NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 13 The Last Stone Mason

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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 13 The Last Stone Mason

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 13 The Last Stone Mason, NIOS Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

The Last Stone Mason

Chapter: 13



13.2.1 PART – 1

The young man …………………. He sat still.

There are often differences in young people’s ideas and opinions and older people’s ideas. Do these differences cause problems between young and old people; between parents and children? This is a story about a difference of opinion between an old man and his son, and what happens as a result. The old man makes statues. He is a sculptor. He is poor but he loves his work. He believes that making statues of gods and goddesses out of stone is like worshipping God because this is the work God wants him to do. He makes each statue lovingly and patiently. He wants his son to learn the same art and continue the family tradition. But his son thinks that carving statues for temples by hand takes too long and does not help them earn much money. He wants to make things that will be easier and faster to carve, so that he will be able to make them in large numbers for rich tourists to buy. In this way it will be possible to earn much more money and end their poverty. He says goodbye to his sad father and the family profession, and leaves his home angrily.

LET US DO 13.1

You belong to a family of artisans and some of them have won awards. You are educated and qualified for an office job. Your parents want you to carry forward their traditional craft, but they have given you freedom to take your own decision. What would you do? Explain with reasons in two sentences. You may consider the following:

(a) You would give up your traditional craft. 

(b) You would continue with your craft.

(c) You would accept the other job but at the same time would continue with the traditional craft too.

(d) Any other choice.

Ans. I think that continuing family tradition is very important. At the same time apart from this we need to live comfortably and earn enough money. I would try to co-operate with my elders and satisfy their taste. But at the same time I shall make myself professionally strong. I shall complete my studies and take up some good job.


Based on your understanding of Part I answer the following questions: 

Q.1. What was the old man’s profession? What was his attitude to his work? 

Ans. The old man took the profession of carving stones. He made sculptures for temples only. He was dedicated to his work. For him works is worship. 

Q.2. The youngman threw his hammer and chisel to the ground. Why do you think he did so?

Ans. He was not happy with his work. He did not like the way they had to live. 

Q.3. How did the old man learn carving? What did he expect from his son?

Ans. The old man learnt carving from his father. He expected that his wou,ld be carry forward his traditional craft.

Q.4. Tick (✔) the suitable option to complete the statement given below. The youngman decided to leave his father and his work because:

(a) he was not good at carving.

(b) he did not love his father.

(c) he wanted to earn more money.

(d) he wanted to enjoy city life.

Ans. (c) he wanted to earn more money.

Q.5. What was the young man’s opinion

about his father’s work? Do you think he was right? 

Ans. He thought that his father’s work didn’t bring enough money to live comfortably yes, he was right in his way of thinking. He had also right to live comfortable life.

Q.6. What did Gopal suggest to his father? What was his father’s response? 

Ans. He suggested that his father should shift to Agra and change his profession. Old man replied that it was service to God. He wanted to keep the 100 year old tradition.

B. Use suitable words/phrases from the box to replace this the italicized part of the sentences given below: 

Traditioncame off
heapsstacked up

1. Piles: of old and discarded things lay in the courtyard for a number of days after Suman’s house was whitewashed This marred the beauty of the house.

Ans. Heaps.

2. The dowry system in Indian society is abad custom. It must be abolished. 

Ans. Tradition.

3. When we visited the construction site of our new house we found a lot of bricks piled up neatly near the fence.

Ans. Stacked up.

4. The salesman could not tell us the price of the shirt I liked because its price tag got removed when he was arranging the new stock on the shelves. 

Ans. Came off.

C. Suppose you are the old stone mason. Your son has left you and the family business and has gone away. Express in 50-60 words what sort of thoughts came to your mind at his behaviour?

Ans. The thought of my son going away leaves me completely broken. When I realized my son had gone away. I become very sad. I felt as if the whole world had come to an end. I blamed myself at bringing him up in this way. There was no happiness left. I decided to leave everything and go to live in old age home. 

LET US DO 13.2

Choose one of the following options and complete the statement.

A true artist feels a sense of fulfilment if………..

  • he gets an award for his work.
  • his products are popular in the market.
  • he feels he has created a real piece of art.
  • he makes a lot of money Ans. He feels he has created a real piece of art.

13.2.2 PART – 2

Masterjee, Mastarjee ……………… dropped to the ground and he fainted.

