Class 12 Education Chapter 3 Current Trends in Education

Class 12 Education Chapter 3 Current Trends in Education The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Education Chapter 3 Current Trends in Education and select need one.

Class 12 Education Chapter 3 Current Trends in Education

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Education Chapter 3 Current Trends in Education Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

Chapter: 3


Questions for 1 mark each

1) Earth summit, 1992 was held in……………………….. city.

Ans:- Brazil.

2) The international environmental education conference was held at Belgrade (Yugoslavia) in…………………………

Ans:- 1975.

3) The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in 1972 at…………………………..

Ans:- Sweden Stockholm.

4) World population Day observed on……………………

Ans:- 11th July.

5) every year environment day celebrated on…………….

Ans:- 5th June.

6) The first intergovernmental conference on environment education held on………………… in…………..

Ans:- 1977 Russia, Thilise.

7) International women Day observed on…………………….

Ans:- 8th march.

8) percent literacy rate in India is……………………………

Ans:- 74.4%.

9) The percentage of the population of India is……………

Ans:- 1,028 million.

10) ……….. is systematic way of discipline posture and body movements done especially as straining or to sustain for improved health.

Ans:- Physical education.

11) Women’s Reservation Bill, ensuring ………… % reservation to women in parliament and state legislative bodies.

Ans:- 33%.

12) Which year Stockholm conference was held ?

Ans:- 1972.

13) The word ‘Environment’ comes from a French word………….

Ans:- Environ.

14) Environment is the aggregate of…………. that influences the life of organisms.

Ans:- Biotic and non biotic factors.

15) Earth summit was held at………………..

Ans:- 1992.

16) Objectives of environmental Education were formulated in……………. conference.

Ans:- Belgrade.

17) Environment is divided as physical, social and………….. environment.

Ans:- natural.

18) Tbilisi Inter – Governmental conference on environment education was held in…………….

Ans:- 1977.

19) ……… a prerequisite of a sound mind.

Ans:- Sound health.

20) …………… are general standard and higher order of norms.

Ans:- values.

21) Women education committee was format in………….

Ans:- 1956.

22) Commission on status of women was appointed in…………………

Ans:- 1972.

23) To ’empower’ women literary speaking is to give…………… to women.

Ans:- equal status.

24) Stockholm Conference on Human Environment was organised in……………….

Ans:- 1972.

25) The Centre of Environmental Education in India was established in…………………………

Ans:- Ahmedabad.

26) ………… is a person’s idea of what he actually wants.

Ans:- Value.

27) National committee on women education was appointed in…………….

Ans:- 1958.

28) National policy for the empowerment of women was passed in………………

Ans:- 2001.

29) “Protection of women from domestic violence bill” was passed in India in…………..

Ans:- 23rd June 2005.

30) The Government of India declared………… as the year of women’s Empowerment.

Ans:- 2001.

31) Women’s reservation bill, ensuring……… % reservation to women in parliament and state legislative bodies.

Ans:- 30%.

32) The basic need of population education is to check……………….

Ans:- Population explosion.

Write true or false

33) Workshop on international environmental education was held at Belgrade in 1972.

Ans:- false.

34) Earth summit at Rio-De-Janeiro in 1992.

Ans:- true.

35) Environmental education is an interdisciplinary subject.

Ans:- true.

36) Environmental education is not related with values.

Ans:- false.

37) Sex education is a part of population education.

Ans:- true.

38) Population education is meant for family planning.

Ans:- true.

39) Population education is normative science.

Ans:- false.

40) Population education acquaints students with demographic concepts.

Ans:- true.

41) Physical education develops self confidence.

Ans:- true.

42) Games are competitive in nature.

Ans:- true.

43) Values are normative standard.

Ans:- true.

44) Values are taught not caught.

Ans:- true.

45) Women empowerment strengthen decision making power of women.

Ans:- true.

46) Women empowerment gives authority/autonomy to choose and to make self decisions.

Ans:- true.

47) Stockholm conference on human environment formulates the guidelines for Environmental education.

Ans:- true.

48) Objectives of environmental education were formulated in the Belgrade Conference.

Ans:- true.

