NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health

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NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Home Science Notes Paper 216.

NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 7 Health, NIOS Secondary Course Home Science Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.


Chapter: 7



Intext Questions 7.1.

Q.1. Why do we need to be healthy? List three reasons.

Ans: We need to be healthy because healthy person are energetic, efficient, happy and productive.

Q.2. In the table below, characteristics of a person are listed. Write the dimension of health (physical/mental/social)for each.


Characteristics of a personDimensions of health
1.Has good appetite.
2. Has ability to cope with stress.
3. Has a pleasant personality.
4. Has sound sleep
5. Has control over his emotions.
6. Has normal weight and height for his age.
7. Has healthy interpersonal relationships. 
8. Is confident.
9. Has a positive attitude towards life.

Q.3. List two hygienic habits followed by you for each of the following:

Personal hygiene 
Domestic hygiene 
Food hygiene 


Personal hygiene Washing hands before eating Bathing regularly 
Domestic hygieneRegular dusting and mopping of the house Proper disposal of garbage 
Food hygiene Food should be prepared in  clean kitchen Fruits and vegetables should be washed before consumed

Q.4. Identify one healthy habit. How will you you motivate your younger brother to practise this habit?

Ans: Brushing teeth regularly. Brushing teeth removes the food particles that get stuck to our teeth. These food particles allow germs to multiply and harm our teeth and gums and lead to bad breath. Thus brushing teeth daily is very important.

Q.5. Your mother has prepared lunch in the morning at 7 a.m. and it will be served at 2.00 p.m. List any two precautions you will take to store it to keep it healthy.

Ans: Food should be covered, stored in cool and insect proof place.

Q.6. Which one of the following children is healthy and why?

Ans: (III) Children – is happy energetic and alert.

Intext Questions 7.2.

Q.1. List some of the activities that are organized by the government in your locality to maintain public health.

Ans: Cleanliness of the locality by removal of garbage, supply of clean drinking water, fumigation, organizing immunization programmers, ensuring food standards food stores and milk outlets.

Q.2. Samina ‘s family members are expert house keepers. Their bathrooms are as clean as bedrooms and the kitchen. But when Samina steps out of her house, foul odour irritates her nostrils; her feet sink in garbage piles and pot holes. Neither the local government authorities nor anyone in Samina ‘s neighbourhood seems to care. She is very sad and wants to do something to change this situation.

Taking cue from the ‘Bhagidari’ initiative launched by the government of Delhi, please make four suggestions for Samina’s community to make their surroundings clean.

Ans: Discussions with neighbors convincing them about the association between healthy population and clean environment and therefore the need to keep their neighborhood clean; forming peer groups and distribution of hand bills to educate people around, making posters depicting the ways of keeping the place clean, arranging for cleaners to collect the garbage/contact the municipality for providing garbage bins and garbage collection, and also for repair of the roads.

Intext Questions 7.3

Q.1. Complete the table: 

S.NoPreventive action Name of the diseases that are prevented 
(i)Set of mosquitoes net
(ii)Sanitary condition and proper disposal of human excreta 
(iii)BCG vaccine 

Ans: (i) Malaria, Dengue.

(ii) Hepatitis. 

(iii) Tuberculosis.

Q.2. Select the killer diseases that are targeted in the primary immunization programme of the Government of India.

Ans: BCG,  polio, DPT, Hepatitis, Measles.

Q.3. Fill in the correct option: 

(i) Type of immunity provided to a newly born child by mother’s milk ________ (natural immunity/acquired immunity)

Ans: Acquired.

(ii) Vaccine against TB ________ (BCG/DPT/TT)

Ans: BCG.

(iii) Polio vaccine is first given at the age of ________ (10 weeks/6 weeks/1 year)

Ans: 6 weeks.

(iv) Day of week chosen for pulse polio ________ (Wednesday/Sunday/Monday)

Ans: Sunday.

Terminal Exercise

Q.1. What role does vaccination play in control of diseases? Explain.