After his son leaves home the old stone mason is sad and upset. Salim, the young boy who works for him finds the old man in a very bad state of health and emotionally stressed after his son leaves home. The old man is tired and weak. He worries about how he will complete the statue without help from his son even though he knows that his son is not a very good sculptor, Salim takes care of the old man and brings him tea and food to give him strength to finish the statue he is carving. The old man works day and night without any rest for several days. Even though he is extremely tired, he continues to work and finally early one morning he faints.


On the basis of year understanding of part 2 answer the questions given below:

Q.1. When Salim come to the old man to serve him tea, “his voice was filled with concern.” What do you think Salim was concerned about?

Ans. Salim’s concern was about the old man’s physical condition. The old man looked very tired. 

Q.2. Who was Salim ? What was his relation with the old man?

Ans. Salim was a boy who worked in the stone mason’s house. He served him tea and took care of him. He was a servant boy.

Q.3. What was the old man worried about? 

Ans. The old man was worried as to how the statue would be complete.

Q.4. Why did he wish Gopal was with him?

Ans. He had grown quite old an it was difficult to carve the statue. He wished Gopal was with him to complete the statue. It was difficult for him to use the hammer.

Q.5. Salim said…………… It comes from somewhere deep inside you. Explain the meaning of the phrase in your own words in 2-3 sentences.

Ans. It means that we follow the trade which we enjoy and which our heart wants us to follow. It is the ability to master the skill.

Q.6. (1) Which word in Para 1 of Part 2 means the same as ‘worry’?

Ans. Concern.

Q.7. Which word in Para 3 of Part 2 means the same as ‘job’?

Ans. Work

Q.8. Pick out the word from Para 4 of Part 2 which means the opposite of spoke loudly.

Ans. Whispered.

Q.9. Which word in Para 6 of Part 2 means the opposite of ‘weakness’?

Ans. Strength.

Q.10. Imagine you are Salim. You served the old man after his son left him. What inspired you to help him? Express yourself in 50-60 words.

Ans. I had been with the old man for almost three years. In all these years I had silently watched him working. He had never scolded me. When his son left him, I felt very bad. There was expression of pity on old man’s face. My Allah does not allow to hurt anyone. So I decided to help him in the way I could after serving him food I took to complete the sculpture. This I knew would make old man happy.

Q.8. You must have heard about the success stories of people in different fields such as business, academics, research, sports, and so on. Have you ever thought about what has made them succeed? What lies behind their achievement? Think over it and write at least two things that inspire people to excel in whatever they do.

1. ………………………………..

Ans. Sachin Tendulkar in Cricket.

2. …………………………………

Ans. Chetan Bhagat as Writer.

They have succeeded because of constant efforts. They worked with constant goal in their life.

13.2.3 PART – 3 

When the old man …………………… best stone, masons India will ever have.

When the old man opens his eyes he finds himself on his bed. He hears someone working with a hammer and thinks that his son Gopal has come back home. He feels happy. He thinks that with Gopal’s help he will now be able to complete the statue he is carving. But he finds that it is not Gopal but Salim who is working on the statue with the hammer. He is surprised because he has never taught Salim how to carve statues. Salim looks at the old man and explains that he wants to help him. He says that he has been practising carving on his own, and is willing to learn from the old stone mason if he teaches him how to do it, the old man is full of admiration and respect for Salim. The old man recognizes Salim’s talent and will to work hard and excel ! He tells Salim that there is nothing he can teach him. He tells Salim, that he will be one of the best stone masons in India.


On the basis of your understanding of Part 3 of the story answer the following questions:

Q.1. ‘When the old man opened his eyes he found himself on the cot in his room’. Who do you think put him on the cot?

Ans. He had felt very sad on knowing that Gopal had left. So Salim had to put him on the cot.

Q.2. The old man heard the sound of strong blows of hammer on chsel what was the first thought that came to his mind?

Ans. The old man thought that his son Gopal had come back.

Q.3. Why did the old man admire Salim?

Ans. The old man admired Salim because he had showed concern for the old stone mason. Salim offered tea to the old man and took up to finishing the carving of sculpture.

Q.4. Why did the old man believe that there was nothing that he could teach Salim? 

Ans. The old man believed because Salim was carving the face of the statue like an expert craftsman.

II. Based on your understanding of Para 3. Complete the following sentences:

Q.1. The old man was stunned to see Salim working on the statue because _______________.

Ans. He had expected to see Gopal Salim was working on the face of the statue like a perfect sculptor but it was shocking for old man because Salim could not carve stone.

Q.2. Salim was able to hep the old man in finishing the sculpture because _______________.