49) Environmental education should be a lifelong process.

Ans:- true.

50) Environmental education aims at creating values.

Ans:- false.

51) The study of population explosion and population education is an important aspect of environmental education.

Ans:- true.

52) Environmental education makes us conscious about our cultural environment also.

Ans:- false.

53) 6th July is observed as World Population Day.

Ans:- false.

54) Physical education develops human personality in totality.

Ans:- true.

55) Values are innate, not acquired.

Ans:- false.

56) Values promote social efficiency among individual.

Ans:- true.

57) Women empowerment helps women to overcome stigma to play non traditional rule in society.

Ans:- true.

58) Which year Stockholm conference was held ?

Ans:- Stockholm conference was held in 1869.

59) Which year ‘national policy for the empowerment of women’ was adopted by the government of India ?

Ans:- ‘National policy for the empowerment of women’ was adopted by the government of India in 2001.

60) Which country is the most populous country of the world ?

Ans:- China is the most populous country of the world.

61) Write why Environmental education is education about the environment ?

Ans:- Education through the environment, about the environment and for the environment is called Environmental education.

62) What is family planning ?

Ans:- the family planning programmes are mainly concerned with planning the size of the family.

63) what is sex education ?

Ans:- sex education has been defined as an educational programme, designed to provide the learners adequate and accurate knowledge of the biological, socio – cultural and moral dimensions of human sexuality.

64) what are sports ?

Ans:- sports are like football, cricket, hockey etc.

65) show your acquaintance with the derivative meaning of the world ‘environment’?

Ans:- the word environment has been derived from the French word ‘environ’ or ‘environer’ which means ‘around’ or ‘to surround’ or ‘to encompass’ or ‘to in circle’.

66) what do you mean by exercise ?

Ans:- exercise means that you develop the habit of taking regularly for the physical development of an individual.

Questions for 2 mark each

1) What is the environment ?

Ans:- proceedings of the organisation of America state conference on education and environment in America, 1971 stated that environmental education involves teaching about values, judgements and the ability to think clearly about complex problems about the environment which are as political, economical and philosophical as they are technical.

2) what is physical education ?

Ans:- physical education enables the child to have total physical growth and development to lead a happy and prosperous life. It not only helps in physical development but also helps in mental, social and emotional development of an individual.

3) write two ways of imparting value education.

Ans:- there are two distinct ways of imparting value education, such as :-

i) direct and

ii) indirect.

The systematic and deliberate instruction on values provided in the school time table is known as a direct way of important values. In some states moral education is imported in this manner. Here, values to inculcated are explained, discussed and illustrated stories, moral dilemmas and real life events. Indirectly value education can be imported through the regular co curricular activities.

4) What is population explosion ?

Ans:- population explosion is a world phenomenon. India accounts for about 15% of the world’s total population. The first fairly reliable estimate of the world’s population was made in 1950 i.e. according to that estimate the population was about 500 millions. The growth of population during 1971-81 was bigger than the total population of Brazil, which is the 6th most populous country in the world. However, both China and India are making tremendous efforts to control it.

India presents a peculiar challenge because of each man land ratio. Relatively stable and high birth rate, consistently declining death rate and wide regional disparities. Thus, India’s are perhaps one of the worst affected countries fallen victim to the colossal dragon of ‘population explosion’. Since independence, India has made tremendous progress in the field of economic and social development, yet all the developmental efforts are swallowed up by the number added to her population. If India, with her limited resources, does not start playing serious attention, to the galloping rate of population growth, her economic and social structure may soon get upset and human population in the third world is destined to suffer 

5) what is population education ?

Ans:- i) in the south east asia  regional workshop , held in Berkak  (in 1970, UNESCO) declared. “Population education is an educational programme which provides for a study of the population, situation of the family, community, nation and world, with the purpose of developing in the students rational and responsible attitudes and behaviour towards that situation”.

ii) according to Gopal Rao, “population education may be defined as an educational programme which provides for a study of the population phenomenon so as to enable the students to take rational decisions towards problems arising out of rapid population growth.

6) What is value education ?

