Class 9 English Chapter 6 My Childhood

Class 9 English Chapter 6 My Childhood, NCERT/SCERT Class 9 English Beehive Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of SEBA ইংৰাজী Class 9 Question Answer so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Class 9 English Beehive Prose Chapter 6 My Childhood Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.

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Class 9 English Chapter 6 My Childhood

SEBA Class 9 English Chapter 6 My Childhood Notes covers all the exercise questions in Assam Board SEBA Textbooks. The SEBA Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 6 My Childhood provided here ensures a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every chapter and score well in the board exams.

My Childhood

Chapter – 6

BEEHIVE (PROSE)

TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Thinking about the Text 

Activity

Find Dhanuskodi and Rameswaram on the map. What language(s) do you think are spoken there ? What languages do you think the author, his family, his friends and his teachers spoke with one another ?

Ans:             

I think Tamil and English language are spoken in Dhanuskodi and Rameswaram. The author, his family, his friends and his teachers probably. spoke in Tamil with one another.

I. Answer these questions in one or two sentences each.

1. Where was Abdul Kalam’s house ?

Ans: Abdul Kalam’s house was on Mosque Street, in Rameswaram in the former state of Madras (now Tamil Nadu).

2. What do you think Dinamani is the name of ? Give at reason for your answer. 

Ans: Dinamani is the name of a newspaper. Kalam mentions that he attempted to trace the events of the Second World War in the headlines in Dinamani indicating that it is a newspaper. 

3. Who were Abdul Kalam’s school friends ? What did they later become ?

Ans: Abdul Kalam had three close school friends-Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Siva Prakashan.

Ramanadha later became the high priest of Rameswaram temple, Aravindan went into the business of arranging transport for visiting pilgrims and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.

4. How did Abdul Kalam earn his first wages ? 

Ans: Declaration of emergency during World War II led to the cancellation of the train halt at Rameswaram. Newspapers were thrown out of the moving train. Kalam’s consin, Samsuddin, who was the newspaper delivery boy now needed help to catch these bundles of paper. For this he hired Kalam, and thus Kalam earned his first wages.

5. Had he earned any money before that ? In what way ? 

Ans: Yes, he had earned money before that. When the Second World War broke out, there was a sudden demand for tamarind seeds. Abdul Kalam collected these seeds and sold them to a provision store. Each day’s collection earned him one anna.

II. Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (about 30 words).

1. How does the author describe: 

(i) his father

Ans: Abdul Kalam describes his father, Jainulabdeen, as having neither much formal education nor much wealth but possessing great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. His father was self-disciplined, honest, austere and he avoided all inessential comforts and luxuries.

(ii) his mother

Ans: Abdul Kalam describes his mother, Ashiamma, as a generous woman and ideal helpmate to his father. She fed many people everyday, including many outsiders. She was a kind hearted lady having faith in goodness.

(iii) himself ?

Ans: Abdul Kalam describes himself as a short boy with “ather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents. He inherited honesty and self-discipline, from his father. and a faith in goodness and deep kindness from his mother.

2. What characteristics does he say he inherited from his parents ? 

Ans: Kalam says he inherited honesty and self discipline from his father and deep kindness and faith in goodness from his mother.

III. Describe these questions in class with your teacher and then write down your answers in two or three paragraphs each.

1. “On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups.” says the author.

(i) Which social groups does he mention ? Were those groups easily identifiable ? (for example, by the way they dressed) ?

Ans: The social groups Kalam mentions are Hindus and Muslims. 

Yes these groups were easily identifiable as we see that Kalam as a Muslim wore a cap, and his friend Ramanadha, a Hindu, wore the sacred thread, each thus displaying his religion.

(ii) Were they aware only of their differences or did they also naturally share friendships and experiences ? (Think of the bedtime stories in Kalam’s house; of who his friends were; and of what used to take place in the pond near his house.)

Ans: The people of Rameswaram were aware of used communal differences but they naturally shared friendships and experiences. Kalam himself had nend from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families during a religions Hindu festival, Kalam’s family arranged for the boats used to carry the idols. Even in Kalam’s own house stories from both the life of the Prophet as well as the  Ramayana were recounted to the children.

(iii) The author speaks both of people who were very aware of the differences among them and those who tried to bridge these differences ? Can you identify such people in the text ?

