Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph

Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters Class 11 English Hornbill Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph, Class 11 English Hornbill Poetry Question Answer, HS 1st year English Notes and select needs one.

Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph

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Also, you can read the SCERT Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph All Be Together” book Notes online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per AHSEC (SCERT) Book guidelines. Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph Notes are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 11 English Poetry Chapter 1 A Photograph Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here.

A photograph

Chapter: 1

POETRY: SECTION

Textbook Exercises

Q. 1. What does the word ‘cardboard’ denote in the poem? Why has this word been used?

Ans. ‘Cardboard’ is a small flat piece of tough paper usually used as film for photography or such other activities. A cardboard is long lasting compared to human life that is transient. The word ‘cardboard’ has been used in an ironical sense to mean that white the appearance of the poet’s mother had changed with the time and she finally died, her appearance in the cardboard (photograph) remained unchanged and same as she and her cousins, Betty and Dolly walked in the sea beach white they were young many years back. 

Q. 2. What has the camera captured?

Ans. The camera captured the images of the poet’s mother, when she was twelve and was walking with her cousins, Betty and Dolly on the sea beach. It captured their images as they walked holding each other’s hand with faces covered with scattered hair. 

Q. 3. What has not changed over the years? Does this suggest some thing to you?

Ans. The sea has not undergone any change over the years. Compared to the sea human beings change. Human life is transient. Time spares none from its grip. The pretty faces of the poet’s mother has changed and finally she died. This brings to the mind the transient nature of human life contrasted to the ageless and unchanged existence of man.

Q. 4. The poet’s mother laughed at the snapshot. What did this laughter indicate?

Ans. The photograph was taken long ago. The poet’s mother looked at it long after. Looking at the photograph she saw herself and her cousins, Betty and Dolly as they used to be when they were young. She pointed out how they had been dressed for the sea holiday. Her laughter indicated how time had changed them in the transient world.

Q. 5. What is the meaning of the line “Both wry with the laboured ease of loss.”

Ans. The photograph generated sense of loss in the minds of both the poet and his mother. The mother was sorry to see how age had made her lose her youth and beauty seen in the photograph. She was sad thinking how beautiful and carefree she used to be when she was twelve.

The poet was sorry to lose the smile of his mather revealed in the photograph. It was an irony that both of them laboured to bear the loss.

Q. 6. What does ‘this circumstance’ refer to?

Ans. ‘This circumstance’ refers to the death of the poet’s mother. The photograph of the poet’s mother taken at the sea shore many years back generates in him a sense of loss. But he realises the futility of making any comment on the death of his mother and the consequent void her death caused. The silent atmosphere has turned deeper with the silence of the poet. 

Q. 7. The three stanzas depict three different phases? What are they?

Ans. The first phase describes the image of the poet’s mother when she was only twelve, a less walking in the sea shore with her cousins, Betty and Dolly. This phase was before the birth of the poet. The second phase describes the poet’s mother twenty or thirty years after the first phase. She smiled at her own photograph. The third phase is after the death of the poet’s mother when there was nothing but permanent silence.

Comprehension Test

1. Read the following and answer the questions given below it:

The cardboard shows me how it was 

When the two girl cousins went paddling, 

Each one holding one of my mother’s hands. 

And she the big girl-some twelve years or so 

All three stood to smile through their hair

At the uncle with the camera. A sweet face, 

My mother’s, that was before I was born. 

And the sea, which appears to have changed less 

washed their terribly transpint feet.

Questions:

(i) What does the cardboard show?

Ans. The cardboard shows the poet’s mother with her two girl cousins standing on the sea shore when she was about twelve.

(ii) Who were holding the poet’s mother’s hands?

Ans. The two cousins, Betty and Dolly were holding the hands of the poet’s mother.

(iii) Why was the poet not in the photograph?

Ans. The poet was not in the photograph because he was not born till then as his mother was about twelve.

(iv) Who is meant by the ‘big girl’ and what is her age?

Ans. The ‘big girl’ is the poet’s mother. She was about twelve.

(v) Who took the photograph and where?

Ans. The uncle of the poet’s mother took the photograph in the sea beach.

(vi) ‘All three stood smiling’ who are meant by all three’?

Ans. The three are the poet’s mother and her two girl cousins, Betty and Dolly.

(vii) Where was the poet’s mother standing and why did she stand there?

Ans. The poet’s mother was standing on the sea beach. She was there on a sea holiday.

(viii) What does the poet say about the sea?

Ans. The poet says that the sea has changed less compared to human beings.  

(ix) Why are the feet of the ‘three’ called transient?

Ans. The poet’s mother and her cousins have temporary existence on earth. After change in physical feature they would die. So are they called transient. 

(x) Find words in the passage that mean ‘without movement’ and ‘momentary’.

Ans. ‘Still’ and ‘momentary’.

Q. 2. Read the following and answer the questions given below it: 

Some twenty-thirty-years later 

She’d laugh at the snapshot. “See Betty 

And Dolly” She’d say “and look how they 

Dressed us for the beach”. The sea holiday 

Was her past, mine is her laughter. Both wry 

With the laboured case of loss.

Questions:

(i) Who is the ‘she’ in the lines?

Ans. The ‘she’ is the poet’s mother.

(ii) Who would laugh at the snapshot and why?

Ans. The mother would laugh at the snapshot ‘watching the change she had undergone during the span of twenty-thirty years.

(iii) Who are Dolly and Betty?

Ans. Dolly and Betty are two girl cousins of the poet’s mother.

(iv) What are the past for the poet and of his mother?

Ans. For the poet the laughter of his mother is the past and for his mother the sea holiday was her past.

(v) What is the irony for both of them?

