Class 10 Social Science Political Chapter 2 International Organisation – The United Nations Organisation and Others The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board Class 10 Social Science Political Chapter 2 International Organisation and select needs one.
Class 10 Social Science Political Chapter 2 International Organisation
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International Organisation- The United Nations Organisation and Others
VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS:
Q 1. Why was the UNO formed?
Ans: UNO was formed to ensure world peace and to stop by maintaining cordial relationship among various countries.
Q 2. Mention two Objectives of the UNO.
Ans: The two Objectives of the UNO are:
(i) To maintain international peace and security.
(ii) To recognize the fundamental rights of all people.
Q 3. Give the name of the UN organs.
Ans: The six organs of the UNO are:
(i) General Assembly.
(ii) Security Council.
(iii) Economic and Social Council.
(iv) Trusteeship council.
(v) International court of justice (ICJ).
Q 4. Give the name of the two agencies related to the UNO.
Ans: The two agencies related to the UNO are:
(i) International Labour Organisation (lLO).
(ii) World Health Organisation (WHO).
Q 5. Give the name of two Treaties which were signed on Disarmament.
Ans: Two treaties which were signed on Disarmament are:
(i) Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Q 6. What is meant by Human Right?
Ans: Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death.
They apply regardless of where you are from, what you believe or how you choose to live your life. They can never be taken away, although they can sometimes be restricted for example if a person breaks the law, or in the interests of national security.
LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS:
Q 1. Discuss the aims of the UNO for which it came into existence and also discuss its principles.
Ans: The aims/objectives of the UNO are:
(i) There are altogether 111 Articles in the UN charter. In its very first Article, four objectives of the UNO have been incorporated.
(1) They maintain International peace and security.
(2) To establish friendship among all countries of the world on the basis of equal rights and self determination.
(3) To bring about solutions of the existing economic, social and cultural problems and disputed issues on the basis of the international cooperation so that each and every individual person becomes able to enjoy Human Rights and Fundamental Rights.
(4) They perform as a centre of excellence to establish good and cordial relations among various countries to achieve the aforesaid objectives.
The Principles of the UNO:
The Principles of the UNO are as follows:
(a) The UNO would be established on the principle of equal sovereignty of all member countries.
(b) All the member states would have to perform their own duties and responsibilities by obeying the Rules as mentioned in the UN charter.
(c) All the member states of the UNO would have no settle all the disputes peacefully and without affecting international peace, security and justice.
(d) In the interests of maintaining cordial international relations all members shall refrain from threat or use of force against any state.
(e) The member states would have to extend help and support to the UNO if and when the UN asks for, as in the UN Charter and no member state would extend help or support to the particular state or states that are facing UNO’s punitive action.
Q 2. Write a note on the Security Council Of the UNO.
Ans: The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The Security Council is the executive organ of the United Nations. Its main responsibility is to maintain international peace and execute the decisions of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The number of temporary member states was Increased from six to ten by amending the 23 article of the UN Charter in 1963.
Q 3. Discuss the steps taken by the UNO on world to peace.
Ans: The United Nations takes several approaches to maintaining and peace and security. The United Nations Security Council, one of the main segments of the UN, is the primary branch responsible for working towards world peace.
The steps taken by the UNO on world peace are:
(i) preventive Diplomacy: The UNO adopted the preventive Diplomacy in June 2007 to resolve disputes through the discussion and promote World peace.
(ii) Disarmament Communication: The UNO had established the Disarmament Communication in January 1952 to remove war like situation among the world nations.
(ii) The members of UNO should cooperate in the problems like environmental pollution, and terrorism and in denuclearisation.
Q 4. Write about note regarding National Human Rights Commission in India.
Ans: In 1966 the UNO adopted a resolution and it sought suggestions from all its member states regarding the formation of Human Rights Commission in the respective state. Again in June 1993 in the Human Rights Commission’s conference held in Vienna, the issue of forming Human Rights Commission in each of the UN member states was reiterated. As a result such Human Rights Commission was formed in the member states to secure human rights in respective states.
On 28 September, 1993 the President of India through an ordinance formed National Human Rights Commission in India. On December 18 in the year a bill was tabled in the parliament in place of the ordinance. On 8 January, 1994 the President gave his consent on the bill and the same became an Act. The same Act is known as the Human Rights Protection Act, 1993 In accordance with this National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commissions have also been set up in the provinces.
The following members shall be included in the National Human Rights commission:
(i) One member is either a serving or a retired Judge of the Supreme Court.
(ii) Another member is either a serving Chief Justice of any High Court or retired Chief Justice of High Court and
(iii) Two members are from those having knowledge and experience on human rights activities as activists.
In addition the Chairman of the National Minority Commission, the Chairman of the Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes National Commission and the Chairman of the National Women’s Commission shall be the members of the National Human Rights Commission. The President of India appoints all the members of the Commission for 5 years.
Q 5. Discuss the steps taken by the UNO regarding human rights.
Ans: Human rights are those rights which are given to Human beings irrespective of caste creed and sex. These rights give humans to live freely in the world without any domination.
The objectives of Human Rights Declaration are:
(i) All humans beings are born free, as such should have equal right.
(ii) To secure rights of the individual that have incorporated in the Declaration.
(iii) To give due to recognitions to the above mentioned rights by the member states.
(iv) Right to Education is one of the crucial right given to Human for their better survival which also accounts for scientific progress.
(v) Right to security of life etc.
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