Ans. He had been practising carving secretly at the quarry.

III. 1. Pick out the word in Para 1 Part 3. which means the same as ‘surprised’.

Ans. Stunned.

2. Which word in Para 1 Part 3 means the opposite of ‘heavy’?

Ans. Light.

3. Look at the word ‘admiration’ in Para I Part 3. Different meanings of this word are given in box below. Tick the most suitable meaning in the given context.

praise, appreciation, respect, adore, think highly of somebody.

Ans. Think highly of somebody.

IV. If you are in Salim’s place what would you do to improve the relationship between the old stone mason and his son? Express in 50-60 words.

Ans. It is always bad to watch tension between father and son. I felt very bad when old mason’s son got up to go to city. I could not control myself. I got up at once and talked to his son. I tried to convince him that old man needed him badly. I would look after the work but he should just stay back. I also made him understand that he could take up some other work along with statue making. This talk I know would surely help and make him keep his anger down.


Read the following sentence:

  • The one who carves a statue is a ‘sculptor (the profession or work of a sculptor is to carve statues)

I. Complete the following sentences appropriately:

1. A person who treats patients is a_________.

Ans. doctor.

2. A person who writes poems is a ________.

Ans. poet.

3. A person who teaches is a ________.

Ans. teacher.

4. A person who works on clay pots is a _________.

Ans. potter.

5. A person who makes wooden furniture is a _______.

Ans. carpenter.

6. A person whose job is to weave cloth or carpets is a _________.

Ans. weaver.


1. Read the following dialogue:

Preeti: Shruti, look at Geeta. She is wearing such an expensive dress.

Shruti: You’re right, Preeti. Her dress seems to be, very costly. She always buys expensive clothes because her parents are very rich.

Preeti: That’s alright. But I don’t think that she should go for expensive things just because she’s got a lot of money.

Shruti: I think there is no harm in spending money if you can afford it.

Preeti: No, Shruti, I beg to differ One should not develop expensive habits. Sometimes when you cannot afford expensive things you tend to do dishonest things to buy these things. 

Shruti: In that way you’re right. I agree with you Preeti.

While speaking we tend to use contracted forms such as ‘don’t’ instead of ‘do not’, ‘can’t’ instead of ‘cannot’. To show that we agree we use expressions such as ‘I agree’, ‘I think you’re right, I think so’, ‘she’s right’ For disagreeing we use I don’t agree’, ‘I don’t think so’, ‘I beg to differ’, ‘on the contrary’.


You are Hamid Khan, the winner of a National Award. You have to address a group of young craftsmen, to motivate them, to carry forward their traditional crafts, to be innovative and creative, and to achieve excellence in their work. You know about their problems and their doubts.

Writs down in about 100 words what you will say to them in the form and style of a speech. You may use the contractions as given in the box in your speech and practise the speech in the company of your friends, members of family or even in front of a mirror. Using expressions, gestures, body language changing the modulation of your voice to make your speech effective and inspiring.

Some ideas and information for your speech are provided in the following box:

  • Handicrafts trade is less lucrative; but for alone an artist his work is worship for him. He bra in works for the sake of art.
  • Exhibitions, handicrafts melas, bazaars at places like Suraj Kund and Dilli Haat provide markets for the sale of their craft products.
  • Good and skilful artists are given national De awards, certificates.
  • Seminars and workshops may be used for discussions about their problems and for finding solutions. 
  • Advise artisans to use natural materials to make low cost and eco-friendly products. 

Ans. Respected judges, teachers and my dear friends, today I Hamid Khan stand before you to talk about fall in handcraft trade.

Don’t you all feel in this manner. These days all are finding handicraft trade less lucrative. But I don’t agree. I feel that places like handicrafts melas, Suraj Kund mela and Delhi Haat are doing wonders. I that strongly put my point that handicrafts which are always liked and should we given national awards.

If the artist is given due respect, he will try to carry out the family tradition If they’ve any problems, these can be solved through seminars and discussions. So, all of us should come forward to sustain our handicraft by using non-toxic material.

Thank you


Present Perfect Tense

Read the following sentences from the lesson and study the underlined verb patterns.

  • Look what it has brought us!
  • We have kept up the tradition.
  • I have learnt this from my father.

In the above sentences the verb pattern is the Present Perfect tense. It is constructed by: using has/have + the past participle of the verb.

The Present Perfect tense denotes that an action has been completed very recently.

Example: India has won the cricket match against Sri Lanka.

