Class 9 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Concept and Classification of Resources

Class 9 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Concept and Classification of Resources answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SEBA Class 9 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Concept and Classification of Resources, Elective Geography Class 9 SEBA Notes and Question Answer In English Medium and select need one.

Class 9 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Concept and Classification of Resources

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Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 9 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Concept and Classification of Resources Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here.

Concept and Classification of Resources

Chapter – 5


Q.1. What do you mean by resources?

Ans: A resource is a physical material that humans need and value such as land, air, and water. Resources are characterized as renewable or nonrenewable; a renewable resource can replenish itself at the rate it is used, while a nonrenewable resource has a limited supply. Only those items of nature that provide some utility to men are considered as resources.

Q.2. What are the human factors that play important role in recognising natural elements as resources? 

Ans: The human factors that play important role in recognising natural elements as resource are:

  • Cultural Value: Cultural values are the core principles and ideals upon which an entire community exists. This is made up of several parts: customs, which are traditions and rituals; values, which are beliefs; and culture, which is all of a group’s guiding values.
  • Technology: technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes or applications. Technology uses scientific principles, and applies them to change the environment in which humans live. Technology can also use scientific principles to advance industry or other human constructions.
  • Economic System: An economic system is a means by which societies or governments organize and distribute available resources, services, and goods across a geographic region or country. Economic systems regulate the factors of production, including land, capital, labor, and physical resources.

Q.3. What are the factors that influence the concept of resources? 

Ans: Any object that is useful in making the life of human being comfortable is a resource. Whatever we eat, use, or even see around us is a resource, or has been created from some type of resource a resource must satisfy a need, should be developed and used, should be accessible to human, should have some values and may contribute to an increase in wealth, should be cheap, that is, developing the resource should not cost too much, suit suit the requirement of new technology and the level of development.

Q.4. Discuss the effects of the growing population on resources? 

Ans: The effects of a growing global population on resources are multifaceted and far-reaching, impacting both the environment and human societies. As the population continues to increase, the demand for essential resources such as water, food, energy, and raw materials also rises, leading to several significant consequences.

1. Depletion of Natural Resources: The increasing population puts immense pressure on finite natural resources. Deforestation, overfishing, and mining are exacerbated to meet the rising demands, leading to the depletion of ecosystems and loss of biodiversity.

2. Water Scarcity: Growing populations strain water supplies. Pollution and over-extraction of water for agriculture, industry, and households contribute to water scarcity in many regions, leading to conflicts over water resources.

3. Food Insecurity: With more mouths to feed, agriculture must intensify. This often leads to unsustainable farming practices, soil degradation, and decreased agricultural biodiversity. Climate change exacerbates these issues, leading to food insecurity in vulnerable regions.

4. Energy Demand: Increasing population drives up energy consumption. Reliance on fossil fuels leads to environmental degradation, air pollution, and climate change. Transitioning to renewable energy sources is crucial to mitigating these effects.

5. Waste Generation: More people mean more waste. Improper waste management contributes to pollution, affecting ecosystems and human health. Plastic pollution, in particular, poses a significant threat to marine life.

6. Urbanization and Infrastructure: Rapid population growth leads to urbanization. This demands extensive infrastructure development, stressing resources further. Poorly planned urban areas can lead to environmental degradation and reduced quality of life.

7. Social Impacts: Population growth often strains social services, including healthcare and education. Resource scarcity can lead to socio-economic disparities and geopolitical conflicts, especially in regions with limited resources.

In addressing these challenges, sustainable practices, technological innovations, and responsible policies are vital. Education and awareness about resource conservation and population control are equally important to ensure a balanced coexistence with our planet’s finite resources.

Q.5. What is natural resources? 

Ans: These are the resources that are found in the environment and are developed without the intervention of humans. Common examples of natural resources include air, sunlight, water, soil, stone, plants, animals and fossil fuels.

Q.6. Give few examples of man made resources? 

Ans: Examples of man-made resources are plastic, paper, soda, sheet metal, rubber, and brass. Natural resources such as water, crops, sunlight, crude oil, wood, and gold. Therefore, we can say that human resources are elements or substances that do not exist in the natural world and are valuable to human life.

Q.7. What is human resources? 

Ans: Human resources (HR) is the department within a business that is responsible for all things worker-related. That includes recruiting, vetting, selecting, hiring, onboarding, training, promoting, paying, and firing employees and independent contractors.

Q.8. What is mean by renewable resources give few example of it.

