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NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 1 My First Steps
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 1 My First Steps, NIOS Senior Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.
My First Steps
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
Intext Question 1.1
1. When was Sunil Gavaskar born?
Ans: Sunil Gavaskar was born on 10th July, 1949.
2. What did Sunil’s uncle Mr. Narayan Masurekar notice when he came to see the baby in hospital?
Ans: The uncle saw that the baby had a little hole near the top of his left ear lobe. It was a distinguished mark in his case.
3. (a) What was the horrible thing that happened the next day?
Ans: The next day, Sunil’s uncle saw that the baby had been exchanged with another. The child had no hole on his lobe.
(b) Where was the missing child found?
Ans: The missing child was found sleeping beside a fisher woman. She was not aware of what had happened.
4. If Nan-kaka had not noticed the hole on his ear where would he be living?
Ans: If the mistake had not been detected, Sunil would have been living as a fisherman. He would have never become a cricketer and author.
5. Find words from the passage which mean the same as:
(a) looking at things with great attention and noticing small details.
Ans: eagle eyed.
(b) unaware of what is happening.
(c) unknown nor will be known.
(d) a short period.
Ans: a spell.
Intext Question 1.2
1. How did Gavaskar break his mother’s nose?
Ans: Sunil was playing with his mother. She was bowling. Sunil hit the ball. It struck his mother. Her nose began to bleed.
2. What qualities of his mother’s character are brought out through this part of the extract. Pick 2 words/phrases that best describe her from the ones given below:
patient, encouraging, excellent cricketer, clever, unwilling to co-operate, helpful.
Ans: Patience, encouraging.
3. When Gavaskar says ‘cricket is in my blood’ he means that: (tick the correct choice)
(i) he struggles and gives his blood to play cricket.
(ii) his family has taught him the game.
(iii) he has inherited interest in the game from his family members.
(iv) It is a dangerous game.
Ans: (iii) he has inherited interest in the game from his family members.
4. What did Gavaskar like to do whenever he went to his uncle’s house? Why?
Ans: Gavaskar used to take out his uncle’s pullovers. The author used to behold them. He admired his uncle for being an outstanding player.
5. What lesson did his uncle teach him?
Ans: His uncle advised him to work hard to become a great player.
6. There is no shortcut to the top. means. (tick the correct choice).
(i) you can have a high position in life through short cuts.
(ii) you must work hard to succeed in life.
(iii) you can reach the top of the mountain by taking short-steps.
(iv) to succeed in life you must take big jumps.
Ans: (ii) You must work hard to succeed in life.
Q.7. Which souvenir did Gavaskar like the most? Why?
Ans: The author liked the stumps the most. The stumps had autographs of Indian and English team. They played matches in 1952.
Q.8. Gavaskar says, ‘I hated loosing my wicket:
(a) What would happen whenever he got out?
(b) How would the other boys react to this?
(c) What does this behaviour show about Gavaskar?
Ans: (a) He would stop the game and walk away with his bat and ball.
(b) The other boys would call him names.
(c) It shows that Gavaskar could not bear with defeat.
Q. 9. Find words from the passage, which mean the same as:
(i) clear (para 3)
(ii) controlled/checked (para 3)
(iii) of great value (para 4)
(iv) an object kept as a reminder of an event (para 4)
(v) a strong feeling/desire/idea (para 5)
Answer the following questions:
1. How did his uncle’s keen observation help Gavaskar in retaining his identity?
Ans: Narayan Masurekar was Gavaskar’s uncle. He visited the author at his birth. Narayan was a keen observer. He noticed that the child had a hole on his ear. On the following day, Gavaskar was exchanged with a baby. His uncle was horrified to find no hole in his ear. A search was made. The author was found. He was sleeping with a fisherwoman. She did not know.
2. How did Gavaskar’s family members help him become a good cricketer? (What did his father, mother and uncle do)?
Ans: Gavaskar was born in a family of cricketers. Cricket was in his blood. His father and mother helped him to become a good player. The mother used to bowl him. Once the ball hit her nose. It began to bleed. But she did not stop playing.
His father was a good cricketer. He used to discuss about cricket in the house. His uncle, Madhav Mantri was a test cricketer. He had played cricket at the highest level. Madhav Mantri had won colours, trophies and pullovers. He advised Gavaskar to work very hard to win ‘Colours’, ‘trophies’, etc.
3. How did Gavaskar behave during ‘matches’ played in his childhood days? How did his friends handle him on these occasions?
Ans: Gavaskar never wanted to lose game. He created a hell earth on such occasions. He used to stop the game. He started fighting with other players. Gavaskar would walk away with his bat and ball. His rivals cursed him. They cleverly planned to get him out. But this tension was short-lived. He compromised with them soon after.
4. (a) In his childhood days Gavaskar was not a sporting player. He would walk away with the bat and ball whenever he was declared ‘out’ which brought the game to an abrupt end. How would you convince a friend of yours who behaves in a similar fashion?
