Assam Jatiya Bidyalay Class 7 English Chapter 1 A Bond of Love, Assam Jatiya Vidyalaya | অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয় ইংৰাজী Class 7 Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of SEBA so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Assam Jatiya Bidyalay Chapter 1 A Bond of Love Class 7 English Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.
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মৰমৰ বন্ধন/A Bond of Love
Chapter – 1
ASSAM JATIYA VIDYALAYA
অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয়
1. Answer each of the following questions.
(নিম্নলিখিত প্ৰতিটো প্ৰশ্নৰ উত্তৰ দিয়া)
a) What was Rajen thinking of?
(ৰাজেনে কি ভাবি আছিল?)
Ans. Rajen was thinking of the letter of his elder brother Jeewan.
b) Why did a feeling of repentance come to Rajen’s mind?
(ৰাজেনৰ মনলৈ অনুতাপৰ ভাৱ কিয় আহিছিল?)
Ans. A feeling of repentance came to Rajen’s mind because he had not written any letter home for long.
c) What was Jeewan’s sole preoccupation?
(জীৱনৰ একমাত্ৰ মনৰ আলম কি?)
Ans. Serving the family was Jeewan’s sole preoccupation.
d) When did Rajen get down from the bus?
(ৰাজেন বাছৰ পৰা কিমান সময়ত নামিল?
Ans. Rajen got down from the bus at five in the evening.
e) Who was waiting at the bus stop to receive Rajen?
(ৰাজেনক আগবঢ়াই নিবলৈ বাছষ্টপত কোন ৰৈ আছিল?)
Ans. Jeewan was waiting at the bus stop to receive Rajen.
f) Why did Jeewan use to escort Rajen everyday, while going to school?
(জীৱনে স্কুললৈ যাওতে সদায় কিয় ৰাজেনৰ লগ দিছিল?)
Ans. Jeewan used to escort Rajen while going to school everyday because Rajen had to cross a bridge on his way to school.
g) Why did Jeewan not take rest even though he was tired and sweating heavily?
(ভাগৰি পৰা আৰু বৰকৈ ঘমা স্বত্ত্বেও জীৱনে কিয় জিৰনি লোৱা নাছিল?)
Ans. Jeewan did not take rest even though he was tired and sweating heavily because the thought of earning the extra money to buy a blanket for his father came to his mind. He wanted to fulfil his father’s wish of having a blanket at any cost.
h) Why did Jeewan begin to plough faster?
( জীৱনে কিয় খৰকৈ হালবাবলৈ আৰম্ভ কৰিলে?)
Ans. Jeewan began to plough faster thinking of the extra money he must earn to buy a blanket.
i) Why did Jeewan mortgage all his land?
(জীৱনে সকলোবোৰ মাটি বাৰী কিয় বন্ধকত থলে?)
Ans. Jeewan mortgaged all his land for his parents’ treatment and his brother’s education.
j) Why did Rajen feel ashamed of himself?
(ৰাজেনৰ কিয় নিজৰ ওপৰতেই লাজ ভাৱ আহিল?)
Ans. Rajen felt ashamed of himself for neglecting his duty towards the family.
2. Give brief answers to the following.
(নিম্নলিখিত প্ৰশ্নৰ চুটি (চমু) উত্তৰ দিয়া)
(a) Rajen handled the letter carefuly. Who wrote the letter to Rajen? What newes did it carry? What was Rajen’s reaction after reading the letter?
(ৰাজেনে চিঠিখন সাবধানে (সযতনে) থলে চিঠিখন ৰাজেনলৈ কোনে লিখিছিল? ই কি খবৰ আনিছিল)?
Ans. Rajen’s elder brother Jeewan wrote the letter to him.It carried the news of Jewan’s serious illness. Rajen felt helpless and orphaned. He wanted to fly to his village at once.
(b) What did Rajen notice on his way home?
( ঘৰমুৱা পথত ৰাজেনে কি লক্ষ্য কৰিলে)?
Ans. On their way home, Rajen noticed his elder brother walking at a very slow pace. Jeewan even stopped repeatedly to take rest. Seeing this, Rajen’s mind flewback to his childhood days.