Ans: People who were very aware of the differences and tried to maintain them were the new teacher who came to: Kalam’s school and segregated Kalam from his Hindu friend, but he is reformed by the strongly opinionated views of Lakshmana Sastry, the temple priest; and the wife of Sivasubramania Iyer who was initially perturbed by the idea of a Muslim boy dining in her kitchen, but later she too came around and herself served him. People who tried to bridge such differences were Lakshmana Sastry and Sivasubramania Iyer, who by their  broad -mindedness reformed the rigidly orthodox believers.

(iv) Narrate two incidents that show how differences can be created, and also how they can be resolved. How can people change their attitudes ?

Ans: Two incidents from the text that show that differences can be created are:

(a) A new teacher joined Kalam’s school and ordered him to go and sit in the last bench, deeming him unfit to sit in the same bench as the priest’s son. He was then reprimanded by the priest himself and forced to apologise for his behaviour. If he wasn’t corrected he would have created differences in young minds.

(b) Sivasubramanium’s wife refused to serve Kalam a meal in her kitchen. Her husband remained courteous towards Kalam and even invited him again. She too was slowly reformed.Two incidents from the text that show that differences can be resolved.

(a) Lakshmana Sastry reprimanded the teacher for trying to sow the seeds of communal intolerance among children and conveyed his displeasure by asking him to apologise or quit the school.

(b) Siva Subramaniam iyer invited Abdul Kalam to share a meal with him, served him with his own hands and sat down beside him to eat.

People can change their attitudes by accepting they have a problem and deciding to change it.

2. (i) Why did Abdul Kalam want to leave Rameswaram ? 

Ans: Abdul Kalam wanted to leave Rameswaram and go to the district headquarters at Ramanathapuram for higher studies.

(ii) What did his father say to this ?

Ans: His father said that he knew Kalam had to go away to grow, just like a seagull flies across the sun, alone an without a nest. Quoting Khalil Gibran he told Kalam’s mother that their children were not theirs but were of life’s longing for itself. They had come through their parents but not from them. They could be given love but their thoughts would be their own.

(iii) What so you think his words mean ? Why do you think he spoke those words ?

Ans: Abdul Kalam’s father meant that to grow and develop on his own as an individual, Kalam had to go out of the shadow of his father, and would have to leave the comforts of his home to find his own way in this world. He consoled his wife by quoting Gibran, meaning to say that as parents they may have given birth to their children, but that did not mean the children belonged to them. Each child was an individual in his own right and developed and grew with his own thoughts. He spoke these words to console himself and his wife when Kalam decided to leave home and go out for further studies.

Thinking about Language

I. Find the sentences in the text where these words occur. erupt surge trace distinguished casually

Look these words up in a dictionary which gives examples of how they are used. 

Ans: Erupt-For reasons I have never been able to understand. a sudden demand for tamarind seeds erupted in the markes.

Surge – Half a century later, I can still feel the surge pride in earning my own money for the first time. 

Trace-My brother-in-law Jallaluddin would tell masters about the War which I would later attempt to                     headlines in Dinamani.

Undistinguished – I was one of many children – a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents.

Casualty- The first casualty came in the form of the suspension of the train halt at the Rameswaram station. 

Now answer the following questions

1. What are the things that can erupt ? Use examples to explain the various meanings of erupt. Now do the same for the word surge. What things can surge ?

Ans. Things that can erupt are : 

(i) Volcanoes – Mt. Vesuvius erupts once in a while. 

(ii) Clashes/unrest-Following the incident unrest erupted in the city. 

(iii) Tempers- When he heard that his son had failed again, he erupted in anger. 

(iv) A body rash – A rash erupted on her body overnight.

(v) Teeth – The young boy’s tooth had erupted at an odd angle and had to be extracted.

(vi) A boil – The boil had become a week old and erupted this morning. 

Things that can surge are:

(i) Crowds ―The angry crowd surged forward.

(ii) Sea ― The sea surged and crashed against the rocks. 

(iii) Waves-The surging waves threatened the people living on the coastline.

(iv) Emotions – A surge of pity welled up in her when she said the orphaned children.

(v) Ships/boats – The ship surged up suddenly terrifying all the occupants.

(vi) Blood-He remained outwardly calm but blood surged to his face when he saw what had happened.

2. What are the meanings of the word trace and which of the meanings is closest to the word in the text ? 

Ans: The word trace can be used both as a noun and as a verb. As a noun it can mean – a sign or evidence, a barely discernible indication, an extremely small amount, track marks left by a person, animal or thing, a drawing of something, etc. 

As a verb it can mean-to follow the track of, to follow the course of development or history, to find out, to draw, etc. 

In the text ‘trace’ is used as a verb and the meaning closest to its use here is to follow’.

