Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Industry and Transport System of India

Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Industry and Transport System of India Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapter SEBA Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Industry and Transport System of India Notes Pdf Download and select needs one.

Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Industry and Transport System of India

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Also, you can read SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given SEBA Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Industry and Transport System of India Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here.

Industry and Transport System of India

Chapter – 6

Exercise

1. Write an answer.

(a) Name an industry that t use iron-ore as a raw material.

Ans: The steel industry.

(b) Write the name of a fuel mineral.

Ans: Coal.

(c) Name one cotton producing state in India.

Ans: Gujarat.

(d) Which means of transport is most extensively used in Assam.

Ans: Road transport.

2. Choose the correct answer:

(a) In the production of mica India ranks.

(i) Third.

(ii) Second.

(iii) First.

Ans: (ii) Second.

3. Give a short answer:

(a) Which are the major mineral belts of india? Does Assam fall into a mineral belt?

Ans: Central belt, southern belt, North western belt, South Western belt & Himalayan belt are  the major mineral belts of india

Yes, Assam falls under the North western belt of India.

(b) Name five major iron and steel industries if india.

Ans: Five major iron and steel industries in india are mentioned below:  

(i) Jamshedpur.

(ii) Mysore.

(iii)  Jharkhand.

(iv) west Bengal.

(v) Andhra Pradesh.

(c ) Why the weaving industries have developed in the Mumbai-Alameda region?

Ans: The cotton textile industry expanded rapidly in Mumbai because the city has a warm, humid climate which is conducive to the growth of cotton. Mumbai has a port, which helps in product import and export. The region’s cotton textile industry grew quickly.

4. Write how the use of science and technology has changed the system of water and air transportation.

Ans: The use of science and technology has changed the system of water and air transportation are mentioned below:

(i) Water Transportation:

(a) Advanced Materials: Modern ships are constructed with lightweight, durable materials like advanced composites and alloys, improving fuel efficiency and durability.

(b) Hydrodynamics: Improved understanding of hydrodynamics has led to better hull designs that reduce drag and increase speed and fuel efficiency.

(ii) Navigation and Safety:

(a) GPS and Satellite Navigation: GPS and other satellite-based navigation systems provide precise positioning, route planning, and real-time updates, enhancing safety and efficiency.

(b) Autonomous Ships: Development of autonomous and semi-autonomous ships equipped with advanced sensors and AI for navigation and operations is reducing the need for large crews and minimising human error.

(iii) Propulsion Systems:

(a) Efficient Engines: Modern engines, such as dual-fuel engines that can run on both traditional fuels and LNG (liquefied natural gas), reduce emissions and improve fuel efficiency.

(b) Electric and Hybrid Propulsion: The use of electric and hybrid propulsion systems is becoming more common, further reducing the environmental impact of shipping.

(iv) Environmental Technologies:

(a) Ballast Water Treatment Systems: Technologies to treat ballast water reduce the transfer of invasive species between ecosystems.

(b) Emission Control: Advanced scrubbers and other emission control technologies help reduce pollutants like sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from ship exhaust.

Water Transportation:

(i) Ship Design and Engineering:

(a) Advanced Materials: Modern ships are constructed with lightweight, durable materials like advanced composites and alloys, improving fuel efficiency and durability.

(b) Hydrodynamics: Improved understanding of hydrodynamics has led to better hull designs that reduce drag and increase speed and fuel efficiency.

(ii) Navigation and Safety:

(a) GPS and Satellite Navigation: GPS and other satellite-based navigation systems provide precise positioning, route planning, and real-time updates, enhancing safety and efficiency.

(b) Autonomous Ships: Development of autonomous and semi-autonomous ships equipped with advanced sensors and AI for navigation and operations is reducing the need for large crews and minimising human error.

(ii) Propulsion Systems:

(a) Efficient Engines: Modern engines, such as dual-fuel engines that can run on both traditional fuels and LNG (liquefied natural gas), reduce emissions and improve fuel efficiency.

(b) Electric and Hybrid Propulsion: The use of electric and hybrid propulsion systems is becoming more common, further reducing the environmental impact of shipping.

(iii) Environmental Technologies:

(a) Ballast Water Treatment Systems: Technologies to treat ballast water reduce the transfer of invasive species between ecosystems.

(b) Emission Control: Advanced scrubbers and other emission control technologies help reduce pollutants like sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from ship exhaust.

5. Give three arguments in favour of the statement that ‘Transport’ systems are veins and arteries of a country?

Ans: Three arguments in favour of the statements of ‘transport’ system are veins and arteries of country of a country are mentioned below: 

(i) Economic Vitality: Transport systems are crucial for the economic vitality of a country. They facilitate the movement of goods and services, enabling trade and commerce. Efficient transportation networks lower the costs of goods, increase market accessibility, and help businesses to thrive. Without robust transport systems, economic activities would be severely hampered, leading to stagnation and inefficiencies.

(ii) Social Connectivity: Transport systems connect people, fostering social cohesion and integration. They allow for mobility within and between urban and rural areas, making it possible for individuals to access education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. By linking diverse regions, transportation helps bridge social divides and enhances the quality of life.

(iii) National Security and Emergency Response: Effective transport systems are essential for national security and emergency response. They enable the rapid movement of military personnel and equipment during times of national defence needs. Additionally, in the event of natural disasters or emergencies, well-developed transport networks facilitate quick and efficient evacuation, delivery of relief supplies, and mobilisation of rescue operations.

6. Write the names of the following with the help of an atlas:

(a) Names of the district headquarters in Assam connected by nation.

Ans: The district headquarters in Assam connected by nation are mentioned below: 

(i) Guwahati (Kamrup Metropolitan).

(ii) Nagaon (Nagaon).

(iii) Jorhat (Jorhat).

(iv) Dibrugarh (Dibrugarh).

(v) Silchar (Cachar).

(vi) Tezpur (Sonitpur).

(vii) Lakhimpur (North Lakhimpur).

(viii) Kokrajhar (Kokrajhar).

(ix) Bongaigaon (Bongaigaon).

(x) Dhubri (Dhubri).

(b) Names of the north-eastern states of India not connected by highways.

Ans: North-eastern states (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim) have some level of highway connectivity. 

(c) Name of the last railway station in Dhemaji district in the near Brahmaputra.

Ans: Murkongselek Railway Station. 

7. Why is the role of international airports crucial? Write.

Ans: The role of international airports crucial are mentioned below:

(i) Global Connectivity: International airports serve as hubs that connect people and goods across the world. They facilitate easy access to various destinations, promoting business interactions, cultural exchanges, and diplomatic engagements.

(ii) Trade and Commerce: These airports handle a significant volume of cargo, facilitating the movement of goods between countries. Efficient cargo handling systems enable rapid transport of perishable goods, high-value items, and supplies crucial for global trade.

(iii) Tourism and Travel: International airports are gateways for tourists and travellers, welcoming millions of passengers annually. They support tourism industries by providing infrastructure and services that enhance the travel experience and promote tourism destinations.

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