Class 12 Education Chapter 2 Non-Formal Education

Class 12 Education Chapter 2 Non-Formal Education The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Sociology Class 12 Education Chapter 2 Non-Formal Education and select need one.

Class 12 Education Chapter 2 Non – Formal Education

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Education Chapter 2 Non-Formal Education Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

Questions for 4 mark each

1) What is distance education ? Mention different types of distance education system.

Ans:- In distance education there is no provision of face to face classroom teaching as in the traditional method. Sometimes through contact programmes some arrangement is made for classroom lecture for two or three weeks. The correspondence lessons are also sent to students in place of classroom teaching. These lessons are generally so good that students are able to group the essentials of certain course in a manner which is not possible by studying only one or two books on the subject. The correspondence lessons are so well prepared along with a number of examples that a student is able to group the basis elements himself.

2) What is open school ? Write briefly the need of open school.

Ans:- Open schools and open Universities are the agencies of open education. There are open schools and centres of open university throughout the country. The National Policy on Education, 1986 has underlined the importance of open school and university. The Indira Gandhi National Open University was established in 1985. The National Policy on Education recommended that the IGNOU should be strengthened and this powerful instrument should be developed and extended.

Needs of open school :-

i) There is no upper age limit and qualification bar for admission to open school. Any persons who have completed the age of the yrs can go in school level courses.

ii) The examination system is flexible which suits to the need of all students.

iii) It is alternative system of education which offer educational opportunities to the poor and deprived classes of our society.

3) Write four objectives of open university.

Ans:- The objectives of open university are :-

i) To provide higher education on a large scale to all people who have missed the chance in their early years.

ii) To advance and disseminate learning and knowledge by a diversity of means including the use of communication technology.

iii) To promote educational well – being of the community generally.

iv) To help to continue work and education all together.

4) What are the suggestions made by Kothari Commission regarding correspondence education ?

Ans:- In India, the government of India appointed a committee on correspondence courses and evening colleges in 1961 under the chairmanship of D. S. Kothari. The Committee recommended the introduction of correspondence courses and as a result of it, University of Delhi Started correspondence courses in 1962.According to the Committee correspondence education is the most vital and major avenue and in India it could play an important role in exponding, democratising, regularising and equalizing educational opportunities. It is a help for the weaker sections of our society and has a great potential to develope and serve not only traditional courses but also a wide range of Vocational and job – oriented courses.

5) Describe the ideas of Keegan regarding distance education.

Ans:- The ideas are :-

i) The distance between teacher and students can be seen in this education as there is no close relation between them.

ii) The teaching aids used here are different and modernized and technically advanced.

iii) The teaching learning is different for different learners as it is an individualised act.

v) This education is totally industrialised.

6) How non – formal education can reduce the cost of education ? Discuss briefly by giving example.

Ans:- In non formal education the students are not required to go to any institution to get education. Education can be received through various mass – media. So the cost of attending school gets reduced. The cost of travelling to schools, colleges or universities is not required. Students of all types can get education.

7) ‘Non formal education provides lifelong education give your own opinion in support of the statement.

Ans:-  Non formal education is lifelong, because there is no rules or regulation for this type of education. It can be acquired at any stage of a person. There is no time period for this education neither any age limit. So this education can be received by everyone at any period of a person’s life.

8) ‘Non formal education is based on democratic principles’ — Describe briefly.

Ans:- The non formal education is based on democratic principles. Here education can be received by the rich, poor,  backward class, general class at any time at any age of the individual. This education is productive so it is said to be democratic principles based education.

Sl. No.Contents
Chapter 1Secondary Education in India and Assam
Chapter 2Non-Formal Education
Chapter 3Current Trends in Education
Chapter 4Learning
Chapter 5(A) Memory and Forgetting
Chapter 5(B) Attention and Interest
Chapter 6Mental Health & Hygiene
Chapter 7Educational Statistics

9) Why open education is necessary in present-day society? Explain.

Ans:- Extension of education has a dier necessity in modern society. To meet this need open school system evolled in society. Due to limitations of formal education a good number of people are deprived from education. Most of the people of our society are under poverty, so they are not in a position to get education on time. In addition there are some disabled families, illiterate parents, remote areas, communication less areas, early marriage system, people of conservative attitude, economically backward people who engage their child children in work in early year. Formal education system has no place to include them. To meet their demands open school is necessary in our society.

Along with art and culture, Science and technology have developed immensely in present society. In present context explosion of knowledge has no limitation and traditional system of education is not fit to meet the social demands. As a result of their challenging attitude, open education helps to meet this demands of society.

10) why it is necessary to promote non formal education in our country ? Discuss.

Ans:- need to promote non formal education in our country are :- According to Peters “A method of important knowledge, skills and attitudes which is rationalised by the application of division of labour and organisational principles as well as by the extensive use of technical media especially for the purpose of reproducing high quality teaching material which made it possible to instruct great numbers of students at the same time whereever they live. It is an industrialized form of teaching and learning.

11) Mention the limitation of non formal education.

Ans:- The limitation of non formal education are as follows:- 

i) The need of education is not fully meant by this education.

ii) It makes the teacher less responsible.

iii) It limits the learning of learners.

iv) It has no relationship between the learner and teacher.

12) Explain the scope of non formal education.

Ans:- Scope of non formal education is very vast. It covers various levels of education ranging from her primary to University education. It compromise all areas of formal education. It provides new knowledge, understanding, interest skill, critical thinking, appreciation etc.

The following areas under the scope of non formal education:-

a) It covers various levels of education ranging from pre-primary to University.

b) It includes professional and vocational program like community development, farming agriculture extension, technical training etc.

c) Those who are deprived of primary education.

d) Those who could not complete their education in due time.

13) What are the characteristics of correspondence Education ?

Ans:- The characteristics of correspondence education are as  follows :- 

a) It provide equity of educational opportunity.

b) It helps the people with necessary motivation to acquire further and to battle their expertise and improve their professional efficiency.

c) It help reduce burdens of the students of college, university etc.

d) It provide higher education of those who are deprived of formal education.

e) It provide current information and knowledge to the employees.

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