NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 Nature of Geography as a Discipline, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 Nature of Geography as a Discipline and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 Nature of Geography as a Discipline Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Geography Notes Paper 316.
NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 Nature of Geography as a Discipline
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Nature of Geography as a Discipline
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
INTEXT QUESTION 1.1
Q.1. What is geography?
Ans. Geography is largely the study of the interaction of all physical and human phenomena and landscape created by such interaction.
Q.2. Why is earth’s surface changing?
Ans. Earth’s surface is changing because of the continuous interaction between the environment in which we live in and the way we use it.
Q.3. What are the two distinct traditions followed by Greeks?
Ans. The two distinct traditions are:
1. Mathematical tradition.
2. Geographical information through travels.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 1.2
Q.1. Which are the four branches of systematic geography?
Ans. The four branches of systematic geography are:
1. Physical geography.
2. Bio geography.
3. Human geography,
4. Geographical methods and techniques.
Q.2. Name the main branches of regional geography?
Ans. The main branches of regional geography are as follow:
1. Regional studies.
2. Regional analysis.
3. Regional development.
4. Regional planning.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 1.3
Q.1. What are the two branches of geography?
Ans. The two branches of geography are:
1. Physical and
2. Human geography.
Q.2. Name the two techniques of geographical studies.
Ans. The two techniques of geographical studies are:
2. Quantitative methods and
3. Regional science method.
Q.3. What is Anthropogeography?
Ans. Anthropogeography deals largely with racial phenomena in their spatial context.
Q.1. Answer the following question in brief:
(i) Define the term Geography.
Ans. Geography is a Greek word means that geography is to describe about the earth’s surface. In other word ‘Geography is the study of the interaction of all physical and human phenomena and landscapes created by such interactions.
(ii) Why is geography called the mother of all sciences?
Ans. Geography is often called the mother of all sciences. There is some truth in it. We study that the earth’s surface is ever changing. The natural phenomena like mountains, rivers, lakes etc. changing slowly while cultural elements like building roads, crops change fast. Nature was the most important object of curiosity.
Another aspect of geography is to understand the factors or reasons behind area differentiation how to social, cultural, economic and demographic factors change physical landscapes and create a new one. Geography also investigate what and where on the earth is going on and why is it there. All these phenomena are related to geography. That is why geography is called the mother of all sciences.
(iii) What are the two basic approaches in geography?
Ans. There are two main approaches in geography:
(a) Systematic geography.
(b) Regional geography. Nature of Geography As a Discipline.
(iv) What are the four phases of development of geography?
Ans. The four phases of development of geography are:
1. Ancient period.
2. Pre-modern period.
3. Modern period.
4. Recent period.
(v) Define the term physical and human geography.
Ans. Physical Geography: Physical geography is concerned with the study and explaining of physical phenomena and the other such fields like geology, meteorology, zoology and chemistry. It has several sub-branches which treat different kinds of physical phenomena.
Human Geography: Human geography is the systematic study of the relationship between human societies and the earth’s surface. It is made of three closely linked components-the population, relationship between human and environment and regional synthesis. There are several branches of human geography such Anthropogeography, economic geography and cultural geography etc.
Q.2. Distinguish between the following:
(i) Systematic geography and regional geography.
|Systematic Geography||Regional Geography|
|1. A study of specific natural or human phenomena that gives rise to certain spatial patterns and structures on the earth is called systematic geography.||1. Regional geography starts with the spatial imprints of one or all the systematic processes discernible as regions of different sizes.|
|2. It deals earth’s systematic like with atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere.||2. Regions could be based on single factor like relief, rainfall, vegetation etc.|
|3. It focuses on various kinds of flora and fauna, human-nature relationship.||3. Administration areas like status, districts, tehsils also can be treated as regions also.|
(ii) Physical geography and biography.
|Physical Geography||Bio Geography|
|1. Physical geography is concerned with the study of physical phenomena.||1. It is concerned with the biological phenomena in space.|
|2. It includes the other fields, like geology, meteorology, zoology and chemistry.||2. It is associated with the distribution of flora and fauna.|
|3. It has a number of sub-branches which treat different kinds of physical phenomena.||3. It is divided into plant or flora geography and animals or faunal geography.|
(iii) Population and economic geography.
|Population Geography||Economic Geography|
|It largely deals with racial phenomena in their spatial context.||It refers to the study of the location and distribution of economic activities at the local, regional, national and world scale.|
Q.3. Why is human geography an important part of geography? Explain with suitable examples.
Ans. Human geography is an important part of geography. It deals with manmade features like agriculture, settlements, factories, roads etc. Human geography is the systematic study of the relationship between human societies and the earth’s surface. It is made up of three closely linked components: the spatial analysis of the human population, the ecological analysis of the relationship between human population and its environment and the regional synthesis. That is why human geography is an important part of geography.
Q.4. Discuss the techniques of geographical studies.
Ans. Geography has its tools and techniques. Important among them are globes, maps, diagrams etc. Cartography is concerned with preparation of maps and diagrams to show distinction of geographical phenomena.
Maps have traditionally been made using pen,ink and paper, but computers have revolutionised cartography and with GIS methods one can prepare maps and diagrams with greater choice and efficiency.
Spatial data is obtained from measurement and other published sources and can be stored in a database, from which it can be extracted for a variety of purposes.