Ans: Immunization is providing immunity power to a person by injecting dead germs of disease in his body so as to make him produce antibodies.

Primary immunization is scheduled in the first year of life to provide optimal protection to the infant. Any delay in following the immunization schedule exposes the infant to the risk of these infections.

Q.2. Define “healthy” according to WHO.

Ans: World health organization (WHO) health is a tate of completes physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease.

Q.3. How is natural immunity different from acquired immunity? 


Natural immunityAcquired immunity
It is present from the time of birth and provides a general protection against the entry of any foreign agents into our body.It develops during one’s life time and is therefore known as acquired immunity. It works on the simple principle of producing antibodies.

Q.4. List at least four steps essential to remain healthy.

And: Four common steps to remain healthy: 

1. Exercise regularly.

2. Brush your teeth, cut your nails.

3. Take bath daily, wear clean clothes.

4. Eat nutritious food.

Q.5. How are personal health and community health related? Explain with the help of an example.

Ans: Personal health and community health joined to each other:

Personal Health: Health and hygiene go together. To keep yourself free from diseases and to have good health you need to practice hygiene constantly. The various practices that help in maintaining health constitute hygiene. The word hygiene comes from a Greek word hygiene that means goddess of health. Adoption of hygienic practice prevents many diseases such as diarrhea, Cholera, typhoid, worm infections, jaundice, skin diseases, tuberculosis and many more.

Community health: is the practice of preventing disease and promoting health of a population through the organized efforts of society,  public and private organizations, communities and individuals. It aims to improve the health of the entire population and focuses on preventing diseases rather than their treatment.

Q.6. What precautions will you take while storing food to prevent it from becoming unhealthy?

Ans: Food Hygiene

• Fruits and vegetables should be washed in clean water to make them free from germs and pesticides (chemicals sprayed on plants to keep them insect free) before cooking and consumption.

• Water used for drinking, cooking, washing utensils should be from a clean source such as tap, hand pump set up by the municipal corporation or panchayats and covered well.

• Food should be prepared in a clean kitchen and in a clean manner.

• While cooking food, it is important to heat it at high temperature to kill germs present in it.

• Cooked food should be eaten fresh or covered and stored in cool, dry and insect proof place.

• Milk should be stored either in the refrigerator or if kept outside, it should be boiled again before use to make it germs free.


Multiple Choice Questions

Tick (✔) the correct answer:

1. The body’s inability to do further work is termed as:

(i) Lethargy.

(ii) Fatigue.

(iii) Restive.

(iv) none of the above.

Ans: (ii) Fatigue.

2. In order to be beneficial, exercise must be: 

(a) Systematic.

(b) Regular.

(c) Adequate.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

3. Exercise is important because: 

(a) It helps to reduce body fat. 

(b) It ensures better digestion and respiration.

(c) It increases mental alertness.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

4. Which of the following is necessary for a good health?

(a) Personal hygiene.

(b) Exercise.

(c) Rest and sleep.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: All of the above.

5. Mental health implies:

(a) Has pleasant manners.

(b) Has good posture.

(c) Sensitive to the needs of others.

(d) None of the above.

Ans: (c) Sensitive to the needs of others.

6. A person with good social health: 

(a) Gets along well with people around.

(b) Has pleasant manners.

(c) Helps others.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

7. A person who enjoys good physical health is one who: 

(a) Is energetic.

(b) Has good posture.

(c) Has bright eyes. 

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

8. If a person looks alert and responsive, he is: 

(a) Physically healthy.

(b) Mentally healthy.

(c) Socially healthy.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (a) Physically healthy.

9. If a person moves in the society confidently with others, he is:

(a) Physically healthy.

(b) Mentally healthy.

(c) Socially healthy.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (c) Socially healthy.

10. If a person is relaxed and free from any worries, he is: 

(a) Physically healthy.

(b) Mentally healthy.

(c) Socially healthy.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (b) Mentally healthy.

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