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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 6 A Tiger Comes to Town-II
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 6 A Tiger Comes to Town-II, NIOS Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
A Tiger Comes to Town-II
BOOK – I
6.2. LET US UNDERSTAND THE TEXT
6.2.1. PART – 1
“Meanwhile, I awoke after a very good sleep ___________ responsibilities for your life or death.
In this part of the story, the tiger wakes tip and stretches himself. The headmaster who has been sitting in the loft all this time is frightened to see the tiger awake. The tiger wants to tell him that he is not going to harm him but he cannot communicate this to him. The tiger hears his master begging the teachers to allow Mm to enter the Headmaster’s room to fetch the tiger. The teachers do not want him to go in without arms or some sort of protection. The teachers call the Magistrate to stop the circus master from going into the Headmaster’s room. The Magistrate forbids the circus master from entering the room. When the circus master argues with him and insists on going in, the Magistrate tells him to sign a document that says that no one should be held responsible for the circus master’s death in case the tiger attacks him.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 6.1
Answer the following questions:
Q.1. ‘Do you mean to say you are going in as you are, without arms or protection? They asked him. ‘Yes, that’s what I’m going to do. We have no time to waste.’
(a) Where did the above conversation take for place?
Ans. The above conversation takes place outside the headmaster’s room.
(b) Who were the ‘they’ being referred to?
Ans. They refer to conservation which takes place between the teacher’s outside the headmaster room.
(c) Who were ‘they’ talking to?
Ans. They were talking to tiger’s master.
(d) Why did they want to know if he was going unarmed?
Ans. They felt that tiger was a ferocious animals and could attack the master. They could not imagine him facing a tiger without a weapon.
(e) Why do you think he said, ‘We have no time to waste’?
Ans. The tiger had woken up. If he was kept locked up for too long, he could turn ferocious.
Q.2. Where was the tiger all this time?
Ans. The tiger was in the headmaster’s room all this time.
Q.3. The headmaster was already nervous. Which actions of the tiger further added to his fear?
Ans. The headmaster became more nervous when he saw that tiger had woken up. He put his legs on the table, stretched himself and gave out a growl.
Q.4. What did tiger want to tell the headmaster?
Ans. He wanted to tell the headmaster that he was not going to harm him.
Q.5. Give two reasons why the people outside did not allow the master to go in?
Ans. The people did not allow master to go in because he was unharmed. They thought tiger could kill him.
Q.6. The master’s attempts to go in are compared to:
Ans. (b) suicide.
Q.7. Which statement made by the master confused the chairman of the tiger Committee?
Ans. The chairman of the Tiger Committee was confused by master’s statement that he knew how to tame a tiger.
He wondered how a sensible person could risk his life.
Q.8. When the chairman asked the master to sign an affidavit before he was allowed to enter the room, he was trying to put a condition on his entry. Which of the following statements correctly interprets the condition?
(a) that the master shall not take the tiger away.
(b) that he must pay an entry fee.
(c) that everybody outside would share the responsibility of his action.
(d) that he would not hold anybody responsible for whatever happened to him.
Ans. (d) that he would not hold anybody responsible for whatever happened to him.
LET US LEARN NEW WORDS 6.1
In the table below you can see three Columns A, B and C.
1. Column A consists of words from the text but there are some letters missing in each word Column B consists of the meanings of the words in Column A. Refer to the text to guess each word from its meaning. Then insert the missing letters to complete each word.
2. Column C contains a list of words that are opposite in meaning to the words in Column A. They are in mixed order Guess the antonym/opposite of each word in Column A. Draw a line to join each word meaning with its antonym.
One example has been done for you.
LET US DO 6.1
Myths and superstitions about animals: Have you heard people say that it is not a good omen (unlucky) if a black cat crosses your path?
Such beliefs which do not have a scientific logic are called myths or superstitions.
