Class 9 History Chapter 6 Moanariya Rebellion

Class 9 History Chapter 6 Moanariya Rebellion, Elective History class 9 SEBA Notes and Question Answer In English Medium The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SEBA Class 9 History Chapter 6 Moanariya Rebellion and select need one.

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Class 9 History Chapter 6 Moanariya Rebellion

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 9 History Chapter 6 Moanariya Rebellion Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

Moanariya Rebellion

Lesson – 6

HISTORY

TEXSUAL TYPE QUESTIONS

1. How did Hindu religion enter into Ahom royal family? What was its reaction in Assam? 

Ans: Many historians are of the opinion that one of the primary causes for the outbreak of the Moamoria rebellion in Assam was the change of religion and the persecution started by the Ahom rulers. The Ahoms had come to Assam around the eighteenth century and for many centuries thereafter they followed their own religion, customs and ways. They had their own sacred books and the priestly class. But as a result of the intermingling of cultures and religions over the years, the Ahom , the Ahom rulers too accepted Hinduism. 

Towards the middle of the 18th cent., they started bringing the Hindu teachers from Bengal and became initiated in Brahmanical sect of Hinduism. Saktism was a part of this development and many of the Ahom rulers eventually became strong supporters and promoters of the Sakti movement in Assam. 

The change of religion on the part of the Ahom rulers had a lot of repercussions in Assam. It brought about a religious clash between the Brahmanical sect and the Vaishnava sect. In the fifteenth century, Vaishnava movement had risen and spread in different parts of India. Under the leadership of Sri Sankardeva and Sri Madhava Deva Vaishnavism began to spread quite fast in Assam. But the Ahom rulers remained steadfast in their Brahmanical ideology. As a result, there occurs a clash of beliefs. Under the influence of the Brahmanical gurus, they started persecuting the Vaishnava Satras which had become highly influential-politically, socially, economically and religiously. Ahom rulers such as Gadadhar Singha, Siva Singha and his queen Phuleswari, Rajeswar Singha, Lakshmi Singha, Gaurinath Singha, etc. were noted for the persecution of Vaishnavas. 

Neo-Vaishnavites preached a classless and casteless society. The Moamariya Satra started by Aniruddha Deva was one of the firm believers of this Vaishnava ideology. But the Ahoms did their best in blocking the spread of this new ideology. In fact, due to opposition, Sri Sankardeva and Sri Madhavadeva were forced to flee from Assam to the Koch Kingdom of King Narayana. After the death of Sri Sankardeva, his disciples came back to Ahom kingdom and established Vaishnava centres. Within a short time, the movement became very popular and thousands of Assamese population particularly the people of Moran community joined the movement. The Ahom rulers, however, gave a lot of support to Vaishnava Satras such as Auniati Satra, Dakshinapat Satra, Garhmar Satra, Kuruabahi Satra, etc. which basically belonged to Brahma Sanghati. As a result of the royal support, these Stars became very rich and eventually started challenging the might of independent Moamariya Satra forcing the Moamariyas to fight for their existence and rights. Thus, the outbreak of Moamoria rebellion was one of the results of the change of religion on the parts of the Ahom rulers. 

2. Describe the causes of second and third Moamoria uprising during the reign of Gaurinath Singha. 

Ans: The outbreak of Moamoria rebellion in 1769 is an important episode in the history of medieval Assam. The rebellion passed through several stages or phases. The first phase of the rebellion began during the reign of Lakshmi Singha in 1769 and ended with the rescue and re-installation of Lakshmi Singha in 1770.

(i) Cause of second Moamariya uprising :- (1782) The second phase started in April, 1782 and lasted only, for a few months. After the death of Lakshmi Singha in 1780 Gaurinath Singha (1780-1795) ascended the throne. He was a firm believer of Shaktism. He was a bitter enemy of the Vaishnava culture. Therefore, soon after coming to power he started a series of persecution against the Moamariya Satra and its disciples. His ruthless persecution led the Moamariyas to rise up to revolt against him. This time they suddenly attacked the king midway while he was returning to his palace in Rangpur, the capital city. Several attendants and body guards of the king got killed and the king riding an elephant managed to reach the palace in safety. This was the starting point of the second phase of the rebellion. Soon the Moamariyas rose up in rebellion in different parts of upper Assam and thereafter marched towards the Ahom capital, Rangpur. However, the royal forces led by Ghanshyam Buragohain put up a strong resistance against the advancing Moamariya forces. Due to his military capability and better organization, he was able to keep off the Moamariya forces for some time. This phase of the rebellion seemed to have ended towards the end of 1782.

(ii) Cause of the third phase of the Moamoria rebellion :- (1786 to 1794) After the death of Ghanashyam Burhagohain in 1782, his son, Larhi Burhagohain popularly known as Purnananda Buragohain succeeded as the new Rajmantri. Soon after his accession to power he continued the work of his father in organising the Ahom military forces against the rebellious Moamariyas. Eventually, he captured all authority of the state and started to control the affairs of the state in an autocratic manner. This alienated the vast majority of the Moamariyas who wanted independence and freedom of religion. 

