NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 32 Recommendations Through Case Studies, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 32 Recommendations Through Case Studies and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 32 Recommendations Through Case Studies Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Geography Notes Paper 316.
NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 32 Recommendations Through Case Studies
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 32 Recommendations Through Case Studies, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Geography Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.
Recommendations Through Case Studies
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
INTEXT QUESTION 32.1
Q.1. List three factors that cause variations in different parts of the country.
Ans. (a) Geographical setup.
(b) Socio-economic conditions.
(c) Development levels.
Q.2. Explain two distinctions between a general field survey and specific case study.
Ans. (a) The field survey follows set norms of enquiry and generally remains systematic, whereas case studies follows problem specific approach of enquiry for different issues.
(b) The field survey provides knowledge about a general background of the area or situation while case studies deal with particular issues and offer greater inside into the theme or issue for investigation.
Q.3. Write two priorities of planning related to each of the following:
(i) Market area.
(ii) Hill area.
Ans. (i) Market area- priority of planning.
(a) Provision for parking space.
(b) Alternative arrangements to reduce over crowding.
(ii) Hill area- Priorities of planning.
(a) Provision for transportation.
(b) Environment regeneration.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 32.2
Q.1. Provide one word answer the following statements:
(a) A localities where sellers and buyers meet and exchange goods and commodities on payments.
(b) A site with permanent physical structure of shops which offer marketing facility on daily basis.
Ans. Regular market.
(c) A site with temporary structure of shops on a fixed day in a week.
Ans. Weekly market.
(d) A shopping centre dealing with very specific items having large variety and quality.
Ans. Specialised market.
Q.2. List two characteristics of each of the following:
(i) Retail market.
(ii) Wholesale market.
Ans. (i) Retail market- Characteristics.
(a) number and variety of goods on sale remain limited.
(b) It serves to the locality and nearby places.
(ii) Wholesale market- Characteristics.
(a) Number and variety of goods on sale are in bulk have great range of choices.
(b) Specialised items dealing with selected due to larger areas and population.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 32.3
Q.1. Write three characteristics of a slum locality.
Ans. Characteristics of a slum locality:
(a) Low level of per capita income.
(b) Absence of bare minimum social amenities and facilities.
(c) Prevalence of insanitary conditions.
Q.2. List three factors that have contributed to rapid increase in the slum population of Indian cities.
Ans. (a) Increasing industrialisation and concentration of services in cities.
(b) Growing capital investments in cities.
(c) Job opportunities in urban areas.
Q.3. Suggest three priorities of planning for the improvement of a slum area.
Ans. (a) Making provisions for basics social facilities and amenities.
(b) Initiating welfare works of rehabilitation and resettlement.
(c) Facilitating economic pursuits for self employment.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 32.4
Q.1. Write the appropriate words to complete the following sentences:
(a) The proportion of tribal population to total Indian population is ________.
Ans. About 8%.
(b) The small conical huts in which tribal population of Sambalpuri lives are known as _______.
(c) The major source of income among tribal communities is _______.
(d) The tribal practice of movement along with herds of animals in source of pastures in called as _________.
Q.2. List three characteristics of a tribal community.
1. Traditional mode of production.
2. Grazing grounds are jointly shared by the community.
3. Promotion and protection of plant as well as animal life is integral part of the tribal culture and heritage.
Q.3. Enumerate three priorities for tribal area development.
Ans. Planning priorities for tribal area development are as follow:
(a) Making provisions for social facilities and amenities.
(b) Regenerating forest ecosystem, green pastures and woodlands through lakes, ponds, wells, tubewells and micro watersheds.
(c) Establishing small scale processing units on forest, animal and agri-products.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 32.5
Q.1. Complete the following sentences by appropriate words:
(a) Areas with steeper slopes and higher altitudes are called _________.
Ans. Hill areas.
(b) A Buddhist monastery in Ladakh region is known as _________.
(c) An elderly Lama who looks after the financial matters of the monastery is called ________.
(d) The distribution of rural settlements in hill areas remains ________.
Q.2. Match the list I with list II
|List I-Terms||List II-Definitions|
|(a) Phospun||(i) A popular drink in Ladakh region.|
|(b) Chhang||(ii) A hit used as temporary human habitation during summer pastures.|
|(c) Dzo||(iii) A collective form of agricultural operation.|
|(d) Diksha||(iv) An animal that is used for ploughing and thrashing operations.|
|List I-Terms||List II-Definitions|
|(a) Phospun||(iii) A collective form of agricultural operation.|
|(b) Chhang||(i) A popular drink in Ladakh region.|
|(c) Dzo||(iv) An animal that is used for ploughing and thrashing operations.|
|(d) Diksha||(ii) A hit used as temporary human habitation during summer pastures.|
Q.3. Suggest three priorities of planning for hill area development.
Ans. (i) Making provisions for basic amenities and facilities.
(ii) Promoting cottage industries based on locally available raw material.
(iii) Developing tourism.