Most myths and superstitions related to animals and birds have been handed down to us. The main reason for this is that there is insufficient knowledge about animals and their behaviour. The source of these beliefs may have been coincidental or accidental. Some myths may also have been coined as preventive measures. For example, there is a belief that a sneeze before setting out on a journey is unlucky. The reason for this may be that a sneeze is a symptom of a cold or flu, which can make the journey difficult and uncomfortable.
The table below contains some myths or beliefs related to animals, and the possible reasons for these beliefs. Some of these myths/beliefs may have a logical explanation which is lost over a period of time. Find out two more myths and the possible reasons for these myths, and complete the table.
|Myth/Superstition||How do you think this myth originated|
|1. Birds will reject their young ones if the young ones are touched by human beings.||This myth is promoted to prevent people from harming baby birds.|
|2. Black cats bring bad luck.||Maybe a person had bad luck immediately after seeing a black cat.|
|Myth/Superstition||How do you think this myth originated|
|3. Breaking of glass is not good omen.||Some magic incident might here taken place.|
|4. Crying of dog’s bring bad luck.||It might be possible some death took place in the house where dogs cried.|
6.2.2 PART – 2
In this section of the story, the magistrate who is a government officer responsible for the law and order in his area, comes to the school to solve the problem of the runaway circus tiger who has entered the headmaster’s room. The circus master tells the magistrate that the tiger would harm no one if he went in and brought him out. The magistrate tells him that he will let him go into the headmaster’s room only if he signs an affidavit which says that no one should be held responsible in case the tiger attacks or injures him. The magistrate wants to take all legal precautions. The circus master agrees. The magistrate dictates the content of the affidavit to the circus master. The master who is very angry with the teachers and the magistrate decides to teach them a lesson. He writes the affidavit in Sanskrit, which they cannot read or understand. The master wants to prove to the learned magistrate and the teachers that if they cannot understand ancient language, their assumption about tiger’s behaviour in the situation may also be flawed.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 6.2
Answer the following questions:
Q.1. ‘All right, give me a piece of paper and tell me what to write.’
(a) Who is the speaker in the above line?
Ans. The tiger’s master is speaker of the above line.
(b) Who is he/she talking to?
Ans. He is talking to the magistrate.
(c) Why does he/she ask for a piece of paper?
Ans. He asks for a piece of paper so that he can write the affidavit which he has been asked to write.
Q.2. Why wasn’t the master happy to write the affidavit?
Ans. He was unhappy to write the affidavit because he could bring out the tiger without harming any one. He wrote because no one believed him.
Q.3. In which languages did the master write the affidavit? Why did he do so?
Ans. He wrote the affidavit in Sanskrit. He did so because Sanskrit is the language of Gods and our scriptures. He wanted to prove to all teachers that their learning is superficial. He also wanted a show that they could not understand mother of all language.
Q. 4. Why was the magistrate happy to see the affidavit? Why did he finally accept it?
Ans. The magistrate was not happy to see the affidavit because it was written in Sanskrit. He could not make out what was written in it. As Sanskrit is one of the official language, he could not refuse.
Q. 5. What advice did the master give the tiger before leaving? Choose the correct option from the ones given follow:
(a) Growl and make a noise to show your anger.
(b) Chase the teacher and children to create a sensation.
(c) Stare hard at the magistrate.
(d) Don’t look at human beings if you want peace of mind.
Ans. (d) Don’t look at human beings if you want peace of mind.
LET US DO 6.2
In your Friends of the Animals Club’ hold a mock parliament of animals. Each member should play the role of an animal and suggest one way in which human beings can show their concern towards animals collate these suggestions and address them to human beings in one of the following forms:
- song or poem
- a short skit (play)
- a letter to the minister of environment
- a letter to the editor of a newspaper
- a dance drama
If planning a dance or skit, you can make face masks out of paper plates or paint your faces with vegetable colours as they are not harmful to the skin. Compose background music with the help of ordinary tins and drums. Put yourself into the character of the animal you have chosen. Imitate its sounds and actions.
