NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function

NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Notes Paper 258.

NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function

Join Telegram channel

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 2 Logistics Function, NIOS Secondary Course Logistics & Supply Chain Management Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Logistics Function

Chapter: 2

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.1

1. __________ is a process of passage of goods through the supply chain of a firm.

Ans: Logistics.

2. Which of the following is not an element of logistics?

(A) Packaging.

(B) Inventory.

(C) Financing.

(D) Transport.

Ans: (C) Financing.

3. _______ is important as it assists transportation and storage.

Ans: Unitisation.

4. The simplest product to store and move is a __________.

Ans: Cube.

5. A most important element of logistics that most will recognize is __________.

Ans: Transport. 

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.2

1. ___________ given by a buyer to a supplier is an important legal document of the dealings between the two parties.

Ans: Purchase Order.

2. Purchase Order includes the explanation and ___________ details of the product to supply, delivery period, price, taxes, payment terms, and other commercial terms as agreed.

Ans: Technical.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.3

1. Inventory management is to keep sufficient inventories to meet consumer requirements, and at the same time its carrying cost must be __________.

Ans: Lowest.

2. Inventory management is fundamentally an exercise of a balance between the __________ service for not missing the market opportunity and the cost to meet the same.

Ans: Customer.

3. The inventory is the utmost problem in the overall supply chain of a company because of its higher carrying cost, which indirectly affects the __________.

Ans: Profits.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.4

1. __________ is the storing of goods up until they are sold.

Ans: Inventory management.

2. The effectiveness of a company’s marketing depends on the suitable decision on __________.

Ans: Warehousing.

3. Warehousing is the vital decision area in __________.

Ans: (D) Reverse logistics.

4. Which of the below is not a major decision in warehousing?

(A) Size of Warehouse.

(B) Design of the building.

(C) Warehouse layout.

(D) Reverse logistics.

Ans: (D) Reverse logistics. 

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.5

1. For the movement of materials from the supplier to the buyer, __________ is the most essential and important component of logistics.

Ans: Transportation.

2. While an order is placed, the deal is not completed until the goods are physically moved to the __________ place.

Ans: Consumers.

3. Companies choose the transportation mode depending on the __________ of transportation in the region or country.

Ans: Infrastructure.

4. Cost is the most significant consideration in the choice of a particular __________ mode.

Ans: Transport.

5. Sometimes the urgency of the products at the __________ end overrides the cost consideration. 

Ans: Consumer.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.6.

1. The speediness of the inventory movement through the supply chain depends on the methods of __________.

Ans: Material handling.

2. An inappropriate method of material handling will result in the product__________ and delivery __________ and incidental overheads.

Ans: Damages and delays.

3. __________ and __________ in material handling improves the logistics system productivity.

Ans: Automation and mechanisation.

4. The storage system is vital for maximum __________ in the given size of a warehouse.

Ans: Space utilisation. 

5. The material handling system should support the storage system for speedy movement of goods in and out of the ____________.

Ans: Warehouse.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 2.7

1. __________ is an important element in the physical distribution of goods, which influences the effectiveness of the logistical system.

Ans: Logistical packaging.

2. __________ plays a vital role in material handling, in damage protection, and storage space economy.

Ans: Warehousing. 

3. The load utilisation has a major bearing on logistical packaging regarding cost of __________.

Ans: Packaging.

4. Logistics is fundamentally an information-based activity of __________movement through a supply chain.

Ans: Inventory.

5. __________ system plays an important role in delivering a greater service to the consumers.

Ans: Information.

TERMINAL EXERCISE

1. “Logistic functions play a pivotal role in the process of supply chain management”. Do you agree? Justify.

Ans: There are 5 elements are undertaken to determine the role of logistic functions are: 

(i) The role of storage material handling and warehouses in logistics: It is to enable a stable stream of products to be supplied by manufacturers. Manufacturers need to operate at highest efficiency, but customers tend not to demand goods at the same rate as a manufacturer supplies them. There tends to be an imbalance between supply, which is steady, and demand, which can be unpredictable. The answer is to store the surplus goods produced by a manufacturer until they are demanded by consumers. To attain this, warehouse buildings are required. These require specialist storage equipment such as racks or shelving and material handling equipment to move them around the warehouse and to unload and load delivery vehicles.

(ii) The Role of Packaging and Unitisation: Packaging is a crucial part. Unitisation is important as this assists transportation and storage. The simplest product to store and move is a cube, so packaging and unitisation attempts to take all different shapes and sizes of product and pack them as near as possible into a cuboid shape.

(iii) The Role of Inventory: Inventory is a logistics element that is related closely to storage and warehousing. It is connected with what stock to hold, where the stock is located and how much stock to hold. In effect, inventory is controlling the flows of goods going into and out of a warehouse. This is achieved by looking at sales data of past orders and using several mathematical and statistical tools to try to predict how much goods will be demanded by customers. Inventory management is not an exact science, but depending on how variable demand can be, it is a useful tool to help manage the flows of goods through the supply chain.

