Assam Jatiya Bidyalay Class 7 English Chapter 4 Our National Symbols, Assam Jatiya Vidyalaya | অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয় ইংৰাজী Class 7 Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of SEBA so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Class 7 English Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.
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Our National Symbols/আমাৰ জাতীয় প্ৰতীক
Chapter – 4
ASSAM JATIYA VIDYALAYA
অসম জাতীয় বিদ্যালয়
1. Answer the following questions
নিম্নলিখিত প্রশ্নবোৰৰ সম্পূৰ্ণ বাক্যৰ উত্তৰ দিয়া।
(a) What are the colours of our national flag?
আমাৰ জাতীয় পতাকাৰ ৰং সমূহ কি কি?
Ans: Our national flag is a tricolour of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
(b) How many spokes are there in the wheel of the flag?
আমাৰ জাতীয় পতাকাৰ চক্ৰটোত কিমানডাল শলা আছে?
Ans: The wheel in the centre of the white strip has twenty four spokes.
(c) Who composed the National Anthem?
আমাৰ ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় সঙ্গীতটো কোনে ৰচনা কৰিছিল?
Ans: Rabindranath Tagore composed the National Anthem.
(d) What are our National Animal, Bird and Flower?
জাতীয় জন্তু, জাতীয় চৰাই আৰু জাতীয় ফুল কি?
Ans: Our National Animal is the tiger, National Bird is the Peacock and the National Flower is the lotus.
(e) Why are these national symbols important?
এই ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় প্রতীকসমূহ কিয় গুৰুত্বপূর্ণ?
Ans: The national symbols are important because they not only represent the ideals, values and spirits of a nation but also help to create unity among the people.
(f) What are the different meanings represented by the colours of the national flag?
জাতীয় পতাকাৰ ৰঙসমূহে বিভিন্ন কি অর্থ বহন কৰে?
Ans: The deep saffron represents courage and sacrifice and reminds us of the freedom struggle’s patriots. The white in the middle is the symbol of purity,peace and truth. The dark green at the bottom represents life, fertility and prosperity. It stands for faith and strength.
(g) Describe the National Emblem.
জাতীয় প্রতীকৰ ব্যাখ্যা কৰা।
Ans: The National Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion as preserved in Sarnath Museum. It is in two parts the crest and the base.There are three lions standing back to back in the crest. The base has a wheel with a bull to the right and a horse to the left. The adage ‘Satyameva Jayate’ is inscribed below the base.
(h) Why should we respect our national symbols?
আমি আমাৰ ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় প্রতীকক কিয় সন্মান কৰিব লাগে?
Ans: We should respect our national symbols because these are our national identity and they are ours. Respecting them is to respect the entire nation.
2. Write the following sentences replacing the wrong words/phrases with correct ones.
ভুল শব্দ বা খণ্ডবাক্য কেইটা পুনৰ শুধৰাই লিখা।
(a) Our National Flag is a horizontal bi-colour.
Ans: Our National Flag is a horizontal tri-colour.
(b) The Emblem shows three lions standing face to face in the crest.
Ans: The Emblem shows three lions standing back to back in the crest.
(c) The National symbols create diversity among the people.
Ans: The national symbols create unity among the people.
(d) The last stanza of Rabindranath Tagore’s song forms the National Anthem.
Ans: The first stanza of Rabindranath Tagore’s song forms the National Anthem.
(e) Our National Flag is square in shape.
Ans: Our National Flag is rectangular in shape.
(f) The emblem of India is an adoption from Sarnath Lion as preserved in Sarnath Museum.
Ans: The emblem of India is an adaptation from Sarnath Lion as preserved in Sarnath Museum.
Grammar and usage. ব্যাকৰণ আৰু ব্যৱহাৰ।
Modal is a verb.
Modal আন এটা verb ৰ লগত ব্যৱহাৰ হোৱা এটা verb (আন এটা Modal ৰ লগত নহয়)। ইয়াক সম্ভাৱনা, অনুমতি, বাধ্যতা আদি বুজাবলৈ বা প্ৰকাশ কৰিবলৈ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। Modal verb ৰ অকল এটাই আকৃতি। ইহঁতে ‘ing’, ‘বা’-ed’ আকাৰ নলয় আৰু 3rd person singular ত ‘s’ কেতিয়াও ব্যৱহাৰ নকৰে।
আন এটা verb ৰ to নথকা infinitive ৰ লগত Modal verbs ৰ ব্যৱহাৰ হয়।
Modal বিলাক হৈছে– can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would, dare, need and ought to ‘Used to’ য়ে ও modal verb ৰ আকৃতি লয়।
3. Fill in the blanks using the modals given in the box.
বাকচত দিয়া Modals বিলাকেৰে খালী ঠাই পূৰণ কৰা।
|can। would। must should may might ought to|
a) You can borrow my book, if you want to.
b) Children ought to listen to the advice that their parents give.
c) We should love our country.
d) May I come in?
e) The man said to me, ‘would you come with me?
f) You must finish the work by Monday.
g) Take an umbrella. It might rain.