Ans. The irony is the sense of loss experienced by the poet and his mother. The poet lost the laughter of his mother and she lost her bright happy days when she spent sea holidays on the sea beach. 

(vi) How would you explain ‘laboured ease of loss’?

Ans. Laboured ease of loss means that both the poet and his mother laboured hard to escape from their sense of loss.

(vii) Find in the passage a word that means ‘comfort’?

Ans. ‘ease’ means comfort.

Q. 3. Read the passage and answer the questions given below it:

Now she has been dead nearly as many years

As the girl lived. And of this circumstance

There is nothing to say at all.

It is silence silences.

Questions:

(i) Elaborate the idea contained in the line “nearly as many years as that girl lived.

Ans. The line means that she has been dead for as many years as she lived.

(ii) When, do you think, did the poet’s mother die?

Ans. The poet’s mother died as a middle aged woman.

(iii) What is meant by “this circumstance”.

Ans. This condition means the state created by the death of his mother.

 (iv) Give the opposite words for ‘dead’ and ‘silence’.

Ans. ‘alive’ and ‘noise’.

4. Read the following and answer the questions given below it:

“The cardboard shows me how it was 

When the two girl cousins went paddling,

Each one holding one of my mother’s hands. 

And she the big girl- some twelve years or so 

All three stood to smile through their hair 

At the uncle with the camera.”

Questions:

(i) What does the cardboard show?

Ans: The cardboard shows the poet’s mother with her two girl cousins standing on the sea shore when she was about twelve.

(ii) How did the girls cousins went paddling.

Ans: The girls went to the sea beach paddling, each holding one of the poet’s mother’s hands when her mother was some twelve years or so.

(iii) Why did the two girl cousins hold one of the poet’s mother’s hands?

Ans: The two girl cousins were holding the poet’s mother’s hand because she was the big girl and they all were posing for the photograph.

(iv) Who clicked the three girls in the cardboard?

Ans: The uncle of the poet’s mother took the photograph in the sea beach. 

(v) What kind of a childhood do the quoted lines project?

Ans: The quoted lines in the poem “A Photograph” project a joyous childhood enjoyed by the poet’s mother. She had an enjoyable holiday on the sea beach along with her two cousins. She was just twelve, yet the eldest among the girls. The childhood of the poet’s mother must have been filled with fun and happiness which is clear from the snapshot of the sea holiday. The poem is a tribute to the poet’s mother. The poet could not help but notice her mother’s sweet face. The sea touched her terribly transient feet which depicted that she changed over the years and the sea remained the same. After twenty-thirty years, her mother would laugh at the photograph.

Short Type Questions Answer

Q. 1. Describe the three girls standing at the sea beach.

Ans. The three were the poet’s mother and her two cousins, Betty and Dolly. The two cousins were standing each holding a hand of the poet’s mother who was about twelve. They were on a sea holiday and standing at the sea beach. The sea water washed their transient feet. The three smiled from under the hair scattered over their faces. Their uncle captured them in his camera 

Q. 2. How are the transient feet of the girls contrasted with the sea?

Ans. The girls-the poet’s mother and her companions, her cousins Betty and Dolly stood on the sea shore. Their feet were being washed by the sea water. Their feet are called transient because as human beings they are prone to change and decay and death. Contrasted with that the sea remains almost unchanged.

Q. 3. Why did the poet’s mother laugh at the snapshot?

Or

How did the poet’s mother laugh at the snapshot? What did this laugh indicate?

Ans. The snapshot reveals the poet’s mother and her companion when they were young about twenty or thirty years back. At that time she was a girl of twelve or so. During the span of twenty or thirty years the poet’s mother had undergone much change. She laughs at the photograph probably watching the change she had undergone. The snapshot reminds her how she and Betty and Dolly used to be when they were young.

Q. 4. “The sea holiday was her past, mine is her laughter’ elaborate the idea contained in the line.

Or

Briefly evaluate the poet’s attitude towards life as seen in the last stanza of the poem ‘A Photograph’.

Ans. About twenty or thirty years ago the poet’s mother and her two girl cousins. Betty and Dolly enjoyed a sea holiday. Their uncle captured their then images in his camera. The photograph shows the poet’s mother as a girl of about twelve. She had changed a lot. Time spares none. It decays. The poet’s mother too could not escape the effect of time. So her youth and beauty seen in the photograph was her past. For the poet her daughter was lost forever with her death.

Q. 5. “Both wry with the laboured ease of loss.” Elaborate.

Ans. The poet and his mother both of them experience a sense of loss. The poet’s loss is the smile of his mother. The loss of the poet’s mother was her youth and beauty revealed in the photograph taken when she was about twelve and making a sea holiday. The irony of the situation was that both tried to bear the loss easily

Q. 6. What did the cardboard show?

Ans. The cardboard showed the photograph of his mother when she was about twelve. She along with her two girl cousins Betty were standing at the sea shore while their feet were washed by the sea water. The two cousins stood each holding a hand of the poet’s mother while their uncle stood at a distance holding a camera.

Q. 7. How did the poet’s mother look at the time of taking the photo-graph?

Ans. The poet’s mother was a girl of twelve or so when the photograph was taken. The photograph has captured the smiling face of the poet’s mother. She laughed in nostalgia at the snapshot that was taken years ago and also at the way all of them were dressed for the beach.

Q. 8. What does the word ‘cardboard’ refer to in the poem, A photograph?

Ans. In the poem, the word ‘cardboard’ stands for the frame that supports and borders the photograph. The photograph shows the poet’s mother as a twelve-year-old girl with two of her cousins, Betty and Dolly. The word ‘cardboard’ has been used to depict that the photograph is many years old.

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