3. Can you find the word undistinguished in your dictionary ? (If not, look up the word distinguished and say what undistinguished must mean.)

Ans: The word ‘undistinguished’ as used in  the tell me as ordinary or having no claim to distinction or inconspicuous.

II. 1. Match the phrases to Column A with their meanings in Column B.

AB
(i) broke out(a) an attitude of kindness, a readiness to give freely
(ii) in accordance with(b) was not able to tolerate
(iii) a helping hand(c) began suddenly in a violent way
(iv) could not stomach(d) assistance
(v) generosity of spirit(e) persons with power to make decisions
(vi) figures of authority(f) according to a particular rule, principle, or system

Ans: 

AB
(i) broke out(c) began suddenly in a violent way
(ii) in accordance with(f) according to a particular rule, principle, or system
(iii) a helping hand(d) assistance
(iv) could not stomach(b) was not able to tolerate
(v) generosity of spirit(a) an attitude of kindness, a readiness to give freely
(vi) figures of authority(e) persons with power to make decisions

2. Study the words in italics in the sentences below. They are formed by prefixing un-or in to their antonyms (words opposite in meaning).

I was a short boy with rathe undistinguished look. (un + distinguished)

My austers father used to avoid all inessential comforts. (in+essential) 

The area was completely unaffected by the war. (un+ affected)

He should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance, (in + equality, in + tolerance)

Now form the opposites of the words below by prefixing un- or in-. The prefix in- can also have the forms il-, ir-, or im- (for example: illiterate-il + literate, impractical- im + practical, irrational – ir + rational). You may consult a dictionary if you wish.

_____ adequate_____ acceptable
_____ regular_____ tolerant 
_____ demanding_____ active
_____ true_____ permanent
_____ patriotic_____ disputed
_____ accessible_____ coherent
_____ logical_____ legal
_____ responsible_____ possible

Ans: 

Inadequate – adequateUnacceptable-acceptable
Irregular-regularIntolerant-tolerant
Undemanding-demandingInactive-active
Untrue – trueImpermanent-permanent
Unpatriotic-patrioticUndisputed-disputed
Inaccessible-accessibleIncoherent -coherent
Illogical-logicalIllegal-legal
Irresponsible-responsibleImpossible -possible

III. Passive Voice

Study these sentences : 

My parents were regarded as an ideal couple.

I was asked to go and sit on the back bench. 

Such problems have to be confronted.

The italicised verbs in these sentences are made up of a form of the verb be and a past participle. (For example: were + regarded, was+ asked, be + confronted)

These sentences focus on what happens, rather than who does what. Notice that the doer of the action is not included in the sentences. If necessary, we can mention the doer of the action in a by-phrase

For example:

The tree was struck by lightning.

The flag was unfurled by the Chief Guest.

IV. Rewrite the sentences below, chang the verbs in brackets into the passive form.

1. In yesterday’s competition the prizes (give away) by the Principal.

2. In spite of financial difficulties, the labourers (pay)on time. 

3. On Republic Day, vehicles (not allow) beyond this point.

4. Second-hand books (buy and sell) on the pavement every Saturday.

5. Elections to the Lok Sabha (hold) every five,years.

6. Our National Anthem (compose) Rabindranath Tagore.

Ans: 1. In yesterday’s competition the prizes were given away by the Principal.

2. In spite of financial difficulties, the labourers were paid 

on time. 

3. On Republic Day, vehicles were not allowed beyond this point. 

4. Second-hand books are bought and sold on the 

pavement every Saturday.

5. Elections to the Lok Sabha are held every five years. 

6. Our National Anthem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.

V. Rewrite the paragraphs below, using the correct form of the verb given in brackets.

1. How Helmets Came To Be Used in Cricket

Nari Contractor was the Captain and an opening batsman for India in the 1960s. The Indian cricket team went on tour to the West Indies in 1962. In a match against Barbados in Bridgetown, Nari Contractor(seriously injure and collapse). In those days helmets (not wear), Contractor (hit) on the head by a bouncer from Charlie Griffith.

Contractor’s skull (fracture). The entire team (deeply concern). The West Indies players (worry). Contractor (rush) to hospital. He (accompany) by Frank Worrell, the Captain of the West Indies Team.Blood (donate) by the West Indies players. Thanks to the timely help Contractor (save). Nowadays helmets (routinely use) against bowlers.

