NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery

NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Home Science Notes Paper 321.

NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 32 Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Home Science Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Introduction to Creative Hand Embroidery

Chapter: 32

MODULE – VI (B): CREATIVE HAND EMBROIDERY

TEXTUAL QUESTIONS

INTEXT QUESTIONS 28.1

Q. 1. Match the following:

(i) Embroidery scissors(a) Metallic piece to protect finger.
(ii) Thimble(b) Needle used for embroidering fine fabric.
(iii) Frame(c) Sharp equipment like tweezers for cutting thread. 
(iv) Fine Needle(d) Needle for embroidery on coarse fabric.
(v) Silk floss(e) Lower strength than cotton thread. 
(vi) Thread clipper(f) Wooden ring to hold embroidery fabric.
(vii) Resham thread(g) Sharp and pointed edge for cutting.
(viii) Thick needle(h) Silk thread with good shine. 
(i) Very strong embroidery thread.

Ans: 

(i) Embroidery scissors(g) Sharp and pointed edge for cutting.
(ii) Thimble(a) Metallic piece to protect finger.
(iii) Frame(f) Wooden ring to hold embroidery fabric. 
(iv) Fine Needle(b) Needle used for embroidering fine fabric.
(v) Silk floss(h) Silk thread with good shine. 
(vi) Thread clipper(c) Sharp equipment like tweezers for cutting thread.
(vii) Resham thread(e) Lower strength than cotton thread.
(viii) Thick needle(d) Needle for embroidery on coarse fabric.

Q. 2. Complete the following statements by choosing the correct answer. Justify the statement. 

(i) A needle size is chosen according to the

(a) thickness of fabric. 

(b) texture of fabric.

(c) colour of fabric.

(d) weave of fabric.

Justification: _____________.

Ans: (a) thickness of fabric.

Justification: Needles are sold in packages of one size or assorted sizes from 0 to 10. These embroidery needles are sharp and of medium length. Too long or thick a needle may leaves holes in your material. Use only good steel needles that are suitable for the fabric being sewed on.

(ii) Thimble helps in protecting the

(a) thread.

(b) needle.

(c) finger.

(d) thumb.

Justification: _____________.

Ans: (c) finger.

Justification: Learn to wear a thimble and practice until you sew better and more easily with one than without. Choose a light-weight thimble of silver, celluloid or chrome that fits you middle finger without pressure and without leaving any colour on your fingers. 

(iii) Good embroidery can be created by using only

(a) cotton threads.

(b) silk floss.

(c) silk thread.

(d) appropriate equipment.

Justification: _____________.

Ans: (d) appropriate equipment.

Justification: Sewing requires patience and planning. Strat with good equipment. It pays for itself many times over in better workmanship, time-saving and ease of working.

(iv) Embroidery scissors must have 

(a) long and sharp blades.

(b) pointed sharp blades.

(c) long and pointed blades.

(d) long, pointed and sharp blades.

Justification: _____________.

Ans: (d) long, pointed and shapr blades.

Justification: Scissors are less than six incles long and have both handles of the same size. They are used to cut in hard to get at places and to snip short threads. Keep cutting tools well sharpened and use them properly, that is, only for cutting fabric and thread.

(v) While framing a delicate fabric for embroidery

(a) stretch the fabric tight between the hoops. 

(b) wrap the inner hoop with a thin fabric.

(c) use a metallic hoop.

(d) use a wooden hoop. 

Justification: _____________.

Ans: (b) wrap the inner hoop with a thin fabric.

Justification: The design should fit inside of the ring frame and there should be enough fabric around the design for framing as if the rim of the frame is on any part of the embroidery. Wrap the inner hoop with a thin fabric to give it strength.

TERMINAL QUESTIONS

Q. 1. Define word ’embroidery’.

Ans: Embroidery can be defined as ornamentation of fabric with needlework, the art of decorating a fabric with fanciful ideas. The needlework is done with threads of linen, cotton, silk, silver, gold, wool and even hair. The piece can be decorated by beads, shells, feathers etc. along with the thread. Embroidery is an ancient textile art which uses strands of embroidery floss or wool to create a picture in thread on canvas, linen or other cloth. It forms a part of needlework.

Q. 2. List the equipment required for embroidery.

Ans: A storage container to keep these items:

• Sewing Tape Measures.

• Sewing Gauges.

