Q 3. Harry S. Truman,
Q 4. North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
Q 5. Warsaw pact.
Ans : Beginning of the cold war : The intense ideogical conflict that existed between the western power bloc led the United States of America and the Communist power bloc led by Soviet Union came to be known as the cold war. The real beginning of the cold war Seems to be the October revolution which took place in Russia in 1917. Immediately after the Revolution in Russia , foreign military intervention under the leadership of the great Britain took place against the newly established Socialist State of Russia since then the ideological clash and political of World politics.
The western bloc headed by America tried their might to prevent the spread of Communism to the other parts of the world while Russia under the banner of comminter tried to woo Many countries to her fold. In this endeavour, Both the camps used of the other. The cold war situation in the world became quite prominent after the conclusion of the second World war in 1945. Both the camps tride to bring maximum, in the process, the international tension and conflict in the world.
2. Super powers : The term ‘ super powers ‘ Refers to America and the Soviet Union Although many countries such as England , Germany, France , China , etc. had achieved considerable success in their economic , political, social, military and technological sectors, yet none of these countries could reach the level of the development and advancement as those of America and sovita union. Soon after the second World war , American industry made rapid progress as America became the source of all materials and financial support for the devastation caused by the war. The immense success of the five year plans made Russia abundant in wealth and this helped her to acquire immense military power. Until 1949, only America possessed the nuclear power but with the development of nuclear weapon by Russia in 1949, she too became a major power.
Thus, the term ‘ super powers’ refers to the tremendous economic and military power achieve america and soviet union during the post- Second World war period. Therefore , these two countries Organized a military group under them to exert their power and influence over interational politics and relationships. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed on 4 may 1919 was practically led by the USA while the Warsaw pact fromed on 14 May 1955 was headed by the Soviet Union.
3. Harry S. Truman: Harry S. Truman is one of the Most remember president of the United States of America. Three important aspects made him an important personality in the history to America and of the whole world. Iz was Harry S. Truman who ordered the Dropping of the atom bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 respectively.
The main objective of this act of the president was to end the second World war in the Pacific Ocean Region quickly before countries of the region. Secondly, the reign of Harry S. Truman is important because of his anti-Communist trend. He was a of Communism in different parts of the world. He proposed full American support to those countries that were threatened by communism. This viewpoint came to be known as the ‘ Truman Doctrine.’ Thus, his period of American presidency is considered to be a period of high level of cold war between the two power blocs. Therefore, his failure in getting elected a second times as president Also lessened the cold war situation in the world.
4. North Atlantic Treaty Organization : The Post – Second World war period in world history is marked by a feature known as the cold war. The western bloc led by the United States of America was afraid of the military might of USSR and her alies. Therefore, America took the initiative in forming a military pact named the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO) on 4 April Europe.
The members of this military bloc were the United States of America , Britain, France, Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, protugal, Greece and Turkey. West Germany joined this pact in may , 1955. The purpose of the pact was to provide mutual military help and cooperation among the capitalist countries and collective protection of the region from military attack of the Communist bloc led by the Soviet Union.
The creation of this pact led to the heightening of the cold war situation in the world.
5. Warsaw pact. The formation of a military Pact named the North Atlantic Organisation ( NATO) in April 1949 by the western Countries led by the United States of America gave sleepless nights to the Soviet Union. She felt thteàtened by the collective military cooperation among the western countries. The inclusion of weast Germany into this Pact in 1955, forced the Soviet Union to from a similar Pact among the Communist countries Under her Control. This resulted in the formation of a military Pact named the Warsaw pact on 14 may 1955. The members of this Pact were the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Çzechoslovakia, Hungary, poland, Rumania and Yugoslavia. The main purpose of this Pact was to offer collective military protection of the member from the military attack of capitalist countries. The creation of NATO and Warsaw pact further added fir to the existing cold war between the two power blocs.
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