2. Oil from Seeds

Vegetable oils (make) from seeds and fruits of many plants growing all over the world, from tiny sesame seeds to big, juicy coconuts. Oil (produce) from cotton seeds, groundnuts, soya beans and sunflower seeds. Olive oil (use) for cooking, salad dressing etc. Olives (shake) from the trees and (gather) up, usually by hand. The olives (ground) to a thick paste which is spread onto special mats. Then the mats (layer) up on the pressing machine which will gently squeeze them to produce olive oil.

Ans: 1. How Helmets Came to be Used in Cricket

Nari Contractor was the Captain and an opening batsman for India in the 1960s. The Indian cricket team went on a tour to the West Indies in 1962. In a match against Barbados in Bridgetown, Nari Contractor was seriously injured and collapsed. In those days helmets were not worn. Contractor was hit on the head by a bouncer from Charlie Griffith. Contractor’s skull was fractured. The entire team was deeply concerned. The West Indies players were worried. Contractor was rushed to hospital. He was accompanied by Frank Worrell, the captain of the West Indies Team. Blood was donated by the West Indies players. Thanks to the timely help, Contractor was saved. Nowadays helmets are routinely used against bowlers.

2. Oil from Seeds

Vegetable oils are made from seeds and fruits of many plants growing all over the world, from tiny sesame seeds to big, juicy coconuts. Oil is produced from cotton seeds, groundnuts, soya beans and sunflower seeds. Olive oil is used for cooking, salad dressing etc. Olives are shaken from the trees and gathered up, usually by hand. The olives are ground to a thick paste which is spread onto special mats. Then the mats are layered up on the pressing machine which will gently squeeze them to produce olive oil.

Dictation

Let the class divide itself into three groups. Let each group take down one passage that the teacher dictates. Then put the passages together in the right order.

1. From Rameswaram to the Rashtrapati Bhava. It’s been a long journey. Talking to Nona Walia on the eve of Teacher’s Day. President Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam talks about life’s toughest lessons learnt and his mission- being a teacher to the Indian youth. “A proper education would help nurture a sense of dignity and self respect among our youth.” says President Kalam.

There’s still a child in him thought, and he’s stili curious about learning new things. Life’s a mission for President Kalam.

2. Nonetheless, he remembers his first lesson in life and how it changed his destiny. “I was studying in Standard V, and must have been all of 10. My teacher. Sri Sivasubramanla iyer was telling us how birds fly. He drew a diagram of a bird on the blackboard, depicting the wings, tail and the body with the head and then explained how birds soar to the sky. At the end of the class I said I didn’t understand. The he asked the other students if the they had understood, but nobody had understood how birds fly.” he recalls.

3. “That evening, the entire class was taken to Rameswaram shore.” the President continues. “My teacher showed us sea birds. We saw marvellous formations of them flying and how their wings flapped. Then my teacher asked us, “Where is the birds’ engine and how is it powered? I knew then that birds are powered b their own life and motivation. I understood all about birds’ dynamics. This was real teaching – a theoretical lesson coupled with a live

practical example, Sri Siva Subramania Iyer was a great teacher.” 

That day, my future was decided, My destiny was changed. I knew my future had to be about flight and flight systems. 

[Note: Students should to themselves with their teacher’s help.]

Speaking

Here is a topic for you to 

1. think about;

2. give your opinion on.

Find out what other people think about it. Ask your friends/seniors/ parents to give you their opinion.

‘Career Building Is the Only Goal of Education.’

or

‘Getting a Good Job Is More Important than Being a Good Human Being.’ You can use the following phrases

(i) while giving your opinion:

I think that…

In my opinion…

It seems to me that….

I am of the view that…

As far as I know… 

If you ask me…

(ii) saying what other people think : 

According to some…

Quite a few think…

Some others favour…

Thirty per cent of the people disagree… Fifty per cent of them strongly feel…

(iii) asking for others’ opinions:

What do you think about…

What do you think of…

What is your opinion about…

Do you agree… 

Does this make you believe…

Suggestion :

Both the topics are thought provoking and of relevance to students of class IX. They will help you get clarity of thought regarding the value of education to you. Since it is supposed to help you express your own opinion, we will leave it to you to decide what you feel about it. But do think over it and discuss with your friends.

Writing

Think and write a short account of what life in Rameswaram in the 1940s must have been like. (Were people rich or poor? Hard working or lazy? Hopeful of change, or resistant to it?).

Suggested Answer:

Life in Rameswaram in the 1940s was peaceful and to an extent laid back. Being a small place, everyone knew their neighbours and cared about them. Financially there may have been differences, but all of them were hard working and honest. 

