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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 4 Tall Trees
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BOOK – I
INTEXT QUESTIONS 4.1
Q.1. Which part of the tree does the poet describes as its head and feet? Why?
Ans. The poet sees the top of a tree as its head. He compare its roots to human feet. The poet has personified tall trees as tall human beings. The head of the trees seem to be close to the clouds but feet are in the ground.
Q. 2. What does the phrase feet in the earth mean in the context of tree?
Ans. The phrase feet in the earth means that roots of trees are going under the ground to give them a strong hold.
Q.3. (a) What do you think the phrase ‘feet in the earth’ might mean in the context of a person who is tall (empowered) like the tall trees?
Ans. The phrase ‘feet in the earth’ gives a different meaning. A tall person who has power, position, wealth but is grounded. He is said to have his feet in the earth. He always remembers that he is an ordinary person.
(b) Have you met or do you know such a person? Why do you think that this person is like a ‘tall tree’?
Ans.Yes, we many times came across such people. They are like tall trees by their good actions.
Q.4. In what ways do the trees behave like human beings in the poem?
Ans. The poet thinks of tall trees on human beings. He finds them behave like human beings. The tall trees watch the clouds as humans. The tall trees give shelter to birds like human provide shelter
INTEXT QUESTIONS 4.2
Q.1. What time of day does the poet refer to in the stanza? Pick out the word that indicates the time.
Ans. It is evening time. The word used is ‘dusk’.
Q.2. Describe the two images that the poet has created through personification in this stanza?
Ans. The poet has created image of dusk as a person sending away the birds to shelter. Secondly the poet has created image of trees providing nest for birds to rest.
4.2.3. PART – 3
And then in the night With tall trees peeping,
The moon shines down On a world that’s sleeping
The evening changes into the night, and by the light of the moon, the trees stay awake to keep a watch over the world as it sleeps. The poet sees the tall trees as our protectors and guardians, in whose care we can sleep safety and soundly without any worries.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 4.3
Q.1. (a) Pick out words from the poem which rhythm with each other.
Ans. sky – by.
rest – nest.
(b) Write five more pairs of rhyming words of your choice.
Ans. peeping – sleeping.
beam – gleam.
sky – dry.
feel – deal.
bell – tell.
Q.2. Who else besides the tall trees is taking care of the world? How?
Ans. The moon is also taking care of the world.
The moon is spreading her light over the sleeping world.
LET US DO 4.2
You must have seen big, tall trees growing on both sides of the road in some areas. Have you noticed how these trees offer shelter and protection to travellers when the sun is bright and hot in the summer, or when they get caught in heavy rain all of a sudden?
Imagine that you are a tall tree. One day an injured/ tired/hungry boy comes running and sits down under the tree panting/puffing/in pain.
He picks up a big leaf to fan him. He covers his wound with leaves to stop the blood and ties them with a twig. He folds some leaves into a cup and drinks water from the nearby river. Then the boy lies down under the tree for sometime. The tree watchs in silence.
Describe in 3-4 lines what you might have felt as a tree
Ans. When a boy got relief under me, I felt very relieved. I felt that giving happiness to anyone is very great. I think that one gets joy if we are able to provide things of use of others.
Personification: When we speak of a thing as if it were a living being it is called ‘personification’ of that object. For example, when we say ‘walls have ears’ we speak of walls as if they were living beings with ears. When we say ‘fortune smiles on those who work hard’ we give a human form and a smile to good luck.
We apply human qualities and feelings to something that is not human in order to create a clear and vivid picture of that object or idea. Personification expresses the qualities of the personified object as human qualities and relates it to the world of humans. This adds intensity and clarity to an expression.
Poets often make use of this literary form. You will notice that the second and the fourth lines of each stanza in the poem end in words that end with a similar sound. The similar sounds lend a flow and a rhythm to the lines and make them catchy and easy to remember.
The similar sound at the end of lines is called ‘rhyme’. The pattern of rhyme varies from poem to poem. Poets create rhyme schemes of their own choice for the desired rhythm.
Q.1. (a) Write a paragraph of 20-25 words about the three activities of the tall trees as described in the poem.
Ans. In the first stanza se watch trees standing and watching the clouds. In the second stanza the tall trees provide shelter and safety to the birds in the form of nests. In the third stanza the trees are watching over the sleeping world.
(b) Which activity to you appreciate the most and why?
Ans. I appreciate the activity the most in which trees provide shelter to the birds.
Q.2. Describe in few words the picture of nature as presented in the poem.
Ans. Nature is presented as in integrated whole. The trees lovingly watch the clouds. The dusk sends birds to their homes in the trees. The trees make the birds comfortable in their nests. At night the moon spreads her soft moonlight over the world and the trees silently keep a watch. It is a picture of harmonious co-existence and working together for others’ welfare.
1. Personification adds richness to the meaning, makes a thought vivid and clean and relates an object/idea to the world of humans.
Think of some commonly used personifications associated with the words given below:
The first one is done for you as an example:
- Books are our best friends.
Ans. (a) Love is blind.
Ans. Opportunity knocks only once.
Ans. Earth is our mother.
Ans. Time waits for none.
2. Have you ever tried to write a poem? Why not try now? Write four lines on any object of nature. You may create your own rhythm scheme. Read out your poem to a friend and notice how the rhyming words lend an easy flow to your reading.
You may write on any of the following ideas or you may think of some other topic for a poem.
sun, moon, stars, night, river, stream, mountain.
Here is an example of a simple poem with rhyming words at the’ end of every pair of lines:
The sun rises every day
It brightens every bay
Stars, come up every night
They are such a wonderful sight!
Ans. Self activity.
Imagine that as an ur MLA of your area or as sarpanch of your village panchayat, you are a ‘tall’ man like at tall tree. You have both power and position. Write a short paragraph about how you used your answer to help others.
Ans. I have been selected as MLA of my area. This is a very prestigious as well as royal post. I feel that at this position I can modernise my village. I here decided to open school for girls where even vocational training will be given.
My power will be used to keep the residents happy There will be no crime in the area. All people will live tension free. There will be joy around.
STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION
Read the stanzas given below and answer the questions that follow each:
STANZA – 1
When the dusk sends quickly
The birds to rest
The tall trees shelter them
Safe in a nest
1. Name the poem and its poet.
Ans. The stanza has been extracted from the poem “Tall Trees’ written by “Eileen Mathias”.
2. Mention the time referred to in the first line.
Ans. It is the time when the sun is about to set and the night is to start.
3. Where do the birds rest?
Ans. The birds rest in their nests duly prepared in the trees.
4. What do the tall trees provide to the birds.
Ans. The tall trees provide shelter and safety to the birds.
STANZA – 2
And then in the night
With the Tall Trees peeping
The moon shines down
On a world that’s sleeping
1. Identify the time mentioned in the stanza.
Ans. It is the night time mentioned in the stanza.
2. Who peeps in the night?
Ans. The tall trees peep in the night.
3. What does the moon do at night?
Ans. The moon shines on the earth at night.
4. What does the world do at night?
Ans. The world enjoys rest and sleep at night.
STANZA – 3
With their feet in the earth
And their heads in the sky
The tall trees watch
The clouds go by
1. Name the poem and the poet.
Ans. Name of the poem is’ Tall Trees’ and name of the poet is ‘Eileen Mathias’.
2. What for do the feet and heads stand in the stanza?
Ans. The roots of the tree are called its feet and the top of the tree is called its head.
3. What do the tall trees watch?
Ans. The tall trees are watching the clouds.
4. Name the natural elements mentioned in the stanza.
Ans. Natural elements mentioned are earth, sky, trees and cloud’s.