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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 12 Indian Weavers
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BOOK – I
12.2 LET IS UNDERSTAND AND THE TEXT
12.2.1 PART 1 (STANZA – I)
Weavers, weaving at break of day……….. a new-born child.
Have you ever noticed the colours we choose for a new born baby’s clothes? Why do you think we choose these colours? In the first stanza the poetess, Sarojini Naidu describes weavers weaving cloth in the early morning. She asks the weavers why are they weaving a cloth of a particular colour. They say that the cloth that they are weaving is the colour of a halcyon’s wings. It is a beautiful, blue because it will be used for making the clothes of a newly born child.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.1
Q.1. Complete the following sentences:
The weavers are weaving the cloth for ………….. They are compared to ………….. because of the similarly of colour i.e. blue.
Ans. The weavers are weaving the cloth for an infant’s. They are compared to the wings of halcyon bird because of the similarly of colour i.e. blue.
Q.2. ‘Gay’ in line 2 means ‘bright’. Which mode of the weavers does it indicate? Tick the right answer:
(a) of cheerfulness.
(b) of frustration.
(c) of sadness.
Ans. (a) of cheerfulness.
Q.3. What is the similarly between morning time of the day and the birth of a child?
Ans. Morning is the beginning of the day. Birth of a child is the beginning of life.
LET US DO 12.2
Read the poem with your friend and enjoy its rhythm.
Rhythm in writing is like the beat in music. Do you know that in poetry, rhythm implies that certain words are produced more forcefully than the others? Some words may also be held for a longer, duration. Rhythm is also created by repeating words or phrases, sometimes by repeating whole lines and sentences.
Listen to the poem again
1. Note down the words and phrases repeated.
Ans. Words and phrases repeated.
– Weavers, weaving.
– We weave.
– Why you weaves.
2. In the poem there is one voice asking a question and the other answering it. Listen to it once again. Whose voices are these?
Ans. The answers are given by the voices of the weavers.
12.2.2 PART 2 (STANZA – II)
Weavers, weaving at fall of night ……… veils of a queen.
In this stanza the poet asks the weavers why they are weaving a cloth late in the evening. She asks why it is so bright and colourful. The weavers tell her that the cloth is brightly and richly coloured like the feathers of a peacock because they are weaving it for a queen. The queen will use this cloth to make her marriage veil.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.2
Q.1. What are the weavers weaving?
Ans. The weavers are weaving the marriage veil of a queen.
Q.2. What time of the day is it?
Ans. It is beginning of night.
Q.3. We wear colour that reflect our mood. Give two examples.
Ans. The garment for a new born7baby has been described as gay.
The marriage veils for a young queen as bright.
12.2.3 PART 3 (STANZA – III)
Weavers, weaving solemn and still ……… man’s funeral shroud.
You must have noticed people wearing white clothes to visit a friend who has lost a loved one. Why do we not wear bright clothes on such occasions? In the above stanza the poet asks the weavers what they are weaving late in the night. The weavers reply that they are weaving a thin white cloth to cover a dead body.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 12.3
Q.1. What time is indicated through the phrase ‘moonlight chill’?
Ans. The phrase ‘moonlight chill’ indicates moonlight.
Q.2. What is the similarity between death and cold night?
Ans. As death brings sadness while cold night is unpleasant.
Death is the end of life as night is the end of the day
Q.3. ‘Chill’ here means ‘unpleasant cold’. Which mood of the weavers does it indicate? Tick the right answer:
(a) of disappointment.
(b) of frustration.
(c) of sadness.
Ans. (a) of disappointment.
B.2. Write the objects of comparisons for the following:
(a) as cold as ………………
Ans. as cold as ice/cucumber.
(b) as hot at ………………..
Ans. as hot at chillies/a desert.
(c) as deep as ………………
Ana. as deep as an ocean.
Q. 5. Rhythm in writing is like the beat in music. In poetry, rhythm implies that certain words are produced more forcefully than than the others and may be held for a longer duration. Rhythm is also created by repeating words of phrases, sometimes by repeating whole lines and sentences.
Ask a friend to read the poem aloud to you and enjoy its rhythm. Note down the words and phrases repeated.
Ans. Phrases which are repeated
Weavers, weaving ………………..
Why do you weave …………………
Q.6. The poem has strong imagery. In other words, when we listen to it read it, we are able to create a clear picture in our minds like a picture of an infant wearing blue clothes.
Listen to the poem again and write down the images created in your mind. The underlinded sentences above is one example of an image.
Ans. – weavers weaving at their looms.
– a bird with blue feathers.
– a peacock dancing/spreading its plumes.
– a queen with her face covered with a veil.
– a dead body covered with a white cloth.
B. Words Expressing Happy and Sad Feelings
Given below are the words that express happy and sad feelings. Put the words expressing happy feelings in the happy face and the words expressing sad feelings in the sad face. Refer to a dictionary, if you do not know the meaning of any of these words.
|sad, glad, delighted, depressed, excited, bloomy, dejected, joyous, downcast, cheerful, annoyed, miserable, jubilant, thrilled.|
Ans. (B) the words expressing feeling with their explanations:
Words expressing happy feelings:
Glad: happy and pleased about something.
Delighted: very happy, especially because something good has happened.
Excited: very happy and enthusiastic because something good is going to happen, especially when this makes you unable to relax.
Joyous: causing happy feelings.
Cheerful: behaving in a happy friendly way.