(c) Give an instance of Jeewan’s affection for his younger brother.
(জীৱনৰ সৰু ভায়েকৰ প্ৰতি থকা মৰমৰ এটা উদাহৰণ দিয়া)।
Ans. Jeewan used to escort Rajen everyday while going to school as he had to cross a bridge on his way. He also carried his school bag. This is an instance of Jeewan’s affection for his younger brother.
(d) What made Jeewan sad one winter evening?
( জীৱনক এদিন ঠাণ্ডাকালিৰ সন্ধিয়া কিহে দুখী কৰিলে)?
Ans. One winter evening when a strong wind started blowing, their old parents and everyone felt very cold as the wind came in through the cracks of the hut. Then their shivering father suddenly expressed his wish of having a blanket to warm himself. This made Jeewan sad.
(e) What did Jeewan do with the extra money he had earned that year?
(জীৱনে সেইবছৰত উপাৰ্জন কৰা ওপৰঞ্চি টকাকেইতাৰে কি কৰিলে)?
Ans. Jeewan bought a beautiful blanket for their parents and also sent Rajen for higher education with the extra money he had earned that year.
(f) How did Rajen express his gratitude towards his elder brother? What was the latter’s reaction.
(ৰাজেনে তেওঁৰ ডাঙৰ কাকায়েকক কৃতজ্ঞতা কেনেকৈ প্ৰকাশ কৰিলে? পাচৰ জনৰ প্ৰতিক্ৰিয়া কি আছিল)?
Ans. Rajen expressed his gratitude towards his elder brother by promising all kinds of help needed for his treatment. He also gave him some money to release the mortgaged land.
Jeewan reacted with a soothing smile on his lips and his eyes were sweetened with tears of happiness. He became very happy.
3. True or false (শুদ্ধ বা অশুদ্ধ)
(a) The handwriting on the envelope was familiar to Rajen.
(b) Jeewan regularly wrote to Rajen.
(c) Rajen’s nephew was waiting at the bus stop.
(d) Jeewan’s parents were old.
(e) Jeewan gave Rajen some money to release the mortgaged land.
(f) Jeewan’s eyes were sweetened with tears of happiness.
4. Fill in the blanks with suitable words from your text.
তেমাৰ পাঠ্যপুথিৰ উপযুক্ত শব্দ বাক্যৰে খালি ঠাই পূৰণ কৰা)
(a) Serving the family was Jeewan’s sole ………….
Ans. Serving the family was Jeewan’s sole Preoccupation.
(b) Next morning Rajen left for his ……..
Ans. Next morning Rajen left for his village.
(c) The wind came in through the ……. of the hut.
Ans. The wind came in through the cracks of the hut.
(d) A blanket was beyond Jeewan’s ……..
Ans. A blanket was beyond Jeewan’s means.
(e) The whole house bore a …… air
Ans. The whole house bore a quiet air.
(f) Rajen promised all kinds of help needed for Jeewan’s ……….
Ans. Rajen promised all kinds of help needed for Jeewan’s treatment.
Grammar and usage.
(ব্যাকৰণ আৰু ব্যৱহাৰ)
5. Fill in the blanks with suitable present participles from the box.
(উপযুক্ত Present participle লৈ খালী ঠাই পূৰণ কৰা)।
(a) The woman was looking at the setting sun.
(b) How can I get a blanket for my dying father?
(c) ‘Good morning’, said the rising sun.
(d) She replied with a smiling face,
(e) The crying boy was given a chocolate.
(f) A rolling stone gathers no moss.
(g) A drowning man catches at a straw.
6. Use the ing form of the verbs given in brackets and rewrite the sentences. Verb-ing.
(a) (serve) the family was his preoccupation.
Ans. Serving the family was his preoccupation.
(b) (swim) is not difficult to learn.
Ans. Swimming is not difficult to learn.
(c) She enjoys (talk) to friends.
Ans. She enjoys talking to friends.
(d) Ramesh likes (travel).