LET US LEARN NEW WORDS 6.2
Q.1. Given below are some sentences. Fill in the blanks with words/phrases from the text which are given in the box. Refer to a dictionary to check the meanings of the words if necessary.
|blustered||peace of mind|
(a) A Good team leader is one who works along with his team and does not-on others.
Ans. exercising unnecessary authority.
(b) Since there was plenty of evidence and several eye witness reports in support of her, the court finally _______ her of all blame for the accident.
(c). The dog ________ at every passer by.
(d) “Get out of my office, you scoundrel!” ________ the officer when he came to know that his most trusted officer had cheated him.
(e) If you want to lose weight don’t lose your but start exercising daily.
Ans. peace of mind.
(f) As he ________ his arm to pick up the bowl of salad lying at the far end of the table, his hand accidentally hit his mother’s favourite jug, which fell and broke.
Q.2. Given below is a crossword puzzle grid. Read the given clues and identify words of the same meaning in the lesson. Fill in the words in the puzzle grid.
3. the front legs of animal.
4 moving back in fear.
5 made a low sound in the throat to show.
6. a designation gives as mark of respect/ honour, usually without payment.
2. to say something with confidence in order to remove doubt.
7. a person who sees something and makes a statement about it in court.
8. a written statement/legal document 9. a room just below the roof, used for storing things.
3. the front legs of an animal – forelegs.
4. moving back in fear – cowering.
5. made a low sound in the throat to anger growled.
6. a designation given as a mark of respect/ honour, without payment – honorary.
8. a written statement/legal document affidavit.
1. confused – bewildered.
2. To say something with confidence in order to remove doubt-assure.
7. A person who sees something and show makes a statement about it in court- witness.
9. A room just below the roof, usually used for storing things – attic.
Q. 3. Body Language:
Read the sentences given below. The underlined words relate to human body and feelings expressed by gestures.
- The poor human being in the loft must have trembled.
- I raised myself, growled softly which made him nervous.
- Yes, ‘replied- the Chairman weakly.
- The chairman was visibly confused and bewildered.
The underlined words in the above sentences describe different states and moods of a person- body language.
Q.1. Given below is an interesting puzzle. Jumbled words are given for different examples of body language. Form correct words by rewriting the letters of each jumbled word.
(a) You suddenly become red in the face because of shame or embarrassment (BSHUL)
(b) You give a broad smile. (NIRG)
(c) Your body shakes because you are feeling cold. (SVIHRE)
(d) You pull your eyebrows to show you are angry or worried. (FROWN)
(e) You raise your shoulders to show that you don’t care or are not interested. (ROUGH)
Q.2. ‘Roared’ and ‘growled’ are words that express sounds made by animals. Given below are some animal sounds. Fill the correct words in the sentences given below. The first one has been done for you.
|croak chirping barked roaredhowled neighed hooting|
(a) The lion roared at the hunter.
Ans. The lion roared at the hunter.
(b) The owl was heard ______ in the night.
Ans. The owl was heard hooting in the night.
(c) The boy fell down in fear when the horse _______ suddenly.
Ans. The boy fell down in fear when the horse neighed suddenly.
(d) The dog _______ at the stranger.
Ans. The dog barked at the stranger
(e) The wolves _______ in the jungle.
Ans. The wolves howled in the jungle.
(f) The _______ of birds wakes up in the morning.
Ans. The chirping of birds wakes up in the morning.
(g) Frogs _______ on rainy days.
Ans. Frogs croak on rainy days.
? DO YOU KNOW
An affidavit is a legal document written by someone who wishes to make a statement or a declaration of certain facts. It can also be an affirmation
It can be written on an official form or paper or even on plain paper It must be signed by the person making the declaration. The purpose of a affidavit may be to assured the authorities that the person signing it takes full responsibility for his/her actions and their consequences (in case something goes wrong), and to make sure that. no other person is held responsible. It may also be for the purpose of guaranteeing that the contents of a document are correct and genuine.