Ans:- education for human values or value education refers to the educational programme which is geared to the realizations of the society as envisaged in each constitution for the good of the society and the individual. It covers all aspects of the personality development aesthetic, intellectual, moral, social and spiritual.

7) define Environmental education.

Ans:- a) according to Mishra :- “Environmental education appears to be a process that equips human beings with awareness, knowledge, skills, attitudes and commitment to improve the environment”.

b) according to UNESCO :- “Environmental education is a way of implementing the  goals of environmental protection. It is not a separate branch of science or field of study. It should be carried out according to the principles of lifelong integral education.”

C) according to R. A. Sharma:- “Environmental education refers to the awareness of physical and cultural environment and perceive its relevance for real life situations. The problems and issues are to be identified. The imbalances of environment are to be improved in view of sustainable development.”

8) What is the cultural environment ?

Ans:- cultural environment is part and parcel of social environment. Folk songs and other kinds of folklore are a part of the cultural environment. It gives importance on growth and development of the individual.

9) Which day is observed as World Population Day ?

Ans:- 11 July.

10) which day is observed as World Environmental Day?

Ans:- 5th June.

11) Who introduced the concept of population education ?

Ans:- prof. Noel David Burleson.

12) What is value ?

Ans:- a value is a belief that something is good and worthwhile. It defines what is worth having and worth striving for.

13) what is women empowerment ?

Ans:- women empowerment means equal status to women, opportunity and freedom to develop one self.

14) Which year of “protection of women from domestic violence bill” was passed ?

Ans:- 23 June 2005.

15) give a definition of environment ?

Ans:- environment is anything immediately surrounding an object and exerting a direct influence on it.

16) describe Environmental education as a problems solving approach.

Ans:- Environmental education is the first and foremost step in saving the environment from further deterioration. As such, the real task of the day is to make the people aware, create interest and environment in them to provide basic knowledge man nature interaction and its effect to adopt the recommended measure for maintaining the ecological balance.

17) define population education.

Ans:- population education may be defined as an educational programme which provides for a study of the population phenomenon. So as to enable the students to take rational decisions towards problems arising out of rapid population growth.

18) define physical education.

Ans:- physical education primarily means understanding, applying and analysing movement concepts and principles to improve.

19) how physical education may help in developing self confidence among students.

Ans:- indulging in physical activities like sports leads to a bass to a measured boost in self confidence and positive attitude. Participation in sports, martial arts or even dance and aerobics is always a positive influence on an individual’s overall personality. There we can say physical education helps in developing self confidence among students.

20) mention two important issues of women empowerment.

Ans:- i) low female literacy.

ii) Social conditions like women’s right violation.

21) Distinguish between sports and games.

Ans:- sports and games like physical education aim at promoting good health in students. Sports are outdoor games. On the other hand games are indoor as well as outdoor also. Sports such as hockey, volleyball, football, run etc are sports. On the other hand luddo, carrom, badminton etc are games.

22) write a brief note on ‘Rio – De – Janeiro earth summit’.

Ans:- the very significant conclusion of the Brundtland report was extensively discussed and a debate in the United Nations (1989) led to the U. N. Conference on environment and development, popularly known as the ‘Earth summit’ at Rio – De – Janeiro, Brazil in June, 1992. At this conference, a comprehensive end far reaching programme for sustainable development was agreed open in the form of Agenda 21 comprising 38 chapters. The Earth summit convened a record number of heads of state and government, a total of 103. The Rio declaration on environment and development is a set of principles to govern the economic and environmental behaviour of individuals and nations in quest for or global sustainability.

23) discuss sustainable development as an important aspect of environmental education.

Ans:- the role of education for sustainable development is important. Because education and training peers appear as determinant factors for increasing creativity and rationality problem solving and decision making. Sustainable development means the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

24) ‘physical education promotes healthy lifestyle’. Explain.

Ans:- physical education aims at promoting good health in students. The pupils perform a number of physical activities and play games, they develop good health. In the words of J. B. Nash, “health in recreation are results while physical education activities are means”.

25) write the name of two committees related to women empowerment in India.

Ans:- i) Durgabai deshmukh  committee of 1959.

ii) Smti Hansa Mehta committee of 1962.

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