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NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 4 Father, Dear Father
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 4 Father, Dear Father, NIOS Senior Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.
Father, Dear Father
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
Intext Question 4.1
1. (a) Who has written the letter?
Ans: Rahul has written this letter.
(b) Who is it written to ?
Ans: It is written to his father.
(c) Why has it been written?
Ans: It has been written because he lost his first rank.
(d) What had his father written?
Ans: His father had written to pay more attention to his studies.
2. Is the writer a good student? Which words give you the answer?
Ans: Yes, the writer is a good student. His first rank slipped to second.
3. Are Pythagoras Theorem, and Newton’s Law of Gravity important to all of us in our daily lives? Why do you think we all learn about them?
Ans: No, they are not. We learn them for general knowledge.
4. What kind of life did the writer’s grandfather lead when he was a small boy? What was considered important in those days?
Ans: The author’s grandfather led a happy life. It was full of enjoyment. Practical experience was considered important in those days.
5. (a) What difference does the writer see in his mother’s nature, and his grandmother’s?
Ans: The author’s grandmother led a peaceful life. She was always in a relaxed mood. On the contrary his mother was tense, nervous and strung.
(b) What does he think is the reason for this?
Ans: He thinks ‘literacy’ is responsible for this.
Intext Question 4.2
1. What does the writer think is wrong with his education? What would he really like to learn about?
Ans: According to the writer, our education system has no relation with practical life. He wishes that our education should be useful in our daily life.
2. Wisdom comes as a result of (a) studying hard (b) living a full life, (c) both. What does the writer think?
Ans: Wisdom comes as a result of full life.
3. (a) By how many marks did he lose his first position?
Ans: He lost one quarter mark.
(b) Why did he lose the mark?
Ans: He said that he was invited to tea”. But his teacher said that it should be invited “for tea”.
(c) Who was right, the teacher or the student?
Ans: The student was right.
1. (a) What does the writer think is wrong with the method of evaluation of papers?
Ans: Present evaluation system is subjective.
(b) Is he right ?
(c) Should he try to get more marks or should he make sure his knowledge is accurate? What do you think?
Ans: He should ensure that his knowledge is accurate.
2. (a) Will the boy’s father ever get this letter?
(b) Which words give you the answer?
Ans: Your eyes will not see this anguished plea.
(c) Why did Rahul write the letter?
Ans: Rahul wrote this letter to express his unhappiness over losing the first rank.
3. What kind of letter did the father write to his son? Do your think he did the right thing? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans: The father wrote the letter showing his anger. His son lost his first rank. Father was right to rebuke Rahul. Even one-fourth mark make him lose his rank. In this age of competition low marks ruin life.
4. What kind of education does the writer think is most useful? Do you agree?
Ans: According to Rahul, education should be practical. Theoretical knowledge is not helpful in our life.
5. (i) Imagine that Rahul ultimately sends the letter to his father. When his father receives the letter he is deeply touched by it. What changes do you think occur in his attitude towards education.
(ii) Rahul writes this letter to his father to express his hurt and anguish. The letter was never meant to be posted to his father but was his method to deal with his hurt feeling. How do you deal with your feelings when you are hurt and in pain?
– go out for a walk
– fight with your younger brothers and sisters
– take out your anger on your pet
– listen to music
– read a book
– do something with your hands e.g. wash clothes.
– throw things
– talk to the person you are angry with and settle the matter.
– stop talking to that person altogether.
Which of the above are positive ways to handling your feelings?
Ans: (i) I think he also gets agree with Rahul and he also start thinking for the practical level based education. He now would strees on learning by doing not merely cramming and also he would start helping his son for practical knowledge.
(ii) Everyone tackles or deals with his anger pain in his own way. So Rahul is also right at his place. I generally speak to the related person or my clase friend whenever I’m hurt. Sometimes I do write about my hurt feelings in my personal and that get relaxed. I feel lightened after writing or sharing my feelings to others. Sometimes I go out for a walk even.
Word of opposite meaning can be made with several words by adding prefixes like ‘un’, and ‘im’. Add the prefixes ‘un’ and ‘im’ to the following words:
e.g. He was ____ that this bicycle tyre was punctured. (aware, unaware)
1. Harish got poor marks in English because he thought it was an ____ subject and did not study.
2. I do not like to go to dinner at anyone’s house ______.
3. Many medical centres are run by ____ doctors.
4. Sensible students always start studying well before the exams. It is ____ to finish the course the day before the paper.
5. Rohit wrote to Ashok and invited him for a visit, but the letter remained ______ .
6. Would you like to wear this sweater?
I bought it last year, but it has remained _____ so far.
