NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation

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NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation and select need one. NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 History Notes Paper 315.

NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 33 Contemporary Cultural Situation, NIOS Senior Secondary Course History Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Contemporary Cultural Situation

Chapter: 33




Q.1. Match the following:

Dance Sanskrit poetry 
Taj Mahalform of cultural expression
Kalidasa Mughal architecture
Anthropology material culture
Archaeologists social customs


form of cultural expression
Mughal architecture
Sanskrit poetry 
social customs
material culture

2. II. State whether true or false:

1. Film songs never borrow folk tunes.

Ans: False.

2. Story telling is a part of folk tunes.

Ans: True.

3. Rituals are not a part of our culture.

Ans: False.

4. Houses, clothes and food are part of our material culture.

Ans: True

5. Folk and classical cultures have not influenced each other.

Ans:  False


Q. Fill in the blanks:

1. The ______ at Sanchi is an example of religious architecture. 

Ans: stupa.

2. Vedic chants are a form of ______ music.

Ans: religious.

3. ______was a famous woman saint of Tamil Nadu.

Ans: Andal.

4. _______ is one of the best-known.Kashmiri poets. 

Ans: Lalded.

5. Bhakti and Sufi saints composed poems in the language of the _______. 

Ans: Common people.

6. These poems were transmitted _______.

Ans: orally.

7. The clothes we wear vary according to regions rather than _______.

Ans: religion.

8. Forts and palaces were built by ______.

Ans: rulers.


Q. State whether true or false:

1. Cultural interaction can take place when merchants visit new lands.

Ans: True.

2. Invasions do not lead to cultural interaction.

Ans: False

3. Tea was grown in central America.

Ans: False.

 4. Mustard and sesame were brought to India by the Portuguese.

Ans: False.

5. Curries are popular in Great Britain.

Ans: True.


Q. Fill in the blanks: 

1. Globalisation is taking place in the spheres of the _______ and cultural communication. 

Ans: economy.

2. The _______ phrase was coined by McLuhan. 

Ans: global village.

3. Advertisers _______ TV programmes.

Ans: sponsor. 

4. Global communications are dominated by the _______ countries.

Ans: developed.


Q. 1. Make a list of all the forms of cultural expression mentioned in the lesson. Tick the ones you have seen and heard yourself, and mention when and where you saw or heard the one you liked the most (e.g., your favourite painting, song, etc.)

Ans: (i) Music.

 (ii) Songs.

 (iii) Dance.

 (iv) An sculpture.

 (v) A folk/story.

 (vi) Monuments.

 (vii) Architectural literature.

 (viii) Painting.

 (ix) Dramas.

I have seen the famous architectural structures –Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid.

Q.2. Describe some of the ways in which our social and economic situation influences our cultural practices. Do you think that these are all important? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans: (i) Many of our cultural practices are influenced by our social and economic situation. For example, our social situation may influence what we wear.

(ii) Sometimes, our cultural practices may be influenced by both our social and our economic situation. This includes such things as our tastes and preferences in music-whether we like folk songs, film songs, classical music or western pop music.

(iii) While we can learn Hindi film songs quickly from the radio, for example, learning classical music is far more difficult and expensive. It also takes much longer, and many of us might it difficult to spare time for it.

(iv) The cultural objects we produce and use are also often limited by our economic resources. For example, none of us would have been able to build the Taj Mahal even if we had wanted to. This was only possible for Shah Jahan, the ruler of a large and prosperous empire.

(v) In fact, most of the splendid forts, palaces, and religious monuments we see were built by rulers. They not only served as royal residences or palaces of worship, but they were also meant to proclaim the power and glory of those who got them built.

(vi) However, although material resources are important, they are not always decisive. For example, Mira Bai left the wealth and splendour of the palace of Chittor to embrace a life of homelessness and freedom to pursue her spiritual goals.

Q. 3. Think of a place you visited. Is it in your (a) district (b) state (c) country? Describe the ways in which the culture of the people of the place is similar to/different from yours.

Ans: Students do yourself.

Hint. I visited the Taj Mahal. It is in Agra district of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is one of the states of India.

Q. 4. Describe the nature of communication in a global village. In what ways is it similar to or different from that in an ordinary village?

Ans: (i) Television is one of the most powerful communication media in a global village. It sends messages across thousands of miles almost instantly. As a result physical distance would no longer appear as a barrier, presenting or slowing down communication.

