# Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography

Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography and select need one.

### Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION OF ASSAM

Q.1. In which one of the following districts records the highest road length?

(a) Karbi Anglong

(b) Kamrup

(c) Nagaon

(d) Sivasagar

Ans :- (a) Karbi Anglong

Q.2. Which one of the following pairs of towns the facility of railways is lower than road ways?

(a) Guwahati-Bongaigaon

(b) Guwahati-Jorhat

(c) Guwahati-Nagaon

(d) Guwahati-Tezpur

Ans :- (d) Guwahati-Tezpur

Q.3. How many International Airports are there in Assam!

(a) 1 (one)

(b) 2 (two)

(c) 3 (three)

(d) 4 (four)

Ans :- (a) 1 (one)

Q.4. Which are the two end points of the NH-31?

Ans :- The two end points of the NH-31 are Jharkhand of Borhi and Guwahati Jalukbari

Q.5. Which are the two end points of the NH- 37?

Ans :- From the bank of Lohit river (Dhala) to Pancharatna of Goalpara the end points of the NH-37.

Q.6. Which are the two end points of the NH -51?

Ans :- Baihata Chariali to Jonai are the two end points of the NH-S1.

Q.7. Which are the two end points of the NH -53?

Ans :- Jorabat to Tura district of Meghalaya are the two ends points of the NH-53

Q.8. Which are the two end points of the NH- 54?

Ans :- Badarpur to Imphal covers the two ends points of the NH-54.

Q.9. What is the total road length in Assam till 2004.

Ans :- 2,787 km is the total road length in Assam till 2004.

Q.10. Where is the Northeast Frontier Railway headquarters located?

Ans :- The Northeast Frontier Railway headquarters is located at Maligaon.

Q.11. Name three airports of Assam.

Ans :- The three airports of Assam are –

(i) Mohanbari airport

(ii) Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International airport.

(iii) Rowriah airport.

Q.12. Name the only International Airport of Assam.

Ans :- Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport.

Q.13. In which year the first ropeway in Assam is established?

Ans :- In 1964 the first ropeway in Assam was established.

Q.14. Name the main communication systems in Assam.

Ans :- Telecom service is the main communication systems in Assam

Q.15. Discuss the problems of road transport development in Assam.

Ans :- Most of the Indian roads are unsurfaced (42.65%) and are suitable for use of vehicular traffic. One major problem on the Indian roads is the mixing of traffic. There are multiple check-posts, toll tax and octoroon duties collection points on the roads which bring down the speed of the traffic, waste time and cause irritation to transporters. There is very little participation of the private sector in road development in India because of long gestation periods and low-returns.

Q.16. Discuss why coordination in different means of transport is essential.

Ans :- Greater access to transportation services for people with disabilities, older adults, and individuals with lower incomes begins with a coordination plan. Elements of a plan include (1) an inventory and assessment of available transportation resources and community and customer needs: (2) goals and strategies for meeting those needs, including better coordination of existing services, development of a “family of transportation services,” and a mechanism to measure progress; and (3) a means to share and coordinate resources. A well-designed plan also prioritizes transportation services based on the availability of funding resources and the feasibility of implementation.

SHORT TYPE QUESTION & ANSWER : (MARKS – 3)

LOCATION OF ASSAM IN NORTHEAST INDIA

Q.1. Why Assam is called the mini India?

Ans :- ASSAM is a miniature India, a veritable melting pot of diverse races, creeds, cultures and religions making it an anthropologist’s delight Many of the principal races of the world migrated to this region in course of time. But due to its geo-political remoteness, the rest of the world knows very little of Assam. It is in this state the famous game reserve at Kaziranga is located, where people from the world over come to meet the celebrated one-horned India rhinoceros. Manas is another such location famous for the last bastions of the Golden Languor (now on the verge of extinction). Its tea, of course, is very famous all over the world.

The mighty Brahmaputra, the holy temple of Kamakhya, oil fields ete, are few images conjured up whenever Assam is mentioned. Culturally Assamese Bihu and Satriya dances are a part of great Indian national heritage. This state, along with Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura; with which it has close cultural and other affinities; forms the eastern most sector of India, having borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh. Its physical geography is one of the most fascinating in the country, with its extremely rich landscape, endless tracts of dense green forests, its blue mountains, lush grassy plains, and its deep, wide, rapid rivers.

Q.2. Why Assam is called the highway connecting Northeast with rest of India?

Ans :- Assam is a state of India in the north-eastern region. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 km). Assam is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya. Geographically Assam and these states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip of land in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor. Assam shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh; and cultures, peoples and climate with South-East Asia.

Q.3. Write a note on the major land use categories of North-East India.

Ans :- Ethnolinguistic composition of the people of Assam reveals that there are 3 categories of people. They are Austro-Asiatic language speaking people, Tibeto-chinese language speaking people and Indo-European language speaking people. Austo-Asiatic people perhaps came from South-East Asia. The Tibeto-Burman language speaking Mongoloid people came from Tibet and South-East Asia. It is perhaps in the first few centuries before Christ that immigrants from the westie Gargetic valley started settling in the Brahmaputra and Barak plains in small numbers. They were of a caucasoid racial group speaking Indo-Aryan Language. The Tai groups entered between the Seventeenth and early nineteenth centuries belong to Khamtis, Khamyangs, Aitons, Phakes or Tai Phakes and Turungs. They are Buddhist and speak Tai dialects.

At the time of British annexed Assam, a new stream of migration started of Bengali Government service holders and professionals, Rajasthani traders and North Indian Labourers and artisan, Nepali Security men etc.

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