Class 11 Political Science Chapter 7 Federalism

Class 11 Political Science Chapter 7 Federalism The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NCERT Class 11 Political Science Chapter 7 Federalism and select need one.

Class 11 Political Science Chapter 7 Federalism

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 11 Political Science Chapter 7 Federalism Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here…

Judiciary

Chapter – 7

POLITICAL SCIENCE

TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

PART – A

Q.1. Think which of the following statements would be correct. State way.

(i) Federalism enhances the possibility of people from different regions to interact without the fear of one’s culture being imposed upon them by others.

(ii) Federal system will hinder easier economic translation between two different regions that have distinct types of resources.

(iii) A federal system will ensure that the powers of those at the center will remain limited.

Ans :- (i) Federalism enhances the possibility of the people from different regions to interact without fear of one’s culture being imposed upon them by others. The statement is correct because in federalism, the federal government is a system in which the totality of governmental powers is divided and distributed by the National constitution between central government and the government of the individual states or other territorial sub divisions of which the federation is composed.

(ii) It will not happen. As the resources are of distinct types, federalism will give impetus to the economic translation amongst the different regions.

(iii) Certainly the federalism implies more powers to the constituting unit of federation.

Q.2. Based on the first few articles of Belgium constitution – given below – explain how federalism is visualized in that country. Try and write a similar Article for the constitution of India.

Title I : On Federal Belgium, ist components and its territory.

Article 1 :- Belgium is a Federal state made up of communities and regions.

Ans :- In Indian constitution Article 1 says India that is, Bharat shall be a union of states 

Article 2 :- Belgium is made up three communities. The French community, the Flemish community and the German community.

Ans :- India aspires to be a society that is free of caste discrimination but the seats in each province were distributed among three main communities, Hindu, Muslims, Sikhs and general.

Article 3 :- Belgium is made up of three regions. The Walloon region, the Flemish region and the Brussels region.

Ans :- In India there is a union of 28 states and seven Union Territories. According to Art 1: (i) India, that is, Bharat shall be a union of states.

(ii) The states and union territories there of shall be as specified in the first schedule.

Article 4 :- Belgium has four linguistic regions: The French speaking region, the Dutch-speaking region the bilingual region of Brussels capital and the German-speaking region. Each commune ( country borough) of the kingdom is part of one of these linguistic regions.

Ans :- In the constitution of India the right schedule describes different languages. Eighteen languages and given in this schedule – Assamese, Bengali, Gujrati, Hindi Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Monipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, sindhu, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, These languages are spoken in different regions of India. Article 344 (i) and 351.

Article 5 :- The Walloon region is made up of the following provinces. The Walloon Brabant, Hainault, Liege, Luxemburg and Namur. The Flemish region is made up of the following provinces: Antwerp, the Flemish Brabant, West Flanders, East, Flanders and Limburg.

Ans : Art 1 (ii) States the states and the union territories there of shall be as specified in the First schedule.

Q.3. Imagine that you were to rewrite the provisions regarding federalism. Write an essay not more than 300 words making your suggestions about –

(a) Division of powers among center and the states.

(b) Distribution of financial resources.

(c) Methods of resolving inter state disputes. and

(d) Appointment of Governors.

Ans :- Federalism :- As we know the federalism is an institutional mechanism to accommodate two sets of politics – one at the regional level and the other at the national level.

Division of Powers :- There are two sets of governments the Central Government and the State Governments. The disputes between the two are settled by the judiciary and the constitution is supreme. The constitution clearly democratic the subjects. It shows how the powers are distributed between the center and the states. The centre has the important powers. The economic and financial powers are centralized in the hands of the Central Government by the constitution.

Distribution of financial resources :- There are certain taxes which are levied by the centre, but are collected by the states e.g. stamp duty and the taxes on the production of medicines and cosmetic preparations. There are certain other taxes which are levied and collected by the centre and are distributed among the states. 

Taxes included in this category are duties on the succession of property other than agricultural land, terminal taxes on goods or passengers carried by our, sea or railway, taxes on railway freights and fares, taxes on newspapers, taxes on state trade or commerce etc are taken by the centre. Some other taxes are such as levied and collected by the centre but those are distributed between center and the states. 

Income tax on the income other than that from the agricultural land is included in this centre and the state on the recommendation of the Finance commission. States of Assam, Bihar Orissa and west Bengal are given grants in lieu of export duty on jute and jute products.

Methods of resolving inter – state disputes : In the public interest, the parliament may establish an inter- state council it deems so necessary. This council enquiries into the inter – state disputes and then finally submit its report or recommendations to the parliament.

Haryana, Punjab dispute on Chandigarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra have dispute over sharing the water of Narmada river.

Appointment of Governors :- The Governors of the state are appointed by the president on the advice of the council of Ministers of the centre. He has the power to remove them as well. That is why the Governors normally work as representatives of the Central Government in the States. They inform the centre about the conditions of the state off and on.

Q.4. Which of the following should be the basis for the formation of a State? Why?