To make a negative sentence in the Present Perfect tense we use not/never between has/have and the past participle. 

Example: He has travelled all over India but he has never gone abroad.

Exercise – 1

1. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the present perfect form of the verbs given in brackets.

(a) Meena ________ (purchase) from Dastkar Bazaar a beautiful lamp shade to gift to her friend.

Ans. has purchased.

(b) I cannot accompany you because I ________ not (finish) my home work yet. 

Ans. have finished.

(c) He _______ (give) me a beautiful pen.

Ans. has given.

(d) Saina Nehwal_______ (bring) glory to India by her thrilling victory in the Commonwealth Games 2010.

Ans. has brought.

(e) The Prime Minister ________ (announce) that Bring the victims of the recent floods shall be given all the necessary help for their rehabilitation.

Ans. (e) has announced.

Now look at the following sentences and study the verb pattern:

  • Have you seen my purse? It is blue in colour.
  • How much time have you spent in making his sweater? 
  • What have you brought from the market?

The above sentences are in question form They begin with ‘has/have’ and interrogative words ‘how’/’how’ much. The verb form is the persent perfect. The structure has changed from a statement to a question.

Exercise – 2

what, which, how much, where, who, why, when, how many.

1. Write a question against each sentence keeping in mind the underlined words. Choose the appropriate interrogative words from the above box The first sentence is done as an example for you.

Statement: I have bought a new cane chair from Defence Colony.

Question: Where have you bought this cane chair from?

(a) Statement: Seema has brought a pair of jeans for you from Mumbai. 

Question: What has Seema brought for you from Mumbai

(b) Statement: They have visited the Golden Temple in Amritsar four times.

Question: How many times have they visited the Golden Temple in Amritsar? 

(c) Statement: He has gone to Mumbai to study engineering.

Question: Where has he gone to study engineering?

(d) Statement: Ramesh has given you a shirt for your birthday.

Question: Who has given you a shirt for your birthday?

(e) Statement: My father has spent three hours in writing the story

Question: How much time has your father spent

1. (a) He likes reading detective stories. (object)

(b) Reading is an ideal hobby. (subject)

(c) He starts smoking when he is under stress. (object)

(d) We relaxed in the waiting room at the railway station when the train was late. (describing word)


Read the following sentences and study the function of the word ‘swimming’:

  • The children are swimming in the swimming pool in their school. 

You must have noticed that the first use of ‘swimming’ in the above sentence is as a verb of the progressive tense. It denotes an action in continuation. It is the main verb. The second use of ‘swimming’ in the sentence describes the purpose of the pool. It acts as a describing word.

  • Swimming is a very good exercise for health.
  • ‘Swimming’ in the above sentence denotes an activity in itself In this sentence ‘Swimming functions as the subject to the verb.
  • He enjoys swimming during the summer In the above sentence ‘swimming’ fant functions as an object.

Note: ‘Swimming’ as a verb in the first sentence is an example of a ‘finite’ verb. The other uses of ‘swimming’ in the above sentences’ are examples of ‘non-finites‘. 

Exercise – 3

Q.1. Read the following sentences and circle the ‘-ing’ words which fire not main verbs:

(a) When I went to see him he was reading the ‘Bhagvad Gita’

(b) He likes reading detective stories.

(c) Reading is a very good hobby. 

(d) He starts meditating when he is under stress.

(e) We relaxed in the waiting room at the railway station when the train was late.

Ans. (a) When I went to see him he was reading the ‘Bhagvat Gita’. (object)

Q.2. Add ‘ing’ to the words given in the box and use them in the sentence given below.


(a) They are _______ seriously for their Board exams.

Ans. preparing.

(b) I like _______by train.

Ans. travelling.

(c) He spends two hours _______ books.

Ans. reading.

(d) We should always look at left right and left _______ the road.

Ans. crossing.

(e) The manager was not happy about the _______ conditions in his office. 

Ans. working.

(f) He is good at _______ cricket.

Ans. playing.

Look at the following sentences which you have read in Unit III of your text.

He heard correctly. (para 1 Unit III) 

Weakly he walked to the door. (para 1 Unit III) 

I have been practising secretly. (para II unit III) 

Notice the underlined words in the above sentences. They all show how something happened or how an action is performed. These words are ‘adverb of manner’.

Some words which show how an action is or was performed are angrily, suddenly, seriously and so on.

Exercise – 4

Q. 1. Some adverbs of manner are given in the box below. Select suitable adverbs from the box and complete the given sentences.

quickly, quietly, fast, angrily, easily, loudly, patiently, beautifully.

