NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism

NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Geography Notes Paper 316.

NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 34 Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Geography Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Development of Infrastructure And Growth of Tourism

Chapter: 34




Q.1. Suggest one appropriate term used for the following:

(i) A hotel floating in a lake.

Ans. House boat.

(ii) A small wayside hotel providing space for parking of cars closer to the rooms and space to expand it future.

Ans. Motel.

(iii) A roadside stall selling fast food items to travellers.

Ans. Kiosk.

(iv) A travel schedule arranged for taking around the tourist places in an area.

Ans. Circuit tour.

(v) The largest water wilderness in India mostly approachable by waterways.

Ans. Sunderban.

Q.2. (i) Enlist the three bus routes turned as thrilling by tourists.

Ans. Manali- leh.

Darjeeling- Gangtok.

Madurai- Kodaikanal routes.

(ii) State four special features of international hotels complex.

Ans. Conference halls, communication linkages with Internet facilities, health clubs, shopping marts/trading outlets.

Q.3. Which are the four big incentives meant to increase the tourist traffic?

Ans. 1. Increase in the capacity of transport system.

2. Procession of comfortable seats reasonably.

3. High speeds.

4. Discounts in fares.

Q.4. Why high class travellers do not care to avail of concession for discounts offered by air travel companies?

Ans. The high class travellers do not care to avail of concession for discount offered by air travel companies. The reason is being that they want to complete their business deals and also visits to maximum tourist spots within the time limit at their disposal. They do not mind for going any conscious offered by air travel companies because their main concern is to save time at any cost.


Q.1. Answer the following questions briefly:

(i) What is the potential of Konkan railway for tourism?

Ans. Konkan railway is newly constructed railway connecting Mumbai to Mangalore via Goa. It is a wonder of engineering. This 760 km long scenic track has 10% of its track under tunnels or bridges. It has a great potential for tourism because of its sight-seeing and well developed technology.

(ii) Where adda metro rails coming up in India?

Ans. Metro rails are fast coming up in India’s busy metropolises like Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore.

Q.2. State the series of four steps followed in the training of tor guides and travel agents?

Ans. The four steps are followed in the training tour guides and travels agents are:

1. To pick up necessary skill, through regular training programme is the first step.

2. The further develop the skills by actually participating in the activity in the company of an already trained personnel.

3. The trainees are then attached to a travel agency in order to get themselves equipped with details to function independently.

4. They undergo a test for become a qualified professional either as a tour guide or a tour operator.

Q.3. State one major step required to meet the increasing tourist traffic in the cases of the following:

(i) Roads.

(ii) Railways.

(iii) Airways.

(iv) Hotels.

Ans. (i) Roads: Improvement of existing roads by providing multi lanes/efficiency in clearing check post formalities and traffic jams.

(ii) Railways: Improvement of railway reservation and catering facilities.

(iii) Airways: Better facilities ensuring comforts, regularity and safety of flight.

(iv) Hotels: An efficient and trained management staff to provide good catering and hospitability.

Q.4. Which four states are still operating narrow gauge mountain trains? Name the terminal hill stations reached by them.

Ans. Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu are operating narrow gauge mountain trains. Hill stations are Shimla, Darjeeling, Matheran and Ooty respectively.

Q.5. Distinguish between the following briefly:

(i) Modes and means of transport.

Ans. Modes of transport: Railways, roadways, waterways, pipeline se an airways are various modes of transport.

Means of transport: Trains, buses, cars, aero-planes, ships, rickshaw, bullock-carts are different types of means of transport.

(ii) Golden triangle and golden quadrilateral.

Ans. Golden triangle: It is a motorway which provide more links within a network of routes. Their greater advantage lies in the comfortable sight-seeing through package tours of important tourist circuits. The golden triangle of Delhi-Agra-Jaipur is the example of such a circuit.

Golden quadrilateral: Rail routes connected major cities within 200 to 500 km distance in addition to the very long distance sub-continental service extending over several hundred kilometres. The most prominent trunk routes connecting Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi and back to Mumbai from the golden quadrilateral.

(iii) Tourist circuit and a circular railway ticket.

Ans. Tourist circuit: The railway routes linked by the special trains aur luxury trains like palace of wheels are introduced. These make a coverage of six days called tourist circuit. The foreign tourist chooses circuit tore of a wide variety of attractions without any enroute of travel restrictions within a period from 7 days to 90 days.

Circular railway ticket: It ise facility exist for domestic tourism. A circular rail ticket is arranged for moving from point to point as schedule fixed by tourist.

(iv) Toy trains and helipad taxies.

Ans. Toy trains: There are five little mountain trains connecting the most scenic hill resorts of Shimla, Ooty, Matheran and Darjeeling to the north of Kolkata for the pleasure loving tourists. These are called toy trains. They offer varying natural scenery with rise in altitude in the mountains.

Helipad: It includes the expansion of Kullu, Kangra and Shimla airport for bigger planes and extension of privately managed helipad taxi services to connect its interior with already existing 55 helipads.

(v) Fairy queen and Himalayan queen.

Ans. Fairy queen: It is a train which is pulled by the oldest steam locomotive i.e. the one which runs between Delhi Cantt.and Alwar in Rajasthan. This train is called fairy Queen passes through Sariska tiger sanctuary. It cater mostly to the ever growing demands of tourists.

Himalayan queen: It is a mountain train plying to on the track between Shimla to Kalka. Some steam engines are still used to attract tourists to their historic memory. Himalayan Queen is a romantic name that attract the tourists.

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