Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography

Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography and select need one.

Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 23 Assam Geography Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

POPULATION STRUCTURE

Q.1. Which one of the following districts shows the highest sex ratio as per 2001 census.

(a) Lakhimpur

(b) Goalpara

(c) Bongaigaon

(d) North Cachar

Ans :- (b) Goalpara

Q.2. Which of the following districts records the lowest rank in children below five years?

(a) Jorhat

(b) Kamrup

(c) Dhubri

(d) Nagaon

Ans :- (a) Jorhat

Q.3. Which one of the following districts records the literacy rate highest?

(a) Jorhat

(b) Dibrugarh

(c) Kamrup (R)

(d) Cachar

Ans :- (a) Jorhat

Q.4. In which one of the following districts records the population density highest?

(a) Jorhat

(b) Kamrup

(c) Nagaon

(d) Cachar

Ans :- (c) Nagaon

Q.5. In which one of the following districts records the population growth highest?

(a) Nalbari

(b) Kamrup

(c) Darrang

(d) Sivasagar

Ans :- (b) Kamrup

Q.6. In which one of the following districts records the population growth lowest?

(a) Dhemaji

(b) Tinsukia

(c) Barpeta

(d) Golaghat

Ans :- (d) Golaghat

Q.7. What is the population of Assam in 2001′?

Ans :- 26,638,407 is the population of Assam in 2001.

Q.8. Give the sex-ratio figure of Assam as per 2001 Census.

Ans :- 1000 : 932 is the sex-ratio figure of Assam as per 2001 Census.

Q.9. What is the literacy percentage figure in Assam as per 2001 census?

Ans :- 63.25 is the literacy percentage figure in Assam as per 2001 Census.

Q.10. What is the female literate percentage figure in Assam?

Ans :- The female literate percentage figure in Assam is 56.03 percent.

Q.11. What is the male literate percentage figure in Assam?

Ans :- The male literate percentage figure in Assam is 75.96 percent.

Q.12. In which district the literacy percentage is highest in Assam?

Ans :- Jorhat district the literacy percentage is highest in Assam.

Q.13. Religious structure of Assam’s population

Ans :- As per 2001 census the total population of Assam includes 64.89% of Hindus, 30.92% of Muslim, 3.7% of Christan, 0.19% Buddha, 0.09% Jain and 0.05% of Sikhs and others caste of 1.3 percentage.

Q.14. Occupation structure of Assam’s population.

Ans :- The occupational structure of Assam’s population is industry. cottage industries, agricultural and other services.

Q.15. Role of women in occupation in Assam.

Ans :- The role of women in occupation in Assam cottage industries, transport and other services.

Q.16. What is the percentage figure of total working population in Assam as per 2001 census?

Ans :- The percentage figure of total working population in Assam as per 2001 census is 95,38,591.

Q.17. What is the percentage figure of male working population in Assam as per 2001 census?

Ans :- The percentage figure of male working population in Assam as per 2001 census is 68,70,960 persons.

Q.18. What is the percentage figure of the female working population in Assam as per 2001 census?

Ans :- The percentage figure of female working population is Assam as per 2001 census is 26,67,631 person

Q.19. Write the diverse characteristics of the people of Assam.

Ans :- (i) The people of Assam inhabit a multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-religious society.

(ii) They speak languages that belong to three main language groups: Indo-Aryan, Austroasiatic and Tibeto-Burman.

(iii) The large number of ethnic and linguistic groups, the population composition and the peopling process in the state has led to it being called an “India in miniature

Q.20. Write a brief note on the Sex-ratio pattern in Assam.

Ans :- In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 932 per 1000 males in Assam.

Q.21. Write briefly on the literacy rate difference between the hills and plain districts of Assam.

Ans :- The hills district on the literacy rate is comparatively low on plain districts of Assam.

POPULATION DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY

Q.1. Migration in Assam.

Ans :- The most disturbing development in the twentieth century Assam has been that of a spike in population arising out of influx of migrants. This influx was prevalent, right from the Colonial Era, when laborers from Odisha and Jharkhand were brought in to be recruited in the tea plantations. Likewise, arrived the Marwaris or merchants of Rajasthan who had a monopoly of trade, both wholesale and retail. These migrants came in and occupied tracts of land for settlement.

Q.2. Causes of population increase in Assam.

Ans :- (i) Migrati (ii) illiteracy

Q.3. How many villages are there in Assam?

Ans :- There are 26,247 villages in Assam.

Q.4. Which district of Assam records the lowest urbanisation?

Ans :- Nalbari.

Q.5. What is the total number of census towns in Assam?

Ans :- The total number of census towns in Assam is 125.

Q.6. What is the percentage of urban dwellers in Assam?

Ans :- 13 percentage of urban dwellers in Assam.

Q.7. Which is the most densely populated district of Assam?

Ans :- Nagaon is the most densely populated district of Assam.

AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY OF ASSAM

Q.1. Which one of the following is a food crop?

(a) Coconut

(b) Orange

(c) Onion

(d) Rice

Ans :- (d) Rice

Q.2. Which one of the following is the commercial crop?