1. I ran _______ to catch the bus.

Ans. fast.

2. We could cross the road ______ as there was no traffic congestion at that time.

Ans. easily.

3. The thief entered the bedroom _______ and stole the keys from under the pillow.

Ans. quietly.

4. Mother asked Raju to-finish his homework _______ if he wanted to go out to play.

Ans. quickly. 

5. The teacher said to Satish, “Speak _______ so that all of us can hear you.

Ans. loudly.

6. The doctor listened to me _______ and said, “There is nothing seriously wrong, you’ll be alright if you take your medicine regularly”.

Ans. patiently.

7. Geeta has decorated her children’s room very _______.

Ans. beautiful.

8. He was frightened when his father spoke to him _______.

Ans. angrily.


Report Writing: You are Munish, a resident of Krishna Enclave, Rohtak Road. You visited the Crafts Bazaar at Dilli Haat. Various crafts were displayed and the artisans were at work on their product. You talked with some of these artisans about their life, their attitude towards their craft, their commitment and dedication, their problems, their expectations from the government in order to carry forward their traditional work.

You made the following notes while you were speaking to the artisans:

– Craft Bazaar is a place for talented craftsmen from different parts of the country meet.

– they have to struggle hard to make both ends meet but they love their craft. 

– use of natural materials such as coconut shells, coconut wood, paper, clay, ceramics to make products.

– their products are eco-friendly.

– workshops for children is an important activity.

– artisans want their on children to carry forward their crafts

– they want help from the government and the Handicrafts Board and other NGOs in the form of opportunities to visit other states, markets to sell their products, financial help, supply of natural materials 

– only National Awards for their work cannot make their life better.


Based on the above notes write a report in about 100 words for the monthly time magazine.

Ans. Visit the Crafts Bazaar


October 20XX

On the occasion of Gandhi’s Birthday we got a chance to visit Crafts Bazaar at Dilli Haat. This way very well organized. Various craft items were displayed and the artisan were at work on their product. We also talked with the artisans. It was revealed by them that they had to struggle very hard to make both ends meet. To make their products popular, they use coconut shells, coconut wood, paper, clay, etc. Each artisan had a desire in his mind that their tradition is carried forward by their children. The point of dissatisfaction was that they were not getting help from government and other NGOs. They wanted regular help and not just national award.


Our traditional arts and crafts are slowly disappearing, and will eventually die out if we don’t take some steps. Young people do not want to carry on their family’s traditional handicraft business because it does not help them earn much money due to slow speed of production and the less demand for handicrafts. The younger artisans want to make large quantities of products for tourists because this will help them earn more money. This is possible only if the crafts are machine made. However machine made products lack the uniqueness of handmade crafts, they all look the same. Older artisans are unable to convince their children that they should continue to practise the family art with commitment because it is a service to society. As family relationships become weak, and as the young people leave their family handicrafts businesses. We all need to think about the problems of our artisans. We need to help them by formal training buying their products and spreading awareness of their problems. We also need to know that the value and beauty of a handmade item lies in its uniqueness and we should be willing to pay a higher price for it.


Q.I. Read the following statement and write ‘true’, ‘false’ or ‘not sure’ against each one.

1. The old man was committed to his work.

Ans. True

2. Salim was an orphaned boy.

Ans. True. 

3. Salim lived with the old man in his room.

Ans. False.

4. Gopal was an ambitious boy and wanted to earn more.

Ans. True.

5. The old man fainted because of Gopal’s behaviour not only physical exhaustion.

Ans. False.

6. Gopal had requested Salim to look after his father during his absence.

Ans. False.

7. The old man trained Salim in the art of carving.

Ans. False.

II. Write your impression of the old stone mason as an artist in about 100 words?

Ans. The old stone mason was a very devoted sculptor. He was an expert artist in carving statues of Hindu gods and goddesses. He was very committed to his work. Even though he could not earn much but still he did not care less for his profession. He believes that making statues of gods and goddesses was like worshipping God. He makes each statue lovingly and patiently. He wants his son to learn the same and carry out family tradition. He is a true artist to whom work is worship. He wants to work for his love and not money.

III. Imagine you are the old stone mason. You are stunned to see Salim working on the statue. The sight makes you compare Salim with your son Gopal. Express your thoughts on how Salim is different from Gopal. Write your answer in 100 words.

Ans. Salim is a Muslim boy while Gopal is a Hindu. Gopal is the son of the old man and leaves his father to earn more money He has no concern about the feelings of his father or his illness. He leaves the work half- finished.