• Pincushions and Magnetic Pinholders. 

• Needle Threader.

• Hand Sewing Needles. 

1. 2 pair of scissors-an inexpensive pair of paper scissors and good quality pair of fabric shears.

2. Tracing wheel-there are smooth wheels and spooked wheels.

3. Dress-makers carbon-this is a special carbon paper that is available in combination packs or for light fabric or for dark fabric.

4. Hand sewing needles-a nice assortment to fit various sewing needs. 

5. Thread-a variety of basic colours in a good quality thread.

6. Optional Items.

Q. 3. What points will you keep in mind while buying embroidery needles? How will you take care of your needles?

Ans: A sewing needle is a long slender tool with a pointed tip. A needle for hand sewing has a hole, called the eye, at the non-pointed end to carry thread or cord through the fabric after the pointed end pierces it. Hand sewing needles have different names depending on their purpose. Embroidery needles are identical to sharps but have a longer eye to enable easier threading of multiple embroidery threads and thicker yarns. Points to be kept in mind while buying embroidery needles:

1. Identify your fabric type: Tightly woven fabrics will require a sharper needle to penetrate the weave. Looser fabrics, even weaves and canvas require a blunt tipped needle. Blunt needles just “push aside” the fabric threads to go between them. Using a sharp needle on a loose fabric invites trouble. If you hold the fabric up to the light and cannot see distinct holes, you probably need a sharp needle, otherwise, use a blunt tip. Examples of tightly woven fabrics are satin, quilting cotton, cotton or synthetic blends for embroidery (like tablecloths, pillowcases).

Examples of loosely woven fabrics are linen, canvas, synthetic even-weaves.

2. Determine your thread size: The thread you’re using will determine how large an eye you will need. Your pattern should tell you what type of thread you should use, and how many plies (strands) to use together. If you are not sure, consult a thread coverage guide. Many of the thread manufacturers have these.

3. Be clear what you’re trying to make: This is important. No rules can cover every situation, so here’s where you do some thinking. Regardless of your fabric, you need different needles for different purposes.

4. Select a type of needle: A longer, sharp needle will be used to attach lining fabric to needlepoint. A needle with a tiny eye is needed for beading. Long needles are needed to get through thick projects, while very short ones are useful for quilting (a longer needle bends too much). If you’re pulling ribbon, cable or metallic thread through a tight fabric, you’ll want a needle, like a large chenille, that can make a big enough hole that the fiber isn’t damaged while pulling it in and out of the tight weave. In this case, you might try a larger eye than you would otherwise use. So think a bit at this stage.

5. Select the eye size: Once you have your needle type, it’s time to pick a size. Use the smallest eye you can thread using the fibers. For needlepoint, the needle should drop through the canvas easily without forcing. The eye sizes are smaller as the number goes higher.

6. Needle Care: Try not to leave your needle in a good area of the fabric – even good ones can discolour with time, especially if your hands were oily. Store in a felt needle-case or in a wooden tube needle-case. Discard needles when they feel rough or don’t pull through the fabric smoothly. Don’t leave needles lying around.

Q. 4. List the different kinds of threads that can be used for embroidery.

Ans: This is because the thread is what will remain over the fabric so ensuring that the thread will not distort or twist in place is very important. For that, you can choose the right partner for a specific needlework from the following types of embroidery threads:

Embroidery floss or stranded cotton: This type of thread is composed of six strands of twisted threads of cotton, silk, rayon, linen and the newly added novelty materials of flosses. The cotton ones are usually used in hand embroideries like cross stitching and the likes.

Perle cotton, pearl cotton or French coton: It is another type of embroidery threads. This is an S twisted thread that is composed of 2 plies of thread. It is extremely shiny. It is popular in three sizes and weights:

– Matte embroidery cotton has thread that has 5 plies of twisted thread.

– Medici is a fine, light-weight wool that is used for everyday hand embroidery. 

– Crewel yarn is a type of thread that is composed of 2 plies of fine yarn of wool.

Sometimes a wool-like acrylic is also applicable as a substitute.

– Persian yarn is a thread basically manufactured from the Persian makers. This is a type of embroidery thread that is made up of 3 strands of loosely twisted yarn of wool or acrylic. This type is usually used for needlepoint.
– Tapestry yarn or tapestry wool is the last type of embroidery thread. It is composed of 4 plies of tightly twisted yarn.

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