NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Women Change The World Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Women Change The World and select need one. NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Women Change The World and After Question Answers Download PDF. NCERT SST Class 7 Solutions.
NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Women Change The World
Also, you can read the NCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Book guidelines. CBSE Class 7 Social Science Solutions are part of All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Women Change The World and After, NCERT Class 7 Social Science Textbook of Our Pasts – II: History, Social and Political Life – II: Civics, Our Environment: Geography. for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
Women Change The World
Social And Political Life-II [Civics]
QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
Q.1. How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women’s right to equality?
Ans: Woman are considered inferior to men. There is a belief that women do not have technical mind and therefore they cannot be scientists. It is thought that women are good at only certain jobs such as teaching and nursing. These stereotypes about women’s capability or incapability of doing certain jobs badly affect women’s right to equality. It is due to this reason that women are not paid same wages than their male-counterparts.
Q.2. List one reason why learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya.
Ans: Learning the alphabets was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya because they could share their ideology with the society through their writing. In their writings they imagined new ways of thinking and living for both men and women.
Q.3. “Poor girls drop out of schools because they are not interested in getting an education”. Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.
Ans: The above statement does not hold true because of the following reasons:
(i) There are no facilities in rural areas especially in Adiwasi areas.
(ii) Schools are not close to people’s homes and there is no transport facility like buses, vans. So parents may avoid to send girls to school.
(iii) Some families are so poor that they cannot afford to send all the children to school. The poor families prefer to send boys to school.
Q.4. Can you describe two methods of struggle that the women’s movements used to raise issues? If you had to struggle against stereotypes about what women can or cannot do, what method would you employ from the ones that you have read about? Why would you chose this particular method?
Ans: (i) The two methods of struggle that women’s movement used are:
(a) Campaigning: It is an important part of women’s movement in a planned way to achieve a certain purpose or goal. For example, women’s campaign led the Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment at work place and within educational institutions.
(b) Protesting: Pretesting is a method of struggle of an individual or group of people against the unfavourable law or policy. For example, women protested against the violation of women’s rights of better treatment by the husband and inlaws at home.
(ii) If I had to organise a struggle against stereotypes, I would employ campaigning method.
(iii) I would choose this particular method because it raises the issues and makes aware the people concerning to the problem, positively. It leads the decision-making authority to go in depth of the issue.
Q.1. Fill in the table below. Add up the number of male and female images separately for each occupation. Now answer the questions that follow.
(a) Are there more images of men than women?
(b) In what kinds of jobs were there more images of men than women?
(c) Have all the nurses been drawn as females? Why?
(d) Are there fewer images of female farmers? It so, why?
(NCERT Textbook, page 55)
(a) Yes, there are more images of men than women.
(b) Men are mostly employed as factory workers, scientists, pilots, truck drivers etc. Most farmers are also males. We rarely see a female farmer.
(c) Yes, all the nurses have been drawn as females. The reason behind it is that females are more patient and gentle than men. They can look after the sick people with great care.
(d) Yes, there are fewer images of female farmers. It is because farming is a very tough and strenuous job. It includes ploughing, sowing, weeding, harvesting, threshing etc. All these works are physically demanding. Women generally lack such stamina. Therefore, they do not involve themselves in farming. They only assist their male-partners. However, a few women can be seen nowadays in this field.
Q.2. How does your class exercise compare with Rosie Ma’am’s class exercise?
Ans: In my class exercise and Rosie Ma’am’s class exercise the ratio of male and female images are more or less the same with very small number of variations.
Q.3. Study the given table and answer the questions that follow:
Source: Select Education Survey, GOI 2003-20
(i) What percentage of children leave school at the elementary level?
(ii) At which level of education do you see the highest percentage of children leaving?
Ans: We see the highest percentage of children leaving school at secondary level (63%).
(iii) Why do you think that the percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving school is higher than that of any other group?
Ans: The percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving schools is higher than that of any other group because:
(a) There are very few proper schools or teachers who teach on a regular basis.