All was good and peaceful in that tiny hamlet except the divisions among them based on caste and creed. While some like Sivasubramania Iyer abhorred the practice and fought against it, there were some who were resistant to such radical thoughts and fought against it. In spite of their differences, they also naturally shared friendships and experiences. And overall people of all religions and caste lived together in harmony.

ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS

Answer the following questions : 

1. How does Abdul Kalam describe his house?

Ans: Abdul Kalam describes his home as an ancestral house, built in the middle of the nineteenth century. It was a fairly large pucca house. made of limestone and brick and located in the Mosque street in Rameswaram.

2. Who was Abdul Kalam’s father ? Who did he quote when Kalam expressed his wish to leave Rameswaram for higher studies ? 

Ans’ Abdul Kalam’s father was Jainulabdeen. 

He quoted Khalil Gibran when Kalam expressed his desire to leave Rameswaram for higher studies. 

3. What used to happen during the annual Shri Sita Ran Kalyanam ceremony in Rameswaram ?

Ans: During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony Rameswaram Kalam’s family used to arrange boats with a spec platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site, which was situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha. This pond was near Kalam’s home.

Reference to the context

1. “Samsuddin helped me earn my first wages.” 

(a) Who is ‘me’ in the above line? 

Ans: Me’ in the above quoted sentence is A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

(b) Who was Samsuddin? How did he help the speaker earn his first wages ?

Ans: Samsuddin was Kalam’s cousin.Samsuddin helped Abdul Kalam earn his first wages by recruiting him as a helping hand. Kalam was given the job of catching bundles of newspapers thrown out from the moving train on the Rameswaram Road. 

2. “He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologise or quit the school and the island.” 

(a) Who is the ‘he’ referred to here? 

Ans: ‘He’ in the above quoted sentence is Lakshmana Shastry.

Hindu priest in the small island of Rameswaram.

(b) Why did he ask the teacher to apologise ?

Ans: Lakshmana Shastry asked the teacher to apologise for differentiating between his students on the basis of caste and religion.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Abdul Kalam believes his father Jainula Deen 

(a) great innate wisdom and generosity of spirit 

(b) many college degrees

(c) great wealth

(d) all comforts and luxuries of life

Ans: (a) great innate wisdom and generosity of spirit.

2. When the Second World War broke out in 1939, a great demand for …….. erupted in Rameswaram.

(a) newspapers

(b) tamarind

(c) teachers

(d) mangoes

Ans:  (b) tamarind

3. Kalam’s family used to arrange boats during

(a) Rama Tirtha

(b) every Hindu festival 

(c) the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony

(d) every festival in Rameswaram

Ans: (c) the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony

4. The phrase ‘could not stomach’ means

(a) could not tolerate 

(b) had digestion problems

(c) could not eat

(d) did not believe in 

Ans: (a) could not tolerate

5. When Abdul Kalam approached his father for permission to leave Rameswaram and study at Ramanathapuram, his father

(a) refused to let him go 

(b) quoted Khalil Gibran to him

(c) was hesitant until Kalam’s mother quoted Khalil Gibran to him

(d) agreed and said he knew Kalam had to go away to grow

Ans: (d) agreed and said he knew Kalam had to go away to grow

THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE (Additional Exercises)

1. Rewrite the sentences by changing from passive voice to active voice :

(i) Indiscipline should not be encouraged. (passive) 

Ans: We should not encourage indiscipline.

(ii) This book must be read by every student this class. 

Ans: Every student of this class must read this book.

(iii) The bowl must be kept on the dining table. 

Ans: Keep the bowl on the dining table.

(iv) Was the gift sent by you ?

Ans: Did you sent the gift ? 

(v) It is said that he is a saint.

Ans: People say that he is a saint.

2. Rewrite the paragraphs below, using the correct of the form verb given in brackets.

After school, we ____ (go) home and ___ (teil) our respective parents about the incident, Lakshmana Sastry ____  (summon) the teacher, and in our presence, ____ (tell) teacher that he ____ (shall) not ___(spread) the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly ____  (ask) the teacher to either apologise or ____  (quit) the school and the island. Not only ____ (do) the teacher ____ (regret) his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry ____ (convey) ultimately ____ (reform) this young teacher.

Ans: After school, we went home and told our respective parents about the incident. Lakshmana Sastry summoned the teacher, and in our presence, told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologise or quit the school and the island. Not only did the teacher regret his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry conveyed ultimately reformed this young teacher.

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