(a) Oilseed

(b) Vegetables

(c) Corn

(d) Tea

Ans :- (d) Tea

Q.3. Which one of the following is plantation agriculture?

(a) Wheat

(b) Pulses

(c) Tea

(d) Oilseed

Ans :- (c) Tea

Q.4. In which year tea was discovered in Assam?

(a) 1813

(b) 1823

(e) 1833

(d) 1843

Ans :- (c) 1833

Q.5. How many oil refineries are there in Assam?

(a) 2 (two)

(b) 3 (three)

(c) 4 (four)

(d) 6 (six)

Ans :- (c) 4 (four)

Q.6. Which is the first oil refinery in the state of Assam?

Ans :- Digboi is the first oil refinery in the state of Assam.

Q.7. What is the main type of rice cultivation in Assam?

Ans :- The main type of rice cultivation in Assam is in the summer season. (cultivation of Shali rice)

Q.8. In which district of Assam the Regional Agricultural Research Centre is located?

Ans :- Jorhat district of Assam the Regional Agricultural Research Centre is located.

Q.9. How many tea estates are there in Assam in 2002-03?

Ans :- There were 40,795 tea estates in Assam in 2002-03.

Q.10. What type of soil is needed for tea cultivation?

Ans :- The laterite type of soil is needed for tea cultivation.

Q.11. In which district of Assam the tea estates are not seen?

Ans :- The tea estates are not seen North Cachar district of Assam

Q.12. What type of climatic condition is needed for tea cultivation?

Ans :- 20° – 350° temperature is needed for tea cultivation.

Q.13. Which are the main fruits cultivated in Assam?

Ans :- The main fruits are cultivated in Assam- banana, coconut, papaya, mango, orange, jack-furit, pineapple, guave, litchi etc.

Q.14. Name some important cottage industries of Assam.

Ans :- (i) Cane & Bamboo,

(ii) Cane & Bamboo,

(iii) Bell-Metal,

(iv) Woodcraft,

(v) Pottery,

Q.15. In which place of Assam the best orange is produced?

Ans :- Tinsukia

Q.16. Name some important small industries in Assam.

Ans :- (i) Cane & Bamboo,

(ii) Cane & Bamboo,

(iii) Bell-Metal,

(iv) Woodcraft,

(v) Pottery,

Q.17. In which year the Digboi Oil Refinery was established?

Ans :- 1901 year

Q.18. In which year the Bongaigaon Oil Refinery and Petrochemical industry was established?

Ans :- 1979 year.

Q.19. In which year the Numaligarh Oil Refinery was established!

Ans :- 1993 year

Q.20. Name two oil refineries of Assam.

Ans :- The two oil refineries of Assam are – Digboi oil refinery and Noonmati oil refinery.

Q.21. Where is the Jute Mills of Assam located?

Ans :- Nagaon district of Silghat.

Q.22. Name two silk fibers produced in Assam.

Ans :- Muga and Eri silk fibres produced in Assam.

Q.23. Which one is the main silk textiles centre in Assam?

Ans :- Kamrup is the main silk textiles centre in Assam.

Q.24. How many sericulture villages are developed so far in Assam?

Ans :- 138 nos.

Q.25. Give the names of three handicraft bamboo products.

Ans :- Juyali (yoke), Jakoi (bamboo scoop used in catching fish), Chepa.

Q.26. Name two containers made of cane.

Ans: Chair and table.

Q.27. Give a brief note on the Shifting Cultivation in the hill districts of Assam.

Ans :- Shifting agriculture, system of cultivation that preserves soil fertility by plot (field) rotation, as distinct from crop rotation. In shifting agriculture a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time; then it is abandoned and allowed to revert to its natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

Q.28. Write briefly on the subsistence Peasant Farming in Assam.

Ans :- Subsistence Peasant Farming in Assam means farming for own consumption.

Q.29. Give a note on the use of High Yielding varieties of Rice by the farmers in Assam.

Ans :- Assam is traditionally a rice growing area. Rice plays a pivotal role in the socio-cultural life of the people of the state. The crop has enormous diversity in the region, which has resulted due to highly variable rice growing ecosystems. Besides, the region is inhabited by a large number of ethnic groups whose preference also varies from one another. All these factors are responsible for evolution of a large number of varieties. in the region. Most of these have been in use from time immemorial with traditional methods of preparation. Unknowingly people have selected many useful cultivars, which have commercial value in the present day world in which people prefer to have varieties of tastes. Some of the special classes of rice in the state include joha or aromatic rice, bora or waxy rice and chokuwa or soft rice.

Q.30. Write a short note on the agricultural equipment used in Assam.

Ans :- (i) Pumps and Pipes,

(ii) Pipes,

(iii) Chisel plow,

(iv) Harrow,

(v) Tractor,

(vi) Cultivator,

Q.31. Give the reasons why commercial fruit production in Assam has not yet developed.

Ans :- Due to highly inadequate post-harvest handling facilities and an underdeveloped marketing system prevailing, the state is experiencing great problems in channeling the market surplus in fruits and vegetables.

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