# NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 5 Fuel of the Future

NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 5 Fuel of the Future, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Study Material of Class 12 English Chapter 4 Father, Dear Father and select need one. NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 5 Fuel of the Future Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 English Notes Paper 302.

## NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 5 Fuel of the Future

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 5 Fuel of the Future, NIOS Senior Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

### Fuel of the Future

Chapter: 5

ENGLISH

TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER

Intext Question 5.1

1. Complete the following sentences by using a word from the passage above for each blank:

(i) The passage is about a ____ of energy of the future:

Ans: Source.

(ii) A great deal of importance is given today to ____  non-polluting energy.

Ans: Clean.

(iii) Some of the alternative sources of clean, non-polluting energy are: the ____  the_____ the ___  and _____.

Ans: Solar energy, idal energy, wind energy and hydro energy,

(iv) Wind energy is the ______ by which wind is used to generate electricity.

Ans: Process.

(v) Wind _____  are used to convert wind energy into mechanical power.

Ans: turbines.

(vi) Subsequently, a ______ is used to convert the mechanical power into electricity.

Ans: generator.

2. When and where was wind energy first used?

Ans: Wind energy was used 5000 B.C. in Nile.

Intext Question 5.2

1. Answer the following questions briefly:

(i) Name the European countries that use wind energy.

Ans: Denmark, Netherlands.

(ii) When and what purpose were windmills used in America?

Ans: In America the windmills were mostly used to pump water for farms and ranches during the late 19th century.

(iii) Name the first Indian state that used wind energy. Can it be used elsewhere? Is so, where?

Ans: The first Indian state to use wind energy was Tamilnadu. Wind energy can also be used in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Keral and Hilly areas of Maharashtra.

(iv) How does research help in popularizing the use of wind energy?

Ans: Research helps find new sites for utilization of wind power. It also checks the results.

Intext Question 5.3

1. Say whether the following statements are true (T) or False (F) Correct the false ones.

(i) People prefer conventional sources. of energy to wind energy.

Ans: False: People prefer wind energy to the conventional sources.

(ii) Like oil, wind energy will one day be totally used up.

Ans: False: Wind energy is a renewable source of energy

(iii) California’s wind power plants are able to negate the bad influence of the enormous amount of pollutants its factories create.

Ans: True.

(iv) Wind power plants operate noiselessly.

Ans: False: Wind energy plants cause noise pollution due to rotorblades.

2. Given below are some headings. Fill in the blanks against each heading with points from this section.

Wind Energy

Advantages:

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

Weakness:

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

Solutions:

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

● ____________________________

Ans:

Advantages: Renewable resources

: Clean fuel

: No cost

Weakness: Wind blows intermittently.

: Produces noise pollution

: kills bird

Solutions: Noise pollution should be minimised

: Safety for birds

: Should be located in remote. areas

Overall Questions

1. Name some sources of clean  renewable energy.

Ans: Wind energy, solar energy, tidal energy, Hydro Power and Biogas.

2. What unique place does India have in relation to wind energy?

Ans: India is one the countries using wind energy. It is the only country in the world having Ministry for Renewable Energy Resources. It has done much technical development in this field. It is world’s fifth largest producer of wind energy.

3. What are the advantages of using wind energy?

Ans: Advantages of using wind energy are:

(a) It is non-polluting.

(b) It is free of cost

(c) Wind energy is renewable.

(d) It helps to generate electricity,

4. What major challenge does the use and the water in it, if any of wind energy pose to man?

Ans: Air does not blows all the time. It blows intermittently. When electricity is needed, it is not necessary that the wind may blow.

Grammar

1. The Passive Voice

We use the active voice to say what the subject does:

(i) Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind.

(ii) Surveys have shown that the public prefers wind energy.

We Use the Passive voice to say what happens to the subject:

(i) Wind energy was used to propel boats the Nile.

(ii) In the United States, millions of windmills were erected.

The passive is be (is/was/ have been, etc)+ the past participle (done/seen/cleaned, etc.)

When we used the passive, who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant.

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