NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases

NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Home Science Notes Paper 216.

NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 8 Communicable and Life Style Diseases, NIOS Secondary Course Home Science Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Communicable and Life Style Diseases

Chapter: 8



Intext Questions 8.1.

Q.1. What is a ‘ Disease’?

Ans: Disease is a state of discomfort in which the normal functioning of the body is affected.

Q.2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word/words:

(a) Diseases spread through infected food and water are ________ and ________ (typhoid and Hepatitis/typhoid and dengue)

Ans: Typhoid, Hepatitis.

(b) Malaria is spread through ________ (fly/mosquito bite/insects)

Ans: Mosquito.

(c) If patient suffers from dehydration he/ she should be given plenty of ________ (fruits/vegetables/fluid and ORS)

Ans: Plenty of fluids and oral rehydration solution.

(d) A person suffering from tuberculosis should ________ while coughing or sneezing.(cover his/ her mouth/ isolate himself/ herself)

Ans: Cover his mouth.

Q.3. Write two systems of the following Diseases

(a) Influenza. 

(b) Tetanus.

(c) Hepatitis.

(d) Cholera.

Ans: (a) Fever, headache and body ache.

(b) Fever and dry coated tongue.

(c) Yellow eyes and dark yellow urine.

(d) Watery diarrhoea and cramps in the legs.

Q.4. Mohan had consumed infected food but is not showing any signs of the disease. Can he make his friend Abdul ill? How?

Ans: (a) Fever, headache and bodyache.

(b) Fever and dry coated tongue.

(c) Yellow eyes and dark yellow urine.

(d) Watery diarrhoea and cramps in the legs.

Intext Questions 8.2.

Q.1. The full form of AIDS is ________.

Ans: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

Q.2. Choose the correct alternative: 

(i) AIDS is spread by:

(a) Shaking hands.

(b) playing together.

(c) Infected needles.

(d) Water or food.

Ans: (c) Infected needles.

(ii) AIDS cannot be spread by:

(a) Sneezing.

(b) Blood transfusion.

(c) Sexual contact.

(d) Infected needles.

Ans: (a) Sneezing.

Intext Questions 8.3

Q.1. Why is there an increase in the occurrence of non-communicable or lifestyle diseases in countries like India? Who are the victims of these diseases? 

Ans: The cause increasing life style diseases are as follows an increase: 

(i) More and more young people are seen smoking and drinking despite knowing the fact that these are harmful to health.

(ii) Our nutritious and balanced meals are giving way to fast food and junk food, fresh fruits and vegetables are being rejected in favour of processed and packed food and soft drinks are replacing milk.

(iii) We prefer to use a bus or car instead of walking even for short distances.

(iv) More and more machines are being developed each day to reduce physical labour associated with our work.

Q.2. Suggest three healthy eating practices that can prevent lifestyle diseases.

Ans: (i) Take up regular exercise like walking, yoga, dancing, aerobics and cycling.

(ii) Use stair-case instead of lift or escalator.

(iii) Take a balanced diet at proper meal times.

Do not over-eat.

Terminal Exercise

Q.1. Differentiate between communicable and non-communicable or lifestyle diseases.

Ans: (i) Communicable Diseases: The diseases that spread from one person to the other are called communicable disease or infectious disease. These diseases are caused by infection which spreads or is communicated through the medium of touch, sharing towel, hand kerchief etc. Of the patient, air, food or water or through sexual contact with an infected person Influenza, polio, typhoid measles, mumps etc.

(ii) Non-communicable or Lifestyle: These disease may develop in a person due to faulty eating and living habits example obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. This disease is a called life style disease.

Q.2. Shazia went to a fair and food that was exposed to flies and dust. The next day she had vomiting, diarrhoea and cramps in her legs. What do these symptoms indicate? What steps will you take to manage the patient? 

Ans: Symptoms: Shazia suffering from cholera.

1. Vomiting and pain in legs.

2. Loose motions.

3. Excessive thirst, dry tongue.

4. If not treated early, the patient may die. 

5. Restlessness.

Care: 1. Cholera vaccine should be given.

2. Patient should be given full rest.

3. Patient should be given boiled and cool ORS after every 1 or 2 hrs. In order to supplement the deficiency of electrolytes.

4. Doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.

Q.3. Life Style diseases impose financial burden and slow down progress of the nation. Why? 

Ans: 1. It may be due to complicated condition.

2. It also needs proper treatment and care for long time.

3. It was a large economic burden for the family.

4. This leads to reduction in productivity and development the country.

5. As these are chronic conditions, they are a financial burden for life time.


Multiple Choice Questions

Tick (✔) the correct answer:

1. At which age BCG does is given to a child?

(a) 0-1 months.

(b) 0-3 months.

(c) 0-5 months.

(d) 5-12 months.

Ans: (b) 0-3 months.

2. MMR is given to a child at the age of:

(a) 9 months. 

(b) 10 months. 

(c) 15 months. 

(d) 18 months. 

Ans: (c) 15 months.

Q.3. What is the incubation period of chickenpox?

(a) 3 weeks.

(b) 1 weeks.

(c)  2 weeks.

(d) 5 weeks.

Ans: (c) 2 weeks.

4. What is the approximate duration of mumps disease?

(a) 2-5 days.

(b) 10-12 days.

(c) 8-12 days.

(d) 7-10 days.

Ans: (c) 7-10 days.

5. Symptoms of Diphtheria includes:

(a) Painful swelling of throat.

(b) Difficulty in swallowing.

(c) High fever.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

6. 1st booster for DPT and polio are going at the age of:

(a) 1-2 years.

(b) 2-3 years.

(c) 3-4 years.

(d) 4-5 years.

Ans: (a) 1-2 years.

7. Measles vaccine is given at the age of:

(a) 9-10 months.

(b) 9-11 months. 

(c) 9-12 months.

(d) 9-13 months.

Ans: (c) 9-12 months.

8. The incubation period of measles is:

(a) 10-12 days.

(b) 9-10 days.

(c) 9-12 days.

(d) 9-10 days.

 Ans: (a) 10-12 days.

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