Ans. Ramesh likes travelling.
(e) Gopal doesn’t mind (drink)milk
Ans. Gopal doesn’t mind drinking milk.
(f) (walk) is a good exercise.
Ans. Walking is a good exercise.
(g) (Read) increases our knowledge.
Ans. Reading increases our knowledge.
(h) (Collect) old coins is his hobby.
Ans. Collecting old coins is his hobby.
(i) Children like (play) hide and seek.
Ans. Children like playing hide and seek.
(j) (Drive) cars requires great skill.
Ans. Driving cars requires great skill.
7. Rewrite the following sentences using an infinitive instead of the Italics words.
(a) Babul was pleased when he heard the examination results.
Ans. Babul was pleased to hear the examination results.
(b) Arun was told that he must leave the room immediately.
Ans. Arun was told to leave the room immediately.
(c) I have some work which I must do before I go out.
Ans. I have some work to do before I go out.
(d) Pranjit was dissapointed when he saw the building in ruins.
Ans. Pranjit was dissapointed to see the building in ruins.
(e) There are many places in India which you can visit.
Ans. There are many places in India to visit.
8. Fill in the blanks with the infinitive given in brackets. Use ‘to’ wherever necessary before the infinitive.
(a) You need not clean all the dishes.
(b) The Headmaster made us wait for an hour.
(c) The children were not allowed to see the film.
(d) I wanted to use his bicycle.
(e) She will not let anyone play with her toys.
(f) He made me do this.
(g) She wants to learn Russian.
(h) I saw him cross the road.
9. Find out a single word from the box given below for each of the following.
|Burglar omnipotent orphan pessimistCentenarian miser omnipresent linguistOptimist namesake|
a. One whose parents are dead..
b. One who saves money by starving his own self.
c. One who breaks into a house to steal.
d. One who is hundred years old.
e. One who is all powerful
f. One who is present everywhere.
g. One looking only to the bright side of things.
h. One looking only to the dark side of things.
i. One knowing many languages.
J. One who has the same name with another.
ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীৰ সুবিধার্থে শব্দকেইটাৰ অসমীয়া অৰ্থ দিয়া হৈছে :
Orphan – মাক দেউতাক নাইকিয়া, মাউৰা, Miser – অতি ধনলোভী লোক, কৃপণ, Burglar- সিন্ধিকটা চোৰ, Centenarian- এশ বছৰ পূৰ্ণ লোক, Omnipotent – সর্ব শক্তিশালী, Omnipresent- সকলোতে থকা, Optimist- শুভদৰ্শী, সকলো ভাল দেখা, Pessimist- অশুভদর্শী, বেয়াটোকে দেখা, Linguist- বহু ভাষাৰ জ্ঞান থকা লোক, Namesake- আনৰ সৈতে একে নাম থকা।
10. Match the words in A with their deninutives (smaller form) in B. (অসমীয়া দিব লাগিব)
11. Write a note on the character of Jeewan from your reading of the story.
Ans. ‘A Bond of Love’ is the story of the two brother Jeewan and Rajen. From the story, we come to know that the elder brother Jeewan is a very good amiable person.
Jeewan always took care and served each member of the family. He used to escort his brother Rajen to cross a bridge everyday, while going to school and also carried his school bag. He did all to fulfil his parents’ wish. He worked harder than usual in the field to earn extra money to buy a blanket for his dying father. He even mortgaged his land for their parents’ treatment and his brother’s education. But he never asked his brother for anything.
At last, after long time when Rajen came to him and promised all kinds of help for his treatment, tears of happiness came to his eyes. All these reveals his kind and honest nature.
Thus from the story, we have seen Jeewan as a dutiful son and a loving brother.
12. Deliver a Speech in the class on how we can keep our locality clean.
শ্ৰেণীকোঠাত এটা বক্তৃতা দিয়া কেনেদৰে আমি আমাৰ চুবুৰীটো পৰিস্কাৰকৈ ৰাখিব পাৰো।
Ans: Respected Teacher and my dear friends, I want to share my thoughts on how we can keep our locality clean. As a true citizen (responsible) it is our duty to look after our locality.