(b) Many of them are too poor to send their children to school.
Q.4. From the given table, convert the figures of primary class children who leave school into a bar diagram.
SOME OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS FOR EXAMINATION
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1.What links the women’s roles within the family?
Ans: The patience and gentleness of women link women’s roles within the family.
Q.2. Define the term ‘Dowry’.
Ans: Dowry is the sum of total material gifts (goods, money or property) that a girl brings with her at the time of marriage.
Q.3. Name the author of Sultana’s Dream.
Ans: Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain.
Q.4. What led Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1947 to protect women against sexual harassment at workplace and in educational institutions?
Ans: Serious efforts made by the women’s movement led the Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment at workplace and in educational institutions.
Q.5. Who is the first women engine driver for Northern Railways?
Ans: Laxmi Lakra, from a poor tribal family in Jharkhand, is the first women engine driver for Northern Railways.
Q.6. Write the name of the place where Ramabai set-up her Mission.
Ans: Ramabai set-up her Mission in Khedgaon near Pune.
Q.7. Why is woman’s work at home not recognised as work?
Ans: Woman’s work at home is not recognised as work as it does not bring any money or income for family.
Q.8. What do you understand by a woman entrepreneur?
Ans: A woman who initiates, organises and operates a business enterprise is called a woman entrepreneur.
Q.9. Write the name of two successful women entrepreneurs from India.
Ans: Two successful women entrepreneurs from India are:
(i) Kiran Majumdar Shaw.
(ii) Indra Novys.
Q.10. Give the name of first autobiography of an Indian woman writer.
Ans: ‘Amar Jiban’ is the first known autobiography of an Indian woman writer Rashsundari Devi.
Q.11. Why is the work of household is considered an endless job?
Ans: Because there are no fixed hours when it begins or ends. It is endless and time consuming too. So, the work of household is considered as an endless job.
Q.12. Describe the women’s movement.
Ans: Women individually and collectively have struggled to get equal opportunities for women in the society. This struggle is known as women’s movement.
Q.13. Why is women’s economic work underestimated in various reports in India?
Ans: There is serious underestimation of women’s economic work since they are mostly employed in unorganised sector.
Q.14. Define SC/ST.
Ans: Scheduled Caste (SC) is the official term for Dalit and Scheduled Tribe (ST) is the official term for Adivasi.
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What steps should be taken to prevent dowry system in society?
Ans: The following measures should be taken to prevent dowry system in society:
(a) The girls must be well-educated and aware of latest technology. Only educated girls can be aware of their rights.
(b) Right to work must be guaranteed to women so that they don’t become burden on the shoulder of their parents.
(c) All men and women must promise that they will not accept or demand dowry.
(d) Government should make strict laws against this evil.
Q.2. How is Women’s Day celebrated in India?
Ans: International Working Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8 every year.
(i) Awareness is created among women for their rights.
(ii) On Women’s Day several women’s organisations, NGOs, students and social activists participate actively by organising seminars, mass rallies, movies, documentary shows and gender sensitive plays.
(iii) At some places, men also honour women by giving them gifts, praise or organising some event for them.
(iv) The focus of the celebration ranges from women’s economic, political and social achievements to general celebration of respect, appreciation and love towards women.
Q.3. Explain the ideas which had emerged in the nineteenth century.
Ans: New idea about education and learning was emerged in the nineteenth century.
(i) People or communities who didn’t know reading and writing began sending their children to schools.
(ii) Many schools and colleges were opened here and there.
(iii) Schools became more common and communities that had never learnt reading and writing started sending their children to school.
(iv) Many women and men made more efforts to open schools for girls.
Q.4. How does the women’s movement also show solidarity with other women and causes? Give examples.
Ans: (a) On 8 March, International Woman’s Day, women all over the world come together to celebrate and renew their struggles.
(b) Every year, on 14th August, several thousand people gather at Wagah border of India and Pakistan and hold cultural programmes. Women also take part to show the solidarity between India and Pakistan.