Ans: A renewable resource is a resource of which there is an endless supply because it can be replenished. The sun, the wind, and geothermal heat are considered inexhaustible and therefore are examples of renewable resources. Water is also considered a renewable natural resource, as long as there is precipitation.

Q.9. Name few non renewable resources? 

Ans: Nonrenewable energy resources include coal, natural gas, oil, and nuclear energy. Once these resources are used up, they cannot be replaced, which is a major problem for humanity as we are currently dependent on them to supply most of our energy needs.

Q.10. Why should wastage of resources be checked? 

Ans: The unchecked wastage of resources poses a dire threat to our planet’s sustainability, making it imperative to curb such practices. First and foremost, wastage exacerbates environmental degradation. When resources like water, energy, and raw materials are squandered, ecosystems suffer. Deforestation, over-extraction of water, and excessive energy consumption contribute to habitat loss and climate change, endangering numerous species and disrupting delicate ecological balances.

Furthermore, unchecked wastage depletes finite resources. Fossil fuels, minerals, and fresh water are exhaustible, and their reckless use diminishes their availability for future generations. As these resources dwindle, competition for them intensifies, potentially leading to conflicts and geopolitical tensions. Responsible resource management is vital to ensuring a stable, peaceful global future.

Economically, wastage represents inefficiency and lost opportunities. Businesses and industries suffer financial losses when resources are wasted. In contrast, efficient resource use leads to cost savings, increased productivity, and enhanced competitiveness. Moreover, sustainable practices encourage innovation, driving the development of new technologies and industries geared towards resource conservation.

Socially, wastage exacerbates disparities. Inefficient distribution systems mean that while some regions face scarcity, others experience excess, creating social inequities. Curbing wastage ensures a more equitable distribution of resources, promoting social justice and cohesion within communities.

Additionally, wastage contributes significantly to pollution. Improper disposal of waste, especially plastics and chemicals, contaminates soil, water bodies, and the air, endangering both the environment and human health. By reducing wastage, we minimize pollution, preserving the quality of our environment and safeguarding public health.

Lastly, in the face of a growing global population, checking wastage is critical. A burgeoning population intensifies resource demands. To sustainably support this population, we must adopt responsible consumption habits, efficient technologies, and waste reduction strategies to ensure that resources remain available and accessible to all.

In essence, checking wastage of resources is imperative for environmental preservation, economic prosperity, social equity, and the well-being of current and future generations. It represents a collective responsibility towards a more sustainable and harmonious coexistence with our planet’s finite resources.

Q.11. Thing over and write how extraversion and use of resources can degrade the environment? 

Ans: Extraversion, often characterized by sociability, assertiveness, and a preference for external stimuli, can impact environmental degradation in several ways, primarily through resource consumption patterns and social behaviors.

1. Consumerism and Materialism: Extraverted individuals often engage in social activities that promote consumerism. The desire to fit in, socialize, and be accepted can lead to conspicuous consumption, where people buy unnecessary goods, contributing to resource depletion and increased waste generation.

2. High Energy Usage: Extraverted individuals may participate in social events, parties, and gatherings, leading to increased energy consumption for lighting, heating, cooling, and electronic devices. Large social gatherings often demand more resources, especially in urban areas, where energy demands are already high.

3. Wasteful Social Practices: Extraverted behavior, such as frequenting restaurants and entertainment venues, can lead to wasteful practices. Disposable items, excessive packaging, and single-use products in social settings contribute to pollution and waste.

4. Urban Sprawl: Extraversion can drive people towards city centers, resulting in urban sprawl. This expansion leads to habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, increased emissions due to commuting, and higher demand for resources like water and land.

5. Transportation Emissions: Extraverted individuals may travel more frequently for social activities, leading to higher transportation emissions. Whether by car, plane, or other means, increased travel contributes to air pollution and climate change.

6. Overfishing and Food Resources: Sociable events often feature seafood, a resource that is vulnerable to overfishing. Extraverted socializing can drive the demand for such resources, depleting marine ecosystems and endangering aquatic species.

7. Water Usage: Extraverted behaviors can result in higher water consumption, especially in regions where socializing involves water-intensive activities like swimming pools or water-based sports. Increased water usage puts pressure on local water supplies and can lead to shortages.

Addressing these challenges requires promoting sustainable social practices and raising awareness about the environmental impact of extraverted behaviors. Encouraging eco-friendly alternatives, promoting energy efficiency, reducing single-use items, and fostering a sense of environmental responsibility within social circles can help mitigate the environmental degradation associated with extraversion.

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