NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind

NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind Notes and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Psychology Notes Paper 222.

NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Psychology Chapter 27 Controlling and Disciplining the Mind Solutions, NIOS Secondary Course Psychology Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Chapter: 27



Q.1. Fill in the blank:

(a) Self-control and discipline are very important for __________ of individual and society.

Ans: Healthy development.

(b) A ___________ mind can achieve anything in life.

Ans: Peaceful and tranquil.

(c) Yoga is a profound physical and ___________ experience.

Ans: Cognitive


Tick the right answer:

Q.1. Jeevan Vigyan teaches us-

(a) Positive values.

(b) Negative values.

(c) Only social values.

(d) Impractical methods.

Ans: (a) Positive values.

Q.2. The main objective of Jeevan Vigyan is-

(a) To develop a harmony between the individual and the society.

(b) To develop the emotional competence.

(c) To make us insensitive

(d) Teaching us to be self-dependent.

Ans: (a) To develop a harmony between the individual and the society.

Q.3. Modern education helps in developing-

(a) Only emotional functions.

(b) Spirituality.

(c) Consciousness.

(d) only cognitive functions.

 Ans: (d) Only cognitive functions.


Tick the correct answer– 

Q.1. Preksha is a technique of (concentration, meditation, relaxation).

Ans: Meditation. 

Q.2. Fill in the blank:

(a) Kayotsarg is a ___________ state of body.

Ans: Perfectly motionless.

(b) Autosuggestion is basic to the technique of ____________.

Ans: Relaxation.

(c) Awareness leads to ___________ of spiritual self and attainment of ____________.

Ans: Realisation.


Q.1. Write True or False:

(a) Sudarshan Kriya is pranayam.

Ans: False.

(b) Sudarshan Kriya is a breath cleansing process.

Ans: True.

(c) Art of living is a movement for world peace.

Ans: True

(d) Art of living has been introduced by Swami Ram Dev.

Ans: False.


Q.1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) TM is that technique which brings our mind from the __________ to the depth of our being.

Ans: Surface.

(b) In TM the thought waves become more ___________.

Ans: Powerful.

(c) Vipassana is quite different from ___________.

Ans: Pranayam.


Q.1. How are Jeevan Vigyan and Art of Living related disciplines?

Ans: Jeevan Vigyan is a harmonious practical method to inculcate human values. It teaches us the positive values to enable us to control our mind. 

Human behaviour can be disciplined only if our thoughts and mind are disciplined. According to psychology the control of behaviour is partly regulated by the nervous system and endocrine glands. They keep undergoing changes and they can be consciously changed. The changes can also be brought by Bhavashuddhi or purifying the emotions. The source of all emotions is body. The chemicals are produced in the gross body. If we learn to control our thoughts, purification of behaviour will follow. 

The basic tenets of Art of Living and the Science of Living (Jeevan Vigyan) are the same: 

Let our body, mind and soul be in total harmony. A hundred years ago Sri Paramhansa Yogananda introduced the concept of Art of Living. The essence of his teachings is that to lead a more integrated humane and spiritual life we need discipline and control of mind. It gives certain practical methods for the uniform development of mind and soul. These include taking balanced diet, regular exercise, practice of meditation, studying religious literature and leading a pious life. 

More recently Art of Living has been revived and refined by Sri Sri Ravi Shanker with the goal of creating an atmosphere of love and peace for entire humanity. For the purpose Sri Ravi Shanker has introduced a technique of Sudarshan Kryia. He says, unless we have a stress-free mind and a violence – free society we cannot achieve world peace. Art of living helps individuals get rid of stress and experience inner peace. The training includes stress-elimination programmes such no Prayanam (breathing techniques), meditation and yoga.

Q.2. How can we control our emotions?

Ans: How can we control our emotion are given below: 

(i)  Talk to a therapist.

(ii) Try meditation.

(iii) Give yourself some space.

(iv)   Take a deep breath.

(iv) Keep a mood journal.

Q.3. Define Vipassana.

Ans: The word “Vipassana” means to observe the reality as it is in its true nature, not just as it appears to be, not just as it seems to be, but as it is in its true nature. 

It is a technique to bring peace and tranquillity to the human mind. One has to keep on observing the truth that manifests itself and the Low of Nature starts revealing itself. While starting this exploration of truths within you have to abstain from every type of violence, sexual misconduct, speaking lies, and taking any type of intoxicants. If you are generating such defilement it becomes impossible to go to the deeper levels of mind. 

To practise this technique you sit with your eyes closed without any vocal or physical action. Now start experiencing the breath coming in and breath going out. The breath comes in the breath goes out naturally. Start observing it. This is the reality, a very

gross reality, but reality pertaining to your own mind and matter which has started manifesting itself. It is not breathing exercise, you are not to control your breath. Controlling, disciplining and regulating the breath is other technique called ‘Pranayama’. But ‘Vipassana’ is quite different from ‘Pranayama’. In Vipassana you observe the breath as it is – natural and normal breath. The exercise is to experience the reality which manifests itself within the framework of the body, not a breathing exercise.

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