Ans: I would convince him by telling him the importance of the ‘team-work’ and to owe the ‘defeat’ also as a part of game. I would try to inculcate the sportsmanship feeling in him and would try to make him realize that to ‘win’ or to ‘lose’ is the part of game as well as of life and one should learn to live in both the conditions.
(b) What are the qualities you require in order to be a good team player? Pick up five qualities from the box.
|cooperation||over competitiveness||egotistical behaviour|
|collaboration||over ambition||individualistic approach|
Ans: (i) cooperation (i) consideration (ii) colaboration (iv) taking responsibility (u) acceptance.
Intext Question 1.2
Form new words by choosing one word from Group A and one from Group B.
You may write the new word formed in one of the ways discussed above. For example, you would like to write mother in law as mother- in-law and not as mother in law.
|Group A||Group A|
Intext Question 1.4
1. Fill up the blanks in the following paragraph with some of the compound words you have formed:
Every evening ______ used in to sit the in the verandah with her sewing machine. She stitched clothes for her grandson Ali. After finishing her work, she would feed the sparrows with.
_____. The sparrows could come and perch themselves on the ____.
Soon all the crumbs were eaten up. Grand-mother who was ____ could not see the sparrows clearly but they knew each sparrow who came and sat in her verandah every day.
Ans: Every evening grand-mother used in to sit the in the verandah with her sewing machine. She stitched clothes for her grandson Ali. After finishing her work, she would feed the sparrows with.
three-year-old The sparrows could come and perch themselves on the bread crumb.
Soon all the crumbs were eaten up. Grand-mother who was short-sighted could not see the sparrows clearly but they knew each sparrow who came and sat in her verandah every day.
Intext Question 1.5
1. Complete the following narration by using the verbs given in the brackets in the simple past tense:
When Sunil Gavaskar was born, a relative _____ (come) to see him in the hospital. His name ____ (is)
Mr. Narayan Masurekar and he had sharp eyes. He _____ (notice) that the new born baby _____ (has) a hole on his ear.
The next day when he _____ (go) again and picked up the baby, he _____ (find) that he hole was missing.
Everyone ______ (start) searching for the missing baby.
At last, Sunil was found sleeping beside fisherwoman.
Ans: When Sunil Gavaskar was born, a relative came to see him in the hospital. His name was.
Mr. Narayan Masurekar and he had sharp eyes. He noticed that the new born baby had a hole on his ear.
The next day when he went again and picked up the baby, he found that he hole was missing.
Everyone started searching for the missing baby.
At last, Sunil was found sleeping beside fisherwoman.
2. The Past tense is also used when you want to say that a situation existed in the past over a period. Or that an activity took place regularly in the past.
Read the following sentences:
(i) We played our ‘daily match’ with a tennis ball.
(ii) I loved to linger over the autograph of every player at my uncle’s house.
(iii) Whenever I batted they would decide before hand that they would appeal at a particular ball …………. and I had to go by the majority verdict.
Sentence (i) means that Similar Gavaskar and his mother used to play cricket everyday.
Sentence (ii) means that he liked to look at the autographs of the players whenever he went to his uncle’s house.
Sentence (iii) means that the boys used to get Similar Gavaskar out by appealing to the empire.
Note : Notice that in sentence. (iii) ‘would’ is used to denote the past tense. Would and used to’ are also used when you want to say that (find) something happened regularly, in the past.
Look at more examples of the use of ‘would” and ‘used to’ to denote past tense.
(i) When I was a small child, I used to play many games at school.
(ii) My teacher would always tell me that I would become a great football player.
(iii) Twice a week, I used to stay back at school for coaching in football.
Intext Question 1.6
1. Complete the following paragraph with verbs in the past tense. You may use the past tense of the appropriate verb or would or used to.
When I was a small child, I lived in Bombay. I _____ in Bombay High School. I. ____ to go to school where I_____ many things. I _____ go to Juhu Beach with my parents on Sundays. Whenever I _____ go to the beach I ____ play with my brother. We _____ keep playing till it was time to return home. On our way home we ____ stop at Quality’s Ice Cream Parlour for Ice Cream. It _____ be an enjoyable day for all of us.
Ans: When I was a small child, I lived in Bombay. I studied in Bombay High School.
I. used to to go to school where.
I learnt many things.
I enjoyed go to Juhu Beach with my parents on Sundays.
Whenever I would go to the beach I would play with my brother.
We would keep playing till it was time to return home.
On our way home we used to stop at Quality’s Ice Cream Parlour for Ice Cream.
It would be an enjoyable day for all of us.
The Negative: The negative of both regular and irregular verbs that are used in past tense is formed with did not+verb without changing the form of the verb.
(i) He did not see the movie.
(ii) Ravi did not tell a lie.
(iii) Shyam did not go for the picnic.
Note: that in the above sentences when the negative is denoted, ‘see’, ‘go’ and ‘tell’ do not take ‘d’, or ‘ed’ or any other change.