Class 11 History Chapter 3 An Empire Across Three Continents The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 11 History Chapter 3 An Empire Across Three Continents and select need one.
Class 11 History Chapter 3 An Empire Across Three Continents
Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 History Chapter 3 An Empire Across Three Continents Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…
An Empire Across Three Continents
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
Q.1. If you had lived is the Roman Empire, one would have lived in the towns or in the countryside? Explain why.
Ans :- In the Roman Empire one would have preferred to live in the towns because:
( i ) Unlike the countryside which was subject to exploitation by the aristocracy and other wealth persons, towns were centers of affluence and culture.
( ii ) Social hierarchies though pronounced were not suffocating as towns provided more opportunities for employment in the bureaucracy army and participation is prosperous trade.
( iii ) Famines in those times were not uncommon. One crucial advantage or living in the town/city was simply that might be better profiled for during food shortages and famine than the countryside, e.g. Doctor galan corroborates city dwellers as it was their customs stored enough grain for the whole next year immediately after the harvest, leaving little for consumptions of the country people.
( iv ) Still another attraction were the public baths were a striving feature of Roman urban life.
(v) They provided the populations a much higher level of iron entertainment. For example, one calendar tells us that spectacular a (Shows) filled no less than 176 days of the year.
( vi ) Towns were enters of art, learning and various intellectual activities c apart from governance.
Q.2. Compile a list of some of the towns, cities rivers, seas and provinces mentioned in the chapter and try and find on the maps. Can you say something about any three of the items in the list you have compiled?
Ans :-Towns and cities Rome, carthage, Naples Antioch, Damascus Alex Andrea, Fairyism, Constantinople, Tangiers, Hipponium Rivers- Rhine, Dandles, Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, Guadalguivir,
Seas :- Mediterranean’s Sea, Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Red sea, Black Sea.
Provinces :- Gaul (Modern France) Campania, Macedonia Morocco, Egypt, Tripolitania, Africa proconsularis, Tunisia, Numidia, Morocco, Baltica (South ern spain) Haspania (Northern spain) syria.
( i ) Mediterranean Sea :- Continents of Europe and Africa are separated by this Sea
( a ) It stretches all the way from spain in the west to Syria in the east.
(b) It was the heart of the Roman Expire.
( c ) Rome dominated the Mediterranean and all regions around that sea in both directions north and south.
( d ) Chification of the Mediterranean’s gave boost to long distance seaborne trade.
( e ) Added to the prosperity of the empire. Control over the provinces enabled flow of immense resources for expansion and consolidation of the empire.
( ii ) Spain :- Roman Control of spain made available vast tracts of cultivable land.
( a ) The growth of garrison towns, administrative urban centers, and Roman colonies become, focal points from where lalin culture was disseminated,
( b ) Facilitated changes.
(a) Strategically located
( b ) Surrounded on three sides by sea
( c ) Made lwin capital of empire by emperor Constantine.
( d ) Site of modern Istanbul is Turkey and previously called Byzantium’s.
( e ) Marked shifting of seat of Roman emperor i.e. power from Rome to the east.
( iii ) Rhine and Danube :- These rivers formed the northern boundary of the Roman empire.
Q.3. Imagine that you are Roman housewife preparing a shopping list of household requirements. What would be on the list?
Ans :- Do it yourself. Students need to use their own imagination. Hints- Food item/Dress items/wines ornaments/ Artifacts etc.
Q.4. Why do you think the Roman government stopped coining in silver? Which metal did it begun to use for the production of coinage?
Ans :- The Roman government stopped coining the silver coin popularly known as the denarius (4 1/2 gm of silver) because.
( i ) Silver was obtained from the mines of spain
( ii ) Constant usage of this metal had led to depletion of these mines.
( iii ) It was not economically viable to mine the Spanish mines.In case of silver coins denarii’s the Romans under emperor Constantine started using the metal gold.
The solidi were minted on a nosy large scale and the striking feature was it outlasted Roman Empire.
ANSWER INA SHORT ESSAY
Q.5. Suppose Emperor Trojan had actually managed to conquer India and Romans had held on to the country for several centuries. In what ways do you think India might be different today?
Ans :- (Students need to use their own imagination to tackle the question)
( i ) Exchange of culture would have led to further diversify and flowing of each.
(ii) Changes in art architecture there literature and law, as was evident even in the case of indo Greek.
( iii ) Exchange of ideas e.g. Roman law would have helped growth of Indian Law.
( iv ) despite patriarchal society and genders biases Indian woman could have been given right to property and easy divorce much earlier.
( v) Indian agriculture would have benefit from Roman diversful application of water.
( vi ) Conversion and christianisation.
( vii ) The hither to caste and class differences would have been further stratified.
(viii) Concept of public baths and entertainment.
( ix ) Exploitation of Indian wealths and resources.
( x ) Slavery would probably have become more rampant at Romans society was known to use slave labour in every sector-agriculture, mining, handicrafts etce.
( xi ) Impoverishment of peasantry at an early date.
( xii ) The pattern of Indian trades would probably have under gone vast changes.
Q.6. Go through the chapter carefully and pick out some basic features of Romans society and economy which you think make it took quite roads.
Ans :- A Society :-
( i ) Widespread prevalence of the nuclear family.
( ii ) Wife did not transfer to her husbands authority but retained full rights in the property of her natal family.
( iii ) The considerable legal rights woman enjoyed in owning and managing property.
( iv ) In law married couple was not one financial entity but two.
( v ) Divorce was relatively easy and needed more than a notice of intent to dissolve the marriage by either husband or wife.
( vi ) Prevalence of vast diversity is religious cults.
( vii ) Plurality languages that more spoken, the styles of dress and costume, the food people ate, and even their forms of social organization and patterns of settlement.
( viii ) The concept of amusement.
B. Economy :-
( i ) Preference to live in urban centers
( ii ) Cities as bedrock of the imperial system.
( iii ) Cities better provided for.
(iv) Disputes between the rich and the poor.
( v ) Constant exchange of commodities between various regions e.g.wine from campavia, wheat from sicily and by jacuim olive sit from south Spain.
( vi ) Diversified application or water power around the Mediterranean.
( vii ) Use of hydraulic mining technique in Spanish silver and gold mine.
( viii ) Working on mines on a gigantic scale so much so that the levels output were not reached till the 19th century e.g. silver and mind of Spain.
( ix ) Existence of well organized commercial and banking networks.
( x ) Widespread use of money, e. g. silver deaneries, and gold solidi.
( xi ) Competition amongst regions for control of the main markets e.g. olive oil Behind Board movement prosperity of the regions rose and fell depending on effectively they could organize production, transport and quality of the goods.
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