Jubilant: extremely happy because something good has happened.
Thrilled: very pleased and excited.
Words expressing sad feelings:
Sad: feeling unhappy, especially because something bad has happened.
Depressed: if you are depressed, you feel very unhappy because of a difficult or unpleasant situation that you feel you cannot change.
Gloomy: feeling sad and without hope.
Dejected: someone who is dejected has lost all their hope or enthusiasm, especially because they have failed at something.
Downcast: sad or upset.
Miserable: extremely unhappy or uncomfortable.
Annoyed: feeling slightly angry or impatient feeling slightly angry or impatient.
LET US LEARN NEW WORDS 12.1
A. Word Building
Given below are the names of different professions. Some of these are formed by adding the suffic -er’ or ‘-or’ to verbs or nouns.
weave (verb) + er = weaver
direct (verb) + or = director
photograph (noun) + er = photographer
Put the following words in two lists. Refer to a dictionary if you are not sure teacher, grocer, preacher, carpenter, engineer, driver, tailor, manager, potter, painter, actor, doctor, author
|Words formad by adding suffix||Root words|
LET US DO 12.4
Weaving is a central activity in the poem. Is it because life is a weave of events? Weaving was in important activity in the poet’s time. Gandhiji also advocated the use of Charakha in every household.
Do you know why? What was the Charakha a symbol of?
Try to find the answer and write five lines about what the charakha is a symbol of? Why did Gandhiji advocate it?
Ans. Gandhiji advocate use of charakha because he believed in the diginity of labour. He regarded work as worship. Charakha is a symbol of work with hands and to advocate small scale industry. Gandhi thought that by weaving with charkha people of all caste and community can be brought together to work for common goal i.e to attain freedom.
WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT
In this poem, you read about the different stages of life that bring joys and sorrows. You also learnt ways of sharing happiness and excitement and ways’ with negative feelings and emotions.
Q.1. In this poem, the poet is describing the three stages of life. She relates them to dresses and their colours. She also compares the changes in life to the changes in a day. Complete the blanks on the basis of your understanding of the poem.
Q.2. The words/phrases that suggest different moods in the poem:
funeral, marriage veil, shroud, break of day, purple and green, white, garment gay, dead man, solemn and still, bright, plumes of peacock
Put these expressions in two columns:
(a) Words/expressions conveying joy.
(b) Words/expressions conveying sorrow.
Ans. Words expressing joy:
– marriage veil
– break of day
– purple and green
– garment gay
– plumes of a peacock
Words expressing sorrow:
– dead man
Q.3. The poem has strong imagery. In other words, when we listen to it or read it, we are able to create a clear picture in our mind like an image of infant wearing blue clothes. Listen to the poem again and write down the images created in your mind. The underlined sentence above is one example of an image.
Ans. Example of imagery
– weavers weaving at their looms
– a bird with blue feathers
– a peacock dancing/spreading its plumes
– a queen with her face covered with a veil
– a dead body covered witha white cloth.
Q. 4. Complete the following sentences using the words given below. Do you recognize the similies used?
whistle, lightning, rain
(a) The chirping of the birds sounded as shrill as a ………….. .
(b) The drumming of the drops on the …………… roof tops was like music.
STANZA FOR COMPREHENSION
Read the stanzas given below and answer the questions that follow each:
STANZA – 1
Weavers, weaving at break of day,
Why do you weave a garment so gay?
Blue as the wing of Halcyon wild We
weave the robes of a new-born child
1. Name the poet and to whom is he/she addressing?
Ans. Sarojini Naidu is the poetess. She is addressing the weavers.
2. When are they weaving the cloth?
Ans. They are weaving the gay garment in the morning.
3. Write the comparison given above.
Ans. The cloth is blue like the wings of a halcyon wild.
4. What is the weaver’s reply?
Ans. They replied that they were weaving the robes of a newborn child.
STANZA – 2
Weavers, weaving at fall of night,
Why do you weave a garment so bright?
Like the plumes of a peacock, purple and green.
We weave the marriage veils of a queen.
1. Mention the time described in the above stanza?
Ans. It is the starting of night.
2. What type of cloth do they weave?
Ans. They weave a bright garment like the plumes of a peacock.
3. Mention the colour of the plumes of peacock.
Ans. It is purple and green.
4. What is a veil?
Ans. A veil is a garment to cover the face.
STANZA – 3
Weavers, seaving solemn and still
What do you weave in the moonlight chill?
White as a feather and white as a cloud.
We weave dead man’s funeral shroud.
1. Mention the time under reference.
Ans. It is the chill of the moonlight.
2. What is the colour of their cloth?
Ans. It is as white as a cloud.
3. What did the weaver’s reply?
Ans. They replied that they were weaving the funeral cloth for a dead man.
4. Treace words from the stanza that show:
Ans. (i) Calmness: still.
(ii) Seriousness: solemn.
STANZA – 4
Like the plumes of a peacock, purple and green We weave the marriage veils of a queen. Weavers, weaving solemn and still, What do you weave in the moonlight chill?
1. Name the poem and its poet.
Ans. Name of the poem is ‘Indian Weavers’ and the poet is ‘Sarojini Naidu’.
2. What is being woven by the weavers?
Ans. The weavers weave marriage veils of a queen.
3. What do the colours “purple and green” show?
Ans. The colours ‘purple and green’ shows that veils being weaved are colourful.
4. Write the opposite of “Morning”.
Ans. Morning – Evening.