4. Suppose you are…..
ধৰি লোৱা তুমি তোমাৰ স্কুলৰ ফুটবল টীমৰ অধিনায়ক। তোমাৰ টীমটো ৰাজ্যৰ বাহিৰলৈ খেলিবলৈ যাব ওলাইছে। তুমি টীমটোক যাত্ৰাটোৰ বাবে প্ৰস্তুত কৰিবলৈ এলানি দিহা দিয়া। উপদেশবোৰত need, must, ought to, can, should, will etc. modal ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি দেখুওৱা।
Boys get ready for your trip. Lets share my tips with you. First of all you need to work hard and keep your mind and body fit and strong. You must work together as a team. You ought to be determined and hopeful. Always think you can become the best. You should maintain all round discipline. Never dare to look back. You will be the sure winner if you go with these tips. May we raise our school’s name.
5. We can make ‘word tree’.
দেখুওৱাৰ দৰে ‘Word trees’ বনোৱা নিম্নলিখিত শব্দ কেইটা মূল শব্দ হিচাবে লৈ। অভিধানৰ সহায় ল’ব পাৰা।
National, nationality, nation wide, nationalist, nationalise, nationalism.
Ans: a) Symbol – Symbolic, symbolism, symbolise, symbolist,
b) Adapt – adaptation, adapting, adapted, adaptable.
c) Respect – respected, respecting, respectful, respectable, respective.
6. The words written in box B
Box ‘B’ ত থকা শব্দবোৰ Box ‘A’ ৰ প্ৰতিটো শব্দৰ Synonyms আৰু antonyms শুদ্ধ শব্দবোৰ বিচাৰি উদাহৰণৰ দৰে লিখা
|Respect, Courage||Cowardice, Essential, Valour, variety, contempt, unity.|
|Necessary, Diversity||Elegant, Trivial, Unnecessary.|
|Magnificent, Wisdom||Honour, knowledge, Stupidity.|
7. Imagine yourself as the National Flag of India. Now write a paragraph about yourself.
তুমি নিজকে এখন জাতীয় পতাকা বুলি কল্পনা কৰি লোৱা। এতিয়া নিজৰ বিষয়ে কেইশাৰীমান লিখা।
I am the National Flag of India. I am the most important and respected symbol of national identity. I help to create unity among the people of India.
I am a horizontal tricolour of rectangular shape. The ratio of my length and breadth is 3:2. I am deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom.
My saffron colour represents courage and sacrifice. White is the symbol of purity peace and truth. The dark green represents life, fertility and prosperity. I have a navy blue wheel in the centre of the white strip.
It has twenty four spokes and signifies motion progress and dynamism. People hoist me following certain rules.
I am equal for all the citizens of India. I belong to all of them and feel honoured when they show respect to me.
8. Rearrange the sentences given below to make a meaningful paragraph.
তলৰ বাক্যসমূহ পুনৰ শুদ্ধকৈ পাতি এটা অর্থপূর্ণ দফা বনোৱা—
i) He must love learning and pay attention to the things taught.
ii) He should help his family and should know about the problem of the people around him.
iii) To make his education complete, a student should take part in games and other co-curricular activities.
iv) The primary duty of a student is to study.
v) That will inspire him to do good to the society as well as his country in his later life.
vi) But more acquiring knowledge is not enough for a student.
Ans: The primary duty of a student is to study. He must love learning and pay attention to the things taught. But mere acquiring knowledge is not enough for a student. To make his education complete, a student should take part in games and other co-curricular activities. He should help his family and should know about the problem of the people around him. That will inspire him to do good to the society as well as his country in his later life.
9. Tell your friends about your favourite national festival.
তোমাৰ বন্ধুসকলক তোমাৰ প্ৰিয় ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় উৎসৱৰ বিষয়ে কোৱা―
Our country is a land of festivals. Diwali, Holi, Idd, Christmas, Durga Puja are some of our important festivals. Besides these we have three national festivals- The Independence Day, the Gandhi Jayanti and the Republic Day.
My favourite national festival is the Independence Day and it is the most important one. It is celebrated on 15th of August every year. On this day of the year 1947, India got her independence.
Since 1947, 15th August has been celebrated as a National festival in every corner of India every year. In Delhi it is celebrated with great pomp and show. Our National tricolour is hoisted at the Red Fort and different government and non government organisations. Schools and colleges also observe this special day in various ways. A big crowd of people gather every year around the Red Fort to celebrate this ceremony and to hear the speech of the Prime Minister who delivers a message to the nation.
These festivals bring the whole nation together and adds to the spirit of patriotism. I really feel proud of my country in such a festive mood.
পাঠটোৰ শেষত ‘Modals’ ৰ বিষয়ে শিকো আহা।
May I come in?
You must finish the work.
It might rain.
We should love our country.
ওপৰৰ Modals ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা শব্দকেইটাত ক্ৰমে ‘may’ য়ে permission (অনুমতি বিচৰা) বুজাইছে।’must’ য়ে (necessity or obligation) আৱশ্যক বা বাধ্যতা বুজাইছে। ‘might’ য়ে possibility সম্বাৱনা বুজাইছে আৰু ‘should’ য়ে duty কর্তব্যতা বুজাইছে।
এইদৰে বাকিবিলাক modals যেনে- can, could, will, would shall, should, ought to, need, dare আদি verb ৰ আগত বিভিন্ন অৰ্থ বুজাবলৈ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়।
Modals are used before ordinary verbs and express meanings such as permissions, possibility, certainty and necessity.