First we should start from our home and keep our surrounding neat and clean. Proper drainage system and dustbins are a must. We should also plant trees in our garden to check pollution.
Then to keep our entire area clean, we should at first try to make its residents alert and aware by holding some meetings. Proper use of public dustbins, public toilets and ban of plastic bags should be imposed.
13. Collect one story in English where you can feel a bond of love and read out in the class.
Ans. A Story on Bond of Love
Rani was a beautiful and clever girl who also became famous as a dances in her locality. She was adopted by Biju and sita, who took her from her real parents as they had no daughter. They her not as rich as her real parents who gave her away because they had already three daughters. Though not very rich Biju lead a very happy family life with his two sons and also took care of Rani. All of them loved each other and always supported each other in need. Rani always charmed all by her good nature and never knew about her real parents.
Then are day hearing about Rani’s popularity and talents her real parents came to Biju’s place and they asked Biju to give Rani back to them as their other three daughters were very dull and ugly. Then Biju told Rani all the truth and asked her to decide if she wished to go with her rich parents who has promised to give her rice dresses. good food and a big house Rani became very sad but showed respect to the real parents. Then she told them about the love and care that she shares with her adopted parents and refused to go with them. She also told them that all the riches also could ot buy her the bond of love that she shares with her poor family. Understanding her feeling her rich parents thanked Biju for all and went away praising Rani.
পাঠটোৰ শেষত আমি Gerund, Present Participle আৰু to infinitive ৰ বিষয়ে শিকো আহা।
The Gerund: It is that form of the verb which ends in ing, and has the force of a Noun and a verb.
a. Beating will not do good.
b. Girls like buying dress.
In the sentence ‘a’ the word beating is formed from the verb beat, by adding ing. Here it is also used as a Noun, being the subject of a verb. It is thus a Verb Noun and is called a Gerund.
Examples: 1. Serving the family was his preoccupation.
2. She enjoys talking to friends.
3. Ramesh is fond of travelling.
Here, ইয়াত Sentence, (1) Gerund টো Noun, ৰ দৰে Verb ৰ subject হৈছে Verb ৰ দৰে এটা object ও লৈছে sentence, (2) Gerund Noun দৰে, Verb ৰ object হৈছে, ইয়ে object লৈছে verb ৰ দৰে verb ৰ force আছে। Sentence 3, Gerund টো Noun ৰ দৰে Preposition ৰ সহায় লৈছে, Verb ৰ দৰে, এটা object লৈছে।
Listening the song, the girl danced. The ইয়াত listening শব্দটোৱে noun girl ক qualify কৰে এটা objective ৰ দৰে। ই listen verb ৰ পৰা হৈছে আৰু এটা object লৈছে। Listening শব্দটোয়ে verb আৰু Adjective দুইটাৰ অৱস্থা লৈছে আৰু ইয়াকে Participle বোলা হয়। ইয়াক Verbal adjective ও বোলে।
যেনেদৰে ইয়াত : 1. Swimming is not difficult to learn.
2. Children like playing hide and seek.
3. Driving cars requires great skill.
এইবিলাক Present Participle – ing ত শেষ হৈছে এটা ঘটনা যিটো চলি আছে বা সম্পূৰ্ণ হোৱা নাই।
Thus Present Participle ends in ing and represents an action as going on or incomplete or imperfect.
Examples: I want to eat
He tried to do this work.
এই ‘to eat’, ‘to do’ গঠণবোৰক ‘infinitives’ বোলে। infinitives বোৰ verb ৰ মূল ভেটি, সাধাৰণতে ‘to’ ৰ সৈতে লিখা যায়।
1. I have some work to do before I go out.
2. There are many places in India to visit.
3. He made me do this.
4. She will not let anyone play with her toys.
‘To’ ৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কোনো ক্ষেত্ৰত নহয়, যেনে কিছুমান Verb ৰ পাছত, উদাহৰণ স্বৰূপে : bid, let, make need, see etc. আমি ওপৰত দেখা বাক্যকেইটাৰ দৰে।