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NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 29 Planning and Conducting Programmers
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Play Centre: Structural Details
Intext Questions & Answers
Q. 1. Define programme planning.
Ans. For play centres, programme planning is very important to reach the desired goal. It involves chalking out programmes for a play centre, collecting things required and executing the planned programmes. There are certain principles to be considered while planning programmes for children under five.
Some Themes for Play Centre Programme
Family Colours Art festival
Health & hygiene River Freedom fighters
Animals Water Christmas
Pet animals Mountains Deepawali
Domestic animals Seasons Rakshabandhan
Wild animals Milk & milk products Dussehra
Insects Republic Day
Birds Light Independence Day
Plants/Trees Independence Day Transport Flowers Gandhi Jayanti-Land
Vegetables Janamasthami – Sea
Fruits Policeman – Air
Dhobi Nurse Teacher
Farmer Carpenter Moon & Sun
Potter Tailor Day and Night
Gardner Postman Our country
Fisherman Weaver Metals
Soldier Sounds Directions
Hot and Cold Magnetism
2. Consider the facilities available in the centre.
Success of a play center programmed depends upon the facilities available. Hence, for children, one must take into account availability of facilities such as the shady area in the outdoor, indoor space, equipment and caretakers.
3. Plan the programme in advance and make necessary arrangements.
Planning the programme in advance facilitates collection of materials for activities.
execution and evaluation of activities without any difficulty or confusion. For instance.
Q.2. Give one point of difference and one point of similarity between long-term and short-term planning.
Ans. Difference: Long-term planning is done for the whole year in advance whereas short-term planning refers to the planning for the immediate short-period and helps in providing variety.
Similarity: Planning helps to take care of all the
developmental needs of children.
Q.3. Choose the correct answer:
(i) The play centre programme should be
Ans. (a) Flexible.
(ii) The programme should provide
(a) Rich experiences.
(b) Interesting experiences.
(c) First – hand concrete experiences.
(d) Adequate skill.
Ans. (c) First – hand concrete experiences.
(iii) The programme should alternate between
(a) Social and parallel play.
(b) Individual and parallel play.
(c) Active and quiet play.
(d) Associative and group play.
Ans. (c) Active and quiet play.
(iv) Suitable theme for the week’s programme in the last week of January can be
(b) National leaders.
Ans. (d) Flowers.
Q.3. Define a feeding programme.
Ans. Good nutrition is the foundation stone of good development. The play centre programme must allow for a snack time in its schedule along with provision of food during the same. The aim of this feeding programme is basically to provide young children with an adequate meal which will meet at least one third of the daily requirement of all nutrients. What children bring from home may or may not be adequate.
Childhood Education: Eating in school together with other children also provides an opportunity for children to learn manners, appreciate cleanliness and practice independence in eating on their own. Besides, it also gives them a habit to eat whatever is served and not fuss. Let us now consider the factors to be kept in mind while organising the feeding programme. Can you think of some? Take a piece of paper and note them down. Now ensure the following:
(a) Body size and age of the children who are to be fed,
(b) Availability and cost of food,
(c) Food customs and traditions of the families from where children come, and
(d) Availability of labour and supervisory services. The actual organization and conducting of a feeding programme involves the following steps:
(a) Secure financial assistance:
Can you think of anyone who would give money regularly for this fund? Yes, there are various options. You can charge parents if you know that they can afford it. Ask the community to donate in cash or kind. Help can also be sought from local, state and government organisations. Sometimes some philanthropists also contribute a handsome amount of money.
2. Ensure that there is a provision of space for kitchen and food service:
As discussed earlier this place needs to be clean and ventilated. There should be place for cooking, storing and processing food.
3. Procuring kitchen equipment:
This will be required for cooking, storing and processing food.
4. Menu planning and estimating quantity:
Menu for feeding must be planned carefully in terms of
(a) Nutritional adequacy,
(b) Use of seasonally available food,
(c) Minimum expenditure of time and labour in cooking and serving,
(d) Varied and interesting items based on family’s food patterns,
(e) Attractiveness and appetising qualities, and
(f) Minimum loss of nutrients in the cooking procedure employed.
Steps Involved in Planning the Menu for the Feeding Programme.
Q.4. State one function of the feeding programme.
Ans. The function of a feeding programme is to provide young children with an adequate meal which will meet at least one-third of the daily requirement of all nutrients.
Q.6. Select the most suitable alternative:
(i) A feeding programme must essentially have a trained
Ans. (b) Cook.
(ii) Estimating quantity of food stuff is to be done
(a) Before cooking.
(b) Before purchasing.
(c) Before serving.
(d) Before storing.
Ans. (b) Before purchasing.
(iii) Feeding programme turns out to be more successful when it is teamed with
(a) Health check – up.
(b) Nutrition education.
(c) Procurement programme.
(d) Sanitation programme.
Ans. (b) Nutrition education.
Q.7. Match the information in column A with that in column B
|Food items||Recommended daily allowances (in gms. for 1-3 years)|
|1. Leafy vegetable||(i) 300|
|2. Milk||(ii) 35|
|3. Root vegetable||(iii) 20|
|4. Pulses||(iv) 10|
|5. Cereals||(v) 30|
|Food items||Recommended daily allowances (in gms. for 1-3 years)|
|1. Leafy vegetable||(vii) 40|
|2. Milk||(i) 300|
|3. Root vegetable||(iv) 10|
|4. Pulses||(ii) 35|
|5. Cereals||(vi) 175|