On the other hand Salim is an orphan boy. He is much concerned about the old man. Being a Muslim, he has full dedication both for work and the old man. He shares old man’s worry about completing the statue of Radha and Krishna. He does not leave the old man and works on the completion of the statue.

Gopal has an ambition to earn money and is completely in considerate to parents Salim though an orphaned boy feels concern for old man’s health. Gopal is not a good sculpture and has no dedication and commitment towards his traditional work. Salim has no formal training in skills. He is humble and sense of responsibility. Salim wins the heart of readers.


Read the Passages given below and answer the questions that follow each:


The youngman walked out of the room angrily. The old man sat before the half-finished marble statues of Radha and Krishna. He dropped his hands into his lap, and closed his eyes. He was praying.


1. Who is the youngman?

Ans. The youngman here is Gopal, the son of the old man.

2. Why is he angry?

Ans. He is angry because the work of sculpture brings them nothing.

3. What was the old man carving when his son left him? 

Ans. The old man was carving the marble statues of Radha and Krishna.

4. Why did the old man close his eyes?

Ans. He closed his eyes in prayer.


The old man watched stunned unable to talk. Anger gave way to a feeling of admiration. “Hai Ram” the old man whispered.


1. Who is the old man? 

Ans. The old man is the father of Gopal who did the stone carving.

2. What did he watch?

Ans. The old man watched Salim carving the face of the statue.

3. Why was he stunned?

Ans. The old man was stunned to see the Muslim boy Salim working at the statue of the Hindu God.

4. Which records did he whisper in surprise?

Ans. He whispered “Hal Ram”.


The old man stared at his son. His voice, though trembling had not lost its usual gentleness. “It is not the money alone that matters. It is the service, our service to God.” 

Set I Questions

1. Why did the old man stare at his son? 

Ans. The old man stared at his son because he had said that the stone carving did not pay them.

2. The voice of the old man was trembling. Why?

Ans. The voice of the old man was trembling because he was trying to justify his son’s made remarks in gentleness.

3. Which kind of work does not pay?

Ans. The work of stone carving for temple does not pay.

4. Trace a word from the passage that means ‘shivering’.

Ans. Trembling – Shivering.

Set II Questions

1. What has usually been, the tone of the old man’s voice?

Ans. It was the tone of anger and trembling for his son.

2. What change has taken place in his voice? 

Ans. He was trembling to justify his son’s remarks politely.

3. What is the attitude of the son towards his profession?

Ans. His son’s attitude was that of making money.

4. What is the old man’s attitude towards his profession?

Ans. The old man’s attitude was that of love and dedication.


Masterjee, Masterjee” Salim, the servant boy entered the workshop. His voice was filled with concern. He held a cup of tea in his hand. The old man lifted his head. He had a pale face and looked old and very tired. He said “Salim, soon! will be the last stone mason here, as everyone has gone to Agra. Look my son Gopal has gone too. Now I will have to finish this sculpture all by myself.”


1. Who are Salim and Masterjee? 

Ans. Salim is the servant boy with the old man who is Masterjee here.

2. How did the old man look?

Ans. The old man looked tired and pale.

3. How will the old man complete the work?

Ans. The old man will complete the work with the help of God.

4. Write the meaning of ‘sculpture’.

Ans. Sculpture means the art of carving statues.


The old man looked at the orphaned boy Salim and said. “I ve very little strength. I can’t work with the chisel the way I used to. Carving takes too long a time, much too long. I have to finish the work and I will.” The boy offered tea to the old man and said”. Please drink this. It will do you good.” “Yes, I know you will finish this work.”


1. Who is the orphan boy above?

Ans. Salim is the orphan boy in these lines.

2. Why could not the old man work?

Ans. The old man couldn’t work because he had left with very little strength.

3. What did the boy offer the old man? 

Ans. The boy offered the old man a glass of tea.

4. What promise did the boy make with the old man?

Ans. The boy promised with the old man to prepare dinner for him.


“I…..I…..I only what to help.” Whispered the boy. “I……I will learn, if you teach me, Masterjee ! I have been practising secretly. For almost two years, in the quarry. I know. I should not have done this. But isn’t this different, Masterjee? This is sculpture, isn’t it?”

The old man pulled the boy’s head against his shoulder and whispered, “There is nothing I can teach you, my son.” Go ahead, you have it in your heart. I know you will be one of the best stone masons India will ever have.”

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