# NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management

NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Home Science Notes Paper 321.

## NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Time and Energy Management, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Home Science Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

### Time and Energy Management

Chapter: 11

MODULE – III: RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

TEXTUAL QUESTIONS

INTEXT QUESTIONS 11.1

Q. 1. Indicate whether the following statements are true or false by writing ‘T’ or ‘F’ against each statement:

(i) To finish all our work on time, it is necessary to keep working throughout the day.

Ans: F.

(ii) Knowledge about all the types of work helps in preparing a time-plan.

Ans: T.

(iii) A time-plan is made for the present.

Ans: F.

(iv) A time-plan has to be practical and not realistic.

Ans: F.

(v) A time-plan is prepared to squeeze time for all work, rest and entertainment.

Ans: T.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 11.2

Q. 1. Fill in the blanks:

(i) When you save time you can also save __________.

Ans: energy.

(ii) By work organisation you are not only able to save time and energy but also reduce ___________.

Ans: stress/tension.

(iii) Light work requires __________ energy as compared to moderate work.

Ans: less.

(iv) _________ work requires the maximum amount of energy to be completed.

Ans:  Heavy.

Q. 2. Classify the following into light, moderate and heavy work:

(i) Gardening.

Ans: moderate.

(ii) Brisk walking.

Ans: moderate.

(iii) Playing chess.

Ans: light.

(iv) Digging.

Ans: heavy.

(v) Mopping the floor.

Ans: heavy.

(vi) Making a rangoli.

Ans: moderate.

(vii) Painting a door.

Ans: moderate.

(viii) Sewing a dress.

Ans: light.

(ix) Studying.

Ans: light.

(x) Playing hockey.

Ans: heavy.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 11.3

Q. 1. Tick mark the most appropriate answer out of the four options given:

(i) Work simplification leads to

(a) spending more money.

(b) reducing work heights.

(c) saving time and energy.

(d) use of gadgets.

Ans: (c) saving time and energy

(ii) Dovetailing is

(a) finishing a job before starting the next.

(b) doing two or more activities at the same time.

(c) working at correct height.

(d) using a labour saving device.

Ans: (b) doing two or more activities at the same time.

(iii) Correct posture helps us to

(a) do work on time.

(b) get enough rest.

(c) do two activities at the same time.

(d) save energy while working.

Ans: (d) save energy while working.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 11.4

Rearrange the letters in the following words to denote:

(i) feeling tired IEFGAUT.

Ans: FATIGUE.

(ii) boredom fatigue COHCYSPISLOGLA.

Ans: PSYCHOLOGICAL.

(iii) accumulation of waste material in muscles LCIOOSPYHILGA.

Ans: PHYSIOLOGICAL.

(iv) desire to quit work SUPERTARTNOIT.

Ans: FRUSTRATION.

TERMINAL QUESTION

Q. 1. Your neighbour always complains that she cannot finish her work in time. What are your suggestions to her?

Ans: Plan your time: Scheduling is the process by which you look at the time available to you, and plan how you will use it to achieve the goals you have identified. By using a schedule properly, you can:

• Understand what you can realistically achieve with your time.

• Plan to make the best use of the time available.

• Leave enough time for things you absolutely must do.

• Preserve contingency time to handle ‘the unexpected’.

A well thought-through schedule allows you to manage your commitments, while still leaving you time to do the things that are important to you.

Scheduling is then a five-step process:

1. Identify the time you have available.

2. Block in the essential tasks you must carry out to succeed in your job.

3. Schedule in high priority urgent tasks and vital “house-keeping” activities.

4. Block in appropriate contingency time to handle unpredictable interruptions.

5. In the time that remains, schedule the activities that address your priorities and personal goals.

Q. 2. List the steps involved in making a time plan.

Ans: Steps in time plan:

1. Plan: Managing time involves both making plans and carrying them out. A time plan shows what one expects to do in a given period of time such as a morning or an afternoon.

2. Arrange: It also indicates the sequence of the various activities and the time allowed for each one.

3. Plan time saving combinations of activities if possible.

4. Allow sufficient time to do each task satisfactorily and easily.

5. Plan some time for personal recreational activities as well as for family group activities.

6. Distribute tasks so that each member of the family will carry a fair share of responsibility.

7. Make the plan flexible enough so that it can be adjusted to meet emergencies, unexpected interruptions or shift in daily or weekly plans.

Q. 3. State the various measures one can take to simplify work.

Ans: Work simplification is about completing a task in the most effective way, using the least amount of energy and the shortest possible time. Learn to limit the steps in a job, or even whole jobs that are not essential. Determine exactly what is necessary by asking:

• Why is this necessary?

• Is it worth the expenditure of energy?

• What if the task was not done?

Examples:

• Soak dishes to eliminate the need to scrub.

• Allow dishes to air dry.

• Use a quilt and fitted sheets to make beds. Iron selectively – towels and sheets do not need to be ironed.

Q. 4. Identify the different types of fatigue. Suggest some measures to overcome them.

Ans: Two types of fatigue are:

1. Physical fatigue: It is the inability to continue functioning at the level of one’s normal abilities. Physical fatigue or muscle weakness (or “lack of strength”) is a direct term for the inability to exert force with one’s muscles to the degree that would be expected given the individual’s general physical fitness.

2. Mental fatigue: In addition to physical fatigue also includes mental fatigue. Such a mental fatigue shows itself both in decreased wakefulness or just as a general decrease of attention.

Steps or Measures to overcome fatigue:

1. Determine what is causing fatigue by asking yourself:

• do you sleep late and wake up early?

• do you eat right?

• are you depressed or sad?

• are you doing too much in one day?

• do you have too many things going on in your life? Too much stress?

2. If it is a matter of fixing your daily schedule/routine by having three healthy meals a day or sleeping earlier or exercising, then:

• try following a desired schedule for a week and see what results come from it.

• if you don’t feel as tired, keep up with the schedule and begin adding one more change either per week or per month.

3. However, if things don’t change, ask yourself when you feel most tired.

4. Are you generally happy, but just tired or are you sad as well?

• If it is sadness, talk to a friend or family member who you can trust and are close to. This will help you maybe see a different way of looking at things or give you ideas on how to become happy again.

• If it is depression, then you should talk to a professional who might be able to suggest some changes or give you medicine to help you.

Tips:

• Change does not happen immediately.

• Take it slowly.

• Don’t try to fit too many changes at the same time. The change might not happen immediately and it will discourage you.

• Ask a friend to help you with your changes. Join a gym with a friend, do something active with others, join a club.

• Share your feelings with someone close to you or start writing in a diary.

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