The Moamariyas felt that they would not be allowed to continue their work under the new Buragohain. Therefore, they took up arms and started the third phase of the rebellion sometime in 1786. This time the major part of the rebellion was organised by Dafla Bahatiyas under the leadership of certain Harihar Tatni. Thereafter, the Moamariyas managed to reach the capital, Rangpur and installed Bharath Singha, one of the relatives of the Moamariya Mahanta as the new king. The new arrangement continued up to the arrival of Capt. Thomas Welsh in Upper Assam in January, 1794. Within a short time, he was able to subdue most of the chiefs of the Moamariyas. But unfortunately, before he could complete the task he was called back by Sir John Shore who followed the policy of non-intervention.

3. Describe the causes of the First Moamoria uprising and its results.

Ans: The outbreak of Moamoria rebellion in 1769 is viewed as a landmark event in the history of medieval Assam. The event is a major turning-point in her history because it initiated a series of developments in Assam in the later years which changed her very face.

(i) Causes that prepared the ground for the first Momariya uprising :- The rebellion that broke out in 1769 and ended in 1805 emerged as a result of several causes. The rebellion passed through several stages or phases. The first phase which began in 1769 lasted up to 1770. The main factors that prepared the ground for the outbreak of the uprising are the following: 

(a) Murder of Nityanandadev during the reign of King Bhaga Raja.

(b) Destruction of Satra institutions by Gadadahar Singha.

(c) Misuse and exploitation of the paik system under various rulers.

(d) Oppression of the Vaishnavas by Siva Singha and his queen Phuleswari and Rajeswar Singha, under the leadership of Kirti Chandra Barbaruah.

(e) Lowering the position of Ahom nobility by the various actions of Kriti Chandra Barbaruah,etc.Immediate cause for the rebellion: The immediate cause for the outbreak of the first phase of the Moamoria rebellion in 1769 was mainly the persecution of Vaishnavas initiated by Lakshmi Singha under the the leadership of Kriti Chandra Barbaruah. Both were firm believers in Shaktism and used their Royal power to spread this culture in Assam. 

Under the influence of Brahminical Chandra let loose a reign of severe persecution against the Moamariyaz belonging to the Momariya Satra they were the strongest supporter of Vaishnavism in Assam. Secondly, Kriti Chandra refused to accept the annual tribute which consisted of some elephants brought by Naharkhowa Saikia and Raghab Neog on behalf of the Momariya Satra.He severely punished both the man on the pretext of supplying defective elephants to the king. 

It was an insult which the Moamariyas couldn’t forget. All these forced the Mom Areas to take up arms and fight for their existence and rights. Thus,originated the first phase of the rebellion in 1769. Nearly 7,000 Momariyas got together and put up a strong from against the Ahom forces.

(ii) Results of the rebellion :- the first part of the rebellion started from November 1769 and ended with the re-installation of Lakshmi Sinha in April 1770.The phase of the rebellion  was mainly organised by Gagini deka alias Bayan Deka, Raghab Neog,etc. During the first stage, the results are organised the Revolt near the capital rangpur and captured the ahom king Lakshmi Singha. The Rebels also captured Kriti Chandra Barbaruah and killed him along with his three sons. 

Mohanmala Deo,  eldest son of Rudra Singha was also killed.Thereafter, the rebels appointed Ramakanta or Ramananda, son of Nahar Khowa was the new Ahom ruler.  Raghab Neog became the Borboruah. Later, Raghab was killed by the royalist With The King of kuranganayani, the Manipuri queen of Rajeshwar Singh whom Raghab forcibly taken  as his wife. Subsequently many of the main Moamariya leaders including Ramananda were killed. King Lakshmi Sinha was rescued and made King again. The first part of the rebellion and that with the re-installation of Lakshmi Sinha in 1770.

One of the major consequences of the first phase of the rebellion was the continuation of the persecution against the Moamariyas. Once Lakshmi Singh got back his son in 1770 after his rescue from the the Momariyas’ captivity, he started a series of severe persecution against the Moamariyas. The Momariya Mahanta and his son Gagini Deka were arrested and killed police top hundreds of innocent Momo who has killed without trial. The ruthless persecution also resulted in the revolts of certain Momariya groups in different parts of the state.A group of Momariya under the leadership of Gobinda Gaonburha revolted in the Sagunmuri area. The  Hating Morans too raise the banner of Revolt against the royal powers.All this led to the weakening of the Ahom power and position.

The villages and political persecutions initiated by Lakshmi Singha and his Barbaruah alienated the Moamariyas who waited for an opportunity to strike at the Ahom royal power once again. Thus, the actions of Laskhmi Singha and Kriti Chandra prepared the ground for the outbreak of the second phase of the rebellion which began in 1782.

4. Under what circumstances did Gaurinath Singha seek help from the British?

Ans: The military expedition under captain Thomas Welsh to Assam is a major event in the history of Assam as it brought far-reaching consequences in Assam in later years. The expedition was undertaken on the basis of the special request of them at Ahom King Gaurinath Singh who beset by the following rebellions.