A sample of an affidavit is given below :
I, Meenal Goswami do hereby declare that the information provided in this application is correct. I further declare that in case any information is found to be incorrect, my application may stand cancelled and that I will have no right to complain or plead.
Signed: Meenal Goswami
Resident of: House No, 345, Keshavpura, New Delhi-110093
6.3 LET US LEARN GRAMMAR
A prefix is a group of letters added before a word to change its meaning.
- ‘relevant’ means something significant or important.
When ‘ir’ is added as a prefix, the word becomes ir + relevant = irrelevant, which means insignificant or not important.
- ‘Human’ means something which is normal or natural to man.
It is human to make mistakes.
- ‘human’ also means suitable or fit for human beings.
When ‘in’ is added as a prefix, the new word becomes in + human = inhuman, which means cruel or not fit for human beings.
Children working in beedi factories are treated in an inhuman manner.
Exercise: Given below are two groups of words, Group A and Group B. In Group A, we have some prefixes and in Group B, there are some words. Match the two to make new words.
You can use a prefix more than once. You will be able to make at least ten words. One example is done for you.
Ans. Prefix, irregular, disonestly, irreversible, unacceptable, hypertension, unavailable, unanswerable, interschool, disinterest.
B. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
1. Indirect Speech: In our day-to-day life, there are many instances, when we hear something said by a person and then we report the same to another person. This reporting of statements is termed ‘Report Speech’.
The one who speaks is the ‘SPEAKER’ and the other is a listener When the listener reports it to a third person, he becomes the ‘REPORTER’
Complete the following table:
|You should work less||What did she say?||She said that…|
|What did she say?||She replied that she never feels tired.|
|Shall we go for a picnic?||What did she say?|
Exercise: Now change the following direct speech sentences to indirect speech.
C. Contractions: Contractions are short forms which are used very often in spoken English and in informal writing. In the examples given below you will notice how two words have been combined to make one word. Notice also that an apostrophe is inserted in place of the letter which is omitted.
I am sorry, I am late.
I’m sorry, I’m late.
He has come to take her books.
He’s come to take her books.
She was late in submitting her assignment, was she not?
She was late in submitting her assignment, wasn’t she?
Read some of the rules for contracting two words:
Now write the following sentences using contracted forms of the words given in italics.
(a) I cannot cheat anyone.
(b) I am not going for the picnic with my friends.
(c) Do not touch electrical gadgets or appliances with wet hands.
(d) Can I not buy open more ice-cream?
(e) The thief was eventually caught, was he not?
(f) You are not to be blamed.
g) They are going to Manali during the summer holidays.
(h) We are going to have lots of fun at the party.
(i) She is busy completing her homework.
(a) I can’t solve these problems.
(b) I’m not going for the picnic with my friends.
(c) Don’t touch electric gadgets and appliances with wet hands.
(d) Can’t I buy one more ice-cream?
(e) The thief was eventually caught, wasn’t he?
(f) You’re not to be blamed.
(g) They’re going to Manali during the summer holidays.
(h) We’re going to have lots of fun at the party.
(i) She’s busy completing her homework.
6.4. LET US WRITE
Formal Letter: After the incident with the tiger at the school, the worried parents of the school children wrote a letter of complaint to the Principal. Read it carefully
Parents’ Association of Malgudi Public School
Malgudi Public School
Malgudi Dear Sir,
Subject: Security Measures at School: Yesterday after coming home, our children narrated the story of a runaway circus tiger having entered the school campus. This news left us totally shocked. Though it is reliably learnt that no one was hurt or attacked, the fact that a tiger could enter the school premises has raised a lot of questions about the safety and security of our children whilst they are in school. How could the tiger enter the premises? Were the gates not kept locked? Why did the guard on duty not raise a timely alarm? What if the tiger had attacked the students and teachers?
As concerned parents we would like to know what measures you propose to take to ensure that such incidents do not happen again.