7. I saw a beautiful statue in the shop, but it had a small crack on the base. I decided not to buy an ____ piece.
8. Eating too much fat and sugar is _____.
9. To call an elderly person by his first name is______.
10. It is the duty of a good teacher to be ______.
Read these questions from the piece, ‘Father, Dear father’.
(i) But in your departmental store do you apply Pythagoras’ Theorem or Newton’s Law of Gravity?
(ii) Is it possible the world has turned topsy-turvy in just 70 years? What answer does the writer expect to (i) ____ and (ii) ______.
(iii) Make a list of the other questions in the lesson and try to decide how they should be answered.
(a) Notice that all the questions begin with Is/Are or Do.
(b) Also that they are to be answered with Yes or No.
(iii) The following is a list of other questions. Father, Is he fibbing?
Do you know what she said?
Are we living, Papa?
Or is life by passing us.”
Are we missing out the essence of life?
Papa, do you know where I lost that quarter mark that brought about my fall?
2. Make sentences using the given phrases and Is/Are or Do/Does according to what is given in the brackets.
e.g., Manohar i? (Is/Are) Is Manohar ill?
(i) _____ You going to the market? (Is/Are)
(ii) _____ The teacher in the class? (Is/Are)
(iii) _____ You like mangoes? (Do/Does)
(iv) ______ Your mother cooking? (Is/Are)
(v) _____ Your brothers eat eggs? (Do/Does)
(vi) ______ You know Sanskrit? (Do/Does)
3. There are other ways of asking question also.
Your questions can begin with Who/ Whose/ What and Which.
(i) Who ans Whose are used when you ask questions dealing with people eg. Who took my pent? Whose books are these?
(ii) What is used to begin question which deal with persons as well as things: What time is is/What did you say?
(iii) Which is used to begin question about persons or things, where the choice is limited. Which school did he go to ? Which of these two boys is a better swimmer?
The answers to these questions are framed differently from those in the earlier group of questions that you read about in the previous exercise.
Questions that begin with Wh. Words, need a different kind of answer. e.g.
(i) Who wrote the letter in the lesson, Father, Dear Father?
Ans: Rahul wrote the letter.
(ii) What did he write about?
Ans: He wrote about his performance in the examination.
(iii) Which person’s attitude to life did he like better-his mother’s or grandmother’s?
Ans: His grandmother’s attitude.
4. Now, fill in the blanks in the following sentences with Who, What and Which.
(i) ______ is that man?
(ii) ______ book do you want, The Tale of Two Cities or David Copperfield?
(iii) _____ is your name?
(iv) ____ time is it?
(v) _____ met him
(vi) ______ one of them won the tennis match _____ Becker or Sampras?
5. Other question words (Words with which you start questions) are Why? When? Where? and How?
(a) Why means, for what reason’ and is usually answered with because’, eg., Why are you late? Because, I missed the bus..
(b) When means ‘at what time’, eg. When do you get up? At 7 a.m.
(c) Where means ‘at what place’. Where do you live? In Delhi.
(d) How can be used to ask about a method?
_ followed by a noun. How tall are you?
I am 5 feet 8 inches tall.
_ With ‘much’ and ‘many’. How many of you are coming tomorrow?
There of us.
_ With an adverb. How fast does he drive?
Not very fast.
Now fill in the blanks, using Why, Where When and How.
(i) ____ were you absent yesterday?
(ii) ____ will you come to my house?
(iii) ______ are you going?
(iv) ______ are you so tired today?
(v) ____ shall I meet you?
(vi) _____ can we go shopping?
6. Now, make questions, using Which Where, What and Who, which will fit the underlined words in the following answers:
(i) I have been to the zoo.
Ans: Where have you been?
(ii) Amit and Amar are sitting under the peepal tree.
Ans: Where are Amit and Amar sitting?
(iii) My name is Mohinder.
Ans: What is your name?
(iv) I like this book better than one.
Ans: Which book do you like better?
(v) Sulekha ate the cake.
Ans: Who ate the cake?
(vi) I will give you the brown shirt.
Ans: Which shirt will you give?
7. Fill in the question words in this dialogue:
Ravi : This shirt is very smart _____ did you buy it?
Alok : In a shop on Mall Road.
Ravi : _____ shop was it-Modern Stores, or Jagannaths?
Alok : Modern Stores. But there is another shop on M.G. Road which is just as good.
Ravi : _____ is its name? M.G. is very long ______ exactly is it?
Alok: _____ you know Tourist Hotel? It is next door, and it is called Uttam Singh Duggal & Sons.