Q.5. What was the tittle given to Ramabai and why?
Ans: (i) Ramabai was given the tittle ‘Pandita’.
(ii) The reason was that she could read and write Sanskrit. It was her remarkable achievement as women at that time, as women were not allowed to take such knowledge. She also went on-to set-up a mission in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898.
Q.6. Describe how can we improved gender equality in schools?
Ans: When both male and female get the equal opportunities then the gender equality can exist. Gender equality can be improved in school because:
(i) Both girls and boys are given equal opportunities to take part in different activities of the school.
(ii) All the students have access to an affective and rewarding education.
Q.7. What do you understand by the term women’s movement?
Ans: Women and girls now have the right to study and go to school. There are other spheres like legal reform, violence and health-where the situation of women and girls has improved. These changes have not happened automatically. Women individually and collectively have struggled to bring about these changes. This struggle is known as the Women’s Movement.
Q.8. What type of work is done by women in the fields?
Ans: In the fields women do planting, weeding, harvesting and threshing.
Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Explain the ways by which Rashsundari Devi learned to read and write.
Ans: Women were not educated when Rashsundari Devi thought of reading and writing. For this, she had to hide a page from the book, Chaitanya Bhagabat (the life of a Saint).
(i) She also hide the alphabets, which her eldest son was practising.
(ii) She tried to match the letters from the page with the letters of alphabets.
(iii) She also matched the words that she had heard in her course of her days.
(iv) With tremendous care and effort, and over a long period of time, she learnt reading and writing.
Q.2. How the girls learn in the nineteenth century? Write the note on the learning system for girls at that time.
Ans: In the 19th century, many new ideas about education and learning emerged. Schools became more common and communities that had never learnt reading and writing started sending their children to school but there was a lot of opposition to educating girls.
Many men and women made efforts to open school for girls or women. Women struggled to learn, to read and write.
Q.3. What have been the role of campaigns to fight discrimination and violence against women? Illustrate.
Ans: (i) Campaigns create social awareness about the rights of women. and
(ii) Campaigns have led to new laws being passed.
(i) A law was passed in 2006 to give women who face domestic violence, some legal protection.
(ii) Supreme Court formulated guidelines in 1997 to protect the women against sexual harassment.
(iii) In the 1980s, dowry laws were changed to punish families who seek dowry.
Q.4. Explain the concept stereotype with examples.
Ans: Stereotype is a fixed idea or belief about a specific group, individual or thing that is based on prior assumptions.
1. Gender stereotyping or gender role refers to the set of social and behavioural norms that are considered to be appropriate for a ‘man or boy’ and a ‘women or girl’ in their society.
2. Some examples of prejudices and stereotypes prevalent in the society regarding boys and girls are as follows:
(i) Girls are a burden on their parents.
(ii) Girls are physically and mentally weak.
(iii) Girls are full of superstition.
(iv) Girls are emotionally weak.
(v) Boys are naughty.
(vi) Boys are physically and mentally strong.
Q.5. “In the past the skill of reading and writing was known only to a few.” Explain the statement. Also compare it with the present scenario.
Compare the system of learning as it was followed in the past, to the system of learning as followed after the 19th century.
Ans: In the past, the skill of reading and writing was known only to a few. Most children learnt the work their families or elders did. For girls, the situation was worse. In communities that taught sons to read and write, daughters were not allowed to learn the alphabet. Even in families where skills like pottery, weaving and craft were taught, the contribution of daughters and women was only seen as supportive.
In the 19th century, many new ideas about education and learning emerged. Schools became more common and communities that had never learnt reading and writing started sending their children to school. Many women and men made efforts to open schools for girls. Women struggled to learn to read and write.
Higher Order Thinking Skill
Q.1. What is the role of campaigning as the part of women’s movement?
Ans: It is an important part of women’s movement. Because it aims at to achieve a certain purpose or goal in a planned way. For example, women’s campaign led the Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment at the work place and within education institutions.