(iv) The Role of Transport: A most important element of logistics that most will recognize is transport. This comprises all modes of transport including freight trains, road vehicles, air transport and cargo shipping. Without transport, goods would be unable to move from one stage to another within a supply chain. Few goods with short supply chains, such as foodstuffs, do not travel far. Other more complex products consist of several components that can be transported from all over the world.

(v) The Role of Information and Control: The element of information and control is required by all the elements to act as triggers to several operational procedures. Information and control’s role is to assist design information systems that can control operational procedures.

Yes, I agree that logistic functions play a pivotal role in the process of supply chain management.

Supply chain management (SCM) involves the coordination of various activities, including procurement, production, inventory management, transportation, and distribution, to ensure that products are delivered to customers efficiently and effectively.

2. List out various activities performed for order processing in the logistic operation.

Ans: The various activities performed for order processing in the logistic operation are: 

(i) Order Processing: This involves the actual processing of orders, which includes picking, packing, and preparing items for shipment. Orders may be processed manually or through automated systems such as warehouse management systems (WMS).

(ii) Returns and Exchanges: Returns and exchanges are most prominent when looking at profitability. When a customer returns a product for a refund, your business usually loses money on customer acquisition and return shipping costs. 

(iii) Customer Communication: Customer communication management (often referred to as CCM) is how organisations create, manage, and improve the methods they use to interact with customers.

(iv) Invoicing and Billing: Invoices are generated based on the orders processed, which include itemised lists of products, prices, taxes, and shipping charges. Billing information is communicated to customers, and payment processing may be initiated.

3. Inventory control provides the basis of availing market opportunity. How? Explain with suitable illustration.

Ans: Inventory control is the process of managing and tracking the inventory levels, orders, sales, and deliveries of a business. It can involve manual or automated processes to ensure that the right amount of stock is available at all times, while also keeping costs low by preventing over-ordering or under-ordering.

Inventory management is to keep sufficient inventories to meet consumer requirements, and at the same time its carrying cost must be Lowest. It is fundamentally an exercise in a balance between the customer service for not missing the market opportunity and the cost to meet the same. The inventory is the utmost problem in the overall supply chain of a company because of its higher carrying cost, which indirectly affects the profits. It involves the cost of financing the insurance, inventory, losses, storage, pilferage, and damages.

inventory control serves as the cornerstone of effective supply chain management and enables businesses to seize market opportunities by optimising inventory levels, responding swiftly to demand fluctuations, enhancing customer satisfaction, exploring new markets, executing promotional strategies, optimising costs, and fostering strategic collaboration.

4. Explain inbound and outbound management process flow of warehouse.

Ans: Inbound and outbound management processes are critical components of warehouse operations, ensuring the smooth flow of goods into and out of the facility. 

Here’s an overview of each process flow:

Inbound Management Process Flow:

(i) Receipt of Goods: Goods receipt is the first step in the inventory management process, where goods and materials arriving at a warehouse are officially received, checked, and recorded. This process is crucial for ensuring that the inventory of the warehouse is accurate and up-to-date, which is fundamental for efficient operations.

(ii) Quality Inspection: After verification, the received goods undergo quality inspection to ensure they meet the specified standards. Any damaged or defective items are identified, documented, and reported to the supplier for resolution.

Outbound Management Process Flow: 

(i) Order Processing: order processing is the process or workflow that happens after a customer places an order. This starts with confirming the products are in stock, then picking the items from inventory and sending them to a sorting area.The outbound process begins when customer orders are received through various channels, such as online platforms, phone calls, or emails. Orders are reviewed, validated, and prioritised based on factors like order size, urgency, and customer preferences.

(ii) Picking: Once orders are processed, warehouse staff initiate the picking process, wherein they retrieve the requested items from their respective storage locations. Various picking methods may be employed, such as batch picking, zone picking, or wave picking, depending on the warehouse’s operational needs.

5. Explain the process of material handling and storage system of logistics operation function.

Ans: The speediness of the inventory movement through the supply chain depends on the methods of material handling. An inappropriate method of material handling will result in the product images and delivery delays and incidental overheads.

Automation and mechanisation in material handling improves the logistics system productivity. Other considerations for choice of a material handling system are the capacities to be handled, the required speed for material movement and the service level to be offered to the consumer. The storage system is vital for maximum space utilisation (cubic and floor) in the given size of a warehouse. The material handling system should support the storage system for speedy movement (storage and retrieval) of goods in and out of the warehouse.

(i) Logistical packaging is an important element in the physical distribution of goods, which influences the effectiveness of the logistical system.

(ii) It varies from product packaging, which is based on objectives of marketing. However, logistical packaging plays a vital role in material handling, in damage protection, and storage space economy. 

(iii) The load utilisation has a major bearing on logistical packaging regarding cost of packaging.

6. On what basis can you say that packaging is information based activity ?

Ans: Packaging information refers to the data or content displayed on the packaging of a product. It includes both emotional and factual information that is intended to communicate with the consumer and provide them with relevant details about the product.

7. Mention modes of transport and its various steps in logistic operation.

Ans: The modes of transport and its various steps in logistic operation:

(i) Air Transport.

(ii) Road Transport. 

(iii) Sea Transport.

(iv) Rail Transport .

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top