(ii) There are some similarities and some differences between the communications of the global village and an ordinary village.

(iii) While most people who live together in a village are farmers, there are obvious differences amongst rich landlords, small farmers, tenant cultivators, craftsmen, and landless agricultural labourers. In other words, people can be close to one another in physical terms, but be separated by social and economic distance. As the land-lord are more powerful they tend to dominate social, economic and cultural interaction in the village. So although communication may be direct, and face-to-face, it is at the same time influenced by the fact that those who participate in it are not equal in status.

(iv) This problem is aggravated even more in the global village. Here communication is dominated by people in cities. For example, on the average, city-dwellers are richer and more influential than those who live in villages. People living in the cities of USA are generally richer than those living in Indian cities, and it is usually powerful people in these cities of the developed countries who produce and beam out TV programmes, which we then receive.

(v) In the global village, although distances are overcome, communication becomes a one- day process. We can see and hear what is presented by the TV producers, but there is no genuine dialogue. So unlike face-to-face conversation in a small village, where we can discuss, interrupt, quarrel and make up, we simply receive the messages which flow to us from TV and often follow them. It is much more difficult to question or challenge what we are told.

Q. 4. Cut and paste five advertisements from either a daily newspaper or a magazine. Describe the products being advertised, where they are manufactured, where they are available, and what is the price. Describe how the advertiser tries to persuade you to buy the product.

Ans: Do yourself.

Multiple Choice Questions

Tick (✓) the correct answer. 

Q.1. Culture can be used to transmit a variety of: 

(a) ideas.

(b) political thinking.

(c) religious thinking.

(d) none of the above. 

Ans: (a) ideas.

Q. 2. Who of the following is considered as classical sanskrit poet?

(a) Tulsidas. 

(b) Ved Vyas.

(c) Kalidasa.

(d) Tagore.

Ans: (c) Kalidasa.

Q. 3. In the 4th century AD most people in north and central India spoke various forms of:

(a) Pali. 

(b) Prakrit.

(c) Devnagri.

(d) Sanskrit.

Ans: (b) Prakrit.

Q. 4. Which of the following is a classical architecture?

(a) Taj Mahal.

(b) Brihadeshwar temple.

(c) Somnath temple.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

Q. 5. The study of human beings is termed as:

(a) Geology.

(b) Anthropology.

(c) Archaeology.

(d) Zoology.

Ans: (b) Anthropology.

Q. 6. An archaeologist studies:

(a) houses.

(b) tools and pots.

(c) statues.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

Q. 7. Which of the following structure was built for the religious purposes?

(a) Jama Masjid.

(b) Diwara Temple.

(c) The stupa of Sanchi.

(d) All of the above. 

Ans: (d) All of the above. 

Q.8. Lai Dad was a:

(a) Kashmiri poet.

(b) Asamese poet.

(c) Tamil dancer.

(d) Kanada artist.

Ans: (a) Kashmiri poet.

Q. 9. Shah Jahan began the construction of the Taj Mahal in: 

(a) 1630

(b) 1631

(c) 1632

(d) 1633

Ans: (c) 1632

Q. 10. Who of the following left the wealth and splendour of the palace of chittor to embrace a life of homelessness and freedom to pursue her spiritual goals?

(a) Mirabai.

(b) Lai Devi.

(c) Karnawati.

(d) Andal.

Ans: (a) Mirabai.

Q. 11. Who of the following first used the term ‘global village’?

(a) Mi-Luhan.

(b) Marshall.

(c) John Kerry. 

(d) Megasthenese.

Ans: (a) Mi-Luhan. 

Q. 12. Global communications are dominated by the:

(a) developing countries.

(b) poor countries.

(c) Developed countries.

(d) Underdeveloped countries.

Ans: (c) Developed countries.

Q. 13. Which of the following is a form of cultural expression?

(a) Taj Mahal.

(b) Dance.

(c) Dilwara Temple.

(d) None of the above.

Ans: (b) Dance.

Q. 14. Which of the following is a part of folk tunes?

(a) Story telling.

(b) Rituals.

(c) Film Stories.

(d) None of the above.

Ans: (a) Story telling.

Q.15. The stupa at Sanchi is associated with the: 

(a) Mahavira. 

(b) Buddha.

(c) Tukaram.

(d) Tulsidas.

Ans: (b) Buddha.

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