Q.2. What are the different ways which women use to fight discrimination and seek justice?
Ans: The women use the following ways to fight discrimination and seek justice:
(a) Campaigning: Campaigning involves demonstrating in groups and raise voices against injustice. Campaigning by women convinces the government to pass laws which promote justice. For example, in 2006, a law was passed against domestic violence.
(b) Raising Awareness: The leaders of women movement spread awareness about different rights of women through street plays, songs and public meetings.
(c) Protesting: Whenever a law or policy acts against the interest of the women, they rise in protest by holding public rallies and demonstrations.
(d) Showing Solidarity: Showing solidarity with other women and their causes is also a means to raise voice against social discrimination and injustice.
Value Based Questions
Q.1. The literacy rate have increased in India after independence but the worrying factor with gender respect remains the same or remain constant. Why?
Ans: Over the years literacy rate has increased. Since Independence overall an increase of 40% of all boys and men were literate compared to 15% girls and women according the 1961 census. But these percentage have changed now.
According to census 2001 these figures have grown to 76% for boys and men and 54% for girls and women. These figures have also changed now.
Overall literacy rate is went up to 74% according to 2011 census. The rate of percentage among boys and men and girls and women also varies. It is a worrying factor. This gap must be filled. The percentage of literate among men and boys still higher than girls and women.
1. Multiple Choice Questions
Tick (✓) the correct option:
1. In what kind of the following jobs are females engaged more than males?
(iv) Factory owners.
Ans: (iii) Nurses.
2. When was the National Commission on Women established in India?
Ans: (iii) 1992.
3. ______ is the way which has created opportunities for women.
(i) Getting an education.
(ii) Bringing more dowry.
(iii) Using abusive language.
(iv) Being polite.
Ans: (i) Getting an education.
4. The female stereotypic role is to _______.
(i) Marrying and having children.
(ii) Being a financial provider.
(iii) Being compassionate.
(iv) Putting her family’s welfare before her own.
Ans: (i) Marrying and having children.
5. What are the ways of spreading awareness among the common mass?
(ii) Public meetings.
(iii) Street plays.
(iv) All of these.
Ans: (iv) All of these.
6. On _______ the International Women’s Day celebrated.
(i) 8th April.
(ii) 8th March.
(iii) 8th May.
(iv) 18th March.
Ans: (ii) 8th March.
7. The strongest influence on a child’s gender role is _______.
Ans: (i) Parents.
8. Which of the following methods is used by the women’s rights?
(ii) Raising awareness.
(iv) All of these.
Ans: (iv) All of these.
9. The first railway women driver of Northern Railways is _______.
(i) Rashsundari Devi.
(ii) Laxmi Lakra.
(iii) Laxmi Leela.
(iv) Sanundri Devi.
Ans: (ii) Laxmi Lakra.
10. What are the atrocities faced by women in Indian society?
(i) Honour killing.
(ii) Physical, mental and sexual harassment at home and workplace.
(iii) Domestic violence and dowry deaths.
(iv) All of these.
Ans: (iv) All of these.
11. Who wrote ‘Stri-Purush Tulana’?
(i) Tarabai Shinde.
(ii) Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain.
(iii) Mahadev Govind Ranade.
(iv) Rashsundari Devi.
Ans: (i) Tarabai Shinde.
12. Women are given equal right in property under the
(i) Right to Equality.
(ii) Law of Inheritance.
(iii) Right Against Exploitation.
(iv) Right to Social Justice.
Ans: (ii) Law of Inheritance.
ll. Fill in the blanks:
1. In rural areas government has set up _______ so that women could go out and work.
2. ______ was a creative Muslim writer and a social worker in Bengal in the early 20th century.
Ans: Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain.
3. The government has passed _______ law that declares giving and taking dowry as illegal.
4. The woman of today is aware and fighting a battle against ________.
5. More than 80% of the domestic workers in urban areas are _______.