(i)  Moamoria rebellion :- The most important rebellion that threatened his throne was Moamariya rebellion which began in Upper Assam. This rebellion had broken out during the reign of Gaurinath’s father, Laskhmi Singha in 1769. The Moamariyas rose up in rebellion for second time in 1782 during Gaurinath’s time. The third phase of the rebellion  started some time in 1786 on a stronger scale. This time they captured the capital,Rangpur and raised up Bharath Singha as the new Ahom king. Under these circumstances, King Gaurinath Singha was forced to run away from his capital Rangpur to Guwahati.

(ii) Rebellion of Krishnanarayan :- Krishnanarayan was the ruler of the kingdom of Darrang. During the reign of Gaurinath Singha, he revolted against him because Gaurinath Singha had hatched a conspiracy and got Hansa Narayan, his father, killed. The cold-blooded murder infuriated his son Krishnanarayan, who raised a flag of rebellion against the king. In his revolt he was helped by Choudhary brothers named Hardatta-Bridatta. The rebellion got a wide support from the people of the region.

(iii) Establishment of independent kingdoms :- The rebellion of Moamoria inspired the people of different regions of Ahom kingdom to rise up against the Ahom ruler particularly because of the oppressive policies of the Ahom officials.The people of Majuli under the command of Gobha and the people of Bengmara (Tinsukia) under the leadership of Sarbananda rose up in rebellion. Each of them carved out semi independent regions within the Ahom kingdom with little allegiance to the Ahom authority.

(iv) Revolt of Bairagi Raja of Guwahati :- Due to the various rebellions that took place in Upper Assam, the Ahom king Gaurinath was forced to run away to Guwahati. But here too, he had to face a rebellion. This was organised by a man named Bairagi Raja. With the help of 100 men, he forced Gaurinath Singha to flee from Guwahati to Goalpara. Later, Bairagi declared himself to be the king of Guwahati.

Thus, by 1792 Gaurinath Singha was surrounded by rebellions all round him. Therefore in his despair, Gaurinath sent an urgent request to the British to help him in his trouble. The British who were waiting for an opportunity to come to Assam sent a military expedition to Assam under the leadership of Captain Thomas Welsh in 1792.

5. Why did Captain Welsh lead an expedition to Assam?

Ans: The arrival of a British military expedition under captain Thomas Welsh to Assam should be viewed as an important event in the annals of Assam. The event had far reaching consequences full stops the expedition had been despatched by the British government in Bengal with several goal in mind.

(i) Collect information :- One of the primary goals of the military expedition headed by Captain Thomas Welsh was to collect detailed information about the state and its Political situation. The British hardly knew anything worthwhile about the state and the hilly region that surrounded the state.The foreigners were not welcomed in this region. Therefore the Bengal Government under which Assam and the entire north-east fell wanted to get first-hand information about the region.

(ii) To support the Ahom Ruler :- The British military expedition was sent on the explicit request of Ahom ruler Gaurinath singha who had to run away from the capital, rangpur in Upper Assam due to Moamoria rebellion which broke out in 1769.The rebellion had spread far and wide in Upper Assam. Beside, many parts of lower Assam were also revolting against the central our Ahom rule.  Therefore, the King sought help to crush this rebellions.The British wanted to please the ruler as they were interested in concluding a commercial treaty with him and thereby make an opening in the region.

(iii) To block the Burmese expansion :- By 1792, the Burmese had conquered Manipur and Cachar. They were waiting for an opportunity to conquer Assam. The British was concerned about the rising power of the Burmese.The British knew that King Bodopaya was a capable ruler of Burma who started a period of military conquest and territorial expansion.They knew that their next target would be Assam and so wanted by all means to prevent the conquest of Assam by the Burmese. For this British had to get a foothold in Assam before the inched their way to Assam.

(iv) To make a base for conquest of Assam and the neighbouring states :- By 1792, many parts of India had been conquered by the British.The British were determined to bring the whole of India under their sway. The vast region of North-East India remained practically cut off from the British influence or control. This vast region could not be left independent as the British wanted the entire India to be brought under their control. Secondly, Assam was the best from where the British could move towards the hilly region of Manipur, Nagaland North-eastern Frontier areas. Therefore, they had to bring Assam under their control sooner or later. This was another important goal of the expedition.

(v) The immediate objectives :- the military expedition the lead by Captain Thomas Welsh had the following immediate objectives in mind:

(a) To establish law and order in Guwahati by explaining the Bairagi Raja.

(b) To bring about a settlement between Krishna Narayan of the Darrang and and GauriNath Singha.

(c)To suppress the Moamoria rebellion that existed in Assam.

(d) Enthrone Gaurinath as the Ahom king after crushing the Moamoria rebellion.

(e) To prepare a report on Assam for future consultation.

(f) To make a commercial treaty between the company and Assam which is favourable to the British.

With these aims in view, the British government in Bengal sent a military expedition under Capt.Thomas Welsh in November, 1792. The Expedition remained in Assam for about one and half years and returned to Bengal in July, 1794.

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