(a) Common longue. 

(b) Common economic interest.

(c) Common religion.

(d) Administrative convenience.

Ans :- The administrative convenience should be the bases for formation of a State because now-a-days the people and the political process must develop a culture and a set of values and virtues like mutual trust, tolerance and a spirit of cooperation. Federalism celebrates both unity as well as diversity. But is a federation, different units (states) are formed on the basis of common linguistic regions.

Q.5. Majority of people from the states of North India- Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh. Bihar speak Hindi. If all these states are combined to form one state, would it be in tune with the idea of federalism? Give arguments.

Ans :- No, it does not seem to be in tune with the idea of federalism, because it would not be in such a position that it would be called federation. As we know the federation has many characteristic, unity in diversity or we can say that federalism is an institutional mechanism to accommodate two sets of politics one at the regional level and the Hindi speaking regions or the northern states are combined then there would be only a single unit or the new state would be unitary and not a federation.

Q.6. Why are many states unhappy about the role of the Governor?       

Ans :- The role of the Governor has always been a controversial issue between the states and the centre. The action of the Governor are often viewed as interference by the central government. When two different parties are in power at the center and the state, the rule of Governor becomes even more controversial According to Article 356, the Governor has the power to recommend the dismissal of the state government and suspension or dissolution of the state assembly. In the decades of 1980s the central government removed elected governments in the Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. In Bihar, also in 2005, the state Assembly was dissolved by the president on the recommendation of Governor Sh. Buta Singh through the supreme court latter pronounced unconstitutional. Due to these type of actions or due to such type of role of the Governor, the states have been unhappy.

Sl. No.সূচী-পত্ৰ
Unit 1 PART – A
Chapter 1Constitution: Why and How?
Chapter 2Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter 3 System of Representational Democracy
Chapter 4Executive
Chapter 5Legislature
Chapter 6Judiciary
Chapter 7Federalism
Chapter 8Local Government
Chapter 9Constitution as a Living Document
Chapter 10The Philosophy of the Constitution
Unit 2PART – B
Chapter 1Introduction to Political Theory
Chapter 2Freedom
Chapter 3Equality
Chapter 4Social Justice
Chapter 5Rights
Chapter 6Citizenship
Chapter 7Nationalism
Chapter 8Secularism
Chapter 9Peace
Chapter 10 Development

Q.7. President’s rule can be imposed in a state if the government is not being run according to the provisions of the constitution. State whether any of the following conditions are a fit case of imposition of president’s rule in the state. Give reasons.

(i) Two members of the state legislative Assembly belonging to the main opposition party have been killed by criminals and the opposition is demanding dismissal of the State Government.

(ii) Kidnapping of young children for ransom is on rise. The number of crimes against women are increasing.

(iii) No political party has secured majority in the recent elections of the state legislative Assembly. It is treated that some MlAs from the other parties may be lured to support a political party in return for money.

(iv) Different political parties are ruling in the sate and at the center and they are bitter opportunities of each other.

(v) More than 2000 people have been killed in the communal riots.

(vi) In the Water disputes between the two states, one states government refused to follow the direction of the supreme court.

Ans :- (i) Two members of the state Legislative Assembly belonging to the main opposition party have been killed by Criminals. It does not show that Constitutional machinery has failed or is on the verge of collapse. This can’t be construed as a reason for invoking Article 256.

(ii) Again this do not imply that the constitutional machinery has failed and are not the fit cased for invoking Article 356.

(iii) It is feared that some MlAs from the other parties may be lured to support a political party in return for money. Unless and until there is a substantive professor of horse trading, this situation can not be a fit core for imposition of the president’s rule.

(iv) The very fact that two different parties are ruling in the state and at the center is the strength of federalism. Their being the bitter opponents of each other, is no excuse for the invocation of Article 356.

(v) More than 2000 people have died in the communal riots. It clearly shows that a grave law and order problem exists in the state. It implies the complete failure of the Constitutional machinery. The basic right to live is being violated. It may be a fit care for the imposition of president’s rule.

(vi) Inter-State disputes comes under the original Jurisdiction of supreme court. The state government has refused to follow the direction of the supreme court. It clearly shows that the administration in the state is being not carried out according to the provision of the constitution. It may be a fit case for the imposition of the president’s rule.

Q.8. What are the demands raised by states in their quest for greater autonomy?

Ans :- The states have raised the demands or autonomy. This sense of autonomy has different meaning and different methods have been adopted by different states and different parties. Some states want to get more powers than the centre one of the demands for autonomy is that states should have independent sources of revenue. In the autonomy demands of Tamil nadu and Punjab also there was implicit support to the idea of greater financial powers. 

The states resent the control of the centre over the administrative machinery. Autonomy demands may also be related to cultural and linguistic issue. Residual powers have been allotted to the centre by the constitution. But some of the states think that they are in a weak position and that the centre’s position is very strong and that harm their interests. Parliament is empowered to enact laws on the state subjects given in the state list. The states feel helpless at this.

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