We propose that the school authorities meet the local authorities and persuade them to cancel all shows of the circus and order the circus to leave at once.
Finally, you are requested to inform us about the action taken by you in this matter.
Parents’ Association of Malgudi Public School.
A formal letter has two essential features:
1. Format: (the structure) and
2. Content: (the subject matter of the letter)
Important Parts of the Format
- The heading consists of:
(a) the writer’s address
(b) the date
- A courteous greeting or salutation, e.g. Dear Sir/Madam or Dear Mr./Mrs.
- The subject line which helps the reader to know what the content of the letter is.
- The message/content/body of the letter.
- The subscription or conclusion, e.g. Yours truly, Yours sincerely.
- The signature of the writer with name and designation.
Important Features of the Content
- The matter is the message the writer wishes to convey to the reader.
- The style of the letter should be formal.
- The tone of the letter should be polite and neutral.
- Use simple and direct language.
- Come straight to the point.
- Accuracy (there should be no spelling or grammatical errors)
- Fluency (your ideas should be arranged in logical order).
Exercise: Now imagine you are the Principal of Malgudi Public School. You have just read the above letter. Write a suitable reply to the Secretary Parents’ Association of Malgudi Public School. Include the following information in your letter
- Acknowledge the receipt of their letter (mention the date too).
- Mention the steps you plan to take to prevent such incidents in future
- Inform him about the steps you have taken to bring the matter to the attention of the local authorities, (think of 2 or 3 suitable ideas)
6.4 LET US WRITE
Letter from the Principal to the Secretary, Parents’ Association of Malgudi Public School
Parents’ Association of Malgudi Public School
I am in receipt of your letter dated 27.10.2013 in which you have expressed your concern about the safety of students in school.
The school has adequate security measures and incidents like a tiger straying onto the campus do not happen often. We are fortunate indeed that no untoward incident happened when the tiger was in the campus. Such incidents are rare, but we shall not take the matter lightly. The School Management is equally concerned and has ordered the immediate raising of the school’s boundary walls. CCTV’s are also being ordered for placement on the campus.
I have written a letter to the local authorities highlighting the seriousness of this matter. I have requested them not to give permission to any organisation to run entertainment shows involving animals as it is not only dangerous but also unethical. I have also forwarded a copy of your letter for their information.
I am sure that with the cooperation of all those concerned, we will be able to ensure better security for our children.
LET US DO 6.3
Imagine the following situation:
One day you find a small pup lying abandoned in a drain. You decide to bring it home and take care of it.
When you come home and tell everybody about your decision to keep it as a pet everyone reacts differently.
The table below gives the names of your family members and describes each member’s temperament and attitude.
Do a role play with your friends. Allot the roles of the different family members as given in the table among your friends. Explain each character’s temperament and attitude to him/her. What do you think each one would say and what would be your reply to each one? Write the responses in the table below. The first situation has been done as an example.
WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT
In this part of the story the author has again emphasised that animals do not attack unless they are deprived of food or are teased and that our fear of animals arises out of our inability to understand them. In this story, though the Master has thoroughly tamed the tiger and is sure that no one will come to harm, the magistrate and the teachers do not believe him. You learnt that to protect himself from any blame, the magistrate allows the master to enter the room where the tiger is hiding after making him sign a legal document called an affidavit. We call ourselves literate and educated, but our knowledge about animals is limited. Our ideas and fears about animals are based on this limited and often incorrect knowledge.
Q. 1. Given below is a summary of the story you have read so far. Complete the summary with the help of the words and phrases given in the box.
After some time the tiger ________. He kept his legs on the table, _________ himself, and gave out a soft ________.The headmaster who was sitting crouched _______ became more _______. Meanwhile, ________ there was a commotion. The magistrate too had He stopped the master from _______. When the master said that he knew how _______ and that it was his life which was being ________, the magistrate asked him to sign ________ that he would hold no one responsible in case ________.
Ans. After some time the tiger woke up from his sleep. He kept his legs on the table, stretched himself and gave out a soft growl. The headmaster who was sitting crouched in the attic became more nervous. Meanwhile, outside the room there was a commotion. The magistrate too had arrived. He stopped the master from entering the room. When the master told him that he could tame a tiger and that it was his life which was being put to risk, the magistrate asked him to sign an affidavit that he would hold no one responsible in case something happened to him.
Q. 2. Read the following statements. State whether they are true or false by ticking the correct option given against each statement. Give reasons for your answer.
(a) The tiger had entered a house. True/False
Ans. False (The tiger had entered a school.)
(b) The tiger sat under the table because he was frightened of the headmaster. True/False
Ans. False (The tiger sat on the floor in front of the table. The headmaster was scared of the tiger.)
(c) The tiger was roaming around without his master. True/False
Ans. True (The tiger had come out on the street on his own.)
(d) The master had no difficulty in entering the room. True/False
Ans. False (He had a lot of difficulty in entering the room because the teachers and the magistrate would not allow him to go in without a weapon.)
(e) The chairman asked the master to sign an affidavit. True/False
Ans. True (He asked him to write an affidavit saying that he alone would be responsible for the outcome.)
(f) The master wrote the affidavit in English True/False
Ans. False (He wrote in Sanskrit.)
(g) The headmaster tried to scare the tiger with a rod. True/False
Ans. False (He did not try to scare the tiger He climbed up into the attic to save himself.)
(h) The magistrate helped the master to bring the tiger out. True/False
Ans. False (He did not allow the Master to enter the room till he had signed the affidavit.)
(i) The master was a learned man. True/False
Ans. True (The master was well versed in Sanskrit.)
(j) The magistrate fined the master for being careless. True/False
Ans. False (He did not give him any punishment.)
Q.3. The master deliberately wrote the affidavit in Sanskrit. The magistrate could not read or understand Sanskrit. He was angry. He could have ordered the master to write it again in English or Hindi but he did not do so. Why?
(Hint: The master was annoyed when some teachers called the tiger a brute and also when he was prevented from going into the room by the magistrate despite his assurance that the tiger would not harm anyone. He knew that neither the teachers nor the Magistrate understood the tiger By writing in a language which he knew the Magistrate could not understand he was in a way mocking their limited knowledge and understanding.)
Ans. The Magistrate did not insist on asking the master to write the affidavit in english because.
(a) Sanskrit is considered to be official language of India. He could not ignore law of country.
(b) If he showed that to did not know about the language he would be laughed at.
Q.4. Which incident in the story did you find funny and why? Write your answer in 30-40 words.
We all look at an issue from our own perspective. Our perspectives differ on account of our temperament, awareness, needs, experience, level of maturity, status, etc. After reading both Parts I and II of the story we saw how different people, including the magistrate reacted towards the tiger.
Ans. The whole story is funny and full of incident. But when tiger sits at the entrance of the restaurant creates a lot of humour.
It must have been fun to watch that people leaving their cups of coffee and food to hide themselves. In Fact all the sights are very funny.
Q.5. Do you think the Magistrate was right in not allowing the master to enter the Headmaster’s room?
Ans. The magistrate was right in not allowing master enter the room He would allow only with permission because he was a responsible person.
Q.6. Complete the table below by summa- rising some of the actions and behaviour of different people towards the tiger.
Q. 7. You must have heard the oft-quoted proverb, ‘Don’t try the patience of a calm man’ or ‘Beware the wrath of a patient man’. This means that there is a limit to one’s patience. If someone provokes a calm, cool and patient man beyond his limits, even he will retaliate in anger. The tiger in this story was calm and harmless.
Under what circumstances could he have become dangerous? Think of at least three such situations. One situation has been done as an example.
Example: if the crowds, instead of hiding; had started throwing stones at him.
Ans. (a) If he had been kept hungry for a long time.
(b) If his master had started caning him in anger.
(c) If the children had teased him.
(d) If tiger had been imitated, he would have harmed.